Bed Bugs

thomas.carlotta15

Bed Bugs

Preview/Summary

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lpkT

C3bs4Cg


What are bed bugs?

History of bed bugs

Bites

› Feeding

› Symptoms

Infestations

› Where are they nesting?

› How can we find them?

Taking control

› Getting rid of the bugs

Tying things together

› Concerns

What are we doing?


Cimex lectularius

Wingless

Small

› ¼ inch

Blood-sucking

› Animals & humans


Attains

adult

maturity

around

32 to 48

days


Adult bed bugs

can survive for

up to seven

months without

blood

Have

been

known

to live

up to a

year


A total of

300-500 eggs

can be

produced by

a single bug


Bed Bugs were first noticed in society by

Americans in the early 1700’s

Sail boats returning from Europe

Sailors complaints about being

“attacked” by bugs at night


The world saw a marked decrease in the

numbers of bed bugs when DDT was

introduced in the 1950s

DDT or

dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane:

an insecticide that is also toxic to

animals and humans

•banned in the United States

since 1972


Good night, sleep tight

…don’t let the bed bugs bite


Feeding

› Typically come out at night

› Antennae are heat sensitive

• Face, arms, legs

› Attracted to CO2

Myth:

•Appear in

filthy areas


Symptoms

› Itchy

› Red

› Swollen

› Spider bite

› Mosquito bite

“Breakfast,

lunch and

dinner”

bites


Nesting


Places bed bugs like to be:

› Small cracks and crevices

Bed frames

• Especially for laying eggs

› Mattresses

› Furniture

› Luggage

› Pillows


How can we find them?

You…

› And your magnifying

glass?


How can we find them?

Professional Exterminator

› Inexpensive

› May not be absolutely

precise


How can we find them?

Dogs

› Expensive

› May be more reliable


How to get rid of them once you find

them?

Keep in mind…

› the only way to completely get rid of a bed

bug infestation is to find and destroy every

trace of the bed bug colony


How to get rid of them once you find

them?

Pesticides?

› Last resort


How to get rid of them once you find

them?

Temperature

Bed bugs cannot live for more than 10-20

minutes at temperatures below 32 degrees

Fahrenheit and above 115 degrees

Fahrenheit


Bed bugs are not known to transmit any

infectious agents

› Secondary infections

Although, bed bugs saliva may cause

anaphylaxis

› Can be a life threatening allergic reaction

• Abdominal pain

• Anxiety

• Confusion

• Nausea


Bed bugs are not known to transmit any

infectious agents

› Secondary infections

Also, bed bugs are carriers of diseases

› Hepatitis B

› Chagas’ Disease

Still, health officials tell us there is no

reason to panic


Numbers of bed bugs are doubling each

year in the US, UK & Europe


Clearly still a problem in getting rid of

them

Bed bugs ability to reproduce

Bed bugs ability to hide

Bed bugs ability to live for long periods of

time without feeding

Bed bugs resistance to repellents


On April 14 and 15, 2009

First ever National Bed

Bug Summit

Arlington, Virginia


Plans and solutions for

leveraging existing

funding sources to

include bed bugs studies

and treatments and to

demonstrate it as a

public health issue were

also designed.


All workgroups agreed that

all levels of government

should collaborate and

cooperate on the bed

bugs issue in addition to

creating a national

foundation and an EPA

bed bug-specific website

to spread awareness.


Be

really

clean!


Oh and…

Sleep tight tonight!


A few websites I visited

www.kznhealth.gov.za/environ/vector/bed

bugs.htm

http://www.bed-bug.org/

http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/bedbugs/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lpkTC3

bs4Cg

http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/ppdc/bed

bug-summit/wkgroups-recommend.pdf

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4qx751

dNw7Q&NR=1

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