Urban Renewal_Urban Design_ Urban Renewal_Urban ... - IFIP

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Urban Renewal_Urban Design_ Urban Renewal_Urban ... - IFIP

Urban Renewal_Urban Design_Infrastructure Development

Austro / Ukrainian Student Project


Structure of Organisation

ORGANIGRAM

Period of Work :

2 consultant firms

managing the creation

Students from

Odessa

Structurall Engineering

Architecture

Energy supply a. mangmt .

Economic Geography

Universities of

Odessa

Odessa State

Polytechnic University

Sept. 2001 - Feb. 2002

EU-Programme

TACIS

of UTSC

Urban

Technology

Service Center

Odessa

(UTSCO)

Interdisciplinary

Student

project

Sponsors

External

Consultants

Teaching staff

from Vienna

and Odessa

Students from

Vienna

Urban and Reg . Planning

Architecture

Structural Engineering

Mechanical Engineering

Slavonic Studies

Odessa State Academy of

Constructionand

Architecture

Metschnikov State

University Odessa

Vienna University

of Technology

5 Institutes of planning

and engineering

disciplines,

University extension center

Project Designand

Management:

Institute of Public

Finance and

Infrastructure Policy

Urban

Technology

Network (UTN)

City of Odessa

City of Vienna

Galati County

Other cities

and regions of

CADSES region

Associated

Institutes

(CLC, WIIW)

EU-Programme

INTERREG-

CADSES

Source: IFIP, Vienna University of Technology, 2002


P3 ODESSA

Urban Renewal_Urban Design_Infrastructure Development

Austro / Ukrainian Student Project

A

B

C

D

Spatial-Functional

Basic Structure

Urban Design Concepts for Selected Locations

Urban Renewal Based on a Model Block

Private Investment in a Small-Scale Scale Heat and

Power Station

Institute of Public Finance and Infrastructure Policy

Institute of Urban Design and Planning

Institute of Law


Spatial -Functional

Basic Structure

Urban Design Concepts

Students from Vienna

Urban and

Regional Planning

HOFBAUER

Vera

KARLHUBER-

VÖCKL

Lisa

LUTZ

Melanie

Architecture

aumayr

Bernhard

Iwanowitsch

Michael

SCHÖNAUER

Gernot

Teaching Staff

hofer Andreas

(Institute of Urban

and Regional

Planning, TU Vienna)

Kanonier Arthur

(Institute of Law, TU

Vienna)

omelchenko

Vladislav (Dept. for

Social and Economic

Geography, Mechn.

State Univ. Odessa)

Supporting

students from

Odessa

KIM Tanya

(Economic

Geography,

Mechnikov State

Univ. Odessa)

YEFIMENKO Kate

(Architecture,

Odessa State

Academy of

Construction and

Architecture)

NADERER

Michaela

SCHWARZ

Sandra

Advisers

Horcher Inge

(Acad. Translator,

Slavonic Studies)

Oppolzer

Gerlinde (Ifip,

TU Vienna)

Sadjadi Ninel

J. (Center of

Legal Competence;

Project Manager

Research)

Stöger

Gerald

(formerly Regional

Consulting

Ziviltechniker

GmbH)


European Context

Region Odessa


Seaport Odessa

Ports of Odessa,

Yuzhny and

Illichivsk

=

most powerful port

complex of Ukraine


Image of Odessa

Sergeij Eisenstein

„The Battleship Potemkin“

Opera House

Fellner & Helmer

Philharmony


Ukrainian Planning Conditions

Population

Inhabitants Ukraine = 50,7 Mio

Inhabitants Odessa = 1,0 Mio

Low Birth Rate

High Emigration Rate

Low Life Expectancy

[M 62 and F 68]


Ukrainian Planning Conditions

Politics

Independence since 24.08.1991

Constitution adopted in June1996

Chief of State =

President Leonid D. Kuchma


Ukrainian Planning Conditions

Economy

Economic collapse

after indepenence

GDP (Real Growth Rate)

+ 6% in 2000

Inflation Rate = 16% in 2001

Major Trading Partner = Russia


Ukrainian Planning Conditions

Urban & Regional Planning System

National, Regional and Local

Planning Level

New Definition Of Planning

1 st Experiences with

Participation


Development of the City


Functional Structure

Topics

Centre

Housing

Green Areas

Industry

Harbour

Major Roads


Functional Structure

Housing Green Industry Harbour TrafficAreas


Functional Structure

Centre


Urban Design Projects

Public space

and orientation

The city

the water


Streets

o Uniform heigh of buildings

o Different stands

o Rampant alleys


Signage

o

Bilingual - Symbols

o Simple and detailed

information

o

Placement

o

Coporate identity


Functions of Court Yards

oRecreation

o Communication

o Microclimate

oParking


Renewal of Court Yards

o Enlarging of possibilities

of utilisation:

