Singapur - Bauwerke und Baustoffe zukünftiger ... - Holcim Schweiz

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Singapur - Bauwerke und Baustoffe zukünftiger ... - Holcim Schweiz

Strength. Performance. Passion.

Singapur - Bauwerke und

Baustoffe zukünftiger Megacities

Gerhard Schmitt

Informationsarchitektur, ETH Zürich

Director, Singapore-ETH Centre

Senior Vice President, ETH Global

19. Holcim Betontagung - 24.09.2013

© 2013 Holcim Ltd


Singapore-ETH Centre SEC

Gerhard Schmitt


Singapur

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Bauwerke

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Baustoffe

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Megacities – Rio de Janeiro

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Megacities – Sao Paulo

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Megacities – Shenzhen, China

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Zukünftige Megacities – Addis Abeba, Äthiopien

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Zukünftige Megacities – Yangon, Myanmar

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Future Cities Laboratory – Motivation

• In den kommenden 25 Jahren benötigen 2„000 Millionen Menschen

neue Wohnungen und Arbeitsplätze in bestehenden und neuen

Städten

• Die zukünftigen Stadt-Land Systeme – Beispiel Schweiz - MÜSSEN

nachhaltig sein

• Das ETH Future Cities Laboratory in Singapore entwickelt dafür

Prozesse, Technologien und Produkte

• Die ETH hat mehr als 6„000 Forschungskontakte und mehr als

60„000 Alumni weltweit

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Future Cities Laboratory – Singapur

• Gegründet 2010 als erstes Forschungsinstitut der ETH Zürich im

Ausland, als “Company Limited by Guarantee” in Singapur mit 2

Personen. Heute: Mehr als 200 Mitglieder, davon 100 in Singapur.

• 13 ETH und EPFL ProfessorInnen, 3 AssistenzprofessorInnen, 30

PostDocs, 46 Doktorierende, 87 Master Studierende, Interns.

• 139 Artikel in Wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriften, 142

Konferenzpublikationen, 153 interne Publikationen, 26 design studio

workshops, 6 invention disclosures, 8 software disclosures, 2 Patent

filings, 15 awards and honours, 1.7 Mio. Singapore Dollars in

zusätzlicher Industriefinanzierung, 13 Bücher, 6 neue Projekte

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Future Cities Laboratory - Forschungsfragen:

• Welche Prozesse, Methoden und Technologien erhöhen die Nachhaltigkeit von Städten?

• Wie vermitteln wir diese in Lehre und Praxis?

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Die Stadt verstehen

• Kultureller Kontext

• Urbaner Metabolismus

• Stocks and Flows

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Urbaner Metabolismus

Die Stadt als dynamisches und

komplexes System

Verstehen und Modellieren dieses

Systems als Stocks and Flows

Nach Richard Rogers, 1996

Erkennen urbaner Stocks als

Grundelemente des urbanen

Metabolismus und als lokal

verfügbare Ressourcen

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Beispiele für Urbane Stocks and Flows

• Menschen und Gesundheit

• Wasser und Kapital

• Energie und Materialien

• Raum und Dichte

• Mobilität und Information

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Stocks and Flows: Menschen und Gesundheit


Stocks and Flows: Wasser und Kapital


Stocks and Flows: Energie und Materialien


Stocks and Flows: Raum und Dichte


Examples for Urban Stocks and Flows

• People and Health

• Water and Capital

• Energy and Materials

• Space and Density

• Information

Stocks and Flows: Mobilität und Information


Scales,

Stocks and

Flows

SMALL

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY

LOW EXERGY

MEDIUM

URBAN DESIGN

LARGE

TERRITORIAL PLANNING

DIGITAL FABRICATION

SPACE

ENERGY

MATERIALS

PEOPLE

CAPITAL

WATER

INFORMATION

A/P ARCHITECTURE & CONSTRUCTION

TRANSFORMING & MINING URBAN STOCKS

HOUSING

URBAN DESIGN STRATEGIES & RESOURCES

URBAN SOCIOLOGY

A/P ARCHITECTURE & URBAN PLANNING

TERRITORIAL ORGANISATION

LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY

MOBILITY & TRANSPORTATION PLANNING

A/P ARCHITECTURE & TERRITORIAL PLANNING

SIMULATION PLATFORM


Research

Modules

Low Exergy

Prof. Dr Hansjürg Leibundgut

Developing systems to cut the

electricity used for the standard

air-conditioner and to reduce

CO2 emissions caused by air

conditioners.

