Environment - IFAD

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Environment - IFAD

Belgian

Survival

Fund

Joint

Programme

Enabling poor rural people

to overcome poverty

Belgian

Survival

Fund

Joint

Belgian

Joint

Belgian

Joint

Programme

Survival

Fund

Programme

Survival

Fund

Programme

Enabling poor rural people

to overcome poverty

Protecting the natural resource

base: The JP reinforces its

environmental engagement

In the face of new and alarming threats to the environment, the links between the

degradation Enabling poor of ecosystems rural peopleand poverty are increasingly evident. When the natural

environment to overcomeis poverty at risk – from overuse, deterioration or extreme weather conditions

linked to climate change – the livelihoods of poor rural people are equally under

threat. Rural communities depend on the natural resource base for their survival, but

also play a vital role in maintaining the environment in a healthy state. They need to

be supported in this role.

The IFAD/BSF Joint Programme (JP) works to enable poor rural people to

overcome poverty. Addressing the environmental implications of poverty reduction

through the sustainable management of natural resources is fundamental to meeting

BSF’s mandate and IFAD’s strategic framework, in line with the Millennium

Development Goals.

The JP has 25 years experience of successfully delivering basic needs – water,

sanitation, Enabling healthcare poor rural and people education – in collaboration with IFAD projects in the

to overcome poverty

poorest and most ecologically marginal parts of sub-Saharan Africa. The JP

complements IFAD’s extensive experience in sustainable rural development and

integrated resource management.

In many parts of the developing world worsening climatic conditions are a

pressing concern. It is crucial to capitalize on the synergies of partnership, to develop

improved strategies for the conservation and rehabilitation of the environment.


Belgian

Joint

Belgian

Joint

Belgian

Joint

Survival

Survival

Fund

Programme

Survival

Fund

Programme

Fund

Programme

The JP Environment Assessment

An external evaluation of the JP undertaken in

2008 drew attention to the fact that very few

specific measures had been taken in JP

activities towards conservation of the

environment, Enabling poor and ruralthat people development plans do

to overcome poverty

not analyse and address the causes of

environmental deterioration.

In order to redress this imbalance and

understand the impact of JP-funded project

activities on the environment, the JP

conducted a study in 2009 in close

collaboration with the IFAD Environmental

Enabling poor rural people

Technical to overcome Division. povertyThe study focussed on two

JP projects operating in environmentally

fragile areas, in Tanzania and Mali. While both

areas experience significant shortages of water

and basic services, the Mali study examines

extreme cases of human survival in the face of

encroaching desertification.

Results from the two missions indicate that

JP activities do not significantly contribute to

environmental Enabling poor rural deterioration. people Yet there is

to overcome poverty

considerable room for improvement in

achieving more effective environmental

support. The areas of greatest concern are

water access and associated land use

management issues. The study proposed a

number of activities to further enhance

environmental conservation:

• carry out mandatory environmental

impact assessments on large projects

supporting the provision of infrastructure

such as dams, water points and roads

• ensure careful management of livestock

numbers

• support reforestation initiatives to help

mitigate the effects of increased human and

livestock activities around water points

• ensure that environmental standards are

adhered to in health and sanitation

components

• minimize environmental impact when

locating groundwater/borehole points by

carrying out mandatory geological surveys

• develop land and water use management

plans for project localities

The study delivered a set of environmental

guidelines informing the design process of

future JP programmes. It will also provide a

methodology for assessing the environmental

impact of any JP programme, as well as other

practical documents guiding the evaluation and

monitoring of environmental components of

JP programmes.

Belgian

Survival

Fund

Joint

Programme

Enabling poor rural people

to overcome poverty

Contact BSF.JP

Alessandra Pani

Via Paolo di Dono 44, 00142

Rome, Italy

Telephone: +39 06 54 59 22 72

E-mail: a.pani@ifad.org

www.ifad.org/bsf

International Fund for

Agricultural Development

Via Paolo di Dono, 44

00142 Rome, Italy

Telephone: +39 06 54591

Facsimile: +39 06 5043463

E-mail: ifad@ifad.org

www.ifad.org

www.ruralpovertyportal.org

The IFAD/BSF Joint Programme

The Belgian Survival Fund (BSF) was created in 1983 by the Belgian Government in response to

the more than one million drought- and famine-related deaths in East Africa. BSF provides

grants for rural development projects with a focus on food security and nutrition in some of the

poorest countries in Africa, helping the most vulnerable households become healthier and more

productive and lowering the risk that they will face starvation.

The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), a specialized United Nations agency,

was established as an international financial institution in 1977; one of the major outcomes of

the 1974 World Food Conference. IFAD is dedicated to eradicating poverty and hunger in rural

areas of developing countries. Through low-interest loans and grants, it develops and finances

programmes and projects that enable poor rural people to overcome poverty themselves.

The IFAD/BSF Joint Programme was formed in 1983 to pursue a common goal: helping poor

people in rural areas to overcome poverty. Since then, BSF and IFAD have designed and funded

57 projects in 17 African countries for a total amount of more than US$200 million.

September 2009

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