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Global re-introduction perspectives - IUCN

Global re-introduction perspectives - IUCN

CONTENTS Letter from

CONTENTS Letter from H.E. Majid Al Mansouri, EAD Secretary General ..................... iii Letter from Holly Dublin, SSC Chair ........................................................... iv Letter from Rich Reading, Director, DZF .................................................... v Letter from Frederic Launay, RSG Chair .................................................... vi Overview and analysis of re-introduction projects case studies .............. vii INVERTEBRATES ........................................................................................ 1 Corals in India ............................................................................................. 1 Giant clams in the Indo-Pacific .................................................................. 4 Field cricket in the UK ................................................................................ 11 Karner blue butterfly in Ohio, USA ............................................................. 15 FISH ............................................................................................................. 19 Allis shad in the River Rhine: Netherlands, Germany & France ................ 19 Spanish toothcarp in the Valencian Region, Spain ................................... 22 Burbot to the UK & Flanders ...................................................................... 26 Lake sturgeon in the Tennessee River, USA ............................................. 30 Endemic Azraq killifish in Jordan ............................................................... 34 Trout cod into the Murray-Darling River Basin, Australia .......................... 37 Formosan landlocked salmon in Taiwan .................................................... 42 AMPHIBIANS ............................................................................................... 47 Romer’s tree frog in Hong Kong, China ...................................................... 47 Puerto Rican crested toads to historic range ............................................ 50 Mallorcan midwife toad, Mallorca, Spain ................................................... 54 REPTILES .................................................................................................... 58 Tuatara in New Zealand ............................................................................. 58 Skink and gecko species in New Zealand ................................................. 62 Virgin Islands boa to the Puerto Rico Bank ............................................... 66 Western swamp tortoise in SW Australia ................................................... 70 Chinese alligators in Anhui province, China .............................................. 76 Philippine crocodile in Luzon, Philippines ................................................. 79 Orinoco crocodile in Venezuela .................................................................. 84 Indian Gharial in Madhya Pradesh, India ................................................... 87 BIRDS .......................................................................................................... 91 Red-necked ostrich in Mahazat as-Sayd, Saudi Arabia .............................. 91 Nēnē, a remote island goose, Hawai`i, USA .............................................. 96 Great spotted kiwi in New Zealand ............................................................ 100 Southern ground hornbill, Limpopo Province, South Africa ...................... 104 Red-billed curassow, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil ..................................... 108 i

Hawai`i creeper and Akepa in Hawai`i, USA .............................................. 112 North Island robins in New Zealand ........................................................... 116 Seychelles white-eyes, Seychelles Archipelago, Indian Ocean ................ 121 Asian houbara bustard in Asia .................................................................... 130 White-headed duck in Kiskunság, Hungary ................................................ 135 Cheer pheasant, Margalla Hills, Pakistan .................................................. 138 Bearded vulture in the European Alps ........................................................ 141 Aplomado falcon into Texas & New Mexico, USA ..................................... 145 Golden eagle to Glenveagh National Park, Ireland .................................... 149 White-tailed sea eagle to County Kerry, Ireland ........................................ 153 Red kite into Co. Wicklow, Ireland ............................................................. 156 Red kites to Hampshire, England ............................................................... 159 MAMMALS .................................................................................................... 163 Red squirrel into Newborough forest, Anglesey, UK ................................. 163 Gray wolf into Yellowstone & central Idaho, USA ..................................... 167 Sand gazelle into Empty Quarter, Saudi Arabia ......................................... 172 Arabian oryx in the Abu Dhabi Emirate, UAE ............................................. 177 Arabian oryx in the Wadi Rum protected area, Jordan .............................. 181 Arabian oryx in the Negev Desert, Israel ................................................... 185 Arabian Oryx in the Dubai Emirate, UAE .................................................... 188 Greater slow lorises, Sumatra, Indonesia .................................................. 192 Black & white ruffed lemurs in eastern Madagascar ................................ 197 Gibbons in Indonesia ................................................................................... 202 Mona monkeys in southeast Nigeria .......................................................... 207 Chimpanzees on Rubondo Island, Tanzania ............................................... 213 Western gorilla to the Batéké Plateau of Congo & Gabon ........................ 217 PLANTS ........................................................................................................ 221 Small cow-wheat in the Scottish Highlands, UK ....................................... 221 Bancroft’s Symonanthus in Western Australia ........................................... 225 Corrigin grevillea in SW Australia ............................................................... 229 Hammock shrubverbena into South Florida, USA ...................................... 235 Autumn buttercup in Utah, USA ................................................................. 239 Smooth coneflower in Georgia, USA .......................................................... 244 Scrub mint to Savannas Preserve State Park, Florida, USA ...................... 249 Pitcher’s thistle in Illinois State, USA ........................................................ 253 Florida ziziphus on Florida’s Lake Wales Ridge, USA ................................ 256 Tiger and other native orchid in Singapore ................................................ 261 POLICY GUIDELINES ................................................................................... 266 The IUCN Position Statement on Translocation of Living Organisms ...... 266 IUCN/SSC Guidelines for Re-Introductions ................................................. 278 ii

