Annual Report 2000 - ICMC

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Annual Report 2000 - ICMC

International Catholic Migration Commission


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Solomon Mebrahtu (ICMC Eritrea) helping a community define vulnerable people in their village and (inset) cleaning out the

water tank at the office compound.

Contents

Activity Report 3

Serving Vulnerable Migrants 4

Promoting Refugee Return 5

Supporting Local Integration 6

Working with the Internally Displaced 7

Resettlement as a Tool of Protection 8

Providing Training and Technical Support 8

Advocating 9

Message from the President 10

Message from the Secretary General 10

Financial Report 11

Editors John and Bridget Newbury

Designer Paul Coyle

ICMC Governing Committee

President

Prof. Stefano Zamagni (Italy)

Vice-President

H.E. Bishop Rodrigo Escobar Aristizabal (Colombia)

Treasurer

Ms. Joyce Chang Sau Han (Hong Kong)

Secretary

Rev. Fr.Abraham-Roch Okoko-Esseau (Republic of Congo)

Members

Mr. Mark Franken (USA)

H.E.Archbishop François Gayot (Haïti)

H.E. Bishop Alvaro Ramazzini Imeri (Guatemala)

Rev. Fr. Ivan Joseph (India)

Rev. Fr. Pascalis Mokheti (Lesotho)

Rev. Fr. John Murphy (Australia)

Msgr. Dr. Peter Prassel (Germany)

Rev. Fr. Philippe Schillings (Belgium)

Representatives of the Holy See

H.E.Archbishop Stephen Fumio Hamao, President

Rev. Fr. Michael Blume, Under-Secretary

Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and

Itinerant People (Vatican City)

Ecclesiastical Assistant

Rev. Fr. Giovanni Graziano Tassello (Switzerland)

Counsellors

Sr. Cornelia Bührle (Germany)

Sr. Maryanne Loughry (England)

ICMC Secretariat

Secretary General

Mr.William Canny

Director,Administration & Finance

Mr. Daniel Johnston

Director of Operations

Mr. Dale Buscher

In 2000 ICMC assisted 37,093 extremely vulnerable individuals and their family

members in Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia


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Activity report

By Dale Buscher

Director of Operations

In 2000, as in every year, the needs of forced

migrants around the world far exceeded

ICMC’s resources. In spite of this, we

accomplished much and served and assisted tens of

thousands of individuals.

The ICMC staff has worked tirelessly and

demonstrated a level of dedication both rare and

remarkable. I commend my colleagues for their

achievements, and for the quality and care of the

programming and services they provide.

ICMC enabled Mrs Duran and over 100 others return to their heavily

destroyed village of Medjedja in the Republika Srbska. Mrs Duran told

ICMC’s Liaison Officer,Amira Lekic, she was at peace because she was

back home – even if ‘home’ had been physically reduced to a roofless and

burned out apartment building!

During the year, ICMC assisted more than 180,000

refugees, internally displaced persons, returnees,

and migrants.

Officially, this is an ‘Internally displaced person’.To ICMC, she is an

individual child in need.

The refugee, internally displaced, and migrant

participants and beneficiaries of our programs were

and remain our teachers and our guides. It is a

privilege and an honor for us to work alongside

these individuals. It is their dignity, their struggle,

their pride in themselves, and their resilience that

continue to inspire us and our work.

We concentrated our work on the most vulnerable

amongst these

population groups

–female heads of

household, the

frail and

unaccompanied

elderly, the

traumatized, the

disabled, separated

children and atrisk

minorities,

plus women and

girls trafficked

into the

commercial sex

industry.

In 2000 ICMC disbursed US$6,500,000 in micro-loans and small business loans to

low-income individuals and returning refugees in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Kosovo


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Because of their unique needs and

individual circumstances, these

people often don’t benefit from

large scale, mass distribution

and general service programs.

We assisted the most

vulnerable forced migrants,

one at a time, person-byperson,

and family by

family. Our efforts provided

urgently needed services

and promoted longer-term

durable solutions.

We helped people in a variety

of ways:

to return home one by one

to access specialized services that

address their unique needs

to begin their own small

businesses

to resettle in a safe third

country

In addition, ICMC

advocated, offered

protection, trained, served

and worked with and

alongside the marginalized

among forcibly uprooted

populations.As we did this,

we also recognized the

strengths, skills, wealth of

experience, and dignity of the

people we served.

