1.0 Zhombe Constituency Zhombe Constituency has 38 878 ...

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1.0 Zhombe Constituency Zhombe Constituency has 38 878 ...

1.0 Zhombe Constituency

Zhombe Constituency has 38 878 registered voters. The constituency has 16 rural wards.

1.1 Introduction

According the 2000 Delimitation Commission Report (pp124, 125), Zhombe

Constituency is ‘An area of land bounded by a line drawn from the confluence of the

ngondoma and Munyati rivers, generally south-eastwards up the Munyati River to its

intersection by the eastern boundary of Moreena Ranch; thence proceeding along the

following properties, so as to include them: southwards along the eastern boundary of

Moreena Ranch, southwards and westwards along the eastern and southern boundaries of

Mazuri Ranch, Pavlova, Twin Springs Ranch and Mvurachena to the Sebakwe River;

thence generally westward down the Sebakwe to its intersection by the eastern boundary

of the Sebakwe Dam Reserve Servitude…thence south-westwards up the Sesombe River

to its intersection with the northernmost beacon of Blue Ranch; thence south-eastwards

and westwards along the eastern and southern boundaries of Blue ranch to its intersection

with the Western boundary of the former Gabbari Extension, proceeding southwards

along the boundary to the north-eastern beacon of the Remainder of Southcum…thence

proceeding westwards, south-eastwards and westwards along the boundaries of the

following properties, so as to include them: Ely of the main Belt Block, Honeybird farm

of the Main Belt Block and Condor of the Main Belt Block, to the last boundary’s

intersection with Gweru River; thence north-westwards down the Gweru River to its

intersection with Nkayi Communal Land boundary; thence north –eastwards along the

north-western boundary of Zhombe Communal Land to the starting point.

DATA ANALYSIS

In order to make the information user friendly, the ward has been used as the lowest unit

of analysis. To this end, the infrastructure and other important variables in the

constituency have been placed into their respective wards. It becomes easy to compare

the distribution of infrastructure in the various wards and it also helps development

planners to easily identify areas of need.


The table shows infrastructural distribution by ward

Ward Prim Sec Crèches Clinic Hospital Councilor

Sch Sch

1 3 1 - 2 - M

2 2 0 - 1 - M

5 2 0 - 1 - M

6 3 2 - 1 - M

7 4 1 - 1 - M

8 5 3 - 1 - M

9 3 1 - 1 - M

10 3 3 - 1 1 M

11 4 1 - 1 - M

12 3 0 - 1 - M

13 4 1 - 0 - M

14 2 1 - 1 - M

15 5 1 - 1 - M

16 4 1 - 1 - M

17 5 1 - 0 - M

26 1 1 - - M

Wards

The Zhombe constituency is made up of 16 rural wards. The constituency has got 38 878

registered voters.

2.0 Ward 1

Ward 1 is categorised as a communal ward.


2.1 Education: There are 3 primary schools in this ward known as: Bonwei,

Munyati Zesa, Sherwood Park. The schools were established in 1984, 1956 and 1980

respectively. All the schools have got a high number of trained teachers. All the schools

in ward 1 are owned by council and do not experience hot seating. There is 1 secondary

school in the ward known as Munyati Zesa. The school is owned by council and has got a

total enrolment of 348 and 16 teachers. The school was established in 1987 and is helping

in enrolling the pupils who complete their primary school education in the ward.

2.2 Health Facilities: There are 2 health facilities in the ward. These are Sherwood

and Munyati clinic. Sherwood clinic has got 2 general beds at its disposal. The clinic is

manned by 2 nurses and is owned by council. Munyati clinic is privately-owned and is

manned by 4 nurses. The facility has 2 general beds at its disposal.

3.0 Ward 2

The ward is characterised by 2 primary schools, no secondary schools and 1 clinic.

3.1 Education: The primary schools in the ward are Chimwaoga and Sebakwe. All

the primary schools in ward 2 do not experience hot seating and were established in 1982

and 1968. Both primary schools are owned by council and the greater number of teachers

at all the schools are qualified a good development to the education system in the ward.

