SWIMMING

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SWIMMING

SWIMMING


Do the following TRUE or FALSE test:

1 In swimming, stroke and technique are two

synonyms.

T F


Do the following TRUE or FALSE test:

1 In swimming, stroke and technique are two

synonyms.

T F


Do the following TRUE or FALSE test:

2 In swimming, freestyle and front crawl are

two synonyms.

T F


Do the following TRUE or FALSE test:

2 In swimming, freestyle and front crawl are

two synonyms.

T F


Do the following TRUE or FALSE test:

3 In swimming, the term kicking action refers

to leg action.

T F


Do the following TRUE or FALSE test:

3 In swimming, the term kicking action refers

to leg action.

T F


Do the following TRUE or FALSE test:

4 In swimming, the terms stroke and kick

are synonyms.

T F


Do the following TRUE or FALSE test:

4 In swimming, the terms stroke and kick

are synonyms.

T F


Do the following TRUE or FALSE test:

5 In swimming, the term freestyle denotes

any competitive event in which swimmers

may freely choose which stroke to swim.

T F


Do the following TRUE or FALSE test:

5 In swimming, the term freestyle denotes

any competitive event in which swimmers

may freely choose which stroke to swim.

T F


The most important swimming

techniques are:

• treading water

= the act of stroking with the arms and kicking

with the legs to keep the body afloat in a vertical

position with the head above the water surface

- a popular style of treading water is sculling water


The most important swimming

techniques are:

• sculling water

= a swimmer uses horizontal movements of arms in

the water to keep his/her head above water surface


The most important swimming

techniques are:

• doggy paddle/dog paddle

= a swimmer paddles with his/her arms and hands

while swimming


THERE ARE FOUR

RECOGNIZED STROKES IN

SWIMMING


STROKE

Swimming.

a. a type or method of swimming (tehnika):

The crawl is a rapid stroke.

b. each of the successive movements of

the arms in propelling the body

through the water (zaveslaj).


STROKE

Rowing.

a. a single pull of the oar (povlačenje).

b. the manner or style of moving the oars

(veslanje – ali ne kao sport, već kao

radnja).


STROKE

Sports.

a. a hitting of a ball, as by the swing of a

racquet in tennis (udarac).


STROKE vs KICK

STROKE

- zaveslaj (rukama) .

KICK

- to strike with the foot

- to drive, force, make,

etc., by or as if by

kicks.

- to make a rapid,

forceful thrust with

the foot or feet


The four recognized strokes in

swimming are:

•BREASTSTROKE

• BACKSTROKE

• BUTTERFLY STROKE

• FRONT CRAWL STROKE


•BREASTSTROKE

• BACKSTROKE

- also: BACK CRAWL (STROKE)

• BUTTERFLY STROKE

- frogkicktechnique

- dolphin kick technique

• FRONT CRAWL STROKE


BREASTSTROKE

- a stroke, made in the prone position, in which

both hands move simultaneously forward,

outward, and rearward from in front of the chest

while the legs move in a frog kick.


BACKSTROKE

- a stroke made in the supine position, i.e. while on

one's back.

- a flutter kick.


BUTTERFLY STROKE

- a racing stroke, using

a dolphin kick, in which the

swimmer brings both arms

out of the water in forward,

circular motions.


BUTTERFLY STROKE

- another type of kick is used in this stroke

(nowadays only for practice)

- itis a frog kick – this is not a competitive

style of swimming


FRONT CRAWL STROKE

- a stroke in a prone position, characterized by

alternate overarm movements combined with

the flutter kick.


In MEDLEY EVENTS

(individual medley) …

• … each competitor swims an equal distance of

four different strokes.

The sequence is:

butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke and freestyle.


In MEDLEY RELAYS …

• … each swimmer of one team swims one stroke

for the set distance.

The sequence of strokes swum is:

backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly and freestyle.


REMEMBER!

Freestyle is either the name of competitive

events in which swimmers are free to

choose how to swim or the name of the

last leg in medley events in which

swimmers are again free to choose how to

swim (apart from the three in medley

events already swum strokes).


REMEMBER!

FREESTYLE and FRONT CRAWL

STROKE are not synonymous.


BREASTSTROKE

– LEG MOVEMENT –

Make sentences:


BREASTSTROKE

– LEG MOVEMENT –

Make sentences:


BREASTSTROKE

– LEG MOVEMENT –

Make sentences:


BREASTSTROKE

– LEG MOVEMENT –

Make sentences:


BREASTSTROKE

– LEG MOVEMENT –

Make sentences:


BREASTSTROKE

– LEG MOVEMENT –

Make sentences:


How to execute the flutter kick?

atch 1, 2, 3, .. with a, b, c, … to make sentences

1 In the flutter kick the legs


2 The feet are in plantar

flexion, …

3 During the downbeat, the

knee slightly flexes, …

4 During the upbeat, the leg is

kept straight …

a … and the foot kicks down

in a whip-like fashion.

b … are kept parallel and kick

up and down in the water.

c … and the water is pushed

up and away with the

bottom of the foot.

d … which means that they

point away from the body.


How to execute the flutter kick?

atch 1, 2, 3, .. with a, b, c, … to make sentences

1 In the flutter kick the legs


2 The feet are in plantar

flexion, …

3 During the downbeat, the

knee slightly flexes, …

4 During the upbeat, the leg is

kept straight …

a … and the foot kicks down

in a whip-like fashion.

b … are kept parallel and kick

up and down in the water.

c … and the water is pushed

up and away with the

bottom of the foot.

d … which means that they

point away from the body.


oy /boi/

buoy /boi/

to buoy up /boi ap/

buoyancy /bojənsi/

buoyant /bojənt/


BUOYANCY

• BUOY

• TO BUOY UP

• BUOYANT


TYPES OF BUOYANCY

• POSITIVE

• NEUTRAL

• NEGATIVE


COXSWAIN (also: cockswain)

1. the steersman of a racing shell.

2. a person who is in charge of a ship's boat and its

crew, under an officer, and who steers it.


- Latin remus oar

ROW


PROPEL

- to drive, or cause to move, forward or onward:

to propel a boat by rowing.


OPPOSITES

- horizontal

- vertical/perpendicular

- starboard

- port

-bow

-stern

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