Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

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Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

ALFRÉD TÓTH : HUNGARIAN AND ESKIMO-ALEUT — with Paleo-Siberian Cognates

“to pluck hair or wool; (to be) trimmed, pruned”

Hungarian szédülni “to be/feel dizzy/giddy”

Proto-Ugric *ś8jз- “to wind; to be dizzy”

Proto-Eskimo *iŋut- “to stir up”

Sumerian suh (64x: Old Babylonian) wr. suh3 “to confuse; confusion”

Akkadian ešītum

Hungarian szegni “to border (along sth.), to fringe, to hem; to break, to cut”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *ćäŋkз-, *śäŋkз- “to break”

Proto-Uralo-Siberian *s’äŋk∂- “to break”

Proto-Eskimo ciγi- “to be brittle, to crack”

Aleut sixsi- “to break in two”

Proto-Chukchi *ciγ- “egg”

Sumerian zag (902x: ED IIIa, ED IIIb, Ebla, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III,

Early Old Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. zag “side; border,

boundary, district; limit; right side, the right”

Hungarian szeg, szög “angle; nail; point”

Proto-Ugric *śeŋkз “spike, wedge”

Proto-Eskimo *i*q∂(R) “corner of mouth”

Proto-Inuit *iq∂žRaq “corner”

Sumerian sahin, wr. sa-hi-in “peg”

Akkadian sikkatu

Hungarian szegy “brisket”, szügy “breast of animals; brisket”

Proto-Uralic *śićä, *śińćä “innards”

Proto-Eskimo *∂vyaŋ(ŋ)iR “breast”

Sumerian sug (1x: Old Babylonian) wr. sug “back, upperside, upper part”

Hungarian szégyelleni “to be/feel ashamed”, szégyen “shame, discredit,

dishonour, disgrace, scandal”

Proto-Eskimo *aγl∂R- “to observe taboo”

Sumerian azag (6x: Old Babylonian) wr. azag “taboo, forbidden thing”

Akkadian asakku

Hungarian szék “seat, stool, chair; egg-yolk”

Proto-Eskimo *∂γγi(R) “yolk”

Sumerian zig (8574x: Lagash II, Ur III) wr. zig3 “to issue; to levy, raise, muster;

to swell; to expend; to rise”, or zig, wr. zigx(|PA.GI|) "town, center".

According to EWU, p. 1406, szék “egg-yolk” has nothing to do with

the other word szék and is “of unknown origin”. The Sumerian

etymology presented here, however, shows that starting form a basic

meaning “to rise”, both words are one and the same.

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© Copyright Mikes International 2001-2007, Alfréd Tóth 2007 - 138 -

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