There are no secondary schools in the ward and there is need for the authorities to

establish at least 1 secondary school to cater for the pupils who complete their primary

education in the ward.

3.2 Health Facilities: There is one health facility in ward 3 known as Sebakwe This

clinic is manned by 1 nurse and has 2 general beds at its disposal. Sebakwe clinic is

council owned and is critical in the health delivery system in the ward.

4.0 Ward 5


4.1 Education: The ward has 2 primary schools namely Mariyangu and Zivagwe.

The schools were established in 1999 and 1985 respectively. Both primary schools are

council owned. Ward 5 has got no secondary schools and the pupils who graduate from

the 2 primary schools in the ward have to search elsewhere in other wards for secondary

education.

4.2 Health Facilities: Ward 5 has got 1 health facility known as Maryoka Rural

health centre. The Rural health centre is characterised by 8 general beds. The facility is

government owned and is manned by 1 nurse. The facility, though slightly under-staffed,

is contributing positively to the good health care of the residents of ward 5 by providing

accessible health services. There are no resident doctors at the facility and the centre

refers complicated cases to other major referential centres.

5.0 Ward 6

5.1 Education: There are 3 primary schools known as Bee Mine, Samambwa and

Somapani. The schools were built in 1969, 1964 and 1966 respectively. There are no

cases of hot seating at the schools and the greater number of teachers at the schools is

trained. Bee Mine, established in 1969, has the least total enrolment consisting of only 33

pupils. Ward 6 has got 2 secondary schools namely Bee Mine and Samambwa. The

schools were established after independence in 1981 and 1984 respectively. Bee Mine

has got a total enrolment of 178 pupils while Samambwa has got 261 pupils. Both

secondary schools are playing an important role in the provision of education in the ward

and also helping by enrolling pupils from other wards.

5.2 Health Facilities: There is 1 health facility in ward 6 called Samambwa. The

clinic, manned by 1 nurse, has 8 general beds and is owned by council. The clinic is

essential in providing nearby health services to the residents of ward 6. However there is

need to increase the number of qualified nurses at the facility to increase its efficiency.

6.0 Ward 7

6.1 Education: There are 4 primary schools in the ward known as Kasawe,

Mangwarangwara, Sidakeni and Umniati St Peters. All the four primary schools


were built before independence in 1965, 1963, 1966 and 1963 respectively. There are no

cases of hot seating all the four primary schools and the greater number of teachers is

trained. The ward has 1 secondary school known as Sidakeni. The school was established

in 1981. The school has got 23 teachers and 490 students. All the schools, both and

primary and secondary are council owned.

6.2 Health Facilities: The ward has got only 1 health facility characterised by 8

general beds and 1 nurse. The local people have been greatly assisted by the presence of

this situation since it is fighting the spread of diseases by bringing awareness and by

treatment.

7.0 Ward 8

7.1 Education: There are five primary schools in the ward known as Bamhara,

Commoner, Mopani and Tororo all owned by council. The schools were built in 1964,

1954, 1975, 1963 and 1964 respectively. The ward has one of the highest number of

secondary schools in the constituency; consisting of three namely Bhamala, Nyaradzo

and Tororo established all after independence in 1983, 1981 and 1986 respectively. This

great number of secondary schools is important in the delivery of quality education and

for the delivery of education.

7.2 Health Facilities: Ward 8 has only 1 health facility known as Rio Tinto clinic.

The clinic is manned by 1 nurse and has 2 general beds at its disposal. The facility is

owned by government.

8.0 Ward 9

8.1 Education: There are 3 primary schools in this ward, known as Manzinyama St

Faith, Sengezi and Senkwasi St Pauls. The schools are dominated by trained teachers.

All The schools were built before independence in 1964, 1965 and 1961 respectively.

The ward has a secondary school called Manzinyama established in 1982. The school has

a total enrolment of 436 pupils with most of the teachers being trained.


