Institute of material and Environmental Chemistry

chemical research center ♦ H A S



Institute of Material and Environmental Sciences

chemical research center ♦ HAS

Printed in Budapest by Cerberus Ltd.



1 GENERAL INFORMATION ......................................... 7

2 SOME FINANCIAL AND PUBLICATION DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

3 THE ORGANIZATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

4 RESEARCH ACTIVITIES IN 2008 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

5 NATIONAL RESEARCH PROJECTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

6 INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH PROJECTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

7 ORGANISATION OF INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31

8 AWARDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

9 PARTICIPATION IN THE UNIVERSITY EDUCATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

10 INDUSTRIAL R&D PROJECTS ..................................... 38

11 RESEARCH FACILITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

12 PUBLICATIONS IN 2008 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

13 EXPERTIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51

14 CONTACTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66


Scientific research performed in our Institute in 2008 was aimed

at studying chemical problems of two main fields: materials as

well as environmental science.

The goal of the materials chemistry studies was to gain knowledge

about selected new materials in order to assist in their scientific

cognition, their evolution and to develop their production methods. For this purpose,

the details of chemical composition, structure, macroscopic properties and preparation

methods of some structural and functional materials, as models, were studied. Special

attention was paid to nanosized and nanostructured materials.

In environmental chemistry our results concerning the principles of chemistry as well

as the processes and technologies we developed, help reducing the environmental

impact both during production and utilization of materials as well as in production and

consumption of energy. Research is especially important in this field, because processes

involving man-made materials that take place in a natural environment are based mainly

on chemical reactions. As a consequence, chemical knowledge and technologies play a

mayor role.

Both research fields are interdisciplinary and are integrated from the point of view of

both the studied objects and the applied methods. Synthesis and investigation of various

materials systems are very important elements of both fields. In many cases, the same

systems were studied from the point of view of both materials chemistry and environmental

chemistry. As the subjects of our studies and the methods of investigation overlap, we

were able to offer a multidirectional treatment of materials and environmental issues.

Our yearbook informs you about the events and the achieved results of our Institute in

2008. I hope, this report will meet your interest.

Budapest, April 2009

János Szépvölgyi




Prof. Szépvölgyi, János, PhD, DSc


Scientific Council




Department of

Plasma Chemistry

Department of

Polymer Chemistry &

Materials Sciences

Department of

Applied Polymer

Chemistry & Physics

Department of



Laboratory for





Applied Polymer





59 scientists (2 members of HAS, 11 DSc, 19 PhD)

10 PhD students

29 technicians

Contact information

Address: H-1025 Budapest, Pusztaszeri út 59-67.

Mail: H-1525 Budapest, P.O.B. 17.

Phone: +36 (1) 438-1130, +36 (1) 438-1100, +36(1) 438-1101

Fax: +36 (1) 438-1147





The amount and the composition of our incomes in the last 5 years (in Million HUF) is to

be seen in the following figure.

The amount and the composition of our expenditures in the last 5 years (in Million HUF)

is to be seen in the following figure.

Number of scientific publications by IMEC’s co-workers and the mean impact factors of

these publications changed in the following way in the last 5 years.




Szépvölgyi, János

DSc, scientific adviser, professor


Beck, T. Mihály

Babos, Gábor

Kránicz, Andrea

Mezei-Seres, Ágota

Professor Emeritus, ordinary member of HAS



financial manager

Department of Plasma Chemistry

Head Mohai, Ilona PhD, senior research fellow

Staff Ajler, László technician

Bartha, Cecília

junior research fellow

Bertóti, Imre

DSc, Emeritus scientific adviser

Bíró, erzsébet


Feczkó, Tivadar**

PhD, senior research fellow

Fodor, Judit

PhD student, junior research fellow

Fodorné Kardos, Andrea** junior research fellow

Gulyás, László


Károly, Zoltán

PhD, senior research fellow

Kereszturi, Klára

PhD student, junior research fellow

Keszler, Anna Mária

junior research fellow

Klébert, Szilvia

PhD, research fellow

Kótai, László

PhD, senior research fellow

Laczkó, Zsuzsa


May, Zoltán

PhD, senior research fellow

Mohai, Miklós

PhD, senior research fellow

Petrikowsky, Ottó

electrical engineer

Szentmarjay, Erika**


Szentmihályi, Klára

PhD, senior research fellow


CSc, senior research fellow

Tóth, Judit**

PhD, research fellow

* As for March 1, 2009

** A joint group with the Research Institute of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of

Information Technology, University of Pannonia


Department of Polymer Chemistry and Materials Science

Head Iván, Béla

DSc, scientific adviser, privat docent

Staff Fodor, Csaba PhD student, junior research fellow

Haraszti, Márton

PhD, research fellow

Kali, Gergely

PhD student, junior research fellow

Mezey, Péter

junior research fellow

Pálfi, Viktória

junior research fellow

Podlaviczki, Blanka

secretary, assistant

Soltész, Amália

PhD student, junior research fellow

Szabó, L. Sándor

PhD, research fellow

Szanka, István

PhD student, junior research fellow

Szarka, Györgyi

PhD student, junior research fellow

Szesztay, Márta

CSc, senior research fellow

Tyroler, Erzsébet


Verebélyi, Klára

PhD student, junior research fellow

Department of Applied Polymer Chemistry and Physics*

Head Pukánszky, Béla

corresponding member of HAS

scientific adviser, professor

Staff Cseke, László technician

Erdőné Fazekas, Ildikó technician

Fekete, Erika

PhD, senior research fellow

Földes, Enikő

DSc, scientific adviser

Kriston, Ildikó

PhD student, junior research fellow

Meskó, Mónika


Móczó, János

PhD, research fellow

Renner, Károly

PhD student, junior research fellow

Selmeci, Erika


Szabóné Vers, Teréz


Szauer, Judit


Szirotkáné Sárai, Hajnalka technician

Tatay, Ede


* A joint group with the Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME), Department

of Physical Chemistry and Material Science, Laboratory of Plastics and Rubber Technology


Department of Environmental Chemistry

Head Pajkossy, Tamás

DSc, scientific adviser

Staff Bakos, István PhD, senior research fellow

Blazsó, Marianne

DSc, scientific adviser

Bozi, János

PhD student, junior research fellow

Czégény, Zsuzsanna

PhD, research fellow

Demeter, Attila

DSc, scientific adviser

Dóbé, Sándor

DSc, scientific adviser

Jakab, Emma

CSc, senior research fellow

Lendvay-Győrik, Gabriella PhD, research fellow, scientific secretary

Mészáros, Erika

PhD, research fellow

Mészáros, Gábor

PhD, senior research fellow

Metzger, Klára


Nádasdi, Rebeka

junior research fellow

Sebestyén, József


Sebestyén, Zoltán

junior research fellow

Szabó, Emese

junior research fellow

Szabó, Sándor

DSc, scientific adviser, professor

Várhegyi, Gábor

DSc, scientific adviser

Zügner, Gábor László PhD student, junior research fellow

Accredited Laboratory for Environmental Chemistry

No.: NAT-1-1378/2009

Head Horváth, Tibor PhD, senior research fellow

Staff Bartha, Eszter technician

Fekete, Éva

research fellow

Kéméndiné Fridrich, Erzsébet technician

Kiss, Mária


Lengyel, Béla

DSc, scientific adviser

Lengyel, István


Mayer, Zsuzsa Ajsa

PhD student, junior research fellow

Mink, György

CSc, senior research fellow

Prodán, Miklós

environmental engineer

Sándor, Zoltán

research fellow

Szabó, Péter

mechanical engineer

Tardi, Ilona


Tarlós, Éva




4.1 Research in materials chemistry

4.1.1 Synthesis and characterisation of nanolayers

Imre Bertóti, Klára Kereszturi*, Miklós Mohai, András Tóth

In the framework of investigations aimed at improving the tribological properties of

engineering polymers, the surface of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) was treated by

plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII or PI 3 ) in nitrogen. According to XPS studies,

the incorporation of nitrogen and decrease of surface O/C ratio took place. The bulk

plasmon loss energy of the C 1s peak increased, implying compaction of the surface

layer. Topographic and nanoindentation studies showed the increase of mean surface

roughness and hardness (H), and decrease of elastic modulus (E). Process conditions were

found, under which a fourfold increase was obtained in the abrasive wear resistance, as

determined by multiple nanoscratch measurements. The improvement in wear resistance

was accompanied by the increase in the H/E ratio.