Playgrounds

Shops

o Improvement of living

quality

o Variation of access:

Passgeways

Connection


Realization

o Participation of

inhabitants

o „Action area planning“

o Information transfer

oCreation of networks


CHAPTER A/B


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P3 ODESSA

Urban Renewal_Urban Design_Infrastructure Development

Austro / Ukrainian Student Project

A

B

C

D

Spatial-Functional

Basic Structure

Urban Design Concepts for Selected Locations

Urban Renewal Based on a Model Block

Private Investment in a Small-Scale Scale Heat and

Power Station

Institute of Public Finance and Infrastructure Policy

Institute of Urban Design and Planning

Institute of Law


Urban Renewal Based on a Model Block

Students from Vienna

Naderer

Michaela

(Urban and

Regional

Planning)

Schwarz

Sandra

(Urban and

Regional

Planning)

GAISBERGER

Andreas

(Building

Construction

and Industrial

Building)

VOLLGRUBER

Oliver (Building

Construction

and Industrial

Building)

Teaching Staff

BLAAS Wolfgang

(Ifip, TU Vienna)

LISSENKO Vadim

(Odessa State Academy

of Construction and

Architecture)

Schönb

nbäck

ck Wilfried

(Ifip, TU Vienna)

Advisers

Ecker Birgit (Inst. for Building

Construction and Industrial

Building)

Horcher Inge (Acad. Translator,

Slavonic Studies)

Kolbitsch Andreas (Inst. for

Building Construction and

Industrial Building)

Oppolzer

Oppolzer Gerlinde (Ifip, TU Vienna)

Sadjadi Ninel J. (Center of Legal

Competence; Project Manager

Research)

Supporting

students from

Odessa

ZELYENSKAYA

Julia (Student of

Law, Odessa Law

Academy)

NIKOLAYUK

Vladyslav

(Student of Civil

Engineer., Odessa

State Academy of

Construction and

Architecture)

ALEXANDROVICH

Dmitriy (Student

of Civil Engineer.,

Odessa State

Academy of

Construction and

Architecture)


THE RENEWAL MODEL - LOCATION

ODESSA

Sadovaya 21

located in the central

district

Build at the end of the 19

century

19 th

harbour

Centre


THE RENEWAL MODEL – CONDITION & UTILIZATION

multi-purpose

block

block sadovaya 21

1 st

2 nd

st floor = shops and restaurants

nd floor = office, 3 rd & 4 th = communes

under historical protection

endangered to collapse

bad underground situation

Shell-limestone

limestone


RENOVATION OF SADOVAYA STREET 21

Tasks of renovation

Foundation

Fassade

Roof

Interior renovation

Galeries and lofts

Technical installation


RECONSTRUCTION MODEL [STRUCTURE & FINANCING]

WESTEUROPEAN

DEVELOPER

PROJECT FINANCING

PLANNING

GENERAL CONTRACTOR

LAW OFFICE

AGENCY

Master Builder

Subcontractor 1

Local & Regional

Authorities

Subcontractor 2

Subcontractor 3

Investor 20 % 20 % Equity capital

Western

European Bank

60 %

4.348 %

Interest rate

Ukrainian Bank 10 %

European Bank for

Reconstruction and

Development

10 %

LIBOR + 10 % = 12.492 %

Interest rate

10 %

Interest rate

80 % Credit capital


5 DIFFERENT LIVING AREAS IN ODESSA

Living areas

1

2

3

4

5

areas

1

2

3

4

5

Purchase

of flats

in USD

(price

price/m²)

Sale of

flats

in USD

(price

price/m²)

duration

of flat

sales

(years

years)

100 300

5

180

240

350

500

400

700

1,150

1,300

5

3

1

0.5

Rent-

ability

--

--

-- -

+

COMPARABLE OBJECT


P3 ODESSA

Urban Renewal_Urban Design_Infrastructure Development

Austro / Ukrainian Student Project

A

B

C

D

Spatial-Functional

Basic Structure

Urban Design Concepts for Selected Locations

Urban Renewal Based on a Model Block

Private Investment in a Small-Scale Scale Heat and

Power Station

Institute of Public Finance and Infrastructure Policy

Institute of Urban Design and Planning

Institute of Law


Private Investment in a Small-scale

Combined Heat and Power Station

Students from Vienna Teaching Staff

GEISS Marc

(Mechanical

Engineer. with

suppl. Econom.)

BIERMAYR Peter

(Inst. of Energy

Economics, TU

Vienna)

Supporting

students from

Odessa

HOMA Johannes

(Mechanical

Engineer. with

suppl. Econom.)

KOTENKO V. I.

