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Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...

Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...

Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development

FINAL REPORT A Systems Approach to High Performance Buildings: A Computational Systems Engineering R&D Program to Increase DoD Energy Efficiency SERDP Project EW-1709 Satish Narayanan Sunil Ahuja Niranjan Desai Zheng O‟Neill Slaven Peles Amit Surana Russell Taylor Shui Yuan United Technologies Research Center Bryan Eisenhower Igor Mezić Vladimir Fonoberov AimDyn, Inc. Kevin Otto Researchers Organization Eugene Cliff John Burns Jeff Borggaard Virginia Tech Angela Lewis Paul Ehrlich Jeff Seewald Building Intelligence Group LLC FEBRUARY 2012

  • Page 2 and 3: This report was prepared under cont
  • Page 4 and 5: Table of Contents 1. Abstract .....
  • Page 6 and 7: Table 3.1.1: Energy Efficient Desig
  • Page 8 and 9: Table A.6: HVAC Supply Side Retrofi
  • Page 10 and 11: Figure 3.1.15: On left is shown sit
  • Page 12 and 13: Figure 3.4.8 Optimization results f
  • Page 14 and 15: Figure 3.6.9: (Left) Floor-plan of
  • Page 16 and 17: Figure A.2 Window selection based o
  • Page 18 and 19: 40W/m2 step in the floor-mat flux.
  • Page 20 and 21: LEED - Leadership in Energy and Env
  • Page 22 and 23: 1. Abstract Retrofitting the existi
  • Page 24 and 25: 3. Develop and apply Critical Param
  • Page 26 and 27: 3.1.2 Problem Formulation 3.1.2-1 B
  • Page 28 and 29: 3.1.2-4 Energy Conservation Measure
  • Page 30 and 31: 0.25 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.05 0 Total S i
  • Page 32 and 33: The information available in the DO
  • Page 34 and 35: The procedure for selecting the rep
  • Page 36 and 37: shold. Thus, the way to interpret t
  • Page 38 and 39: Figure 3.1.9 % Site Energy Savings
  • Page 40 and 41: 3kBTU/ft 2 /year. For these computa
  • Page 42 and 43: Figure 3.1.15: On left is shown sit
  • Page 44 and 45: Figure 3.1.17: On left is shown sit
  • Page 46 and 47: with red circles) was chosen for th
  • Page 48 and 49: Figure 3.1.21: Site energy savings
  • Page 50 and 51: Figure 3.1.24: On left is shown sit
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    and information. This was followed

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    Building Location Floor Space (squa

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    Building Naval Base Ventura County

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    Notes: Building open. Mechanical (E

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    Ownership of facilities: For some o

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    fan power, etc. The data will be us

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    The Building 26 HVAC system consist

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    Figure 3.3.16 Building 1225 in Ft.

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    • Replacing T8 light fixture with

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    Figure 3.3.10: Simulation results f

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    Zone 4 4 Zone 5 4 Zone 1 12414 AHU

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    Sensitivity decomposition (Decomp):

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    3.4.3 DoD Case Studies The followin

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    Chillers:EnergyTransfer [J] 10% Var

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    The Primary Mover: Air Loop paramet

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    that otherwise would be hampered by

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    different cost functions and weight

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    This notion highlights the need to

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    Figure 3.4.11, are attributed to 2

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    and cooling end use from GSHP is ab

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    integrated with the existing energy

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    to analyze. Typically this includes

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    Similarly, the detectability rating

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    With these tasks complete, a mappin

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    Table 3.5.1 Probability of Occurren

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    systems. The “Alarmed” column i

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    Similarly, the distributions of sub

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    Probability 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 1000

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    Nightsetpoint turned off Zone 16 Da

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    3.6.1 Current Practices in Modeling

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    placement vent supplying conditione

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    Figure 3.6.2: Plan view of the firs

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    installed along heights of 12, 16,

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    Steady-state calculation. The model

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    Figure 3.6.10: Outputs of the syste

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    the supply air velocity undergoes l

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    at a minimum, the resulting low-ord

  • Page 126 and 127:

    The resulting outputs are then asse

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    Heating load: sensible 49.5 18.7 62

  • Page 130 and 131:

    Table 3.6.6: Input-output decomposi

  • Page 132 and 133:

    Closed-loop Simulation. The control

  • Page 134 and 135:

    Table No-slip Specified heat flux Z

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    Figure 3.6.27: Responses of the clo

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    Campolongo, F., Cariboni, J., and S

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    Ilak, M. and Rowley, C. W. 2008 Mod

  • Page 142 and 143:

    Thornton, B., et al., Technical Sup

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    • The wall heat flux due to condu

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    Envelope Retrofits Table A.3: Envel

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    In figure A.3, the total annual ene

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    100% Relative Error Between Reporte

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    1000 Reported Total EUI (kBTU/sf-yr

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    6.0% Total CBECS Energy Use Error D

  • Page 156 and 157:

    4.0% Total CBECS Cooling Energy Use

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    ing is modeled within a specific fr

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    Ability to Perform Advanced Analysi

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    T Supply water setpoint 60C Bypass

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    Electricity (GJ) 2000 1800 1600 140

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    C2 Sensitivity Decomposition Sensit

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    approximately 5000 m 2 (54k ft 2 )

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    which allows a comparison of distri

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    Figure C.4 Aggregated influence coe

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    more efficient equipment). In both

  • Page 176 and 177:

    Here, T ss (x) is the steady soluti

  • Page 178 and 179:

    and the sensed output is the temper

  • Page 180 and 181:

    degrees to the horizontal, and the

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    cally in figure 3.58, with the doma

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    esponse of (8, 9) is denoted by y k

  • Page 186 and 187:

    the volume-averaged temperature are

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    Figure D.14: Predicted outflow aver

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    with unrealistically low Reynolds n

  • Page 192 and 193:

    APPENDIX E: List of Scientific/Tech

Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
final report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
final report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
final report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...
Final Report - Strategic Environmental Research and Development ...