Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

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Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

ALFRÉD TÓTH : HUNGARIAN AND ESKIMO-ALEUT — with Paleo-Siberian Cognates

Hungarian késa “a provincial term used to describe legal battles over

territory near rivers”, késálni, késálkodik “to fight, to struggle, to

battle”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *kiśkз- “to rend, to tear”

Proto-Eskimo *q∂c(c)uγ- “to scratch or dig claws into”

Sumerian ĝeš-kiĝ-ti “artisan, forge” (Lieberman 1977, no. 295)

Akkadian kiškattu, kiškittu “weapon”

Hungarian keseregni “to grieve over sth.”, kesergő “dirge, lament”,

keseríteni “to embitter”, kesernyés “tart”, keserű “bitter”

Proto-Ugric *k8ćз(-rз)

Proto-Eskimo *k∂γδaγ- “to be rough”

Sumerian ĝiškim (60x: ED IIIb, Old Babylonian) wr. ĝiškim “sign, omen; trust,

aid”

Akkadian giskimmu; cf. also kišpum “magic, witchcraft, omen”, kišubu “end of a

song”

Hungarian keshedni “to become frayed/threadbare, to wear out”

Proto-Ugric *käńćз(-), *käćз(-) “thin; to thin out”

Proto-Inuit *caat “to be thin”

Akkadian qātū “to come to an end; to be finished”, qatnu “thin”. A perfect

match in sound and meaning between Proto-Inuit and Akkadian.

Hungarian késik “to be late”

Tatarian kič “evening; late”

Eskimo-Aleut q∂cuγ- “to tear out, to scratch”

Aleut qiciX “sth. sharp”

Akkadian qātū “to come to an end; to be finished”, qatnu “thin”

Hungarian keskeny “narrow”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *känčз, *käčз “narrow, tight”

Proto-Inuit *caat “to be thin”

Akkadian qatnu “thin, narrow”; cf. keshedni.

Hungarian kész “finished, ready; prepared (to), ready (to); obliging, willing”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *k8ćз “ready, willing”

Eskimo-Aleut q∂cuγ- “to tear out, to scratch”

Aleut qiciX “sth. sharp”

Akkadian qātū “to come to an end; to be finished”, qatū “finished, ready”

Hungarian keszeg “bream; extremely thin”

Komi gyć “Crucian carp”

Chukotko-Kamch. ukiδ “capelin (fish)”

Nivkh ukk “kind of carp”

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© Copyright Mikes International 2001-2007, Alfréd Tóth 2007 - 82 -

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