Download Frazer Macdonald's presentation

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Download Frazer Macdonald's presentation

collaborating with

emerging economies

the view from London…

Frazer Macdonald (BIS)

and Sam Myers (FCO)

RAE PolicyNet Thursday 28th June 2012


Context

• Knowledge and innovation are essential for growth

• Knowledge is increasingly developed and transferred

through international collaboration

• We have much to offer others – excellent research and

higher education

• We are keen to learn and collaborate with others – the

world is changing and competition to be the best is fierce


Our international objectives:

1.Maintain the excellence of the UK research base

2.Ensure early access to new knowledge, technologies and

markets

3.To influence how global challenges are tackled

4.Promote good use of science by other countries

5.Promote education exports

6.Promote student mobility

7.Build positive relationships

3


A tough economic climate

Increasing competition from China, India and Brazil.

Distribution of global GDP

Source: World Bank estimates for 2009, PWC model estimates for 2050


Competition to be the best is fierce

USA:

Approximately $21

billion of the

American Recovery

and Reinvestment

Act (ARRA) funding

was designated for

federal science

agencies

BRAZIL:

In 2011 Brazil

reached 47th

position in the

Global Innovation

Index, going up 13

positions in one

year and overtaking

countries such as

Russia, India and

Argentina.

GERMANY: committed to increasing

expenditure for education and research

to 10% of GDP by 2015. R&D support

for SMEs increased by €900 m so

€1.3bn public money leveraged total

R&D of €3.7 bn.

INDIA: The 12th 5-year plan,

covering the period 2012 to 2017 is

expected to triple R&D spending and

will again call for spending to reach

2% of GDP

SINGAPORE:

The latest science budget, increases

total public funding for R&D by 20% (to

SGD 16.1bn or GBP 8bn) from the

previous 5 year plan

CHINA: Research

spend has trebled since

2005, currently standing

at an impressive £70bn

JAPAN:

With just 7% of

world GDP, Japan

accounts for around

13% of total global

R&D spending and

has 20% of the top

global industry R&D

spenders

SOUTH KOREA: The Government’s

R&D budget for 2011 is expected to be

around KRW 14.9 Trillion (£8.2Bn) -

double what was spent in 2003. The

overall Korean spend on R&D in 2010

was over 3.74% of GDP or KRW53

Trillion (£29bn)


Centres of excellence are found

all over the world

26 countries, across every continent, are

represented in the top 200 world rankings for

universities (tables usually based on

research excellence)

Innovation hotspots are found all over the world


Knowledge transferred through

international collaboration

Proportion of the world’s papers produced with more than one

international author:

Growth in international student numbers:


Government has a role….

“Globally, science and

technology are also crucial for

overcoming the financial crisis

and ensuring stable, balanced

and sustainable economic

development.’’

Wen Jiabao

Premier of the People's Republic of China

Royal Society, June 2011


Invest….

2010 Spending Review Settlement for Science and Research

Provides stable, long-term resource funding

£4.6bn p.a. for Science and Research programmes in each year to 2014–15

No change from 2010–11 in cash terms and ring-fenced across the four year period

£200m of new science capital funding in

Autumn Statement 2011:

• Institute of Animal Health

• large-scale demonstrators of new

technologies

• the next generation of small radar satellites

• ARCHER Phase II

• essential infrastructure

New funding in Oct 2011 & Budget 2012:

£50m to support the commercialisation of

graphene

£145m for high performance computing

£100m for University Research Partnerships –

Budget 2012

£100m for Research & Innovation

Campuses in 2011 Budget:

Babraham ▪ Norwich ▪ Daresbury ▪ Harwell ▪

International Space Innovation Centre


Collaborate….

Maintaining

excellence

Supports

Growth

Budget

efficiency

Wider public

policy goals

Higher quality results

Access to knowledge

Access to endemic research subjects

Attracts Foreign Direct Investment

Improved financial performance

Trade through international collaboration

Sharing of cost and risk

Increase rates of innovation

Increase research efficiency

Tackling global challenges

Capacity building in low income countries

Science diplomacy

Future

excellence

Build strategic research links of future scientific and economic

opportunities


Be Mobile….

International Comparative Performance of the UK Research

Base – 2011 (Elsevier)


Work together on global

challenges….

• Major response to strategic challenges for the

nation – and the world

• Coordinated impact greater than sum of the

parts

Food Security

Digital Economy

Living With

Environmental

Change

Global

Uncertainties

Ageing

Energy


Foresight impact:

Southern African Centre for Infectious Diseases

Global to local

• SACIDS - Managing the risk of infectious diseases


UK remains World Class

Excellence

The UK research base is second in the world for excellence and the

UK is the most productive country for research in the G8

Citations per $ spend in public R&D

2

1.8

1.6

1.4

1.2

1

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0

1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

UK USA CANADA FRANCE GERMANY ITALY JAPAN CHINA


Coming together is a beginning;

keeping together is progress;

working together is success.

Henry Ford

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