Social Equity Indicators - sacog

sacog.org

Social Equity Indicators - sacog

Sacramento Regional Consortium Meeting

February 23, 2011

SMUD

http://regionalchange.ucdavis.edu


• Background on SACOG’s and UCD Center for

Regional Change equity analysis

• Sample indicators and overview of issues to

consider in indicator development

• Presentation and discussion of some specific

indices under development for the SACOG area


Sacramento SCORECARD

Neighborhood Action Assessment

Avondale and Glen Elder

Grapple with Environmental

Hazards and Low Income

Avondale and Glen Elder

Median Household Income 2008

Many households live in poverty.

A majority of households are overburdened

by housing costs.

Substantial exposure to environmental

hazards threatens the health of residents.

Avondale and Glen Elder, two historic

south Sacramento neighborhoods, are

faced with limited opportunity. Many obstacles

faced by the region, including poverty,

low household income, and exposure to

environmental hazards, are particularly

acute in the Avondale and Glen Elder

neighborhoods. These obstacles

combine to limit the

opportunities available to

residents of these

neighborhoods, and must

be addressed to build equity.

or more of household income on

rent, which is a level above which

households may begin to struggle

to meet other costs such as food

In a time of economic decline

across the country, many families

struggle to afford rising costs amidst diminished

opportunity for employment. Some

communities in the region have been particularly

hard hit by poverty, and Avondale

and Glen Elder are no exception. In these

neighborhoods, many households survive

on incomes below the Federal Poverty

Level, which was just over $22,000 in 2009

for a family of four (http://aspe.hhs.gov/

poverty/09poverty.shtml). In fact, a majority of

households in these neighborhoods live at

or below 200 percent of the

Federal Poverty Level, often

considered to be an indicator

of true poverty. This concentration

of poverty is not evident

in many areas of Sacramento

County, as shown in

the map on reverse, but is

clearly evident in Avondale and Glen Elder.

Source: Geolytics 2008 estimates based on US Census 2000

Sacramento County

Further exacerbating low household income, many families in Avondale

and Glen Elder are overburdened by housing costs. Many households

pay 30 percent or more of household income on rent, which is a

level above which households may begin to struggle to meet other

costs such as food and transportation. In many sections of these

neighborhoods, 50 to 69 percent of households are paying more than

30 percent of household income on rent, as shown in the map on the

reverse. These statistics show the harsh reality of concentrated poverty

and high housing costs for these neighborhoods.

SCORECARD is a collaboration between the Coalition on Regional Equity and the UC Davis Center for Regional

Change. This report is part of a longer term process dynamically linking community involvement with regional mapping

and GIS analysis to support advocacy and organizing that promotes

regional equity and health in the six county Sacramento

region. For more information, visit (custom website link here).


• Alternative to GDP

• Personal consumption

adjusted for inequality

• Add non‐quantified value

(housework, parenting,

volunteer work, higher

education)

• Subtract dis‐amenities

▪ Costs of crime

▪ Loss of leisure time

▪ Costs of commuting

▪ Costs of pollution

▪ Resource depletion


• Education (5 variables)

• Economy (5)

• Mobility & Transportation

(3)

• Health & Environment (5)

• Neighborhood Quality (6)


• Is it relevant?

• Does it relate to important values and goals

• Is it understandable and usable?

• To SACOG and to social equity constituency

• Does it help us understand links between land

use/transportation and social equity?

• Is the data consistent and reliable?

• Can it be used to compare over time and between

places?

• Do they help us understand conditions for both

places and people?


Cumulative

Environmental

Hazards Index

(CEHI)

Social

Vulnerability Index

(SVI)

Index of Youth

Vulnerability

Opportunity Index


• Proximity to pollution sources

• Toxic release sites

• Refineries

• Hazardous waste treatment and disposal sites

• Chrome platters

• Ambient air pollution

• Air toxic assessment of total cancer risk


• Low education

• HS dropouts

• Early parenthood

• Teen birth rates

• Broken Families

• Foster care placement rates

• Prison pipeline

• Juvenile felony arrest rates

• Low income

• Median family income


3.8

Weighted Average YVI in 2008

3.7

3.6

3.5

Weighted Average YVI in 2008

3.4

3.3

3.2

3.1

White Black/African American Hispanic Asian Other


• Low education

• Percent of adults who have less than high school

degree

• Low income

• Percent of households below the poverty line

• Segregation

• Percent linguistically isolated

• Percent of individuals non‐white

• Others…


Possible index components

• Neighborhood “completeness”—index of local access to regular

destinations

• Health food access (full grocery stores and farmers markets)

• Health services

• Child care services

Social services

• Entertainment

• Job access and income

• Housing availability & affordability

• Environment

• e.g. parks, open space, tree canopy

• Education

• Mobility and Transportation

• Close access to high quality transit

• Connections to jobs and services

• Health


• How do I get involved?

• To help with specific indicators and design, sign up for

working sessions at:

▪ http://www.sacog.org/sustainable/

▪ Email Monica Hernández mhernandez@sacog.org

• Feedback now

• Comments on overall approach?

▪ E.g. environment, vulnerability, opportunity

• How can we best communicate and display

indicators?

• What is the value of combined indices versus

individual indicators?

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