The surface of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) was modified by saddle field fast atom

beam (FAB) source. According to XPS results, upon FAB-treatment the surface F/C value

decreased strongly. The small-scale wear resistance improved, the mean surface roughness

increased and the water contact-angle decreased upon FAB-treatment.

A new version of the XPS MultiQuant program, developed previously in our laboratory

for the quantitative evaluation of X-ray photoelectron spectra, was released. Geometry

parameters of small polyhedra can now be given, which allows modelling of rough surfaces

and more precise determination of thickness values of layers present on rough surfaces

like those of microcrystalline

or granular materials or striated

specimens. The applicability

of the new model and program

was tested on geometrically

structured silicon and aluminium


VG Escalab XPS equipment

* PhD student


4.1.2 Deposition of simple and composite ceramic coatings

Cecília Bartha*, Zoltán Károly, Anna Mária Keszler*, Szilvia Klébert, Ilona Mohai,

János Szépvölgyi

The aim of our research is to prepare coatings of good mechanical and tribiological

properties on metallic and nonmetallic substrates by atmospheric plasma spraying. The

coatings consist of single or multi component ceramics, or nanocomposite based ceramic

structures. This method results in the improvement of the mechanical and chemical

properties of the coated construction materials (eg. excellent wear and corrosion resistance,

hardness, thermal shock resistance etc.)

The plasma spraying process in operation

Novelties of our work are the followings:

The cross sectional view of a ~250 μm

thick ZrO 2

/Y 2

O 3

coating on iron plate

■■ Precursor powders, composites and nanocomposites are prepared by ourselves. These

powders are not available on the market

■■ The special additive powders, such as semiconductor SiC granules and ferrites with

high Curie point, are synthesized in our RF thermal plasma system


The spraying of non oxide ceramic powders (eg. SiC and Si N ), that rather decompose

3 4

instead of melt at high temperatures, were also studied. These ceramics are jointly used

with some oxide ceramics that help to form a molten phase

■■ The coatings are comprehensively analysed by various (chemical and phase composition,

structure, thickness, adhesion etc.) methods available either in our Institute or at our


* PhD student


4.1.3 Archeometry

Zoltán May, Klára Szentmihályi

Our main goal is the archaeometrical study of the provenance and production technology

of old, Hungarian historical (medieval) bricks in a complex way, with the help of modern

analytical methods and instruments (XRF, XRD, ICP-AES, TL, CL, ESR). For this

purpose, basic research must be accomplished including the chemical composition of

the raw materials (trace elements of the clay minerals), firing temperatures, and reaction

kinetics and mechanism during firing. On the other hand, we study the influence of these

parameters on the properties of bricks, as well.

The modern bricks produced in Hungary has been widely studied and well documented in

structural and chemical points of view. In contrast to this, Hungarian historical ceramics

and bricks were processed only according to their main style parameters. Only a few

sporadic results can be found from material sciences point of view. For this reason, we

aimed at collecting basic data about the history of technology and methodology of brick

making, using state-of-the-art techniques on selected samples.

Furthermore we intend to create an accessible and handy database about chemical

properties of these historical materials, which can be used for further archaeometrical

research. Such kind of database does not exist at this moment.

In the future, we will expand our studies to

the provenance and production technology of

Hungarian historical ceramics and jewelries, as


Measuring of a gepida beltbuckle from

4th-5th century B.C., Hungary, by

NITON portable XRF

NITON spectrometer is child’s play for

measuring chemical composition


4.1.4 Preparation, formulation and analysis of functional particulate


Tivadar Feczkó, Judit Tóth

In the framework of an international project, called BioPowders, it was investigated how

nanostructured chitosan microspheres can be used for enzyme immobilization, and how

they influence the activity of the biocatalyst. The nanostructured biocatalyst supporter was

proved to be useful for biotechnological purposes.

Important results were achieved in industrial use of particulate solids, applicable for

covering material of electrical elements, and in improvement of their characteristics:

ferrite powders were produced with proper magnetic and morphological characteristics.

The rheological properties of ceramics were meliorated by fluid granulation.

Transport processes of soil contaminants were studied. The particle size distribution of

soil samples, mainly determining their behavior, was investigated by laser diffraction

analyzer. Composites of chitosan carrier material were prepared with protein type drug by

mechanically spouted bed dryer.

Study of the properties of protein and chitosan

solutions by Zetasizer Nano ZS instrument


4.1.5 Synthesis and examination of permanganates and


Judit Fodor*, László Kótai, Zoltán May, Klára Szentmihályi

Tetraammine-zinc(II)dipermanganate was prepared, and its structure was elucidated with

XRD and vibrational-spectroscopic methods. It has been stated that the compound has

a cubic lattice consisting of a 3D H-bound network built from blocks formed by four

permanganate anions and four zinc tetraammine cations.

The structure and the presence of certain microenvironments of essential metal complexes

bounded to polygalacturonic acid were studied.






The examination of iron-polygalacturonate








was highlighted because iron is known for a





long time as the most important metal ion. It is


a substantial component of several enzymes,


like some transfer and depository proteins,

hemo-globin and myoglobin in the form of





both non-heme and heme iron. According to




our earlier studies it was supposed that the





O n

iron is mainly found in divalent form in the




iron-polygalacturonate and it is connected

to the glycosidic oxygen also with covalent An iron (II) environment in an ironpolygalacturonate





for curing anaemia

Mössbauer spectroscopic studies supported

the findings of the effectiveness of the

Ferrocomp tablet. The agent of it, the ironpolygalacturonate

has of natural origin

and it contains iron in accordance with the

form of iron bond in plants. Because of it

the absorption and bioavailability of ironpolygalacturonate

occur similarly to the

form of our natural foodstuffs. Ferrocomp

tablet is a product of In Vitro Kft. based on

the licence of Chemical Research Center.

The form of iron-bound in Ferrocomp

tablet - as iron dissolved in apple

* PhD student


4.1.6 Nanostructured amphiphilic polymer conetworks and their


Gábor Erdődi, Csaba Fodor*, Márton Haraszti, Béla Iván, Gergely Kali*, Péter Mezey*,

Sándor Szabó

Our research with amphiphilic conetworks and hydrogels aims at in part drug delivery as

well as yeast cell immobilization in polymer hydrogels. Poly(N-vinylimidazole) based

amphiphilic conetworks were synthesized for binding different metal ions from aqueous

solutions due to the complex formation of this polymer with positively charged ions. AFM

measurements confirmed nanophase separated structure of the new conetworks. The metal

ion chelating of these conetworks was also studied.

The swelling behavior of the poly(metacrylic acid)-l-polyisobutylene conetworks were

investigated in aqueous solutions containing Ca 2+ , Cu 2+ and La 3+ ions. We have found

that in contrast to the conventional homopolymer hydrogels, these amphiphilic gels did

not collapse. A new process was also developed for the synthesis of APCNs based on

ethoxyethyl acrylate and ethoxyethyl methacrylate monomers. Thermoanalysis of the

conetworks was carried out. Hydrolysis, thermolysis and swelling behavior were studied

by IR spectroscopy.

Successful synthesis of nanosilver containing nanohybrid amphiphilic conetworks based

on poly(N,N-dimethylacrylamide)-l-polyisobutylene was also investigated. Existence of

silver nanoparticles was proved by TEM and UV-VIS spectrophotometry.