8.2 Health Facilities: Ward 9 has got 1 health facility called Senkwasi. The facility

is owned by council and is served by 1 nurse. There are 8 general beds at the clinic. The

clinic is critical in the health delivery machinery of the ward as it is a central point for

both treatment and awareness campaigns.

9.0 Ward 10

9.1 Education: There are 3 primary schools in the ward namely Donjane, Donjuan

St George and Gwesela St Andrew. The schools were established in 1965, 1962 and

1963 respectively and are all owned by council. Gwesela St Andrew has the highest total

enrolment consisting of 858 pupils. There are also 3 secondary schools in the ward

namely Donjane, Zhombe Rio Tinto and Somalala. The schools were established in 1984,

1977 and 1984 respectively. Ward 10 has one of the highest numbers of secondary

schools in the constituency and is strategic in the delivery of secondary education in the

constituency.

9.2 Health Facilities: There are 2 health facilities in the ward. These are Zhombe

Mission Hospital and Donjuan clinic. Zhombe Mission Hospital is characterised by 18

maternity beds and 54 general beds. The mission owned facility is manned by 14 nurses.

However there are no resident doctors at this institution. Donjuan, on the other hand has

got 8 general beds and is manned by 2 nurses. The two health facilities are indisputably

important in the treatment of diseases and in the campaigns for good health standards.

11.0 Ward 11

11.1 Education: This ward has 4 primary schools known as De Poress St Martins,

Gomola, Gwenzimukulu and Somalala. The four schools were established in 1964,

1966, 1963 and 1930 respectively. The greater number of teachers at the schools is

trained. There is 1 secondary school in the ward called Gwenzimukulu built in 1993.


The school has 472 pupils. The schools, both primary and secondary, are affording

children in this ward near education facilities, since they do not have to travel long

distances to access education.

11.2 Health Facilities: Ward 11 has 1 health facility that has 1 nurse at the moment

known as Gomola Rural Health Centre. The clinic is owned by council and is

characterised by 8 general beds.

12.0 Ward 12

12.1 Education: This ward has 3 primary schools, known as Champeni, Fafi and

Vulamatsheni. The schools were established in 1981, 1954 and 1980 respectively. All

the three primary schools in this ward are council-owned and have a high number of

trained teachers. This is a recommendable development especial in the pursuit for quality

education development in the constituency and the nation at large. There are no

secondary schools in ward 12.

12.2 Health Facilities: Ward 20 has got 1 health facility known as Malisa Zhombe.

The facility is manned by 1 nurse and is characterised by 8 general beds. Malisa Zhombe

is council owned.

13.0 Ward 13

13.1 Education: The ward has 4 primary schools namely Mavute, Mgandani,

Sikabela and St Jude’s Mhazhe. The schools were established in 1963, 1982, 1981 and

1960 respectively. St Judes Mhazhe is the only school that is experiencing cases of hot

seating in the ward and in the constituency. There is therefore need to ensure that enough

classrooms are erected to ease the pressure at the school. There are no cases of hot

seating at the other schools. Ward 13 has got 1 secondary school called Mhazhe St Jude’s

that was established in 1982. The school has got a total enrolment of 483 pupils.

13.2 Health Facilities: There are no health facilities in ward 13. Relevant authorities

should ensure that a facility is put in place to avoid compromising the health standards in


the ward. This would also relief the residents from walking to other wards, which may be

far, to access health services.

14.0 Ward 14

14.1 Education: Ward 14 has got 2 primary schools called Nduku and Ntabeni

established in 1946 and 1964 have got enrolments of 1119 and 820 pupils respectively.

There are no cases of hot seating at the schools. There is also 1 secondary school in ward

14 called Nduku established after independence in 1981. There are no cases of hot

seating at Nduku secondary school.

14.2 Health Facilities: The ward has got 1 health facility known as Ntabeni. The

facility is manned by 1 nurse and is owned by council. There are 8 general beds at the

facility. There are however no resident doctors at the clinic and complicated cases have to

be referred to major health centres in the district.

