Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

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Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

ALFRÉD TÓTH : HUNGARIAN AND ESKIMO-ALEUT — with Paleo-Siberian Cognates

“to walk over the threshold”). The two Sum. words zig “to go out”

and zig “threshold” may even be one and the same, cf. in German

Schwelle “threshold” and schwellen “to swell” (connection denied by

Kluge 2002, p. 833).

Hungarian szőlő “grape”

Bashkir yeläk “berry”

Sumerian gilim (25x: Old Babylonian) wr. gilim; gilibx(|GI%GI|)ib; gi16-il; gilgilil

“to be entwined; to entwine, twist”. Thus, the original meaning is

“vine”.

Hungarian szőr “body hair”

Proto-Ugric *śäγз-rз, *säkrз

Proto-Eskimo-Aleut *ulaRiq “apple berry”

Sumerian suhur (95x: ED IIIa, ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Ur III, Old Babylonian)

wr. suhur “tuft, plume; crown (of a tree)”

Hungarian szösz “tow, flax; junk”, szöszke “flax-coloured, blond”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *säćз, *sećз “fine fibre”

Proto-Eskimo *∂paγ “grain, fibre”

Sumerian šusar (38x: Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. šu-sar; urudšu-sar “string, cord,

wire”

Hungarian szú “wood-borer, worm”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *ćuγз, *śukз

Proto-Eskimo *quam(R) “intestinal worm”

Sumerian gu (1672x: ED IIIa, ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early

Old Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. gu7 “to eat, consume”

Akkadian akālu

Hungarian szúnyog “midge, mosquito”

Eskimo-Aleut n∂vju-vaγ “fly”

Sumerian su (1x: ED IIIa) wr. su7mušen “a bird” + nu (1x: Old Babylonian) wr.

nu “(small) fly, mosquito”. One of the few double-words in Sum. (cf.

rima)

Hungarian szupojkó, szupujkó “suddenly grown thin; shrivelled; small”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *ćuppa “narrow, tight”

Proto-Inuit *amilRuq “narrow part”

Sumerian šub (495x: ED IIIa, ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Old

Babylonian, Middle Babylonian) wr. šub “to fall”

Hungarian szúrni “to prick, to stab”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *śurwa- “to shove, to stab, to thrust”

Proto-Eskimo *kap∂- “to stab”, *kapuR- “to stab repeatedly”. –R- is here obviously

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