Again and again, one by one,

time after time, these unique people

showed us what it is to be human.

Serving Vulnerable Migrants

During 2000, ICMC noted the increasing needs

of, and lack of services for vulnerable migrant

populations.As a response, ICMC gave these

populations more attention throughout the year.

The ICMC protection, shelter and social services

program for sexually trafficked women and girls

in Albania expanded during the year and has been

noted as a “best practice” in victim protection.

Intense international media attention on this

program, plus ICMC’s participation in the

Stability Pact for Southeastern Europe’s Steering

Group on Counter-Trafficking, have highlighted

both the program’s achievements, as well as the

immense need. ICMC has so far rescued nearly

150 women from forced prostitution; many more

victims of kidnapping and trafficking remain on

the streets of Europe’s cities.

ICMC provided technical assistance,

training and financial support to partner

organizations who assist migrants and migrant

workers in Lebanon, Mexico, Costa Rica,

and Nicaragua.

In the Philippines, ICMC supported a project

to organize migrant workers that included

the development of a savings program for

overseas workers’ remittances.

In Geneva, ICMC continued to serve on the

Steering Committee for the ratification of the

Convention on the rights of migrant workers

and their families.We have also been involved in

advocating for just asylum and immigration

policies in the European Union.

In 2000 ICMC established new regional liaison offices in

South Asia,Africa, and the Middle East/North Africa


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Promoting Refugee Return

ICMC offered a variety of services to assist with

ethnic minority returns to homes of origin,

and to promote community stabilization so

that such returns were sustainable.

Zekija Pezo lost all of her family during the war. She has returned alone to

her ICMC reconstructed apartment in Rogatica.

family income, and to expand employment

opportunities.

Prior to the war in Croatia, Nedeljko Glamoclija owned a thriving sawmill.

He and his family were forced to leave everything behind and flee to Serbia

for sanctuary. On their return, nothing remained of the sawmill. ICMC

awarded Mr. Glamoclija an in-kind grant of equipment that enabled him to

get his sawmill turning again.Today, Nedeljko Glamoclija employs his son

and three other returnees in a once more busy enterprise.

In the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Bosnia, and

Croatia, we also assisted refugees and internally

displaced persons who wished to return, with

matters related to documentation, legal assistance,

housing and property ownership issues, and direct

return transportation.

In Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, ICMC

provided:

business training

business grants to re-start 224 war-damaged

commercial ventures

477 apprenticeship training placements

tolerance building workshops

community infrastructure repair, and

emergency housing repair

Furthermore, we disbursed micro- and small

business loans in Croatia, Bosnia and Kosovo to

help re-start small businesses, to generate needed

The Radojcici village road is being repaired by ICMC Bosnia in partnership

with municipal officials in preparation for the return of village families.

In 2000 ICMC assisted 800 refugees in Zimbabwe through small business loans, educational and

vocational training programs, language classes, pre-school education, women’s clubs and sports groups


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In Setimo, Eritrea, the eternal struggle is

to get enough water to survive. Here,

women collect water from an occasional

delivery by tanker. Usually the water must

be fetched from a distance of several

kilometers.

In Kosovo, we

conducted trauma

education and

recovery workshops

in over 100 rural,

war-affected villages.

These workshops

helped returnees to

move forward with

their lives and, when

necessary, to seek

professional clinical

expertise.

ICMC provided transport for returnees to the village of Medjedja in the

Republika Srbska.

In East Timor, we provided normalization activities

to hundreds of returning children during their stay

in reception centers.

In Thailand, we funded a partner organization to

assist urban female migrants return to their home

provinces and engage in income generation

activities so that they could remain on their land.

Internally displaced children mix with those of the host community in

Tengah-Tengah,Ambon Island.

In Eritrea, ICMC, through a community

mobilization process, began work with four

communities.We help these peoples meet their

identified infrastructure needs in order to sustain

the returning populations who had been displaced

by the recent Eritrean–Ethiopian conflict.

Supporting Local Integration

ICMC supported local integration as a

viable durable solution, when possible. Such

activities included:

funding four businesses in the Tongorara

refugee settlement in Zimbabwe

employment placement and housing

assistance with asylum seekers in Albania

the establishment of inter-ethnic, multipurpose

community centers in refugeeimpacted

communities in Macedonia

Small projects funded by ICMC with local

partners included those that provided land,

seeds, and tools to integrate 2,000 refugees

in the Democratic Republic of Congo

(DRC), and assisted with housing, food and

care for 200 refugee orphans from the

Great Lakes region, also in DRC.