We have made attempts for the synthesis of new amphiphilic conetworks, which possess

„intelligent”, thermo-responsive properties. As hydrophilic component, poly(N,N-diethyl

acrylamide) in conjunction with hydrophobic polydimethylsiloxane and polyisobutylene

were used. Such materials can be applied in a wide range of applications from biomaterials

and biotechnology to sensors.

* PhD student

AFM image of a nanophasic amphiphilic

conetwork (250x250 nm)


4.1.7 Synthesis of well-defined polymers with narrow polydispersity and

complex architecture via quasiliving radical polymerization

Béla Iván, Amália Soltész*, Ákos Szabó*, István Szanka*, Márta Szesztay

Quasiliving radical polymerizations have been rapidly progressing in recent years. These

new processes have largely extended the capabilities of polymer chemistry. The potential

benefits of these new polymerization technics are related to the unique and improved

physical and chemical properties of the resulting polymers. Due to these inventions,

a variety of new applications have come into view. In comparison to earlier methods,

quasiliving radical polymerizations have huge advantages from both economic and

environmental points of view.

We developed a new synthetic method to produce hyperbranched polymers. On the basis

of kinetics and mechanism of quasiliving radical polymerization, the use of commercially

available monomers (styrene and (meth)acrylates) for the synthesis of hyperbranched

polymers with different functional groups by one-pot reactions is possible. Our research

group has the know-how to exploit quasiliving radical polymerizations in several fruitful

international cooperations. For example, we have a long-term R&D cooperation with the

DuPont Co.

The synthesis of well-defined block copolymers of isobutylene and poly(ethylene oxide)

based macromonomers via quasiliving carbocationic/radical polymerizations was also

explored. These biocompatible polymers might be of great importance in medicinal


The polymers have been characterized by a gel permeation chromatography (GPC) system

equipped with multi-angle light scattering (MALS) detector and 1H NMR spectroscopy.

The preparation of polymer samples for analysis

* PhD or university student


4.1.8 Carbocationic polymerization

Gábor Erdődi, Béla Iván, György Kasza*, Viktória Pálfi, Ákos Szabó*, Márta Szesztay,

Klára Verebélyi*

Our research covers studies on the mechanism of quasiliving carbocationic polymerisation

and the modification, and structure related properties of the resulting novel polymers. We

studied the effect of certain additives on the polymerization of isobutylene which leads to

the formation of double bonds at the polymer chain end quantitatively under carbocationic


Polyisobutylene bearing olefinic chain end was successfully functionalized by “thiol-ene”

reactions. This method permits the development of various functional groups in a simple

addition reaction.

Investigations on environmentally benign, “green polymer” syntheses were also carried

out. We have synthesized polystyrene with different structures at room temperature without

the use of chlorinated solvents, and the minimum required concentrations of additives

were also determined.

Taking advantage of a side reaction, considered previously as an undesirable process, we

managed the production of hyperbranched polystyrene. We have explored and verified that

the branched structure is the result of an intramolecular Friedel-Crafts alkylation reaction

between the carbocatonic chain end and a phenyl group along the polymer chain. The

reaction conditions have been optimized in order to control the structure and properties of

the hyperbranched polymers.

A new type of functional polymer in

precipitated state

* MSc student


4.1.9 Degradation and stabilization of polyolefins

Enikő Földes, János Kovács*, Ildikó Kriston*, János Móczó, Béla Pukánszky,

Károly Renner*

The effects influencing degradation and stability of polyethylene and polypropylene

produced by different catalysts were studied under processing and application conditions.

The role of catalyst residues and processing conditions in the characteristics of

polyethylene and polypropylene were investigated. Relationships were established among

the characteristics of nascent polymer powder, the composition of additive package and the

chemical reactions taking place during the processing of polyethylene. It was established

that the type of phosphorous antioxidants determines the reactions of polyethylene during

processing in the first place.

The differences in the reaction mechanism of various phosphorous antioxidants were

explored by model experiments. We concluded that the efficiency is influenced by both

the reactivity and the self-thermal stability of phosphorous molecule. The effect of acid

scavengers on the efficiency and consumption of antioxidants was studied in polyethylene

and found to depend strongly on the composition of the complete additive package. The

hydrolytic stability of antioxidants was studied in polyethylene pipes in cooperation with

TVK polymer producer. The results are utilized directly in the development of additive

packages for polyolefins improving the competitiveness of the products.

Effect of additive composition on the discoloration of polyethylene

pipes soaked in water at 80 °C for different times

* PhD student


4.1.10 Natural and synthetic polymers and their composites

Kristóf Bagdi*, Emília Csiszár, Zita Dominkovics*, Gábor Faludi*, Erika Fekete,

Balázs Imre*, Szilvia Klébert, János Kovács*, Alfréd Menyhárd, János Móczó,

Kinga Molnár*, Péter Müller, Béla Pukánszky, Béla Pukánszky Jr*, Károly Renner*,

András Sudár*, József Varga

Structure-property relationships and deformation processes under loading were studied in

natural and synthetic polymers, as well as in their composites. Deformation and breaking

mechanism of PP/sawdust composites containing particles of different sizes were studied.

The conclusion was drawn that the stiffness of the composite increases with increasing

filler content, but the modulus is not influenced significantly by the type and amount

of functionalized polymer used as coupling agent. The other mechanical characteristics

depend strongly on the type and amount of coupling agent (maleic anhydride modified

polypropylene). Coupling agents with higher molecular masses and lower functionality

are favorable for obtaining higher mechanical strength and impact resistance.

Significant progress was achieved in the study of layered silicate/polymer nanocomposites

produced by delamination. The structure was also investigated by rheology. The results

showed that the relaxation time is increased by network structure formed as a result of

exfoliation in layered silicate nanocomposites, which is well reflected in the rheological

properties. Parameters describing

quantitatively the changes in

structure were determined by model

calculations. Groups and segments

in cellulose acetate and some natural

polymers of similar structure were

assigned to the α-, β- and γ-relaxation

transitions measured by DMTA.

Mechanical testing of polymers

* PhD student


4.2 Research in environmental chemistry

4.2.1 Research on feedstock recycling of plastics waste

Marianne Blazsó, János Bozi*, Béla Iván, Zsuzsanna Czégény, Emma Jakab,

Györgyi Szarka*, Márta Szesztay

Utilization of Y-zeolite for promoting pyrolytic recycling of polyamide 6,6 and ABS

(acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer) has been studied. It was found that the

thermal decomposition of these polymers leading to environmentally dis-trustful nitrogen

containing com-pounds is not

altered significantly. Nevertheless,

the thermal de-composition product

molecules formed under pyrolysis

of these polymers can be converted

over zeolite. The protonic Y-zeolites

are able to denitrogenate pyrolysis

products, while the contaminating

halogen compounds could be

eliminated from the pyrolysate

over Na-zeolites. Dehalogenation

activity proved to be diverse for

compounds of different type of

Column replacement in GC-MS equipment

halogen-carbon bond.

We have continued our research on

the degradative transformation of PVC to make environmentally advantageous secondary

products. The effect of zinc stearate, a widely used heat stabilizer was investigated to

make the degradation and the appearence of polyene sequences in the polymer backbone

faster at the same time. This

phenomenon permits a new type

of transformation of PVC wastes

in which the PVC containing

reactive double bonds could be

the starting material of secondary


Evaluation of a Pyrolysis-GC-MS measurement

* PhD student


4.2.2 Studies on the utilization of biomass materials

Erika Mészáros, Emma Jakab, Zoltán Sebestyén*, Gábor Várhegyi

A novel environmental-friendly process has been employed for bleaching wood pulps

using laccase enzime and violuric acid mediator at the University of Beira, Portugal. We

have applied a degradative method for the determination of the residual lignin content of

the pulps using in-situ pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. It was observed

that the distribution of the lignin monomers changed significantly in the pyrograms of

the pulps and the isolated residual lignins. It was established that the functional groups

of lignin undergo similar chemical reactions during enzymatic biobleaching than during

Kraft pulping.