15.0 Ward 15

15.1 Education: There are 5 primary schools known as Batanayi Sessombe,

Mutimutema, Rusununguko, Somoza and Sunganayi. The schools were built in 1982,

1993, 1987, 1983 and 1985 respectively and all owned by council. There are no

incidences of hot seating at the schools and most of the teachers at all the schools are

trained. The ward has got 1 secondary school called Batanai Zisco. The secondary school

has got a total enrolment of 1020 pupils with the greater number being girls. Batanai

Zisco secondary school was established in 1985 and is owned by council.

15.2 Health Facilities: Ward 15 has got 1 health facility that is helping in the health

delivery system. The facility called Nyoni Rural Health Centre is manned by 2 nurses.

There are 8 general beds at the Rural Health Centre.


16.0 Ward 16

16.1 Education: There are 4 primary schools known as Mangwizi, Nhengure,

Nkiwane Santa Maria and Tombankala. The schools were built in 1981, 1963, 1962

and 1999 respectively. There are no cases of hot seating in all the schools in the ward and

the greater number of teachers at the schools is qualified. There is 1 secondary school in

the ward called Tombankala, established in 1986. The secondary school has a total

enrolment of 619 pupils.

16.2 Health Facilities: There is 1 health facility in ward 16 called Dendera Rural

Health Centre. The facility is manned by 2 nurses and has got 8 general beds at its

disposal. Dendera clinic is owned by government and is helping to bring accessible health

services to the ward residents in line with government policy of accessible health services

to all the people.

16.0 Ward 17

16.1 Education: There are five primary schools in ward 17 namely Dendera,

Mabhidhi, Mawokohlo, Mkobokwe and Tshapewa. The schools were set up in 1968,

1981, 1982, 1981 and 1945 respectively. Mawokohlo has the least total enrolment

consisting of 197 pupils. There are no cases of hot seating at all the five schools. There is

1 secondary school in the ward known as Dendera. The secondary school was established

in 1986. The school has got a total enrolment of 406 pupils. There are also no cases of hot

seating at this secondary school.

16.2 Health Facilities: There are no health facilities in ward 17. Measures have to be

taken to put in place a health facility within the ward to enable the residents to access

near health services.

16.0 Ward 26

16.1 Education: The ward has got 1 primary school and 1 secondary school. The

primary school is called Muchape and it was established in 1986. The primary school has

a total enrolment of 362 pupils. There are no cases of hot seating at the school. The


secondary school in the ward is called Mutimutema and was established in 1987. the

school has a total enrolment of 183 pupils.

16.2 Health Facilities: There are no health facilities in ward 26. There is need to

establish a clinic to ensure that the residents of ward 31 do not travel long distances to

access health services.

25.0 Findings and Comments

Education:

The number of primary schools in Zhombe is more than that of secondary schools as in

most constituencies. All the wards in the Zhombe constituency consist of at least a

primary school and about 81% of the wards have got at least a secondary school. This

shows a fair distribution of schools in the constituency although it will be more

commendable if all the wards have at least a secondary school, for instance wards 2, 5

and 12.

The fact that most of the schools do not encounter hot seating points to the fact that there

are strides being taken to provide adequate facilities to pupils in terms of infrastructure

like classrooms. The greater number of teachers in most of the schools is trained and it

will be also highly appreciated if all the teachers are trained to foster the delivery of high

quality education.

Health There is a fair distribution of health facilities in the constituency. However the

issue of the shortage of nurses still haunts most of the facilities. The constituency has also

1 hospital, in ward 10, which however does not have any resident doctors at it disposal.

There is therefore need to post doctors at this facility to cater for complicated cases that

may not be fully addressed by the nurses.

Local government


All the councillors in the wards of Zhombe constituency are males. There is therefore

need to ensure that women participate in local politics so as to represent their interests in

the development and decision making process. Gender mainstreaming to ensure inclusive

participation is therefore a need in local government posts.

Appendix

Diagram 1 below indicates the location of schools, the grade/status of each school,

enrolment by sex, number of teachers at each school, ownership, year established and hot

seating. This information is by Ward.