Image source: Module I

Back to

Stocks & Flows


Using the concept of exergy to

develop better building systems,

reducing energy consumption and

eliminating CO2 emissions.

Implemented in Switzerland

Monte Rosa, Science City, B35 etc.

Transported to Singapore

BubbleZERO

Module I: Low

Exergy

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Research

Modules

Digital Fabrication

Prof. Fabio Gramazio

Prof. Matthias Kohler

Using robotic technology to

design models of high-rise

buildings.

Image source: Bas Princen

Back to

Stocks & Flows


ACHIEVEMENTS

Investigations into the potentials and implications of robotic fabrication on high

rise typologies

Design of robotic fabricated high rises

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Housing

Prof. Sacha Menz

An Interdisciplinary Case Study

on the Development of Singapore

Public Housing Typologies (1960-

Present).

Image source: Module X


Research

Modules

Transforming & Mining Urban

Stocks

Prof. Dr Uta Hassler

Exploring the preservation and

conservation of heritage

buildings.

Image source: Module III

Back to

Stocks & Flows


Research

Modules

Urban Design Strategies &

Resources

Prof. Kees Christiaanse

Investigating the notion of

centralities in the city, and the role

of the airport with respect to

mobility, migration and

infrastructure.

Image source: Max Hirsh

Back to

Stocks & Flows


Research

Modules

Urban Sociology

Prof. Dr Christian Schmid

Comparative studies of cities.

Image source: Module V

Back to

Stocks & Flows


Research

Modules

Territorial Organisation

Prof. Dr Marc Angélil

Mitigating poverty through building

sustainable towns.

Image source: Module VI

Back to

Stocks & Flows


Baltimore Dharavi Addis Ababa

4

Doctoral

Theses

The Book

The Town

Egypt

Mirroring Effects:

On the Political Economy of Territory

NESTown

Marc Angélil and Cary Siress

Achievements


Research

Modules

Landscape Ecology

Prof. Christophe Girot

Understanding and improving the

future of urban rivers.

Image source: Derek Vollmer

Back to

Stocks & Flows


Module VII: Landscape Ecology

Singapore International Water

Week (SIWW) co-hosted with the

World Cities Summit, 2-4 July

2012 Marina Sands Expo and

Convention Centre.

Display of work to date and forum

for discussion

Semester-long research project with University of Indonesia and the

National University of Singapore

43 undergraduate and graduate students

• 200 household surveys

• Groundwater table and river stage data for 3 months

• Design scenarios for future river improvements

Meetings on data acquisition and possible collaboration

Collaborations

1 MOU and 2 LOAs with Institute of

Technology, Bandung (ITB), Bogor

Agricultural University (IPB) and

University of Indonesia (UI)

Formal Outputs

2 Journal publications

2 International Conferences

2 Invited talks


Research

Modules

Mobility & Transportation

Planning

Prof. Dr Kay Axhausen

Studying urban transport systems to

maximize efficiency.

Image source: Module VIII

Back to

Stocks & Flows


Research

Modules

Simulation Platform

Prof. Dr Gerhard Schmitt

Supporting design- and decisionmaking

processes with new data

acquisition, information visualisation

and simulation techniques.

Image source: Naomi Hanakata

Back to

Stocks & Flows


THE FCL SIMULATION

PLATFORM

Overarching Goal: Find new methods for better understanding ever growing

amounts of urban data. Make this knowledge available to decision makers,

urban planners and stakeholders.

Research Achievements

– Completion of Value Lab Asia in March 2012.

– Singapore‟s first UAV flights for data acquisition (NUS campus).

– Novel use of self-organizing maps for urban data.

– Combination of CFD wind flow analysis and generative modelling.

– Numerous scientific publications, including one book.

Service Contributions

– Established IT service infrastructure.

– Contributed to NRF CREATE IT infrastructure planning.


Result Research: High Accuracy 3D Reality Based Model of NUS Campus

Photogrammetry, Digital Fabrication

Armin Grün, Tobias Wullschleger, Gideon Aschwanden


Building Model – Little India

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Scales,

Stocks and

Flows

SPACE

ENERGY

MATERIALS

PEOPLE

CAPITAL

WATER

INFORMATION

SMALL

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY

LOW EXERGY

DIGITAL FABRICATION

A/P ARCHITECTURE & CONSTRUCTION

Prof. Dr Hansjürg Leibundgut

Developing systems to cut the electricity used for the

standard air-conditioner and to reduce CO2 emissions

caused by air conditioners.