The thermal decomposition reactions

play crucial role in combustion as well

as in various industrial processes, thus,

we studied the thermal decomposition of

biomasses that are abundantly available

as by-products or are suitable for feasible

production in energy plantations. The range

of the samples studied in 2008 included

straws, corn-stalk, sorghum, rice husk and

Ethiopian mustard. Kinetic models were

established that describes well the thermal

decomposition of these substances at

different temperature programs. Though

the studied samples showed a wide

variation in their composition and mineral

matter content, similarities were found in

the kinetics of their thermal behavior.

Study of a biomass sample by thermogravimetry

- mass spectrometry

* PhD student


4.2.3 Atmospheric chemistry studies

Attila Demeter, Sándor Dóbé, Mária Farkas*, Rebeka Nádasdi*, István Szilágyi,

Gábor László Zügner*

The rate constant for the elementary reaction of OH radicals with acetyl-fluoride, CH 3


F, and its photodissociation quantum yield (QY) have been determined. A strong negative

inductive effect caused by the F-substituent was observed for the OH-reaction. The effect

was quantified by deriving group-aditivity value for the FCO group. The photodissociation

QY has been found significantly less than unity indicating an important role of physical

quenching in the mechanism. Acetyl-fluoride is a reaction intermediate formed during the

atmospheric degradation of the Freon-substitute HFC-152a (CH 3


). The laboratory

results imply that the atmospheric lifetime of CH 3

C(O)F is relatively short and so its

global warming potential is not significant.

The quenching rate of singlet excited acetone by O 2

has been determined under atmospheric

conditions. The rate constant of this spin forbidden process is comparatively small and the

observed temperature dependence is in accordance with a negative activation energy.

A simple method has been proposed for the synthesis of 3,3’,5,5’-tetra-(trifluoromethyl)-

benzophenone. This molecule possesses very interesting photochemical and photophysical

properties with promising applications in environmental photochemistry.

Reaction kinetic investigation in a fast

discharge flow apparatus.

* PhD or university student


4.2.4 Environmental electrochemistry

István Bakos, Gabriella Lendvay-Győrik, Gábor Mészáros, Tamás Pajkossy,

Sándor Szabó

Platinum is getting progressively accumulated in the environment. Because of it a highly

sensitive method for measuring platinum concentration has been developed. This method

is based on deposition of ultra-low quantity of platinum on gold at potentials more positive

than the equilibrium potential.

Basic electrochemical measurements – mostly cyclic voltammetry and impedance

spectroscopy - have been carried out for characterizing adsorption of certain anions and

to study the structure of the double layer on platinum group metals in simple aqueous

binary electrolyte solutions. As it was demonstrated by impedance measurements, the

exchange kinetics of anions can be characterized between outer and inner positions of the

electrochemical double layer.

We have previously elaborated

a method and device for the fast

measurement of electric currents

in the femtoampere range. This

device has been improved and

now it can be used for sensitive

electrochemical measurements employing

ultramicroelectrodes and

also in electrochemical scanning

probe microscopes.

High frequency impedance measurement


4.2.5 Monitoring and remediation of oil contaminated soils;

Regeneration of active carbon adsorbents

Éva Fekete, Tibor Horváth, Béla Lengyel, Zsuzsa Mayer*, György Mink, Emma Jakab,

Miklós Prodán, Zoltán Sándor, Péter Szabó

In the framework of an industrial contract, preliminary experiments have been carried out

by geoelectric method to detect and localize underground oil impurities originating from

damaged pipelines. Parallel to this, technology development has been started to mitigate

harm at the contaminated areas, both by impurity fixation and by in site chemical oxidation

(ISCO) methods. To characterize the pipe-transported fluids as possible contaminants,

domestic crude oils and a large number of their lighter derivatives have been analysed

in detail, using GC/MS, HPLC, and UV/VIS methods. Similarly, proper and reliable

analytical methods were developed to determine the concentration and the composition

of the assumed contaminants, both in

soil and groundwater.

Project entitled “Method and

equipment for the regeneration of

active carbon adsorbents used for

air purification in spray painting

manufactures” has been finished in

2008. As a last phase of our activity,

the reference unit of 600 kg/d

capacity, to be used on the spot of

the workshop, was supplied with a

modern process control and data

acquisition system.

Soil resistance measurement

* PhD student


4.2.6 Surface coating technologies with reduced VOC emission

Éva Fekete, Béla Lengyel

Low VOC content coating systems that are built up from different solvent borne and

waterborne paints and contain new, environmentally friendly pigments were investigated,

and their resistance to water moisture and salt spray, as well as their lacquer technical

properties were determined.

Painted steel plates after different exposures

The corrosion of base metal (steel) is observable after the removal of painting

After humidity chamber exposure

After salt spray chamber exposure

100 hours 300 hours 100 hours 300 hours

The corrosion resistance and the lacquer technical

properties of coating systems built up on cast iron

and zinc-phosphated steel component parts were

investigated. On the basis of these investigations

environmental-friendly coating systems that acceptably

withstand heat and sparks have been recommended for

painting the external surface of the brakes of railway

carriages. By using waterborne materials cost reduction

and environment protection were both achieved.

Thickness measurement of

paint coating systems



Hungarian Scientific Research Fund OTKA-NKTH


Study of the chemical processes of biomass utilisation (K-72710)

■■ Upgrading waste plastic pyrolysis products by eliminating the environment polluting

components (K-68752)

■■ Atmospheric kinetics and photochemistry of carbonyl molecules and carbonyl free

radicals (K-68486)

■■ Investigation of the structure and functional properties of complex surface nanolayer

of polymers and the potential application as drug delivery systems (K-68120)

■■ Surface and interfacial phenomena in heterogeneous polymer films and layers (K-67936)

■■ Environmental electrochemistry (K-67874)

■■ Particle beam modification of engineering polymers (K-67741)

■■ Application of thermal analysis for studying thermal decomposition reactions of

environmental interest (K-61504)

■■ Polymers with novel topologies (T-48409)

■■ Study of electrosorption: a bridge between the investigations in electrochemistry,

electrocatalysis, corrosion and colloid chemistry (T-45888)

■■ Study of micro- and macromechanical deformation processes in reinforced plastics


■■ New branched polymers based on poly(ethylene oxide) (F-61299)

Other Hungarian Research Grants

■■ Development of high temperature radar absorbing material by nanotechnology

(NKTH, OMFB-00252/2007)

■■ Metal vapor supported arc plasma torch

(NKTH, OM-00078/2007, JÁP_TSZ_P0400808)

■■ The role of bioactive small molecules and elements in redox homeostasis of liver and

bowel diseases and intestinal tumors (Ministry of Welfare, ETT 012/2006)

■■ Redox-homeostasis, bioactive agents and secunder prevention: product of Rhodiola

rosea for adjuvant therapy in patients after prostatectomy and chemotherapy

(Ministry of Welfare, ETT 354/2006)

■■ DermaVir – Therapic Vaccine Innovation Technology Cluster (National Office for

Research and Technology, DermaVi_HIKC05 Asbóth platform, OM-00212/2005)

■■ Development of method and equipment for the regeneration of active carbon

adsorbents used for the purification of air that contains organic pollutants

(NKTH, GVOP-3.1.1.-2004-05-0153/3.0)



Research Projects supported by the European Community


Stratosphere-Climate Links with Emphasis On The UTLS – SCOUTO3


■■ Biopowders: Research Training in Powder Technology for competitive manufacture of

food, pharmaceutical, nutraceutical and biological powders


Intergovernmental Research Cooperation


In cooperation with BASF AG (Germany), nanopowders with special characteristics

were produced.

■■ Thermodynamic modeling and experimental study of plasma chemical reactions on

Si/C/N/O/B/H system was performed in a Hungarian-Russian bilateral agreement with

the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry of RAS.


