engaging fragile states - Woodrow Wilson International Center for ...


engaging fragile states - Woodrow Wilson International Center for ...

Part I

Understanding State

Failure & Resilience:

A Global Scan

Determinants of Failed

and Fragile States

Periodically, analysts rank the countries of the world according

to their degree of state failure or fragility. Though these ranking

systems emphasize differing conflict, development, or governance

factors, there is wide agreement on which states are the

most failed or at risk of failure. The two databases described at

the colloquium both list the following twenty-one countries in

their respective thirty most-failed group: Afghanistan, Angola,

Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Cote

D’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Guinea,

Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Liberia, Mauritania, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sierra

Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda, and Yemen. 1 These same countries

fall into the most-failed group in three other leading indexes.

Seventeen additional countries are found on at least two

of the five indexes: 2 Bangladesh, Burma, Cameroon, Equatorial

Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Haiti, Kenya, Lebanon, Malawi, Nepal,

Niger, North Korea, Rwanda, Togo, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It

is not surprising that a strong statistical correlation has been

found among the rankings of these databases. 3

Understanding State Failure and Resilience: A Global Scan | 13

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