Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biosphere - WBGU

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Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biosphere - WBGU

Figures

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Trends and their interactions within the biosphere 18

Network of interrelations for the consequences of genetic and species loss 20

Network of interrelations for ecosystems and landscapes 22

Network of interrelations for the regulatory function of the biosphere 23

Network of interrelations for the positive impact loop in the biosphere 25

Change in global species diversity illustrated by the marine animal families 32

Global biodiversity: species figures for vascular plants. Robinson projection 33

Human use of global plant diversity 34

Occurrence of all orchid species in Thuringia 39

Reports of the green-winged orchid (Orchis morio) in Thuringia 39

The three levels of the concept of ‘biological diversity’ 43

Conversion of nitrogen (N) in a terrestrial ecosystem 45

Possible relations between ecosystem processes and the number of species in

communities 46

Strategy for the bioassay-led isolation of natural products 64

Pipeline concept of drug development 65

Model of the state of genetic diversity of a species in the course of its

development 73

Estimated number of cultivated plant species (globally) 77

The most important cultivated plant species in terms of world food

provision 77

Regions of origin for the most important crop species 78

Structure and function of site factors that shape natural ecosystems 89

Fluctuations of ground-level air temperature in the Holocene with

glacial-interglacial transition and predicted warming 94

Time-delayed development of cultural phases during the Holocene in Europe

and the Mediterranean region 95

Development of plant diversity in Germany 98

Schematic profile through lower Amazonia 101

Function of the species-area relationship 105

Nutrient cycle in unmanaged ecosystem and agro-ecosystem 121

Feedstuff imports into the European Union in 1997 123

‘Painter Splodge’ as a decoupled system 124

The worldwide system of protected areas 132

Growth of the worldwide system of protected areas 132

Distribution of the proportion of biogeographical provinces that is under nature

conservation 133

Need for arable land with a growing population and different production

levels 146

Classification of agricultural and forest systems on the basis of their biological

diversity and diversity of cultivation systems 152

Intensive agriculture and the loss of agrobiodiversity 153

Functions of biological diversity in the agro-ecosystem 154

Global distribution of net primary production (NPP) 158

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