In cooperation with Warsaw University Chemistry Department carbon onions

containing magnetic nanoparticles were prepared in RF thermal plasma.

■■ Tetraamminezinc(II) dipermanganate was prepared, and its structure was elucidated

with XRD and vibrational-spectroscopic methods in a HAS-INSA cooperation with

Jodhpur University.


Research of new type, multifunctional polymers was performed with the help of

DuPont (USA) Research Award.

■■ Structure/property relationships were established for polypropylene and polyamide

based nanocomposites in a wide international cooperation including the Univeristy

of Twente (The Netherlands), the University of Inha (South Korea) and the Polymer

Institute of the Slovak Academy of Sciences.



Stabilization of various polymers was studied in cooperation with Clariant Huningue

S. A. (France).

The double layer structure of various metal systems was characterized in a DFG-HAS

cooperation with the Department of Electrochemistry, University of Ulm, Germany.

■■ Physical Chemistry of the Atmosphere – Bettering by Research, common PhD

supervision. ARCUS / PhyCA-FoR, 2006/08 project with University of Lille, France.


■■ The temperature and pressure dependence of the photodissociation quantum yield has

been determined in the framework of a Hungarian-French intergovernmental R&D

program in cooperation with the CNRS Laboratory of Combustion and Reactive

Systems, Orleans, France.

■■ Molecular mechanism has been proposed for the atmospheric photodissociaton of

acetone as a result of a Hungarian-Polish intergovernmental R&D cooperation program

aimed at studying the interaction between climate change and the chemistry of the


■■ Rate constants have been determined and potential energy surfaces constructed for

the elementary reactions of bromine atoms with selected organics in cooperation with

researchers at the University of Wroclaw in the framework of a bilateral R&D program

between the Hungarian and Polish Academy of Sciences.

■■ Photophysical studies, supported by the Volkswagen Foundation, have been performed

in cooperation with researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry

in Göttingen.




The thermal behavior of biomass materials was studied in Hungarian-Chinese TéT

cooperation with the China University of Petroleum.

The utilization of biomass materials was studied in cooperation with the Norwegian

University of Science and Technology in Trondheim.

As a contribution to the reduction of the risk of smoking, pyrolysis of tobacco was

studied with researchers of the British American Tobacco R&D Centre.

■■ A novel environmental-friendly process has been employed for bleaching wood pulps

using laccase enzime and violuric acid mediator in cooperation with the University of

Beira (Portugal).



■■ Symposium entitled “Free Radicals and Microelements” was jointly organized by the

Hungarian Society for Free Radical Research and the Working Committee on Trace

Elements of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences on September 26, 2008 at the MSD

Centrum. The symposium was chaired by Klára Szentmihályi.

■■ Austrian-Croatian-Hungarian Combustion Meeting (ACH2008) was organized in Sopron

(Hungary) on October 3, 2008. The main objective of the meeting was to strengthen

the regional connections between researchers, engineers and industrial partners in both

basic and applied combustion science and combustion technology. Chair of the meeting

was Sándor Dóbé.



■■ János Szépvölgyi has been awarded the Knight Cross, the Order of Merit of the

Hungarian Republic, granted by the President of the Hungarian Republic on the

occasion of March 15 th .

■■ Béla Pukánszky received the Albert Szentgyörgyi Award for his outstanding work

in University Education from István Hiller, Minister of Culture and Education, on

January 22.

■■ János Szépvölgyi was the recipient of the Varga József Award and Medal while János

Móczó received the University Medal at the meeting of the Chemical Technology

Committee on December 9, 2008.

■■ István Szanka got a certificate of merit of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences from

Tamás Németh, General Secretary of HAS, for his outstanding work on December

11, 2008.

■■ Péter Mezey and Gábor László Zügner won the Young Scientist Award while Klára

Kereszturi got special honorable mention at the Science Days of the Chemical Research

Center of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences on December 5, 2008.

■■ The Hungarian Chemical Society Prize of Excellence was awarded to Amália Soltész

for her MS thesis entitled “Synthesis of hyperbranched poly(methyl methacrylate)

from dental filling monomers” at the XXXI st Chemical Presentation Days in Szeged

on October 27, 2008.



Undergraduate students supervised by Professor Béla Iván won the following prizes

at the Scientific Student Conference 2008 of the Eötvös Loránd University:


• György Kasza - distinguished 1 prize


• Ákos Szabó - 2 prize.

Undergraduate students, supervised by our colleagues, won the following prizes at

the Scientific Student Conference of the Budapest University of Technology and



• Dóra Tátraaljai (supervised by Enikő Földes) - 1 prize


• Csaba Kenyó (supervised by János Móczó) - 2 prize


• Gábor Pénzes (supervised by Enikõ Földes) - 3 prize.



In 2008, coworkers of IMEC delivered the following graduate and post-graduate lectures

and laboratory courses:

Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME)

■■ Additives of polymers (lecture by János Móczó)

■■ Advanced ceramic materials (lecture course by János Szépvölgyi)

■■ Application of plastics (lecture by Erika Fekete)

■■ Bioengineer operations (laboratory course, Zoltán Sebestyén)

■■ Breaking and shatter proofing of plastics (laboratory course, Károly Renner)

■■ Composites (laboratory course, János Kovács)

■■ Composites (laboratory course, Károly Renner)

■■ Degradation and stabilization of polymers (PhD course by Enikő Földes)

■■ Die casting I-II (laboratory course, Károly Renner)

■■ Economy of plastics industry (lectures by Károly Renner)

■■ Electronics and measurement techniques (laboratory course, Gábor László Zügner)

■■ Extrusion of plastics (laboratory course, Ildikó Kriston)

■■ Foams (laboratory course, András Sudár)

■■ Identification of plastics (laboratory course, Erika Fekete)

■■ Identification of plastics (laboratory course, Ildikó Kriston)

■■ Introduction into materials science (special course by Imre Bertóti)

■■ IR spectroscopic studies of polymers (laboratory course, Enikő Földes)

■■ Mechanical investigations of plastics (laboratory course, János Móczó)

■■ Mechanical investigations of plastics (laboratory course, Károly Renner)

■■ Mechanical investigations of plastics (laboratory course, Károly Renner)

■■ Physical-chemistry (laboratory course, Gábor László Zügner)

■■ Plastics (lectures by János Móczó)

■■ Plastics (lectures by Béla Pukánszky)

■■ Plastics and environmental protection (lecture by Enikő Földes)

■■ Plastics in waste management (laboratory course, János Móczó)

■■ Plastics in waste management (special course by Enikő Földes)














Polymer blends and composites (lectures by Béla Pukánszky)

Polymer composites I-II (laboratory course, János Móczó)

Polymer physics (lectures by János Móczó)

Polymer physics (lectures by Béla Pukánszky)

Processing of plastics (lectures by Béla Pukánszky)

Processing of PVC (laboratory course, Enikő Földes)

Processing of PVC (laboratory course, János Kovács)

Rheology (laboratory course, János Kovács)

Structure and properties of plastics – Rheology, Strength of plastics, Composites

(PhD courses by Béla Pukánszky)

Thermal analysis I-II. (laboratory course, Erika Fekete)

Thermoforming (laboratory course, Károly Renner)

Vacuum forming (laboratory course, Károly Renner)

Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest (ELTE)

■■ Application of thermal decomposition reactions for waste utilization (special course

by Marianne Blazsó)

■■ Colloids and macromolecules (2) (lecture courses by Béla Iván)

■■ Designed synthesis of polymers (special course by Béla Iván)

■■ Methodological and ethic questions of the scientific research work (special course by

Mihály T. Beck)

■■ Molecular engineering of macromolecules (PhD course by Béla Iván)

■■ Molecular engineering of macromolecules (special course by Béla Iván)

■■ Physical, organic and analytical chemistry principles of molecular engineering of

macromolecules (PhD courses by Béla Iván)