  • Page 1 and 2: GLOBAL RE-INTRODUCTION PERSPECTIVES
  • Page 3: The designation of geographical ent
  • Page 7 and 8: Dr. Holly T. Dublin Chair IUCN Spec
  • Page 9 and 10: Dr. Frederic Launay Chair IUCN/SSC
  • Page 11 and 12: 3% were Failures. Some reasons for
  • Page 13 and 14: Invertebrates and can be achieved w
  • Page 15 and 16: Invertebrates Re-introduction of gi
  • Page 17 and 18: Invertebrates 6 this initiative. Ho
  • Page 19 and 20: Invertebrates Location Organization
  • Page 21 and 22: Invertebrates farming, has been sup
  • Page 23 and 24: Invertebrates Project Summary Feasi
  • Page 25 and 26: Invertebrates Success of project Hi
  • Page 27 and 28: Invertebrates 16 recovered Karner b
  • Page 29 and 30: Invertebrates breeding cannot be ov
  • Page 31 and 32: Fish 20 Indicator 2: Active spawnin
  • Page 33 and 34: Fish Re-introduction program of the
  • Page 35 and 36: Fish Post-release monitoring: In re
  • Page 37 and 38: Fish The re-introduction of the bur
  • Page 39 and 40: Fish research using mitochondrial D
  • Page 41 and 42: Fish Saving the sturgeon: re-Introd
  • Page 43 and 44: Fish River over a period of six sto
  • Page 45 and 46: Fish Conservation of the endemic Az
  • Page 47 and 48: Fish • Population structure of al
  • Page 49 and 50: Fish self-maintaining populations o
  • Page 51 and 52: Fish oxytetracyclene) prior to rele
  • Page 53 and 54: Fish Restoration of the Formosan la
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    Fish 44 be greatly affected by any

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    Fish form a ‘closed community’

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    Amphibians gained on this species t

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    Amphibians Re-introduction of Puert

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    Amphibians population and within gr

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    Amphibians Re-introduction of the M

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    Amphibians (Batrachochytrium dendro

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    Reptiles Re-introduction of tuatara

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    Reptiles natural conditions where t

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    Reptiles Re-introduction of skink a

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    Reptiles 64 unsuitable for Mokohina

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    Reptiles Re-introduction of the Vir

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    Reptiles regimen was repeated on tw

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    Reptiles Re-introduction and conser

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    Reptiles Figure 1 introduced at TSN

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    Reptiles Nature Reserve. Major diff

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    Reptiles Re-introduction of Chinese

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    Reptiles the largest ranging patter

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    Reptiles of crocodile hatchlings bo

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    Reptiles genetic/gender mix of the

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    Reptiles Conservation Plan and re-i

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    Reptiles • Created a functional p

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    Reptiles • Goal 3: Develop a trai

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    Reptiles Major difficulties faced

