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The Green Belt of Europe - IUCN

The Green Belt of Europe - IUCN

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The designation of geographical entities in this report, and the presentation of the material, do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of IUCN concerning the legal status of any country, territory, or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect those of IUCN. This publication has been made possible by funding from the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) with funds of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety. Published by: IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK Copyright: © 2006 International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Reproduction of this publication for educational or other non-commercial purposes is authorized without prior written permission from the copyright holder provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of this publication for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without prior written permission of the copyright holder. Citation: Terry A., Ullrich K. and Riecken U. (2006). The Green Belt of Europe: From Vision to Reality. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. ISBN-10: 2-8317-0945-8 ISBN-13: 978-2-8317-0945-1 Cover design by: IUCN Publications Services Unit Front cover photo: Fennoscandian Green Belt. IUCN Photo Library © Jim Thorsell Back cover photos: (Clockwise from top left) Lilium rhodopeum an endemic of the Rhodope Mountains © Kostas Vidakis; South Eastern European Green Belt. Mountain ecosystems with Picea abies forests in the Central Rhodopes on the Greek- Bulgarian border © Kostas Vidakis; Hungarian Grey Cattle © Liana Geidezis; Lake Skadar between Albania and Montenegro © Martin Schneider-Jacoby Layout by: IUCN Publications Services Unit Produced by: IUCN Publications Services Unit Printed by: Page Bros, Norwich, UK Available from: IUCN Publications Services Unit 219c Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0DL United Kingdom Tel: +44 1223 277894 Fax: +44 1223 277175 E-mail: books@iucn.org www.iucn.org/publications A catalogue of IUCN publications is also available. The text of this book is printed on Fineblade Extra 90 gsm made from low chlorine pulp

Contents Forewords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .viii Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 1. A vision for the Green Belt in Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Section 1. Transboundary cooperation and the Green Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 2. Transboundary cooperation – a European challenge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 3. Joining cultural and natural heritage along the Green Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 4. Between the Alps and the Puszta: A transboundary national park shared by Hungary and Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Section 2. How green is the Green Belt? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 5. The Fennoscandian Green Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 6. The Central European Green Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 7. The South-Eastern European Green Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61 Section 3. Case studies from along the Green Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77 8. Combining nature protection and local development in the southern part of the Green Belt of Fennoscandia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79 9. Sustainable use of the Morava-Dyje floodplain in Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92 10. The development of cooperation and land use around Lake Neusiedl/Fert . . . . . . . . . . .101 11. The protection of the Drava-Mura wetlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110 12. The Bojana-Buna Delta between Albania, and Serbia and Montenegro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121 13. Transboundary protected area of Jablanica-Shebenik as a chance for the Balkan Lynx . . . . . . . .133 14. Rhodope Mountains: The Green Belt between Greece and Bulgaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137 Section 4. Turning the vision into reality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .145 15. Mapping the European Green Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .147 16. Agricultural ecosystems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160 17. Sustainable tourism – a development option for the Green Belt? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .165 18. Financial mechanisms for the Green Belt and ecological networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181 19. The future for the Green Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196 Appendix 1. The Green Belt Programme of Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .207 v

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    6. The Central European Green Belt

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    11. The protection of the Drava-Mur

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    Section 4. Turning the vision into

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    15. Mapping the European Green Belt

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    15. Mapping the European Green Belt

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    16. Agricultural ecosystems product

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    16. Agricultural ecosystems Regiona

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    Appendix 1. The Green Belt Programm

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