■■ Physical-chemistry (laboratory course, Attila Demeter)

■■ Polymer chemistry (laboratory practice, Béla Iván)

■■ Polymer chemistry and technology (laboratory practice, Béla Iván, Györgyi Szarka,

Klára Verebélyi)

■■ Polymer chemistry and technology (lecture courses by Béla Iván)

■■ Principles of macromolecular chemical reactions (special course by Béla Iván)


PhD theses

■■ Loránd Gál: Synthesis of ferrite nanopowders by RF thermal plasma, Pannon

University, supervisors: János Szépvölgyi, Ilona Mohai

■■ Béla Jr. Pukánszky: Segmented polyurethane elastomers for endovascular surgery:

kinetics, properties, application, BME, supervisor: József Varga

■■ Sándor Géza Szabó: Poly(N,N-diethyl acrylamide)-l-polydimethylsiloxane

amphiphilic conetworks, ELTE, supervisor: Béla Iván

■■ Ildikó Szenes: Study of the shot noise of electrochemical charge transfer processes,

ELTE, supervisors: Béla Lengyel, Gábor Mészáros

MSc theses

■■ Nándor Bufa: PP composites filled with impregnated sawdust, effect of impregnation

on the properties of PP/sawdust composites, BME, conductors: János Móczó, Károly


■■ Árpád Figyelmesi: Kinetic characterization of synthesis of three-component

polyurethane elastomers, BME, conductor: Béla Pukánszky

■■ Gábor Gönczy: Characterization of micromechanical deformation processes in PP/

CaCO 3

composites, BME, conductors: János Móczó, Károly Renner

■■ Krisztián Huszár: Improving processibility of thermoplastic starch with different slip

agents and lubricants, BME, conductor: Béla Pukánszky

■■ Balázs Imre: Effect of processing conditions on the structure and properties of

polypropylene/layered silicate nanocomposites, BME, conductor: Béla Pukánszky

■■ Andrea Klein: Extraction of uranium from power plant ashes, Pannon University,

conductor: Tivadar Feckó, consultant: Rita Szakács-Födényi

■■ Kypros Efstathion: Synthesis and characterization of polyurethane prepolymer for the

development of novel acrylate-based polymer foam, BME, conductor: Béla Pukánszky

■■ Kinga Molnár: Study of the interfacial interactions in polylactide/calcium-sulfate

composites, BME, conductors: Béla Pukánszky, János Móczó

■■ Amália Soltész: Synthesis of hyperbranched poly(methyl methacrylate) from dental

monomers, ELTE, conductor: Béla Iván







András Sudár: Effect of particle size and adhesion on the deformation of PP/glass

bead composites, Study of the interfacial interactions in polylactide/calcium-sulfate

composites, BME, conductors: Béla Pukánszky, Károly Renner

Imre Szőke: Structure-property correlation in polyurethane elastomers, BME,

conductor: Béla Pukánszky

Péter Tiszavölgyi: Study of polypropylene composites containing untreated and surface

treated kaolin, BME, conductor: Erika Fekete

Andrea Turáni: Study of the surface properties of cellulose based substrates by inverse

gas chromatography, BME, conductors: Emília Csiszár, Erika Fekete

Róbert Vince: Synthesis of protein powder by drying, Pannon University, conductor:

Judit Tóth, consultant: Rita Szakács-Födényi

BSc theses




Gábor Dora: Study of the hydrolytic stability of polypropylene ribbed pipes, BME,

conductor: Enikő Földes

István Kókai: Development of low molecular weight polymer based desiccant

formulations for pharmaceutical application, BME, conductor: Károly Renner

Zsolt Sulyok: Study of the interfacial interactions in polylactide/calcium-sulfate

composites, BME, conductors: János Móczó, Károly Renner

Scientific Student Conference (TDK)

■■ Balázs Bobály: Thermogravimetric study biomass materials and the kinetic modelling

of their pyrolysis, BME, conductors: Gábor Várhegyi, Emma Jakab

■■ Mária Farkas: Does “green” Freon exist? Reaction kinetic and photochemical study

on the atmospheric chemistry of acetyl-fluoride, BME, conductor: Sándor Dóbé

■■ György Kasza: Synthesis of hyperbranched polystyrene by carbocationic

polymerization, ELTE, conductor: Béla Iván, Distinguished I. prize ELTE

■■ Csaba Kenyó: PVC/natural filler composites: interfacial interactions and

micromechanical deformation processes, BME, conductor: János Móczó – II. prize,


■■ Gábor Pénzes: The role of antioxidant interaction in the stability of high density

polyethylene, BME, conductor: Enikő Földes – III. prize, BME


■■ Amália Soltész: Synthesis of hyperbranched poly(methyl methacrylate) from dental

monomers, ELTE, conductor: Béla Iván

■■ Ákos Szabó: The effect of specialty additives on chain end reactions of

polyisobutylene under quasiliving carbocationic conditions, ELTE, conductor: Béla


■■ Ákos Szabó: Synthesis of polyisobutylene-poly(ethylene oxide) block copolymers

by the combination of quasiliving carbocationic and atom transfer radical

polymerizations, ELTE, conductor: Béla Iván, II. prize, ELTE

■■ Dóra Tátraaljai: Correlation between the composition of the additive package and the

hydrolytic stability of high density polyethylene pipe, BME, conductor: Enikő Földes

– I. prize, BME































Atomic Energy Research Institute HAS - Development of a new instrument

AIRSEC SAS - Development of wrapping materials of advanced properties

BASF AG - Synthesis of nanopowders with special properties

Borealis Polyolefine GmbH - Extention professional training

Bourns Ltd. - Participation in solving R&D problems

British American Tobacco - Research contract

Dekorsy Ltd. - Quality control of plastic and painted car body parts

Dunastyr Co. - Improvement of products

DuPont Co. (USA) - Participation in solving R&D problems for special polymers

Easton Ltd. - Participation in solving R&D problems

EPCOS Ltd. - Participation in solving R&D problems

GE Hungary Ltd. - Participation in solving R&D problems

Graboplast Co. - Participation in solving R&D problems

Hejő Carpolish Ltd. - Quality control of paint systems for car body parts

Hungarian Electrotechnical Control Institute - Corrosion testing of metal parts

In Vitro R&D Co. - Production of FERROCOMP pills for treatment of anemia

Innovatext Ltd. - Participation in solving R&D problems

Knorr-Bremse Railway Brake Systems Hungary Ltd. - Testing of paint systems

MAGYARLAKK Ltd. - Participation in developing waterborne paints

Mikropakk Ltd. - Participation in solving R&D problems

Momentive Performace Materials GmbH - Participation in solving R&D problems

NAGÉV Ltd. - Research contract

NOLATO Hungary Ltd. - Development and characterization of new products

PolyOne Hungary Ltd. - Improvement of flame retardant properties

Thomas&Bett Ltd. - Participation in solving R&D problems

Tiszai Vegyi Kombinát Co. - Stabilization of polyolefines, development of nanocomposites

TRIGON - Biotechnology Co. - Participation in solving R&D problems

Valeo Ltd. - Participation in solving R&D problems



Department of Plasma Chemistry

■■ Atmospheric plasma spraying system (Metco gun and feeder)

■■ Automatic titrator (Titralab Tim 900)

■■ Centrifuge (SIGMA 4K10)

■■ Continuous fluidized bed drier and granulator (laboratory size)

■■ Continuous mechanically spouted bed dryer with inert packing (laboratory and big

laboratory size)

■■ Contact angle measurement (SEE System)

■■ DC plasma furnace (40kW)

■■ ECWR plasma beam source (IPT PSQ100)

■■ Fast atom beam treatment facility (Ion Tech FAB 114)

■■ Freeze-dryer (Lyovac GT2, Leybold-Heraeus)

■■ High temperature reactors for gas-solid reactions

■■ Homogenizer (Braun)

■■ Microwave Digestion System (Anton Paar Multiwave 3000)

