Planning and Decision Support Systems for
Sustainable City-Region Development
Clean Water Summit
Comprehensive Planning Track
June 21, 2002
Keith Pezzoli, Ph.D.
Urban Studies and Planning Program
University of California, San Diego
Context: City-Regions and Sustainable Development
Frontiers of Regional Ecology
• Information and Communications Technology
• New Regionalism
• Sustainability Science
Clean Water Program: Comprehensive Planning TAC
The Regional Workbench Consortium
Planning and Decision Support Systems:
• Interactive Web site, including GIS, Regional Mapping, Visualization tools
• Quality of Life Indicators/Mapping
• Groupware and Collaboration tools
• KINDRED systems (Knowledge-based Integration of Distributed Regional Environmental Data)
Four Integrated Project Cores
1. Water quality and supply
2. Toxics and Industrial Ecology
3. Housing, Infrastructure and Community Development
4. Land use and Regional Planning
RWBC Roll Out: May 29-30, 2003
The Challenge of Joining Knowledge and Action
The Regional Workbench Consortium
A collaborative research and learning network
Inc from ~4.2M people in 2002
to ~6.4M by 2020
GRP 1999: San Diego ($104B)
Baja Coastal ($16B)
1999 the average number of
daily two-way crossings totaled
over 300,000 people.
Fram and Slater (2001)
Per-capita water usage per day,
Baja Coastal = ~ 57 gallons
(total ~ 86,000 AF)
San Diego = ~ 200 gallons
(total ~ 695,000 AF)
This 3-D perspective view was generated using topographic data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) and an enhanced color Landsat 5 satellite image.
Topographic expression is exaggerated two times. http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/srtm/california.html#PIA03330
Global Urbanization and the Rise of City-Regions
Today, there are 19 city-regions with 10 million or more people; 22 city-regions with 5-10 million people; and 370
city-regions with 1-5 million people (Habitat 2001). “Some city-regions increasingly act like quasi city-states, even
to the point of engaging in diplomatic relations with other cities and states in ways that by-pass their own national
governments. Along with the expanding scale and increased autonomy of city-regions, have come many
experiments with new forms of regional governance” (Friedmann 2002).
1) Focus on the metropolitan region as the unit of analysis and action,
2) Renewed emphasis on physical planning, urban design, and place,
3) Broadened agenda including environmental, equity, and livability
issues as well as economic development,
4) Normative, action-oriented approach aimed at addressing regional
5) Widened range of research methods including qualitative as well as
From: THE NEW' REGIONALISM: AN EMERGING MOVEMENT IN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
A Paper Presented at the Annual Conference of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning, Atlanta, Georgia
November 2000 by Stephen M. Wheeler, Ph.D. Department of City and Regional Planning University of California at Berkeley
Drivers of the New Regionalism
A survey by the National Association of Regional Councils has found that
the number of regional efforts is growing in the U.S. A recent report by the
National Academy of Public Administration (NAPA) argues that the renewed
interest in "thinking regionally" has to do with five current challenges:
•Developing a workforce: preparing and linking people with jobs in rapidly
•Competing economically: building world class research facilities,
transportation systems, and supplier networks.
•Quality of life: protecting the environment, controlling traffic congestion
and injuries, and preserving safe, healthy communities.
•Paying for growth: making wise investments in public facilities in growing
•Redevelopment: revitalizing inner cities and first tier suburbs. (cited in
Livable Communities 2000: 20-21)
The September 11 th shock adds the quest for regional homeland security
to this list.
D.Scott Slocombe (2001) Integration of Physical, Biological, and Socioeconomic Information. In A Guidebook to
Integrated Ecological Assesments, edited by Jensen and Bourgeron
• 1. How can the dynamic interactions between nature and society – including lags and inertia – be
better incorporated in emerging models and conceptualizations that integrate the Earth system,
human development, and sustainability?
2. How are long-term trends in environment and development, including consumption and
population, reshaping nature-society interactions in ways relevant to sustainability?
3. What determines the vulnerability or resilience of the nature-society system in particular kinds of
places and for particular types of ecosystems and human livelihoods?
4. Can scientifically meaningful “limits” or “boundaries” be defined that would provide effective
warning of conditions beyond which the nature-society systems incur a significantly increased
risk of serious degradation?
• 5. What systems of incentive structures – including markets, rules, norms and scientific information
– can most effectively improve social capacity to guide interactions between nature and society
toward more sustainable trajectories?
• 6. How can today’s operational systems for monitoring and reporting on environmental and social
conditions be integrated or extended to provide more useful guidance for efforts to navigate a
transition toward sustainability?
• 7. How can today’s relatively independent activities of research planning, monitoring, assessment,
and decision support be better integrated into systems for adaptive management and societal
Kates, et al. (2001) Sustainability Science. ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT. Vol. 292 (#5517): 641
Regional Science and Technology for
Nov. 13-15, 15, ‘01
Feb. 4-6, 4
Chiang Mai, Thailand
Feb. 27-March 1-6, 1
March 4-6, 4
March 24-25, 25, ‘02
May 21-24, 24, ‘02
Mexico City, Mexico
Water resource management is a 10,000-piece puzzle.
