Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

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Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

ALFRÉD TÓTH : HUNGARIAN AND ESKIMO-ALEUT — with Paleo-Siberian Cognates

Proto-Eskimo *ukyuR “winter; year”

Sumerian til (627x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old

Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. til; til3 “(to be) complete(d); (to be)

old, long-lasting; to end”

Hungarian telik “to be filled”; tele, teli, teljes “full”, tölteni “to fill, to stuff”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *täwδe, *tälkз “full”

Proto-Eskimo *ul∂vkaR- “to fill; to be filled”

Sumerian til (627x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old

Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. til; til3 “(to be) complete(d); (to be)

old, long-lasting; to end”

Hungarian telek “plot (of land), building site”, telep “colony, settlement”,

telepedik “to settle”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *täwδe, *tälkз “full”

Proto-Eskimo *katcuq- “to be settled”. The PFU etymology is thus wrong.

Sumerian til (770x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old

Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. til3 “to live; to sit (down); to dwell”.

The PFU etymology is semantically highly improbable.

Hungarian temetni “to bury”, temető “cemetery”

Proto-Eskimo *quŋuR(-) “to bury; grave”

Sumerian dim, wr. dim3 “corpse”. EWU (p. 1500) derives temetni from tömni

“to stuff” with causative suffix –et, which is semantically senseless.

Probably Hung. tetem “corpse” is related to Sum. dim, too.

Hungarian tengely “axle; spindle”

Proto-Eskimo *tat∂ “support”

Central Siberian Yupik tat∂k∂ “intersection of poles at top of traditional houses”

Sumerian dimgal (11x: Lagash II, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. dim-gal; di-im-guul

“a pole”

Hungarian tenger “sea”

Chagatai täŋiz

Turkish deniz

Proto-Eskimo *taŋ∂R- “sea”

Sumerian diĝir (1837x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old

Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. diĝir; dim3-me-er; dim3-me8-er;

dim3-mi-ir; di-me2-er “deity, god, goddess”. Since Turkish has also

tanrı “god” and Mongolian tenger “god”, the semantic development is

probably: “god” > “heaven” > “sea”, whereby the connection between

“heaven” and “sea” is made by the common blue colour or by the fact

that the heaven is mirrored in the sea.

Hungarian tenni, tesz, tev- “to do, to make, to place, to put”

Proto-Altaic *t’ebV “to put”

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© Copyright Mikes International 2001-2007, Alfréd Tóth 2007 - 152 -

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