In 2000 ICMC protected, sheltered and provided social and medical services

to 140 trafficked women and girls in Albania


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Working with the Internally Displaced

One thousand internally displaced people from Waai,Ambon Island, shelter in a warehouse in Ambon city.

In addition to working with previously-forced

migrants who returned home, ICMC was

active in situations of new displacement.

In Indonesia, ICMC trained 14 local human rights

non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to work

with, program for, and monitor the protection of

persons displaced by the conflicts in Maluku,Aceh,

and Papua.

poverty and violence in the troubled northern

districts of the country.

In Bosnia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia,

ICMC continued to provide emergency assistance

and urgent services to the most vulnerable persons

displaced from their home communities.

We also provided emergency assistance, including

relocation, to more than 4,800 individuals

and families who had fled the conflict in

Ambon, Maluku.

In the Philippines, through a local partner, ICMC

supported emergency assistance to those displaced

by the conflict in Mindanao.

In Albania, ICMC established a community center,

renovated a kindergarten and began community

empowerment training courses for a community of

25,000 internal migrants displaced from the

In 2000 ICMC returned 2,753 refugees and displaced persons to their

pre-war homes in Bosnia and Croatia


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Resettlement as a Tool of Protection

During 2000, ICMC continued to promote

resettlement–mainly to the United States

of America–as a durable solution for

refugees in need.

ICMC’s programs in this area include processing

refugees for resettlement in Croatia, Greece,

Turkey, Cyprus, Kuwait, Lebanon, Syria, and

Pakistan, as well as through member organizations

in Austria, Germany and Italy.

Over 15,000 refugees were able to begin new lives

in safe countries as a result of the resettlement

processing programs of the ICMC Secretariat and

its member organizations.

ICMC’s work in this regard included the

resettlement of women-at-risk, with a particular

focus on educated and politically active Afghan

women, who cannot return to Afghanistan.

In addition, ICMC facilitated cultural orientation

training sessions for refugees who have been

accepted for third country resettlement.

These courses prepare refugees for life in their

Cultural orientation classes are run for various groups of people. In this

women’s group, specific issues are addressed such as changing roles,

childcare, women in the workplace, domestic violence and laws protecting

women.

new country, and assist in their successful

integration.

The ICMC-managed Refugee Data Center

(RDC) in New York City continued to serve as

focal point, communications hub, and the virtual

entrance for all refugees arriving in the United

States.The RDC processed 60,000 newly-arrived

refugees during 2000.

Providing Training and Technical Support

During the year under review, ICMC provided technical support

and training to its members and partner organizations in Benin,

Guinea, Morocco, Republic of Congo, Senegal, Sierra Leone,

Zimbabwe, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia,

Russia,Yugoslavia, East Timor, Indonesia,Thailand, Jordan and

Lebanon.

A workshop in trauma education.

ICMC’s support and training courses enabled our members

and partners to develop programs for refugees, internally

displaced populations, and migrants.The training also gave an

understanding of refugee and internally displaced populations,

refugee protection, and tolerance and trauma education

programming.

In 2000 ICMC facilitated 128 trauma education and recovery workshops

in Kosovo for 2,576 refugee returnees


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Advocating

ICMC’s advocacy efforts during 2000 focused on:

refugee protection

migrants’ rights

family reunification for resettled refugees

development of just asylum procedures

use of repatriation only when it is voluntary,

safe, and dignified

resettlement needs for

at-risk refugees

The primary places for ICMC’s advocacy

work were:

The United Nations High Commissioner for

Refugees

The UN Commission on Human Rights

The Global Campaign for the Ratification of

the Convention on the rights of migrant

workers and their families

The European Union

The United States government

ICMC is a member of:

International Council of Voluntary Agencies

(ICVA)

InterAction (in the USA)

Refugee Council USA

European Council for Refugees and Exiles

(ECRE)

Steering Committee for the Ratification

of the Convention on the rights of migrant

workers and their families

Conference of NGOs in Consultative

Relationship with the United Nations

Dale Buscher, ICMC Director of Operations with refugee returnee children in Kosovo.