“To effectively manage our water resources, we need to understand the inter-connectivity of such
factors as water storage, supply and reuse, air pollution, land use planning and development,
agricultural use, transportation, business and industrial processes, and habitat management.
Many of the pieces of the puzzle are already addressed by various agencies and
individuals. What's needed is a way to assemble these pieces into a coherent whole.
This is the intent of Project Clean Water.” (p.3)
Integration of General Planning Issues and Watershed Planning Concepts. Draft 5-28-02
Southern California Coastal Research Project, Technical report 358/
Edited by:Brock Bernstein and Kenneth Schiff, February 8, 2002
At present, scientists and managers have limited ability to examine data from across the
region to search for patterns or trends, compare impacts and BMP effectiveness across
locations, assess local conditions against regional background or reference conditions, or
ensure regionally consistent quality control of raw and processed data. In addition, the
inability to combine and integrate data from throughout the region leads to duplication of
effort and other inefficiencies in individual monitoring programs.
Project Clean Water Phase 1 Results Report 6-30-01
GIS, Modeling, and Visualization
A GIS is a computer system capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying
geographically referenced information. GIS technologies have broad utility in supporting scientific
investigations, resource management, and other planning functions. Modeling and visualization can
further provide scientists and managers more sophisticated means of evaluating data and in many
instances the ability to quantify the relationship of various factors to observed or theorized
The Science and Technology TAC identified some of the agencies and groups that are currently
demonstrating leadership in the areas of GIS, Modeling and Visualization. These include:
• § San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC).
• § San Diego Association of Governments (SANDAG).
• § San Diego GIS Coordinators Group.
• § Center for Earth Systems Analysis Research (CESAR).
• § SanGIS.
• § URISA, San Diego Section.
• § Southern California Coastal Water Research Project (SCCWRP)
The Comprehensive Planning TAC was established to
provide direction and oversight on strategic planning
issues throughout Project Clean Water. Activities of the
•Strategic Planning and Assessment. During the first
phase of the project, the Comprehensive Planning TAC
compiled a baseline inventory of planning efforts by
•Clean Water Strategic Plan. The TAC established a
Steering Committee to develop the Clean Water
Strategic Plan, which provides the direction for the
second phase of Project Clean Water (Development and
•Technical Workgroup Review and Coordination.
During Phase II, the Comprehensive Planning TAC will
also coordinate, and assist as necessary, the more
detailed assessments of planning and implementation of
priority action items to be conducted by the Focused
§ Development and Implementation Planning. The
Comprehensive Planning TAC will also play an important
role during this phase of Project Clean Water. After
recommended program elements are proposed by
Technical Workgroups, the TAC will develop a
recommended strategy for implementation of the
Project Clean Water Phase I Results Report (6/30/01)
Phase 1 Results
Need to add
Figure 6: Watersheds of the United
States- Mexico Border Region
Source: United States Department of the Interior, US-Mexico Border Field Coordinating Committee
Regional Workbench Consortium (RWBC)
The RWBC is a collaborative network of university and community-based
partners dedicated to enabling sustainable city-region development.
We promote multidisciplinary research and service learning aimed at
understanding how problems of environment and development
interrelate at a regional scale.
Taking a global and forward-looking perspective, the RWBC focuses on
the Southern California-Northern Baja California transborder region--
especially the San Diego-Tijuana city-region and coastal zone.
The RWBC is currently building a trusted Internet-based research guide
and toolkit (i.e., workbench) to facilitate problem-driven projects that
require region-wide data integration and information sharing.
Specifically, the RWBC is developing the collaborative architecture
necessary for linking science, technology, and art to policy and
planning in four targeted “Project Cores.”
RWBC Project Cores
• Water quality and supply (e.g., watershed-based approaches to non-point source
pollution, urban water supply and sanitation, ecohydrological rehabilitation)
• Toxics and Industrial Ecology (e.g., hazardous materials and environmental
management systems in the U.S.-Mexico border)
• Housing, Infrastructure and Community Development (e.g., historical redlining,
housing affordability in San Diego, sustainable community-based planning in
Tijuana’s low-income human settlements)
• Land use and Regional Planning (e.g., planning and decision-support tools
including Interactive Web sites, Visualization tools, GIS, Groupware and
Collaboration tools, multimedia/story-driven presentations linked to scalable—local,
regional and global--environmental information networks)
New project domains (e.g., air quality, energy, transportation) will be targeted according to faculty and
partner interest. The partners come from academia, industry, government, and community
organizations. The RWBC also serves as a platform for innovative education, outreach and
Our partnership-driven approach explicitly integrates issues of equity, environmental stewardship, and
economic efficiency (the so-called 3 Es of sustainable development). In the process, we are
weaving together innovative advances in three domains: Information and Communications
Technology, New Regionalism, and Sustainability Science.
