ALFRÉD TÓTH : HUNGARIAN AND ESKIMO-ALEUT — with Paleo-Siberian Cognates
u is even apparent in the ending –ani instead of –eni in virítani as well
as in virradni instead of *virredni.
Akkadian arāqum “to bloom” < *warāqum, but unlike in the case of Hung. vese
(s.v.), *w- < b-, not < g-.
Hungarian vívni “to fight”
Proto-Finno-Ugric *woje- “to be able to”
Proto-Eskimo *pa(C)a- “to fight, to struggle”
Sumerian u (1x: Old Babylonian) wr. u8; u2 “defeat”
Hungarian víz “water”
Proto-Eskimo *∂m∂R “fresh water” [?]. Possibly correct, since m often substitutes
homorganic v, w, and R can also substitute R (cf. Sum. –z vs. Akk. –ş-
[ts] vs. PE –r- vs. PU t).
Sumerian biz (12x: Old Babylonian) wr. bi-iz; biz “to trickle, drip”
Akkadian başāşum (< Sum. biz). In this case, we can say from the palatal stem
vowel both in Hung. víz (acc. vizet, not *vizot or *vizat) and Sum. biz
that this word originates directly in Sum. and not in the Sum.
borrowing Akk., Rhaet. başāşum, which shows a velar stem-vowel.
Also PIE *wodor/*wedor/ *uder-, from root *wed- (cf. Hittite watar,
Sanskrit udnah, Greek hydor, Old Bulgarian, Russian voda, Lithuanian
vanduo, Old Prussian. wundan, Gaelic uisge “water”, Latin unda
“wave” originate in Sum. biz and thus also genetically related to Hung.
Hungarian vő, vej- “son-in-law”
Proto-Uralic *wäŋз “bridegroom, stepson”
Proto-Eskimo *neŋa(C)u(γ) “son-in-law, brother-in-law”
Sumerian pap (86x: Old Akkadian, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. pap “father; male,
Akkadian abu “father”. Hung. vő comes not directly from Sum. pap, but from
the Sum. borrowing in Akk., Rhaet. abu, the meaning of which is,
however, “father” and not “son-in-law”. The reason may be, that a
related word, Sum. abba > Hung. apa “father”, so Sum. abu got its
special meaning of a more distant male relative.
Hungarian vöcsök “crested grebe (a kind of duck, family of Podicipedidae)”
Proto-Finno-Ugric *wajćз “a kind of duck”
Proto-Eskimo *qaqutluγ “fulmar”
Sumerian uz (57x: ED IIIa, ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr.
uz; uzmušen “wild duck”
Hungarian völgy “valley”
Proto-Uralic *waδ’kз “small river; bend or stretch of a river between two curves”
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