Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

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Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

ALFRÉD TÓTH : HUNGARIAN AND ESKIMO-ALEUT — with Paleo-Siberian Cognates

Hungarian tanítani “to teach”, tanulni “to learn”

Proto-Altaic *t’uŋe- “to inform”

Proto-Uralic *tuna- “to accustom oneself, to learn”

Proto-Eskimo *∂licaR- “to learn; to teach”

Sumerian du (1x: Old Babylonian) wr. du8 “to heap up, pile up”, dub (107x: ED

IIIb, Old Babylonian) wr. dub “to heap up, to pile”, tub (29x: Old

Akkadian, Old Babylonian) wr. tu11; tu10 “to heap up” + na (411x:

ED IIIb, Ur III, Early Old Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. na

“(compound verb nominal element)”. Obviously, the original meaning

is “to heap up knowledge” (in Proto-Altaic, there was for sure no word

for “to inform”!).

Hungarian tántorogni, tántorodik “to stagger, to sway”

Proto-Uralo-Siberian *t’ant’∂-, *t’unt’∂- “to step”

Proto-Eskimo *tut∂- “to step, to tread on”

Chukotko-Kamch. taeŋti- “to tread on”

Alutor caŋci, taŋti “id.”

Sumerian dun (17x: Old Babylonian) wr. dun5 “to roam around; to rock, churn”

Hungarian tanú “witness”

Proto-Eskimo *∂n∂ŋiR- “to take sb.’s place”, *∂ŋqaR- “to remember”

Sumerian dan (32x: ED IIIb, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. dan6; dan3; dan4; dan2

“(to be) pure, clear; to clean”, or cf. s.v. tanítani.

Hungarian tapló “tinder; a kind of tree fungus (Phellinus ignarius)”

Proto-Eskimo *∂k(∂)n∂R “fire”

Sumerian tab (13x: Old Babylonian) wr. tab; tab2 “to burn, fire; to dye (red); to

brand, mark”. The fungus’ botanical name ignarius is derived from

Latin ignis “fire”.

Hungarian taposni “to trample”

Proto-Altaic *tāp’V “to stamp; to press”

Proto-Uralic *tappa- “to stamp with the feet; to strike”

Proto-Uralo-Siberian *tap(p)a(γ)- “to strike”

Eskimo-Aleut tupaγ- “to startle”

Aleut tuhmδa- “to produce a crack, to explode”

Chukotko-Kamch. tava- “to crush”

Sumerian tab (1x: Old Babylonian) wr. tab “to flatten”

Hungarian tar “bald, barren; crippled”

Proto-Inuit *tu(C)utcin∂q “bald place”

Sumerian tar (237x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Old Babylonian)

wr. tar; tarar “to cut down”

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© Copyright Mikes International 2001-2007, Alfréd Tóth 2007 - 148 -

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