Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut


Sumerian dub (30x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. dab6;

dub “to go around, encircle, turn; to search; to tarry”. Metathesis dub

> *bud > pöd- like in Hung. pökni vs. köpni “to spit”? (EWU, p.

1198: “probably onomatopoetic”.)

Hungarian pökni, köpni “to spit”

Proto-Eskimo *q∂ciR “to spit”

Sumerian uhpu (1x: Old Babylonian) wr. uh2-pu2 “foam”. EWU, p. 819, s.v.

“köp”: “onomatopoetic”; pök- is lacking.

Hungarian rab “captive, prisoner”

Proto-Inuit *arvak- “to catch a whale”

Sumerian raba (37x: Old Babylonian) wr. ĝešrab3; ĝešraba; raba; rab-ba “clamp;

neck stock; hoop”

Akkadian rappu

Hungarian ragyogni “to glitter, to shine”

Proto-Yupik *akiR- “to shine”

Sumerian ra, wr. ra3 “(to be) pure; (to be) clear”

Hungarian ránc “fold, plait, pleat; wrinkle”

Proto-Eskimo *q∂l∂γ-, *q∂luγ- “to get scorched or wrinkled”

Sumerian rah (597x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old

Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. rah2; ra-ah “to beat, kill; to break,

crush; to flood; to thresh (grain with a flail)”

Hungarian ravasz “cunning, shrewd, sly”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *repä(-ćз) “fox”

Proto-Yupik *ulaγaq “arctic fox”

Sumerian rib (62x: ED IIIb, Old Babylonian) wr. rib; ri-ba “(to be) surpassing,

outstanding; (to be) strong, massive”. The Hung. denominative noun

suffix –sz < Sum. terminative particle –šè (cf. Edzard 2003, p. 42).

Hungarian reg, reggel “morning”, rég “long ago”, régi “old”, rögtön


Proto-Finno-Ugric *reŋkз “hot, warm”

Proto-Inuit *uvlaaq “morning”

Sumerian ri (475x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Ur III, Early Old Babylonian, Old

Babylonian) wr. RI; ru "to lay down, cast, place; to throw down; to

release, let go; to imbue; to pour out; to lead away". The Sum.

etymology clearly shows that the original meaning of the Hung. word

family is “old”, not “hot”: The morning releases the old day, imbues it

(to which the night also belongs).


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