2003 - IFAD


2003 - IFAD

have been established in Guinea, but there are doubts about the source

of funds for long-term maintenance. In Burkina Faso, the social organizations

in charge of maintaining the structures are weak, while in

Ecuador the communities have neither the training nor the funds to

maintain the communal infrastructure that has been built. In Eritrea,

there are questions about both the resilience of the flood structures

and the capacity of the communities to maintain them.

All the CPEs addressed sustainability issues. The sustainability of

financial services was a concern in the CPEs for Senegal and Tunisia.

In Tunisia, the limited attention paid to rural organizational and

capacity-building activities, and to participation more generally,

meant that farmers took limited responsibility for managing and

maintaining project investments. The Indonesia CPE was much more

critical. It found little evidence of sustainability in completed projects,

and judged the prospective sustainability in ongoing operations

as unlikely. The main reasons for the lack of sustainability were inadequate

choices of technology and weak or incomplete institutional

development. It concluded that the lack of sustainability in the portfolio

was its greatest weakness.

Box 9: Main Conclusions about Sustainability

• Overall, sustainability was rated as likely in 50% of the projects.

• While projects have been relatively successful at strengthening people’s organizations and

institutions, this is one of the weaker areas in terms of sustainability. In some cases, this is

indicative of the length of time needed to create sustainable institutions. In others, more

fundamental institutional and financial issues exist.

• In a significant number of cases, insufficient attention to the financial and institutional

arrangements for O&M, and to participation and capacity development more generally,

mean that the sustainability of investments is not assured.

Innovation and Replicability/Scaling Up

Innovation is defined as the development of improved and cost-effective

ways to address problems or opportunities faced by the rural

poor. These encompass institutional and technological approaches,

as well as pro-poor policies and partnerships. IFAD directly supports

innovation and, together with its partners, promotes its replication

and scaling up. Because of IFAD’s relatively small size, its total impact

on rural poverty using its own resources is limited. The Fund’s policy

is therefore to increase the outreach of its development activities by

playing a catalytic role – seeking to influence other partners in the

international community by promoting the scaling up of successful

and replicable innovative approaches aimed at reaching the rural

poor more effectively.

Less than half the project evaluations rated performance regarding

innovation/replication as substantial. Substantial ratings were

generally due more to innovative elements identified than to actual

or potential replication/scaling up. The creation or introduction of

new forms of financial service institutions was seen as an important

contextual innovation in three of the projects (Benin, Guinea,

Venezuela). In Ghana, the nationwide focus on a single commodity


More magazines by this user
Similar magazines