■■ Nanotribology tester (MicroMaterials Nanotest 600)

■■ Particle size analyzer (Malvern 2600 and Mastersizer)

■■ O/N Analyser in solid samples (Horiba/Jobin-Yvon, EMGA 620WC)

■■ Physi-and chemisorption measurements (AUTOSORB IC, Quantachrome)

■■ Plasma immersion ion implanter (ANSTO)

■■ Polarographic-voltammetric equipment

■■ RF and DC magnetron sputtering sources (AJA A315-UA, A320-UA)

■■ RF induction plasma systems (Linn, Tekna)

■■ Simultaneous ICP-AES (Spectro Genesis)

■■ Spectrometer with CCD-3000 detector (Jobin-Yvon TRIAX 550)

■■ Surface resistance meter (108 – 1014 Ω)

■■ Ultrasound homogenizer (Heat Systems-Ultrasonics W- 220 F )

■■ UV-VIS spectrophotometer (Biochrom 4060)

■■ Vibro Viscosimeter (SV-10)





X-ray photoelectron spectrometers (Kratos XSAM 800, VG Escascope, VG


X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, portable (Thermo Scientific NITON XL3t)

Zeta potencial, particle size and molecular weight analyzer with MP-2 autotirator

(Zetasizer Nano ZS)

Department of Polymer Chemistry and Materials Science





Gel permeation chromatograph (Waters 510)

Laboratory ozonizer (Yanko Industry Ozone Services)

Tester of PVC degradation (Donaulab)

UV curing flood lamp system equipped with 400W standard UV lamp (UV-A and

UV-B at 225mW/cm2) and manual shutter (DYMAX 5000-PC)

Department of Applied Polymer Chemistry and Physics

■■ Acoustic emission equipment (SENSOPOHONE AED 40/4)

■■ Contact angle goniometer (Rame-Hart 100-00-(115)-S Automated Goniometer)

■■ Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer (Mattson Galaxy 3000)

■■ Gas chromatograph (Perkin Elmer XLGC)

■■ Gas permeation analyzers (Brugger GDPC, Systech 8000 Oxygen Permeation


■■ High pressure liquid chromatograph (Knauer HPLC 64)

■■ High-speed fluid mixer (Thyssen Henschel FM/A10)

■■ Impact testers (Ceast Charpy 6546, Ceast Resil 5.5, Zwick (Izod, Charpy))

■■ Injection molding machines (Demag Intelect 50/330-100, BA 200 CD)

■■ Internal mixer (Brabender, W 50EHTl)

■■ Laboratory press (Fontijne SRA 100, JBT Engineering, 25t)

■■ Laboratory rolling mill (Schwabentan Polimix L1010)

■■ Mechanical testing system (Zwick 1445, Instron 5566)

■■ Microtome (Reichert-Jung, Polycut)

■■ Optical instruments (Hot Stage Mettler FP 82 HT, Polaroid DMC1 digital camera,

Hunterlab ColourQuest 45/0 Mathis Labomat BFA 12 colorimeter)











Rheometry (Göttfert 2002 capillary viscometer, Göttfert MPS-D MFI tester, Brabender

Rheotron rotational viscometer, Rheolab rheometer, Physica UDS 200 Universal

dynamic spectrometer, Ceast Modularis automatic MFI tester)

Single-screw extruder (Haake Rheomex S 3/4”, Brabender EXTRUSIOGRAPH)

Textile chemical equipment: steaming frame (Werner-Mathis DHE), laboratory fular


Thermal analyzers (Perkin Elmer DSC2, DSC7, TGA6, Mettler DSC30, TMA40,

TG50, Perkin Elmer Diamond DSC, Perkin Elmer Diamond DMA)

Thermomat Metrohm 763 PVC

Thermomechanical analyzer (Polymer Labs, DMTA II)

Twin-screw compounder (Brabender DSK 42/7)

UV-VIS spectrophotometer (Hewlett Packard 8452A, Unicam UV 500 UV-VIS


Vacuum thermoforming machine (VFP 0505 1SL)

Department of Environmental Chemistry

■■ Analytical pyrolyizer (CDS Pyroprobe 2000)

■■ Dielectric measurement device (in 5 Hz - 5 MHz range)

■■ Digital storage oscilloscopes

■■ Electrochemical measuring techniques (potentiostatic and galvanostatic, stationary

and transient voltametric facilities, electrode impedance spectroscopy, noise

spectroscopy, harmonic analysis)

■■ Excimer lasers

■■ Flash Xe lamp + power supply

■■ Gas chromatograph (HP 5880A)

■■ Gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer (Agilent 6890 GC / 5973 MSD)

■■ High pressure thermobalance (Hiden Hall IGA, high temperature furnace)

■■ High-pressure photolysis cell

■■ High-voltage power supplies

■■ Laser-diffraction particle size analyzer (Malvern 2600C)

■■ Microwave generators










Nanosecundum spectrometer + multichannel analyzer

Nd:YAG laser + dye laser + frequence-doubling unit

Pulsed laser spectrometer, consisting of: excimer laser, xenon lamp, oscilloscope,

monochromator, deuterium lamp + power supply, circulator


Thermobalance-mass spectrometer system (Hiden Hall 300 PCI, Perkin-Elmer


UV-C spectrometer

Laboratory of Environmental Protection

■■ Equipment for evaluating thin-layer chromatograms (Shimadzu)

■■ Finnigan MAT GC/MS instrument

■■ HPLC systems (Merck Hitachi, Waters 9110)

■■ HPLC/MS facility (Shimadzu LCMS 2010)

■■ ICP-OES spectrometer (Jobin-Yvon Ultrace 138)

■■ Methods for the evaluation of lifetime and paint properties of coatings

■■ Rapid corrosion resistance test equipments (salt-spray chamber, humidity chamber,

hot-cold cyclic test)

■■ Reactive thermobalance (Mettler)

■■ Semi-preparative HPLC equipment (Waters LC-Module 1)

■■ Solar simulator

■■ Stone chipping equipment

■■ Two-column GC with automatic dosing system (Perkin-Elmer Autosystem XL)

■■ UV-VIS spectrophotometer (Unicam)

■■ UV-VIS-NIR spectrophotometer (Jasco)

■■ Volumetric adsorption system for studying adsorption and chemisorption



4.1.1 Synthesis and characterisation of nanolayers

Alagta A, Felhősi I, Bertóti I, Kálmán E: Corrosion protection properties of hydroxamic

acid self-assembled monolayer on carbon steel, Corrosion Science, 50, 1644-1649


Kereszturi K, Szabó A, Tóth A, Marosi G, Szépvölgyi J: Surface modification of

poly(tetrafluorethylene) by saddle field fast atom beam source, Surface and Coatings

Technology, 202, 6034-6037 (2008)

Kereszturi K, Tóth A, Mohai M, Bertóti I: Surface chemical and nanomechanical

alterations in plasma immersion ion implanted PET, Surface and Interface Analysis, 40,

664-667 (2008)

Kovács Gy J, Bertóti I, Radnóczi G: X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic study of magnetron

sputtered carbon-nickel composite films, Thin Solid Films, 516, 7942-7946 (2008)

Misják F, Barna P B, Tóth A L, Ujvári T, Bertóti I, Radnóczi G: Structure and mechanical

properties of Cu-Ag nanocomposite films, Thin Solid Films, 516, 3931-3934 (2008)

Mohai M: Calculation of layer thickness on rough surfaces by polyhedral model, Surface

and Interface Analysis, 40, 710-713 (2008)

Pilbáth A, Bertóti I, Sajó I, Nyikos L, Kálmán E: Diphosphonate thin films on zinc:

Preparation, structure characterization and corrosion protection effects, Applied Surface

Science, 255, 1841-1849 (2008)

Pilbáth A, Nyikos L, Bertóti I, Kálmán E: Zinc corrosion protection with 1,5-diphosphonopentane,