Adequately remunerated work
Minimizing use/waste of
(fossil fuels, minerals, biodiversity)
Access to affordable housing,
including a secure, healthy environment
with adequate basic services &
Affordable health care, and
adequate social safety net
Sustainable use of renewable resources
(aquifers, freshwater, wetlands, soils,
biomass, human beings)
Keeping within the absorptive capacity of
local, regional and global sinks
(air, land and water)
Information and Communications Technology
Flourishing civil life
in association with others
Good governance (accountable, transparent,
participatory, socially just and equitable,
respectful of human rights and diversity
Quality of Life and Futurity (fulfilling the
needs of the present generation without
undermining the ability of future generations
to meet their own needs)
Building infrastructure for a “learning region”
(i.e., milieu of innovation fostered by high quality
education, workforce development, and
knowledge-networking across digital divides
Developing planning and decision-support tools
(Interactive web sites, Visualization tools, GIS,
Simulation, Scenarios, Groupware and Collaboration
tools, Global network of Regional Workbenches)
Integrate sustainability science, technology, art, and
new regionalism (e.g., by creating story-based views
and multimedia presentations linked to scalable (local,
regional and global) information networks
Matrix for the Project Database
Land Use &
Air, land and
and research centers,
planning and decisionsupport
approaches to nonpoint
•Urban water supply
•Colonias (10 de
Land Use and
Credit: SIO Geological Data Center, Regional Workbench,
As a pilot project, led by the UCSD's Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO), Cal(IT)2 will define and deploy, over the
next four years, the Southern California Wireless Environmental Sensor Network and Information System [WESNIS],
extending from the Sierra Nevada mountain range on the east to the outer limits of the southern California continental shelf
on the west. The data streams from these widely distributed sensors will be integrated in real time with historical data
archives and sophisticated computational models of environmental processes in prototype distributed computing,
visualization, and information systems ("control rooms").
High Resolution Data
Regional Workbench Consortium
Sustainability Science Science
and and Policy Policy Development
Education Innovation and and
Provides a Mode
Web Web Site Site
Federated Knowledge Network
for Sustainable City-Regions
Earth Summit +10
Seven fundamental precepts guiding the RWBC
•Facilitate multidisciplinary place-based research in a scalable context (i.e., a conceptual space
that interrelates local, regional and global dynamics).
•Link the “new regionalism” with sustainability science and advances in information and
•Create methods for integrating physical, biological and socioeconomic data (including the
ability to do cross-border integrated risk assessment).
•Promote the three E’s of sustainable development (equity, environmental stewardship, and
economic efficiency) in a whole systems approach.
•Pursue a core set of pressing problems (projects) that inspire the linkage of knowledge to
action at the regional scale.
•Foster relationships and networks driving the shift from “planning for the public” to “planning
with the public.”
•Serve as a culturally sensitive platform for education, outreach and training.
•Articulate historically-informed views of alternative futures (i.e., actionable “Vision” based on
critical understanding and current knowledge of relevant literature)
•Build capacity for data and information sharing (based on principles of distributed intelligence
•Create story-based narratives and multi-media presentations that offer meaningful views of the
RWBC’s projects (tailored to distinct audiences including researchers, public agencies,
community groups, and students).
RWBC Partners (under construction)
– Superfund Basic Research Program
– Urban Studies and Planning Program
– Civic Collaborative
– San Diego Supercomputer Center (Knowledge-based Integration Lab, Spatial
– Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies
– SIO (Geological Data Center, Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics)
– Graduate Program in City Planning, School of Public Adminsistration and Urban Studies
– Department of Geological Sciences
– Southwest Center for Environmental Research and Policy (SCERP)
– COLEF (El Colegio de la Frontera Norte)
– CICESE (Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada/)
– Planeficacion, A.C.
– IMPLAN (Instituto Municipal de Planeacion); Informatica
– San Diego Regional Water Quality Control Board
– MONDECA, software developer of Topic Maps
– Industrial Environmental Association
RWB Working Papers and Reports
Transborder City-Regions and the Quest for Integrated Regional Planning: Challenges posed by
disarticulated infrastructures, fragmented ecologies of knowing, and uneven development.
Paper presented at the WPSC in Shanghai China, July 2001Keith Pezzoli, Ilya Zaslavsky
and Richard Marciano). http://www.regionalworkbench.org/sequence/prof/15004_final.htm
The KINDRED Project (Knowledge-based Integration and Navigation of Distributed Regional
Environmental Data). Ilya Zaslavsky, Keith Pezzoli, and Rchard Marciano
Promoting Sustainability Science Through Education and Regional Ecology.
A full length (22-page report) provides details on all the items mentioned in the brochure.
On-line Guide to the Conceptualization, Design, Conduct and Write-up of Multidisciplinary
Sustainable Development: A Multidisciplinary Review of the Literature. Keith Pezzoli
Superfund Basic Research Program Web Site Development Plan
Planning Pedagogy and Globalization Keith Pezzoli and Deborah Howe
RWBC Mission and Objectives document. Version 1.0