Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut


Hungarian mag “grain, seed; gist, pith, core, the main point”, mag-

(reflexive pronoun), magas “high”, magasztalni “to praise


Proto-Finno-Ugric *muŋkз “body”

Proto-Uralo-Siberian *mäk∂- “to go up”

Eskimo-Aleut mak∂(t) “to get up”

Aleut haγ “to grow up, to open”

Sumerian mug, wr. mug2 “female genitals, vulva”

Hungarian máj “liver”

Proto-Altaic *piàki “liver”

Proto-Uralic *maksa

Eskimo-Aleut m∂cu(γ) “liquid” [?]

Sumerian peš (147x: Ur III, Early Old Babylonian, Old Babylonian, 1st

millennium) wr. peš; peš5; peš4; peš6 "innards; (to be) thick".

Semantically, also German Leber and English liver mean originally

“the fat one” < Greek liparós “fat” to lípos “fat, oil”, cf. also Italian

fegato < Latin (iecur) ficatum “fattened liver” (Kluge 2002, p. 563).

Hungarian makacs “obstinate”

Proto-Inuit *mait- “to be sensitive”

Sumerian makkaš (1x: Old Babylonian) wr. makkaš2; makkaš “lamentation”

Hungarian mál “slope of a mountain; belly part of the skin of an animal”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *m8lз, *m8ljз, *m8lkз “breast”

Eskimo-Aleut majuR- “to go up”

Aleut hajuR- “id.”

Chukotko-Kamch. majo-lγ∂n “low hill”

Akkadian mēlū “hill”

Hungarian malát, malád “a bushy or grassy area after the return of a


Proto-Ugric *malkз “a kind of willow”

Proto-Inuit *palliq “dry willow twigs”

Sumerian mulgana (1x: Old Babylonian) wr. mul-gana2 “type of plant”

Hungarian málha “luggage”

Proto-Yupik-Sirenikski *mal∂γ- “to press up against”

Rhaetic malka “herd, property” (Brunner and Tóth 1987, p. 98)

Hungarian mámoros “ecstatic; drunk, wrecked”

Proto-Eskimo *qavaR- “to sleep”

Proto-Yupik *qavaŋuq “dream”


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