Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biosphere - WBGU

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Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biosphere - WBGU

446 O Index

185, 193, 251, 264, 329

European Union (EU) 58, 64, 187, 323, 348

evapotranspiration 217-218, 222, 239, 241, 259

everyday life 114, 325, 327

evolution 41, 43-44, 62, 90, 106, 130, 157, 172, 212, 304, 365,

368

ex-situ collections 82, 85, 130, 388

– gene banks 35, 73, 81, 83, 86, 130

exchange of information 338, 386

experiments 49, 55, 61, 213, 221, 231, 328, 373

export quotas 53-54, 368, 389

extinction of species 31, 52, 107, 117, 249

– extinction rates 34, 130, 345, 367

F

fairness; see also discourses 295, 318

farmers’ rights 346, 388

Federal Agency for Nature Conservation 188, 385

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and

Development 204, 339, 355, 382

Federal Ministry for Education and Research 63, 66, 324,

372

feedback; see also radiation levels 217, 234, 239, 240

– feedback loops 113, 238

– negative feedback 24, 212, 218, 227, 238

– positive feedback 230, 238-239

fibrous plants 35, 147

field crops 232

finance transfer 319

financing instruments 138, 200, 320-321, 334, 354-356

fire 31, 100, 103, 149, 212, 227

fish farming; see also aquaculture 91, 110

fisheries 108, 110, 162-163, 166-167, 250, 327

– bycatch 53, 164, 167

– catching methods 91, 107, 162, 164, 167

– cyanide 107-108, 167

– discards 162-163

– fishing quotas 165-166, 250, 315, 364

– overfishing 107-108, 162-164, 166, 250, 390

– protection zones 166

flagship species; cf species

food production 144-145, 147, 162, 213, 225

food security 107, 162, 168, 303, 387

food web 44, 106, 168

food; see also food production 114, 165, 168, 275, 292, 330-

331

forest biodiversity 99, 150, 335

forest convention 352, 389

forest ecosystems; see also ecosystems 99, 127, 251, 259,

262, 265

– boreal 234

– tropical 234

Forest Protocol 352, 389

forest resources; see also resources 150, 249, 251, 264, 268

forest soils 99-100, 103, 226, 234

forestry 148, 178, 199, 234, 244, 258, 261, 322

forests 21, 47, 94, 100, 103, 113, 116, 149, 161, 218, 227, 233,

251, 260, 263, 351, 386

– boreal forests 209, 227-228, 240-241, 245, 260

– broad-leaved forests 112

– mangrove forests 108, 110, 170, 235

– mountain forests 21, 201, 232

– primary forests 149, 227, 249, 253, 258, 264, 351

– rainforests 100, 112, 146, 228, 239, 245

– secondary forests 149, 258, 268

– tropical forests 46, 149-150, 234, 260, 356

foundations 323, 354, 385

funds 201, 320, 322, 343, 352-354

G

Gaia hypothesis 209, 211-212

game management 141

gene banks; cf ex-situ collections

gene centres 41, 77, 155, 303

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT); cf

World Trade Organization (WTO)

genes 31, 60, 68, 70, 85, 303, 388

– gene pool 82

genetic diversity; see also biodiversity 43, 72, 75, 77-78, 155

genetic drift 43, 85, 365

genetic engineering 55, 60, 80, 157, 346, 365, 387

genetic resources; see also resources 38, 70, 79, 81, 86, 127,

155, 173, 303, 312, 341, 346, 348, 364, 385, 388

– access arrangements 70-71, 334, 341, 348, 353, 366, 385

– core collection 83-84

genetic transfer 66, 81, 303, 373

genetically modified organisms (GMOs) 55, 58, 183, 335,

346

German Research Foundation 364

German Society on Development Cooperation 72, 341,

356, 382, 391

Germany 35, 64, 72, 80, 90, 93, 100, 124, 134, 154, 179-180,

194, 199, 203, 324, 344, 356, 372, 382-383, 391-392

Global Biodiversity Assessment (GBA) 336-337

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) 370

Global Environment Facility (GEF) 137, 160, 319, 334,

336, 343, 345, 352, 356

Global Invasive Species Program (GISP) 182

Global Taxonomy Initiative (GTI) 339

grassland 41, 97, 150, 156, 225, 244

grazing systems 144, 156

Great Barrier Reef Marine Park 202

greenhouse effect 24, 212, 217, 219-220

greenhouse gases 223, 225-226, 240, 350-351

Gross Primary Production (GPP) 227

guard rails 184, 197, 199, 202, 281, 301, 308, 379

guidelines 70, 166, 182, 187-188, 199, 297, 301-302, 307, 340,

341, 350

H

HABITAT II; cf United Nations Conference on Human

Settlements

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