342x project: 3 floors for the space of 2,

at 2x the efficiency

Back to 3 scales


“3 for 2x”

3 for 2x – proposal in progress

• Application of Low Exergy technologies and integrated

design in a real building project

• Reduce space consumption by 33%

• Improve standard energy efficiency and comfort by 2x

• Possible Industry Partners: Siemens, Cobiax for biaxial void

construction, BS2 Switzerland Arch App for ventilation

system, Uponor for radiant cooling system, etc.

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


TEAM

Assistant Professorship of Architecture and Construction

Dirk E. Hebel


Bamboo Concrete

Research question: Can

bamboo fibers be used to

replace steel as a

reinforcement material in

concrete?

SMART Innovation Grant

awarded in March 2013

Benefits of Bamboo as a construction material:

• Grows in most developing countries

• Tensile strength is double that of construction steel

• Produced as a composite material, it could be used as

reinforcement in concrete structures

• It is a renewable resource, cheap, light and strong

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Bamboo Composite Concrete

Assistant Professorship of Architecture and Construction

Dirk E. Hebel


Bamboo Composite Concrete

Assistant Professorship of Architecture and Construction

Dirk E. Hebel


BAMBOO COMPOSITE CONCRETE

Assistant Professorship of Architecture and Construction

Dirk E. Hebel


Contextualization of Vocational Training

Assistant Professorship of Architecture and Construction

Dirk E. Hebel


Contextualization of Vocational Training / ADDIS 2050

BISRAT KIFLE | ADDIS ALEM FELEKE | YOSEF TEFERI | EYOB WEDESU | TEWEDAJ ESHETU | DIRK HEBEL | FELIX HEISEL | MARTA WISNIEWSKA | GERHARD SCHMITT

STEPHEN CAIRNS | LUDGER HOVESTADT | HORGE OROZCO | EVA-MARIA FRIEDRICH | MATTHIAS BERGER | STEFAN MUELLER ARISONA | CHERYL SONG | NOOR

FAIZAH BINTE OTHMAN | REMO BURKHARD | ALEX ERATH | MAX HIRSH | NAOMI HANAKATA | LINDSAY SAWYER | SONJA BERTHOLD | EDDA OSTERTAG | YING ZHOU

Assistant Professorship of Architecture and Construction

Dirk E. Hebel


Scales,

Stocks and

Flows

SPACE

ENERGY

MATERIALS

PEOPLE

CAPITAL

WATER

INFORMATION

Asst. Prof. Alexander Lehnerer

Research in the field of steering the city by means of

regulatory frameworks.

MEDIUM

URBAN DESIGN

TRANSFORMING & MINING URBAN STOCKS

HOUSING

URBAN DESIGN STRATEGIES & RESOURCES

URBAN SOCIOLOGY

A/P ARCHITECTURE & URBAN PLANNING

Prof. Dr Christian Schmid

Comparative studies of cities.

Prof. Dr Uta Hassler

Exploring the preservation and conservation of heritage

buildings.

Prof. Sascha Menz

An Interdisciplinary Case Study on the Development of

Singapore Public Housing Typologies (1960-Present).

Prof. Kees Christiaanse

Investigating the notion of centralities in the city, and the

role of the airport with respect to mobility, migration and

infrastructure.

Back to 3 scales


Synergy

Projects

Kampung+

This project aims to apply incremental urban development approaches to slums in Batam and Jakarta, including appropriate energy generation,

waste management technologies and habitat types.

Partners:

Municipal governments in Batam and Jakarta

Regional plan study combining the urban settlement plan with hinterlands of

horticultural strips and industrial zone on the cost of Batam.

Back to Map


Scales,

Stocks and

Flows

Prof. Dr Marc Angélil

Mitigating poverty through building sustainable towns.

Prof. Dr Christophe Girot

Understanding and improving the future of urban rivers.

LARGE

TERRITORIAL PLANNING

TERRITORIAL ORGANISATION

SPACE

ENERGY

MATERIALS

PEOPLE

CAPITAL

WATER

INFORMATION

Prof. Dr Kay Axhausen

Studying urban transport systems to maximize efficiency.

Asst. Prof. Milica Topalovic

Researching on Singapore’s hinterlands in the region

Singapore-Johor-Riau and their functional links with the city.

Prof. Dr Gerhard Schmitt

Supporting design- and decision-making processes with new data acquisition, information visualisation and simulation techniques.

LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY

MOBILITY & TRANSPORTATION PLANNING

A/P ARCHITECTURE & TERRITORIAL PLANNING

SIMULATION PLATFORM

Back to 3 scales


Model Land

1924

Singapore‟s topography 2012

Architecture and Territorial Planning

Asst. Prof. Milica Topalovic


Model Land

Architecture and Territorial Planning

Asst. Prof. Milica Topalovic


MATSim Singapore

Mobility and Transportation Planning

Kay Axhausen


Singapore-ETH Centre for Global Environmental Sustainability SEC

Urban Science for the Future of Cities

Research Driven Education and Value Creation

Trans-CREATE-Universities-Agencies Projects

Glob

NHem

EQU-24N

Singapore/Paya Lebar

1880 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 2020

Year

ETH, NUS, NTU, TUM, A*STAR, MIT, Singapore Agencies

Gerhard Schmitt, Matthias Berger


29.5

29

28.5

28

27.5

27

26.5

26

25.5

25

24.5

26.5

26.2

26.6

26.9

26.7

26.6

26.7

26.4

26.6

26.4

26.3

26.1 26.1

26.6

26.7

26.8 26.8

1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1973 1974 1975 1977 1978 1979 1980 2000 2001 2003 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

28.2

28

28.4

28.5

28.3

28.2

28.1

28.7

28.9

28.4

28.7

Cooler Calmer Singapore CCS - Facts

Over the last 35 years

• Rising temperature

• Increasing noise

• More flooding

• Increasing density

Assistant Professorship of Architecture and Construction

Dirk E. Hebel


June 13, 10 pm

June 14, 7 am


June 14, 7 am


Temperature anomalies of Singapore

Temperature anomaly: The

term temperature anomaly means a

departure from a reference value or longterm

average. (

http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cmbfaq/anomalies.php)

Base period: 1951-1980

Reference value Singapore : 26.5523 degree

Celsius

Data Source:

http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/tabledata

_v3/NH.Ts.txt

ar

1960 1980 2000 2020

EQU-24N

Singapore/paya lebar

Assistant Professorship of Architecture and Construction

Dirk E. Hebel


70

60

Leq values at different locations and heights (year 2004)

65dBA (adverse health effects)

50

40

30

55 dBA (annoyance level)

20

10

0

Clementi Blk 426 SengKang Blk 183D West Coast Blk 711

Low floor(1st or 2nd storeys) Mid Floor (5th to 7th storey) High Floor (11th or 12th storey)

Leq: Equivalent Continuous Sound level is the preferred single value figure to describe Sound Pressure levels that carry over time and would produce

the same Sound Energy that would be produced over the stated period of time ‘T’. (http://www.acousticglossary.co.uk/leq.htm)

Data Source: STUDY OF TRAFFIC NOISE LEVELS IN SINGAPORE, H.T. Chui(1), Raymond B.W. Heng(1) and K.Y. Ng(2), (1) Sheffield Hallam University,

United Kingdom, (2) School of Design & The Environment, Singapore Polytechnic, Singapore, http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/1999/a68672.pdf


Energy flows in TJ

for Switzerland

Population 8’014’000

Energy dem. 852’330 TJ

Area 41’285 km 2

Density 194/ km 2

GDP(PPP) 340 bil. US$

Image courtesy of Swiss Federal Office of Energy.

Total Primary

Energy Supply

(TPES)

dE Q W


J


Energy flows in TJ

for Singapore

Population 5’312’400

Energy dem. 531’055 TJ

Area 712.4 km 2

Density 7126/ km 2

GDP(PPP) 315 bil. US$

Total Primary

Energy Supply

(TPES)

dE Q W


J


Cooler Calmer Singapore CCS - Goals

In the next 20 years

• Lower temperature

• Reduce noise

• Reduce flooding

• Increase quality of life

Assistant Professorship of Architecture and Construction

Dirk E. Hebel


Cooler Calmer Singapore – Facts

Contribution to Heat Flux in Singapore

• Industry (60%)

• Transportation (22%)

• Buildings (17%)

• The existing Urban Planning model

Assistant Professorship of Architecture and Construction

Dirk E. Hebel


ETH Global

ETH Staff

ETH Community

Source: ETH Global, 2013

Director SEC

Gerhard Schmitt


Swiss State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation SERI Mandate 2013-16:

Building and Intensifying Science and Education Relations with Countries in the Asia-Pacific Region

ETH

Leading House

Senior Vice President ETH Global

Gerhard Schmitt


Singapore ETH Partnerschaften

SEC Sep 2010:

Established with 2 people

SEC TODAY: 150+ people, 31 nationalities

•10 Principal Investigators

•15 Affiliated Faculty (NUS, NTU)

•3 Assistant Professors

•27 Senior Researchers / Post-Docs

•45 PhD candidates

•43 Masters students

z

Simulation Platform

Gerhard Schmitt


Zusammenfassung

• In den kommenden 25 Jahren benötigen 2„000 Millionen Menschen

neue Wohnungen und Arbeitsplätze in bestehenden und neuen

Städten, es ist die grösste kommerzielle Entwicklung des 21.

