Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

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Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

ALFRÉD TÓTH : HUNGARIAN AND ESKIMO-ALEUT — with Paleo-Siberian Cognates

Akkadian zarūm

Hungarian szorgalom “diligence, industry, zeal”, szorgalmas “diligent,

industrious”

Proto-Ugric *sarз “fast, quick”

Proto-Eskimo *k∂γδaγ- “to do fast”

Sumerian sar (68x: Old Babylonian) wr. sar “to run, hasten”. Semantically, to run

in order to be punctually at a certain place, thus “diligent”.

Hungarian szórítani “to force, to urge, to restrict; to hurt, to pinch”, szoros

“narrow, tight, dense; mountain pass”, szorulni “to become

narrow; to be jammed, to be stuck”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *śorз(-) “tight; to become tight”

Proto-Eskimo *q∂la- “to urge; to be urged on”

Sumerian sur (69x: ED IIIb, Early Old Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. sur;

sur8 “to press, squeeze”

Hungarian szőni, szöv- “to weave; to plot, to spin”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *śäŋз(-) “to spin, to weave; hair”

Proto-Eskimo *qilaγ- “to knit, to weave”

Sumerian sig (48x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. sig7; sig8

“to pluck hair or wool”, siki (4753x: ED IIIa, ED IIIb, Old Akkadian,

Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. siki

“wool, fleece; hair; (animal's) pelt”

Akkadian šīpātum “wool”. Since the Akk., Rhaet. word with it enlarged root

must be a borrowing from Sum., Sum. -g, -k- > Akk., Rhaet. –p- >

Hung. –v-, so that the PFU form with its –ŋ- is mistaken (it is strange

anyway, since a nasal doesn’t occur in any Uralic word). Moreover, the

Hung. word, as the phonetical development shows clearly, must have

come from the Rhaetians and not directly from the Sumerians.

Hungarian sző, szőke “blond”

Proto-Altaic *šàŋu “clear, light”

Proto-Turkic *čaŋ

Proto-Mongolic *čaŋ

Proto-Tungusic *sā(ŋ)

Proto-Ugric *säŋз “bright, clear, light”

Proto-Inuit *quama- “to be bright”

Sumerian sig (8x: Old Babylonian) wr. si-ig “clear”

Hungarian szökik “to jump, to skip”

Chuvash sik- “to skip”

Proto-Eskimo *q∂t∂γ- “to jump”

Sumerian zig (8574x: Lagash II, Ur III) wr. zig3 “to swell; to rise”, zig, wr. zig

“threshold” 2002, p. 833. Semantically, we have “to rise” > “to go

out”, which may include the meaning of “threshold” (“to go out” =

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© Copyright Mikes International 2001-2007, Alfréd Tóth 2007 - 143 -

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