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    Birds Restoration of the ostrich is

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    Birds Between November 2004 and Dec

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    Birds Re-introduction of the nēnē

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    Birds airports. Private landowners

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    Birds Wild-to-wild transfer of grea

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    Birds disease screening. Great spot

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    Birds Ten years on: a re-introducti

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    Birds Artificial nest at release si

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    Birds The re-introduction of the re

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    Birds preparation, transportation a

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    Birds Release of captive-reared Haw

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    Birds established protocol. A resea

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    Birds Using translocation of North

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    Birds Project Summary Feasibility:

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    Birds fragments. Major lessons lear

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    Birds Conception Island source site

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    Birds probably benign blood parasit

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    Birds be taken to ensure that trans

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    Birds appears much lower on Cousine

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    Birds Re-introduction and populatio

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    Birds Implementation Stage: Fieldwo

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    Birds controlling predators in the

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    Birds 136 recorded. No detailed fea

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    Birds Attempted re-introduction of

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    Birds Major difficulties faced •

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    Birds wild. • Indicator 3: Natura

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    Birds achieved by the implementatio

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    Birds Success Indicators • Indica

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    Birds • Incorporated the Safe Har

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    Birds Success Indicators • Indica

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    Birds • Convincing the public tha

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    Birds 154 • Indicator 2: First br

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    Birds Re-introduction of the red ki

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    Birds stay in captivity all the bir

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    Birds local farmers and landowners

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    Birds Success of project Highly Suc

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    Mammals virus, a disease carried by

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    Mammals Major lessons learned • I

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    Mammals population into the traditi

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    Mammals However, eventually problem

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    Mammals Re-introduction of sand gaz

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    Mammals management over the previou

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    Mammals Success of project Highly S

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    Mammals animals (the largest popula

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    Mammals Major difficulties faced

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    Mammals project (H.H. Sheikh Mohamm

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    Mammals Major difficulties faced

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    Mammals peninsula where oryx were d

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    Mammals Re-introduction of Arabian

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    Mammals this was reduced to only fo

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    Mammals Release of greater slow lor

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    Mammals mothers or displaced by str

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    Mammals Success of project Highly S

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    Mammals • Goal 3: To contribute t

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    Mammals released lemurs. Most signi

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    Mammals The Kalaweit Gibbon Re-habi

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    Mammals humans. Field staff at the

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    Mammals • Intensive monitoring is

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    Mammals understanding of re-introdu

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    Mammals provision. Celebrations mar

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    Mammals • There have been few com

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    Mammals Goals • Goal 1: To assess

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    Mammals size increases in relation

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    Mammals persistence of the re-intro

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    Mammals Major difficulties faced

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    Plants 222 Success Indicators • I

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    Plants determined in future years a

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    Plants of Symonanthus bancroftii th

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    Plants this stage there is no knowl

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    Plants Goals • Goal 1: Establish

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    Plants all plants were a single clo

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    Plants species. • When germinatio

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    Plants introducing Lantana canescen

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    Plants Success of project Highly Su

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    Plants Autumn buttercup plants in v

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    Plants would identify the impact of

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    Plants Recovery of smooth coneflowe

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    Plants 246 be easily grown in stand

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    Plants over the span of a decade.

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    Plants Close-up of savannas mint fl

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    Plants Success of project Highly Su

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    Plants available habitat. Project S

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    Plants Experimental introductions o

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    Plants shrub cover. The second expe

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    Plants Biodiversity and Conservatio

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    Plants today, shows that most of th

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    Plants There were grown at the nurs

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    Policy Guidelines The IUCN Position

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    Policy Guidelines sufficiently larg

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    Policy Guidelines The Extensive Int

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    Policy Guidelines over-harvesting o

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    Policy Guidelines help the resident

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    Policy Guidelines borders of a neig

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    Policy Guidelines IUCN/SSC Guidelin

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    Policy Guidelines natural biodivers

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    Policy Guidelines population or the

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    Policy Guidelines Invertebrates •

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