Jahrhunderts

• Bambusbeton birgt immenses Nachhaltigkeits- und

Wirtschaftspotential

• Das ETH-Singapore Centre ist der Future Cities Hub der Schweiz in

Asien

• Die ETH ist führend und beschleunigt ihre Forschung, Entwicklung

und Lehre auf diesem Gebiet

Informationsarchitektur

Gerhard Schmitt


Context

Example of full screen picture on slide

Future Cities Laboratory team: Wiepke van AAKEN, Diana ALVAREZ-MARIN, Bertil ANDERSSON, Marc ANGÉLIL, Gideon ASCHWANDEN, Kay W. AXHAUSEN, Iris BELLE, Matthias BERGER, Marcel BRUELISAUER, Michael BUDIG, Remo BURKHARD, Paolo BURLANDO, Stephen CAIRNS, Artem

CHAKIROV, Kian Wee CHEN, Ting CHEN, Ankur Bhooshan CHOUDHURY, Kees CHRISTIAANSE,Diogo Andre Pinho da COSTA, Rewell DANGOY, Sascha DELZ, DU Tangwu, Michael VAN EGGERMOND, Ralph EICHLER, Alexander ERATH, Selen ERCAN, FANG Wei, Pieter J. FOURIE, Eva FRIEDRICH,

Anna GASCO, Christophe GIROT, Fabio GRAMAZIO,Adrienne GRÊT-REGAMEY, Armin GRUEN, Senthil GURUSAMY, Norman HACK, Naomi HANAKATA, Uta HASSLER, Dirk HEBEL, Felix HEISEL, Max HIRSH, Hans HORTIG, Ludger HOVESTADT, Bernhard IRMLER, Rupesh IYENGAR, Marcel

JÅGGI, Alireza JAVADIAN, Michelle Yingying JIANG, Ozan KARAMAN, Martin KNÜSEL, Matthias KOHLER, Martha KOLOKOTRONI, Stefanie KRAUTZIG, Lin KUEK, Ashwani KUMAR, Willi LAUER, Jesse LECAVALIER, Benjamin J LECLAIR-PAQUET, Alex LEHNERER, Hansjürg LEIBUNDGUT, Delon

LEONARD, LI Cheng, Jason LIM, Kevin LIM, Pin LIM, Ervine LIN,Shie Yui LIONG, LOW Teck Seng, Jared MACKEN, Charlotte MALTERRE-BARTHES, Matthias MAST, Forrest MEGGERS, Vahid MOOSAVI, Stefan MÜLLER ARISONA, Muhammad Yazid Bin NINSALAM, Sergio ORDONEZ, Edda OSTERTAG,

Noor Faizah Binte OTHMAN, Rita PADAWANGI, Maria PAPADOPOULOU, Raffael PETROVIC, Michaela Frances PRESCOTT, Rongjun QIN,Stamatina RASSIA, Jörg REKITTKE, Federica REMONDI, Sascha ROESLER, Miro ROMAN, Esmail Mahmoudi SABER, Nordina Binte SAHLAN, Lindsay SAWYER,

Tessina SCHENK, Karsten SCHLESIER, Arno SCHLÜTER, Christian SCHMID, Gerhard SCHMITT,Kashif SHAAD,Roland SIEGWART, Deane SIMPSON, Daniel SIN Soo Meng, Cary SIRESS, Ian SMITH, Cheryl SONG, Lorenzo STEIGER, Monika STREULE, Lijun SUN, Ulrich W. SUTER, Amanda TAN, Eng

Chye TAN, Sing Kuang TAN, Teresa TAN, Milica TOPALOVIC, Didier VERNAY, Ani Katariina VIHERVAARA, Derek VOLLMER,Pierre VOUILLOZ, Tao WANG, Mateusz WIELOPOLSKI, Marta WISNIEWSKA, Tammy Kit Ping WONG, Tobias WULLSCHLEGER, Wei ZENG, Chen ZHONG, Ying ZHOU.

Vielen Dank! http://www.futurecities.ethz.ch


Vielen Dank!

http://www.futurecities.ethz.ch

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