Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biosphere - WBGU

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Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biosphere - WBGU

444 O Index

352, 379, 387, 393

biosphere research 307, 361, 371-372

biosphere reserves 134, 199-200, 329, 345-346, 389

biotechnology 55-56, 86, 346

– code of conduct 166, 186, 340, 346

– safety; cf biosafety

biotopes 110, 156, 169, 237

– mapping 194

BirdLife International, Finland 133

boreal regions 219, 249, 265

botanical gardens 37, 82, 130, 192

Bundesamt für Naturschutz (BfN); cf Federal Agency for

Nature Conservation

Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF);

cf Federal Ministry of Education and Research

Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit

und Entwicklung (BMZ); cf Federal Ministry for Economic

Cooperation and Development

C

C 3

and C 4

plants 41, 122, 213, 231

Campfire; cf Communal Areas Management Programme

for Indigenous Resources

cancer treatments; see also active agents 63, 66-67

– bryostatin 1 68

– calicheamycin 63

– dehydrodidemnin B 68

capacity building 71, 316-317, 338-339, 353, 383

carbon 157, 225-227, 234, 241, 342

carbon certificates; cf certificates

carbon cycle 226, 229

carbon dioxide (CO 2

); see also greenhouse gases 167, 210,

212, 214, 226-227, 231-232, 240

– CO 2

emission 24, 226, 391

– CO 2

fertilization 213, 227-228

carbon pump 229

carbon store 226, 228, 351

cellulose 36, 110

certificates; see also economic instruments 124, 226, 313,

352-353

– labelling 53, 60, 170, 190, 313, 322, 330, 384, 386

– seals of quality 190

charcoal 96, 110, 227

China 64, 145, 148, 244, 267, 315, 336

CITES; cf Convention on the International Trade in

Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna

cities; cf towns

civil rights 279

Clean Development Mechanism (CDM); see also

Framework Convention on Climate Change 351, 357

clear-cutting 227, 243, 258, 334

Clearing House Mechanism 137, 335, 338, 345, 383

clearing; see also forests 21, 103, 113, 148-149, 196

climate 24, 96, 134, 195, 220-224, 234, 238, 306

– warming 94, 213, 219, 226, 228, 231-234

climate change 134, 216, 226-229, 232-234, 259, 350, 387

climate classification 216, 221

climate compensation 178

climate protection 306, 336, 351, 356, 391

climate zones 34, 159, 210, 216, 220

climatic change; cf climate change

cloud formation 17, 209, 217-218, 239

coastal biodiversity 335

coastal ecosystems; see also ecosystems 124, 235, 306, 368

coastal protection 108, 178, 236

coasts 97, 108, 110, 114, 226, 235

Codex Alimentarius of the Codex Alimentarius

Commission (CAC) 56, 346

Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and

Agriculture (CGRFA) 86, 346, 388

Commission on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and

Agriculture (CPGR) 346

Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) 187, 324,

344, 350, 385

Communal Areas Management Programme for

Indigenous Resources 141, 144, 205

communication 172, 316, 318, 329-331

companies 61, 63, 67, 71, 312, 316, 319, 341, 348, 354, 386

compliance management 317

concern building 319

Conference of the Parties (COP) 57, 182, 188, 317, 335-

338, 341, 351, 384, 390

conflicts 115, 201-202, 275, 295, 298, 309

– North-South conflict 309, 312, 355

conflicts of targets 72, 129, 136, 189, 275, 301

conservation of biological diversity 70, 113, 115, 127, 135-

138, 144, 176, 200, 282, 285, 312, 321, 326, 330, 349, 357,

363

– ex-situ conservation 73, 82, 85, 130, 364, 386

– in-situ conservation 73, 82, 85, 127, 141, 305, 343, 386

– on-farm conservation 73, 82, 85, 127, 364

Consultative Group on International Agricultural

Research (CGIAR) 86, 356

consumption 162, 255, 288, 322-323, 326-329, 382

consumption patterns; see also consumption 117, 169, 173,

177, 270

control instruments 314

Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and

Natural Heritage; cf World Heritage Convention

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) 113, 166, 196,

293, 312, 317, 319-320, 341-344, 366

– Article 8(j) 335, 341

– national reports 53, 317, 338, 344-345

– national strategies 338, 346, 389

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) 37, 52-53, 139, 312,

315, 344, 389

Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) 344

Convention on the Protection of the Alps 52, 55, 182, 187

Convention on the Protection of Wetlands; cf Ramsar

Convention

Convention on Wetlands of International Importance

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