In 2000 ICMC implemented a “Safe Passages” program for 4,800 people fleeing

Ambon, Maluku that included relocation and emergency assistance


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Message from the President

The Jubilee Year 2000 was a great year

for the Catholic Church, and for

ICMC in particular.

The most important single Jubilee event

for us was the Jubilee for Migrants and

Itinerant People on 2 June, when over

100,000 refugees, migrants, and pilgrims

from around the world gathered in St.

Peter’s Square.The Holy Father reminded us,“For the Catholic

Church, no one is a stranger, no one is excluded, no one is distant.”

John Paul II further exhorted us to consider that “Unfortunately, we

still encounter in the world a closed-minded attitude and even one

of rejection, due to unjustified fears and concern for one’s own

interests alone.These forms of discrimination are incompatible with

belonging to Christ and to the Church.”

Another major event in 2000 was the beatification by the Holy

Father of two outstanding figures whose lives were linked, in one

way or another, with the cause of migrants.

They were John XXIII, the Pope of the encyclical, Pacem in Terris

(on peace among all nations); and Archbishop Tommaso Reggio of

Genoa, who was among the first to create in his diocese, at the end of

the 19th century, an organization somewhat similar in spirit to ICMC.

The Holy Father closed the Jubilee Year with an exhortation to

think about “…the many families of our time who are in difficult

situations. Some of them suffer from extreme poverty; others are

forced to seek in foreign countries what they unfortunately lack in

their homeland.” It is precisely these forced migrant families that

preoccupy the members of the International Catholic Migration

Commission, its Secretariat and field staff.

It is an important theme of our advocacy efforts and our fieldwork

to pay particular attention to the family. Migrant worker families,

who are split up because of practical problems, as well as by the law,

need special efforts to guarantee their right to live together.

During the Jubilee for Refugees and Migrants, the people present in

Rome created a Jubilee Charter of Rights of Displaced People.The

Charter does not pretend to be exhaustive, but presents to the world

the most important challenges that have to be faced for the

protection and well being of those many millions of people forced

to live outside their homeland or usual place of residence.

ICMC faces enormous challenges.The refugee and migrant

question today is very complex–much more complex than in the

past.A sense of frustration seems to pervade many of those who

dedicate their energies and efforts to the uprooted.This is

understandable but cannot be justified, especially for Christians and

other people of goodwill. ICMC is ready and proud to engage with

today’s realities and to work for and with refugees and migrants so

that they can have safe and happy lives.

Stefano Zamagni

President

Professor Stefano Zamagni is an internationally recognized economist with a

particular concern for migration issues. He is Professor of Economics at the

University of Bologna, Italy, and visiting professor at other universities in Italy

and the USA.

Message from the Secretary General

This annual report reflects ICMC’s

dedication to the principle of assisting

refugees and forced migrants, one by

one, family by family.

This principle is at the core of our work

with the most vulnerable people among

refugees, internally displaced persons,

trafficked women, and poor migrant

workers.

Our programs assist people to return to their homes, or resettle in

another country when return is not feasible, and to rebuild their lives.

We put a particular emphasis on women, children and the elderly. In

tragic and incomprehensible circumstances, these are the most

vulnerable family members.

ICMC’s membership is made up of people and organizations in 82

countries.Through this network, we gather accurate information about

the situation of refugees and uprooted persons. Our members work

at the national and local level, but the needs continue to outstrip our

collective capacity to help.

Why do we have such suffering, and what are we called to do about it?

One thing we can do, as this report shows, is to intervene at the level

of immediate need and help people restart their lives. In addition, it is

vital that we examine the causes of forced migration, work for its

prevention and seek to promote dignified and fair treatment for

forced migrants. So, in 2000 we took an active part in the preparatory

process for the World Conference against Racism, Racial

Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance to be held in

South Africa in 2001.

In June 1950, Pope Pius XII directed Monsignor Giovanni Battista

Montini (the future Pope Paul VI) to invite key Catholics working in

migration to come together and create an international migration

agency. On September 14, 1950, representatives from the Holy See,

Germany, the United States, Italy, and Switzerland gathered in Rome to

discuss the creation of an international Catholic agency to help

refugees and migrants.As a result, ICMC began in the following year.

