Integrating conservation and use at the regional level E 3.9 205 Step 1: Getting organized Step 2: Assessment • Identify the organizations and communities that can help manage biodiversity-related tasks at local, regional, national and international levels • Assess the needs ofthese partners in terms of requirements for each ofthe six elements of capacity building Step 7: Reporting Step 3: Developing a strategy • Formulate policies, incentives, and investment programmes needed to develop and exercise these capabilities Step 4: Developing a plan of action • Develop cooperative agreements and coordinating mechanisms among government agencies, NGOs, communities and businesses working within the same geographic region, management function or skill area • Establish the program of work and budget for capacity development activities and investments • Negotiate the schedule for decentralization, devolution and capacity development with partners Step 6: Monitoring and evaluation • Monitor and evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness ofthe partnership and propose the appropriate changes in balance in authority and further capacity development needs Step 5: Implementation Figure E 3.9-1 Biological resource management in the regional planning process. Source: Miller et al, 1997 – a large number of groups are integrated in the planning process and independent and responsible action is thus encouraged, – resistance to efforts for sustainability can be specifically defused via timely conflict resolution strategies, – nature conservation interests can be linked to the interests of various actors and thus placed on a sound – also economic – footing in the long term (SRU, 1996). The Council is in favour of this integrative approach since it makes available a pragmatic mix of instruments that can allow implementation of a guard rail concept at regional level. The aim of sensibly linking conservation and use and finding solutions for the varied and, sometimes, contradictory, demands made of ecosystems can undoubtedly be better achieved with bioregional management under suitable framework conditions than with management of bioregional resources decreed ‘from above’.
206 E Diversity of landscapes and ecosystems E 3.9.5 Recommendations for action • The extent should be examined to which the bioregional approach is already sufficiently anchored in the German planning system and whether it can be coupled with a regional management system that extends regional planning and is oriented towards implementation. In this respect, attention must in any event be paid to the democratic legitimization and control ofthe institutions with planning powers. The Council does not recommend setting up a second planning system in the form of bioregional management alongside the existing planning system. Instead, the fundamental ideas of this approach are to gear the integration ofthe objectives of conservation and use to the natural conditions and not just to the political and administrative borders, and to incorporate them into the existing planning system. This also includes considerations for consolidating sectorally oriented funds with respect to the conservation ofthe biosphere, and allocating them regionally. • Within the context of development cooperation, the options should be examined for integrating the various forms of bioregional management into the concept of rural regional development – and thus into an important instrument of technical development cooperation. In this connection, particular attention should be paid to projects geared to the long term (at least 15 years). When assigning funds, the scope for correcting objectives should be allowed in line with adaptive management principles. • In nature conservation, large-scale, integrative regional concepts should be given priority over the designation of isolated protected areas (Section E 3.3.2). In the environs of existing protected areas, support should be given to developing buffer zones with corresponding management concepts, as already happens in biosphere reserves. • Following the model of international urban partnerships, the feasibility should be studied of initiating a programme to promote international regional partnerships between countries of high and low biological diversity, eg initially via a few pilot projects. • Various financial compensation and incentive mechanisms at national and international level should be tested and evaluated with respect to their effectiveness in promoting bioregional approaches (Section I 3.5). These also include models for financial compensation between regions with a high proportion of land relevant to nature conservation (type ‘N’; Section E 3.3.1) and regions with a high proportion of intensive land use (type ‘E’), both internationally and nationally. When assigning funds for regional assistance programmes, care must be taken to specify sustainable biosphere management as a prerequisite for eligibility for assistance.