(Odessa State Acad.

of Construction and

Architecture, Vice-

Director of Teplokommunenergo)

KARLHUBER-

VÖCKL

Lisa

(Urb. & Regional

Planning)

LAMPL Harald

(Urb. & Regional

Planning)

LUTZ Melanie

(Urb. & Regional

Planning)

FASSBENDER

Stephan

(Ifip, TU Vienna)

FOMICHEV Evgeny

(Odessa State

Polytechnic

University)

Advisers

Geisslhofer

Alois (EVA

Austria)

MEWIS Jürgen

(Director of PM

Odessa

Consulting)

Pöschl

schl Josef

(WIIW Staff

economist)

KRIZHANOVSKIJ

Evgenij

(Energy supply

and management,

Odessa State

Polytechnic

University)

LOZINSKIY

Dmitry

(Energy supply

and management,

Odessa State

Polytechnic

University)

Tretter Herbert

(Mechanical Engineering

with suppl. Economics)

SCHÖNB

NBÄCK

Wilfried

(Ifip, TU Vienna)

Schildorfer

Werner

(Jenbacher AG)


Contents

• Overview over the situation of energy supply in

The region Odessa

! Description of energy supply problems in the

region Odessa

• Feasibility estimation for a self supply concept

for an industrial company

! Selection of an industrial company

! Alternatives of energy supply

! Investment calculation & Financing model

! Uncertainties

! Conclusion


Situation of Energy Supply

Problems of energy supply

• Need of energy

exceeds

production

• Lack of investment

in existing plants

• Antiquated plants

of production

• Antiquated

pipelines

• Consumed electric

current not paid

• Lack of energy

resources

• Necessary cut-offs

(electricity)

• Breakdown of

network


Feasibility Estimation

Balta Dairy Canning Plant

• Biggest ukrainian producer of

baby food

• products: UHT Milk, kefir, milk

powder, yoghurts,...

• Treated amount of milk:

360 tons / day

Selection criteria

• Peak load < 5 MWel

• Constant need of energy

• Readiness for co-operation

• Economic interest

• Own financial resources


Feasibility Estimation

Status Quo

Consumption of Energy

Heat

production

by boilers

kW

Hours

• max. peak of 3 MWel

Purchase of

electric

current


Feasibility Estimation

Status Quo

Alternative I

3 Modules (gas motor)

Alternative II

2 Modules (gas motor)


Feasibility Estimation

Alternative I: 3 Modules

Consumption of Electric

Current

kW

Hours

• Demand of electricity covered

by 3 modules

• Sale of energy surplus into

public energy-supply-network


Feasibility Estimation

Alternative I: 3 Modules

Demand of Heat

kW

Hours

• Remaining Demand of

heat covered by

existing boilers


Feasibility Estimation

Alternative II: 2 Modules

Demand of Electric Current

kW

Hours

• Average consumption of

electricity covered

• Peak not covered (max 2 MW)

• Temporal deferral of peaks


Feasibility Estimation

Alternative II: 2 Modules

Demand of Heat

kW

Hours

• Remaining Demand of heat

produced by existing boilers


Feasibility Estimation

Main input data for sensitivity analysis

Status Quo

Variante I

Variante II

Sunken costs

Investment costs 1,1 Mio USD Investment costs 0,75 Mio USD

settings

interest rate

on company

capital

interest rate

on outside

capital

inflation

life

time

share on

fundings

share on

company

capital

share on

outside

capital

time

of

loan

standard 5% 11% 16% 15 8% 20% 72% 5

best case 3% 8% 27% 20 15% 0% 85% 10

worst case 7% 17% 5% 10 0% 0% 100% 5

"Costs for heat production valuated equally

"Not considered in sensitivity analysis


Feasibility Estimation

Comparison of costs of 1 kWh

Cost per kWh in US

in US cent

Variante I

Variante II


Feasibility Estimation

Uncertainties

• Necessarily incomplete energy audit

• Costs not taken into consideration

! Constructional measures

! Regulation units of modules

! Plants for supply into net

• Equality of net demand and surplus of electric

current

• real development of prices & rates of interest


Feasibility Estimation

Conclusion

• Feasibility estimation shows

! Profitability can be reached with and without

electric current supply into net

! only worst case scenarios of alternatives are

unprofitable

• Reason for more detailed analysis


P3 ODESSA

Urban Renewal_Urban Design_Infrastructure Development

Austro / Ukrainian Student Project

A

B

C

D

Spatial-Functional

Basic Structure

Urban Design Concepts for Selected Locations

Urban Renewal Based on a Model Block

Private Investment in a Small-Scale Scale Heat and

Power Station

Institute of Public Finance and Infrastructure Policy

Institute of Urban Design and Planning

Institute of Law

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