Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut


Hungarian tűnik “to appear; to seem”, tüntetni “to demonstrate, to show”

Proto-Yupik *akiR- “to shine”

Sumerian teĝ (454x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Ur III, Early Old Babylonian, Old

Babylonian) wr. teĝ3; teĝ4 “(to be) near to; to approach”

Hungarian tűrni “to bear, to endure; to suffer”

Proto-Eskimo *∂lp∂k∂-, *ikviγ- “to suffer”

Sumerian dirig (2166x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old

Babylonian, Old Babylonian, Middle Babylonian) wr. diri; RI “(to be)

powerful, to exceed”

Hungarian tűrni “to roll up, to fold”

Proto-Inuit *quγluk- “to fold, to pleat”

Sumerian dur (28x: ED IIIa, Old Babylonian) wr. dur; gidur “binding, knot,

bond, tie; umbilical cord; rope”

Hungarian tűz “fire”

Proto-Altaic *t’oge

Proto-Ugric *tüγз-tз, *tüwз-tз

Proto-Eskimo *uγut- “to burn” (with metathesis, cf.:

Chukotko-Kamch. t∂lv∂- “to burn (oneself)”

Sumerian tab (13x: Old Babylonian) wr. tab; tab2 “to burn, fire; to dye (red); to

brand, mark”. Probably also tüstént “immediately”, cf. rögtön “id.” <

PFU *reŋkз “hot, warm”.

Hungarian ugar “fallow (field/ground/land)

Proto-Yupik-Sirenikski *tamlaγ- “(to come to) land” [?]

Sumerian agar (135x: Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. a-gar3; agar4; agar2; agar3; ada-ar


Akkadian ugāru. Since Sum. shows traces of vowel harmony, Sum. agar < Akk.,

Rhaet. ugāru, so we have here another possible Akk. and Rhaet.

borrowing in Sum. and thus another proof that Sum. was still spoken

in Old Babylonian time (cf. Lieberman 1977, p. 20). The Akk. and

Rhaet. word is also phonetically closer to the Hung. and may be the

etymon for ugor “Ugric” > Germ. Ungar, Engl. Hungarian, French

Hongrois, Russ. Vengerskiy, etc.

Hungarian ugrik “to jump, to leap, to spring”

Proto-Eskimo q∂t∂γ- “to jump”

Sumerian ug (1x: ED IIIa) wr. ugx(EZEN) “(to be) exalted”

Hungarian új “new”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *wuδ’e

Proto-Eskimo *nutaR- “to renew”

Sumerian ud (29106x: Lagash II, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. ud “day; sun”. On


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