Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biosphere - WBGU

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Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biosphere - WBGU

XVII

J 2.2

J 2.3

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J 3.1

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Biodiversity information technology 370

Monitoring and remote sensing 370

Basic biosphere research 372

Biological-ecological basic research 372

Describing and inventorying biological diversity (taxonomy, systematics) 372

Population biology and population genetics 373

Functional ecology 373

Socio-economic basic research 374

Ethics 374

Perception and individual evaluation 375

Economic valuation 375

Recommendations for action for a sustainable biosphere policy 377

The foundations of a strategy for action 379

Focal areas of implementation 381

Local communities, NGOs, environmental and user associations 381

Environmental education and environmental learning 381

Securing the participation of important local players 381

Safeguarding the intellectual property rights of indigenous communities 381

Governments and government institutions 382

Improving national implementation and strategic capabilities 382

Advancing the process of giving substantive form to the ecosystem

approach 382

Promoting options for biosphere-friendly consumption 382

Integrating bioregional management strategies into existing planning

instruments 382

Protected areas: reserving 10–20 per cent of the area for nature

conservation 383

Implementing the model of ‘multifunctional land use’ 383

Counteracting the temporal and spatial separation of biogeochemical

processes 384

Introduction of alien species: precautionary control 384

Improving comparability through indicators 385

Reconciling interests in the use of genetic resources 385

Enhancing the attractiveness of the foundation system 385

National and multinational companies 386

Promoting bioprospecting projects 386

Supporting the trend towards voluntary commitments 386

International institutions 386

Improving positive regulations 386

Setting up an Intergovernmental Panel on Biodiversity 387

Advancing the negotiations on a biosafety protocol 387

Safeguarding the conservation of genetic resources 387

Strengthening the global system for the conservation and sustainable use of plant

genetic resources 388

Advancing guidelines for sustainable tourism and biosphere conservation 388

Trade in endangered species: improving controls and providing

compensation 389

Making progress on a legally binding instrument for forest conservation 389

Strengthening UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere programme 389

Promoting the World Heritage Convention as an element of a global

conservation strategy 390

Developing a global soil convention 390

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