Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

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Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

ALFRÉD TÓTH : HUNGARIAN AND ESKIMO-ALEUT — with Paleo-Siberian Cognates

Hungarian iró “buttermilk”

Osman, etc. airan “mildly alcoholic drink made of fermented mare’s milk, koumiss”

Sakha arī “melted Russian butter”

Proto-Eskimo *ituγ “milk of animal”

Sumerian ara (58x: ED IIIb, Ur III) wr. ara3 “designation of milk”

Hungarian irtani (< ortani) “to exterminate (insects, pests); to clear, to root

out”

Proto-Uralic *šurз- “to cut, to divide”

Proto-Eskimo *k∂pδaR- “to cut off”

Sumerian šar (23x: ED IIIb, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. šar2 “to slaughter”, sur,

wr. sur4 “to cut cloth”

Hungarian ismerni “to know, to get to know”

Proto-Eskimo *alicima- “to know”

Akkadian šamūm “to listen”

Sumeria zu (964x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. zu “to

know; to learn”, umuš (52x: ED IIIb, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. umuš

“(fore)thought, plan(ning); understanding; instruction; consideration,

sagacity”

Hungarian isten “god”

Persian (Farsi) eztahn “god”, hahstahn “creator”

Eskimo atausek “one” (Kleinschmidt 1851, p. 37)

Sumerian aš (191x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. aš “one”,

diš (5x: Old Akkadian, Ur III) wr. diš; de-eš-šu2; di-id; di-t- “one”, ešda,

wr. eš3-da “one”

Akkadian ištēn

Hungarian isz, ísz, iz “bane, canker; a kind of gum disorder in children that

soon hinders speech”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *iće, *iśe “shadow”

Proto-Eskimo *iŋkiR “gum”

Sumerian ĝissu (68x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. ĝissu;

aĝ2-ze2 “shade, shadow; protection, aegis”

Hungarian ívik “to copulate (especially of fish), to pair, to spawn”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *jokse-, *jookse-

Proto-Inuit *nulik- “to copulate”

Sumerian eban (381x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Ur III, Early Old Babylonian) wr.

e2-ba-an; e2-ba; e-ba-an; e-pa-na; e2-pa-na “pair”. The PFU

reconstruction is thus mistaken. Estonian jookse- “to beget, to breed; to

flow, to run; to rut” and Finnish juokse- “to flow; to run” do not belong

to Hung. ív-.

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© Copyright Mikes International 2001-2007, Alfréd Tóth 2007 - 71 -

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