Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut


Hungarian pír “flush of dusk; red colour”, pirítani “to toast, to roast”, piros


Proto-Altaic *p’òre “fire; to burn”

Proto-Turkic *ört

Proto-Mongolic *(h)örde.

Proto-Tungusic *puri-/piri-

Eskimo-Aleut piR-tuR “snowstorm” (< *puq∂-?)

Sumerian bir9 “to blow; to flame up” (Oberhuber 1990, p. 59). Inherited Hung.

p-. When EWU (p. 1165: onomatopoetic) keeps denying the existence

of inherited Hung. p-, then the Proto-forms cited above at least prove

that also “onomatopoetic” words can be inherited, which implies also

the inheritance of Hung. p-. But as the Proto-forms with concrete,

non-onomatopoetic meanings prove by themselves, this word-family is

not onomatopoetic, either.

Hungarian pohár “glass, tankard”

Proto-Eskimo *putu “hole

Proto-Inuit *puγγutaq, *puuγutaq “bowl”

Sumerian pihu, wr. dugpi-hu; dugpihu; dugpihu2; dugpihu3; dugpihu4; dugpihu5;

dug|NUNUZ.AB2×IGI@g| “a beer jar”. Inherited Hung. p- (EWU,

p. 1179: borrowed from Old Bavarian pehhari, German Becher

“tumbler, mug”). The problem with the EWU’s etymology is why

Germ. b- changed in Hung. p-, while it did not e.g. in the case of

Hung. boglár “clasp, buckle” which is borrwed according to EWU (p.

116) from Middle High German buckelaere. EWU (loc. cit.) gives as

alternative a borrowing of pohár from High German, but then p-

cannot be explained because only Old Bavarian b- > p- from the

beginning of the 8th c. and most of all at this late time vowel harmony

did not apply anymore (e.g. pantofli “slippers”).

Hungarian ponk “hillock, little hill”

Proto-Uralo-Siberian *poŋk∂ “hillock”

Proto-Eskimo *p∂ŋuR “rounded hillock on tundra”

Yukagir pöŋk∂ “hill”

Sumerian bun (1x: Old Babylonian) wr. uzubun; uzubun2 “bladder”. Inherited p-


Hungarian por “dust; powder”

Proto-Altaic *bóru “dust; smoke; whirlwind”

Proto-Eskimo *p∂lu(R) “dust, dirt”

Sumerian bur (176x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Ur III, Old Babylonian, uncertain)

wr. bur2; bur “to release, free; to reveal; to spread out, cover”.

Inherited p-.

Hungarian pödörni “to twirl, to twist”

Proto-Eskimo *qip∂- “to twist” [?]


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