Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

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Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

ALFRÉD TÓTH : HUNGARIAN AND ESKIMO-ALEUT — with Paleo-Siberian Cognates

Hungarian kár “loss, damage; too bad!, what a pity!”

Proto-Eskimo *qacu “to become loose” [?]

Sumerian kar (158x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. kar “to

take away (by force), remove; to deprive”

Hungarian karám “(sheep-)pen”

Proto-Inuit *qaRiaq “storage alcove”

Sumerian kar (251x: ED IIIa, ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early

Old Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. kar “harbor, quay”

Akkadian kāru

Hungarian karó “post, prop, stake, stick, support”

Karachai kazak “post, stake”

Middle Turkic kazuŋuk “id.”

Osman kazyk “id.”

Uigur kazγuk “id.”

Modern Uigur kozuk

Proto-Yupik *ayaγta “pole or support”

Sumerian gaz (402x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old

Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. gaz; gaz2; kaz8 “to kill, slaughter; to

grind, grate; to beat; to thresh (grain); to execute, impose a death

sentence; to break”

Akkadian hašālu

Hungarian karom “claw”, köröm “nail, claw”

Proto-Eskimo *kukiγ “claw, nail”

Sumerian gur (35x: Old Babylonian) wr. gur21; kuš-buru4-mušen; eur2 "shield

(birds)"

Hungarian karvaly “sparrow-hawk”

Chuvash χ∂rχi “eagle; a kind of mouse-eating bird”

Karachai qïrγïy “hawk”

Proto-Inuit *qilriq “rough-legged hawk”

Sumerian gurgal, wr. gur8-galmušen “a bird”, girgilum (4x: ED IIIa, Old

Babylonian) wr. giri16-i-lumušen; gur8-galmušen?; gir-gi-lummušen;

gir-gi4-lumušen; ĝir3-gi-lumušen; kir4-gi4-lummušen “a bird”, kirkir

(5x: Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. ĝeškiri6-ĝeškiri6mušen; ka5kar2mušen;

ki-kar2mušen; kar-karmušen “a bird” Akk.

Akkadian girgilu; kirikarru; kurkurru

Hungarian kása “mush”

Proto-Eskimo *akut- “to mix”

Rhaetic *kaššu “cheese” (Brunner and Tóth 1987, p. 98). *kaššu means

“massive, bulky”, which fits both for “mush” and for “cheese”. Engl.

cheese, Germ. Käse, Rhetor. chaschöl, etc. go also directly back to the

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© Copyright Mikes International 2001-2007, Alfréd Tóth 2007 - 77 -

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