Diagram 1

Ward Name Of School Level/

Status

1 Bonwei

Munyati zesa

Sherwood Park

Munyati Zesa

2 Chimwaoga

Sebakwe

5 Mariyangu

Zivagwe

6 Bee Mine

Samabwa

Somapani

Bee Mine

Samambwa

7 Kasawe

Mangwarangwara

Sidakeni

Umniati St Peters

Sidakeni

8 Banhara

Commoner

Mopani

Navata

Tororo

Bhamala

Nyaradzo

Totororo

9 Manzinyama St Faith

Sengezi

Senkwasi St Pauls

Primary

Primary

Primary

Secondary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Secondary

Secondary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Secondary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Secondary

Secondary

Secondary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Year

Built

1984

1956

1980

1987

1982

1968

1999

1985

1969

1964

1966

1981

1984

1965

1963

1966

1963

1981

1964

1954

1975

1963

1964

1983

1981

1986

1964

1965

1961

Boys Girls Ownership Hot

Seating

250 280 Council No

264 339 Private No

200 228 Council No

192 156 Private No

144 178 Council No

83 75 Farm No

117 111 Council No

110

17

295

171

77

135

179

191

293

178

277

160

180

322

169

256

359

411

114

252

132

188

131

26

177

175

101

126

197

193

329

184

213

201

139

339

169

248

177

249

97

232

138

250

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

Teacher

15

18

19

16

13

18

6

5

11

14

8

7

9

10

9

17

8

23

17

8

20

9

12

14

21

8

11

10

10


Manzimnyama Secondary 1982 211 225 Council No 12

Primary 1965 261 284 Council No 15

Primary 1962 150 132 Council No 7

Primary 1963 436 422 Council No 18

Secondary 1984 229 186 Council No 17

Secondary 1977 330 300 Council No 32

Secondary 1984 118 103 Council No 28

10 Donjane

Donjuan St George

Gwesela St Andrew

Donjane

Zhombe Rio Tinto

Somalala

11 De Poress St Martins

Gomola

Gwenzimukulu

Somalala

Gwenzimkulu

12 Champeni

Fafi

Vulamatshena

13 Mavute

Mgandani

Sikabela

St Judes Mhazhe

Mhazhe St Judes

14 Nduku St Theresa

Ntabeni

Nduku

15 Batanayi Sessombe

Mutimutema

Rusununguko

Somoza

Sunganayi

Batanai Zisco

16 Mangwizi

Nhengure

Nkiwane Santa Maria

Tombankala

Tombankula

17 Dendera

Mabhidli

Mawolokohlo

Mkobokwe

Tshapewa

Dendera

26 Muchape

Mutimutema

Primary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Secondary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Secondary

Primary

Primary

Secondary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Secondary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Secondary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Primary

Secondary

Primary

Secondary

1964

1966

1963

1930

1993

1981

1954

1980

1963

1982

1981

1960

1982

1946

1964

1981

1982

1993

1987

1983

1985

1985

1981

1963

1962

1999

1986

1968

1981

1982

1981

1945

1986

1986

1987

361

239

272

145

257

177

258

145

276

258

330

475

240

517

432

226

252

145

112

100

124

502

149

152

178

143

364

580

158

101

321

216

190

198

87

349

226

271

143

215

181

250

160

312

262

391

494

243

602

388

236

259

180

136

71

118

518

170

206

173

148

255

560

156

96

279

204

216

164

96

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Gvt

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

Council

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

15

12

15

8

17

10

14

8

13

13

16

23

14

30

22

17

13

8

8

5

8

44

6

9

8

7

26

18

8

7

16

10

14

11

7

Diagram 2 - Schools By Period Built: Before Or After Independence

Total

schools/Colleges

Schools/Colleges

built before

independence

Primary Secondary College

53 18 -

34 1 -


Schools/Colleges

built

after

independence

Schools with

unconfirmed dates

14 17 -

0 0 -

Diagram 3 - Schools By Ownership

Primary Secondary College

Government 1 0 -

Council 48 17 -

Mission - 0 -

Private 1 1 -

Others 3 0 -

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