We shall celebrate ICMC’s 50th anniversary in 2001 with special

events in various places, including New York City, into whose harbor

millions of immigrants and refugees have arrived full of hope for

a new life.

The Council will hold its annual meeting in New York.We shall have a

celebration dinner in the city, and organize a seminar at the United

Nations headquarters to highlight, amongst other things, the positive

aspects of migration.

We will use all these opportunities to highlight the great needs of our

fellow human beings and to promote ways that can mitigate the pain

caused to individuals and families who are forced to move.

I wish to thank all those people and institutions that trust us to care

for traumatized and uprooted people; who are often the victims of

war or other violence.

In its 50th year, ICMC will rededicate itself to its mission, and ask

those who have been fortunate in gathering material wealth to help us

to do more.We will create a fund to guarantee we can assist refugees

and other forced migrants, one by one, family by family, for the next 50

years.This is the least we can do for our suffering sisters and brothers.

William Canny

Secretary General


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ICMC Finances

The financial statements of the ICMC for the year 2000 were audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers.The

statements were prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standards.

Income and Expenditure

US$

Income 2000 1999

Administration 1,714,000 8% 1,716,000 8%

Programs/Projects 18,838,000 92% 18,569,000 92%

Total 20,552,000 20,285,000

Expenditure

Administration 2,354,000 11% 1,741,000 9%

Programs/Projects 18,933,000 89% 18,726,000 91%

Total 21,287,000 20,467,000

(Deficit) (735,000) (182,000)

ICMC Expenditure

Resettlement,

Return, Reintegration

73%

11%

4%

12%

During the year 2000, USD 21,287,000 was expended by ICMC

under the following major categories

US$

Resettlement 7,499,000 35%

Return and Reintegration 8,166,000 38%

Humanitarian Assistance to Displaced 2,545,000 12%

Technical Assistance and Support 723,000 4%

Administration 2,354,000 11%

Total 21,287,000 100%

Source of Funding for ICMC

Activity administered and overseen by the

General Secretariat is funded by

contributions from goverment and

intergovernmental humanitarian and

development agencies, specialized agencies of

the United Nations system, private and NGO

partners and ICMC's reserves. In 2000

income totaled US$ 20,552,000.

US$

US Government

(Dept. Of State) 12,064,000 59%

UN Agencies 4,934,000

European Commission 714,000

USAID 165,000

Department for International

Development (DFID) – UK 66,000

Canadian Embassy, Croatia 7,000 30%

Portuguese Embassy,

Indonesia 5,000

International Organisation

for Migration 162,000

Netherlands Embassy,

Indonessia 20,000

ICMC* 95,000

Caritas Germany 1,000

Cordaid Netherlands 277,000

Caritas Australia 53,000

Caritas New Zealand 28,000

Caritas Norway/Sweden 3,000

Catholic Relief Services 110,000 3%

Joyce Foundation 13,000

Canadian Development

& Peace 88,000

Mercy Corps International 6,000

Call on an Angel Inc. 116,000

Other private donors 6,000

Administration Income 1,714,000 8%

Total (*excluding

ICMC funded) 20,552,000 100%


International Catholic Migration Commission

In Afghanistan, the Taliban abducted

Subhan A. Subhan’s wife, Farida,

searched the prisons for him without

success. Fearful for her own safety, she

fled to Pakistan with her son.Two

years later, Farida thought her

husband was dead and applied

through ICMC for resettlement in the

U.S.A. Her application was approved

and Farida moved to a local shelter to

await her departure.While she was

there, a young man called at the ICMC

office. He introduced himself as

Farida’s husband. In tears, the man told

a story of pain and torture. ICMC

staff quickly fetched Farida and her

son.They had no idea what awaited

them. Subhan was taken to meet them

in the garden. Farida stared at Subhan

as though at a ghostly apparition.

When she realized her husband was

alive, Farida broke down and sobbed.

Subhan rushed to embrace her and

tears of disbelief and joy poured out.

For the first time in nearly three years

both parents embraced the young boy,

who did not recognize his father.

Through ICMC, the family has now

begun a new life in the United States.

International Catholic Migration Commission

37–39 rue de Vermont

PO Box 96

1211 Geneva 20

Switzerland

Phone: +41 22 919 10 20

Fax: +41 22 919 10 48

E-mail: secretariat.ch@icmc.net

Website: www.icmc.net

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