Corrosion Science, 50, 3314-3321 (2008)

Sedlácková K, Ujvári T, Grasin R, Lobotka P, Bertóti I, Radnóczi G: C-Ti nanocomposite

thin films: Structure, mechanical and electrical properties, Vacuum, 82, 214-216 (2008)

4.1.2 Deposition of simple and composite ceramic coatings

Siegmann S, Girshick S, Szépvölgyi J, Leparoux M, Shin J W, Schreuders C, Rohr L,

Ishigaki T, Jurewicz J W, Habib M, Baroud G, Gitzhofer F, Kambara M, Diaz JMA,

Yoshida T: Nano powder synthesis by plasmas. High Temperature Material Processes,

12(3-4) 205-254 (2008)

Szépvölgyi J, Mohai I, Károly Z, Gál L: Synthesis of nanosized ceramic powders in a

radiofrequency thermal plasma reactor, Journal of European Ceramic Society, 28, 895-899


Suresh K, Selvarajan V, Mohai I: Synthesis and characterization of iron aluminide

nanoparticles by DC thermal plasma jet, Vacuum, 82, 482-490 (2008)


4.1.4 Preparation, formulation and analysis of functional particulate


Biró E, Németh Á Sz, Sisak Cs, Feczkó T, Gyenis J: Preparation of chitosan particles

suitable for enzyme immobilization, Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods,

70, 1240-1246 (2008)

Biro E, Sz-Nemeth A, Sisak C, Feczko T, Gyenis J: Production of solid-phase biocatalyst

by immobilization of β-galactosidase onto micro-sized chitosan particles, Proceedings of

RelPowFlo IV, Tromso, Norway, pp. 178-143 (2008)

Feczkó T, Muskotál A, Gál L, Szépvölgyi J, Sebestyén A, Vonderviszt F: Synthesis of

Ni-Zn ferrite nanoparticles in radiofrequency thermal plasma reactor and their use for

purification of histidine-tagged proteins, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 10, 227-232


Feczkó T, Tóth J, Gyenis J: Comparison of the preparation of PLGA-BSA nano- and

microparticles by PVA, poloxamer and PVP, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochem. Eng.

Aspects, 319, 188-195 (2008)

Fodorné Kardos A, Tóth J, Hasznosné Nezdei M: Szférikus agglomeráció háromkomponensű

oldószerelegyben, Konferenciakiadvány: Műszaki Kémiai Napok ’08,

Veszprém, 245-249

Gyenis J, Pallai-Varsányi E, Tóth J: Drying of heat sensitive materials of high moisture

content on inert particles in mechanically spouted bed dryer, Proceedings of ICoSTAF2008,

Szeged, CD (Process Engineering), pp. 1-7, (2008), ISBN 963-482-676-8

4.1.5 Synthesis and examination of permanganates and polygalacturonates

Fodor J, Kuzman E, May Z, Vértes A, Homonnay Z, Szentmihályi K: Mössbauer study

on iron-polygalacturonate coordination compounds, Hyperfine Interactions, 185(1-3),

145-149 (2008)

Sajó I E, Kótai L, Keresztury G, Gács I, Pokol Gy, Kristóf J, Soptrayanov B, Petrusevski V

M, Timpu D, Sharma P K: Studies on the chemistry of tetraamminezinc(II) dipermanganate

([Zn(NH 3

) 4

](MnO 4

) 2

): Low-temperature synthesis of the manganese zinc oxide (ZnMn 2

O 4


catalyst precursor, Helvetica Chimica Acta, 91, 1646-1658, (2008)

4.1.6 Nanostructured amphiphilic polymer conetworks and their


Jewrajka S K, Erdődi G, Kennedy J P, Ely D, Dunphy G, Boehme S, Popescu F: Novel

biostable and biocompatible amphiphilic membranes, Journal of Biomedical Materials

Research PART A, 87A, 69-77 (2008)

Kali G, Georgiou T K, Iván B, Patrickios C S, Loizou E, Thomann Y, Tiller J C: Structural

characterization of glassy and rubbery model anionic amphiphilic polymer conetworks,

ACS Symposium Series, 996, Chapter 21, 286-302, (2008)


Szabó S: Poly(N,N-dimetil-akrilamid)-l-poli(dimetilsziloxán) amfifil kotérhálók, Témavezető:

Iván Béla, PhD, ELTE (2008)

4.1.7 Synthesis of well-defined polymers with narrow polydispersity and

complex architecture via quasiliving radical polymerization

Bingöl B, Strandberg C, Szabo A, Wegner G: Copolymers and hydrogels based on

vinylphosphonic acid, Macromolecules, 41, 2785-2790 (2008)

Iván B, Erdődi G, Kali G, Kasza Gy, Szanka I, Szesztay M, Soltész A: New routes towards

novel branched polymer structures: Star polymers and multifunctional hyperbranched

polymers, Polymer Preprints, 49(1), 66-67 (2008)

Macko T, Schulze U, Brüll R, Albrecht A, Pasch H, Fónagy T, Häussler L, Iván B:

Monitoring the chemical heterogeneity and the crystallization behavior of PP-g-PS graft

copolymers using SEC-FTIR and CRYSTAF, Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics,

209, 404-409 (2008)

Szanka I, Fónagy T, Iván B, Kali G, Szarka Gy, Szesztay M, Verebélyi K: The color of

quasiliving atom transfer radical polymerization, Polymer Preprints, 49(2), 77-78 (2008)

4.1.8 Carbocationic polymerization

Iván B, Erdődi G, Hellner Á, Groh W P, Kali G, Kasza Gy, Szanka I, Szesztay M, Soltész

A: New ways for the synthesis of hyperbranched polymers, Macromolecular Rapid

Communication, 29, F16-18 (2008)

Kasza Gy, Kali G, Szesztay A, Iván B: A reakciókörülmények hatása hiperelágazásos

polisztirol képződésre karbokationos polimerizációban, Konferenciakiadvány: XIV.

Nemzetközi Vegyészkonferencia, Kolozsvár, 2008, pp. 326-329

Szabó Á, Groh W P, Szesztay A, Iván B: Poliizobutilén láncvégi reakciói különleges

tulajdonságú adalékanyagok jelenlétében, kváziélő karbokationos polimerizációs

körülmények között, Konferenciakiadvány: XIV. Nemzetközi Vegyészkonferencia,

Kolozsvár, 2008, pp. 331-335

4.1.9 Degradation and stabilization of polyolefins

Kriston I, Földes E, Staniek P, Pukánszky B: Dominating reactions in the degradation

of HDPE during long term ageing in water, Polymer Degradation and Stability, 93,

1715-1722 (2008)

Kriston I, Pénzes G, Földes E, Pukánszky B: A polietilén stabilizálása, Műanyag- és

Gumiipari Évkönyv, VI. évf., 25-34 (2008)


4.1.10 Natural and synthetic polymers and their composites

Dominkovics Z, Móczó J, Pukánszky B: Interfacial interactions in layered silicate polymer

nanocomposites, Polymer Nanocomposite Research Advances, Ed. Sabu T, Zaikov, G E,

Nova Science Publishers, New York, pp. 5-47 (2008)

Dominkovics Z, Renner K, Pukánszky B Jr, Pukánszky B: Quantitative characterization of

the structure of PP/layered silicate nanocomposites at various length scales, Macromolecular

Symposia, 267, 52-56 (2008)

Figyelmesi Á, Pukánszky B Jr, Bagdi K, Tóvölgyi Zs, Varga J, Botz L, Hudak S, Dóczi

T, Pukánszky B: Preparation and characterization of barium sulfate particles as contrast

materials for surgery, Progress in Colloid and Polymer Science, 135, 57-64 (2008)

Imre B, Dominkovics Z, Pukánszky B: A feldolgozási körülmények hatásának vizsgálata

rétegszilikát/polipropilén nanokompozitokban, Műanyag és Gumi, 45(12), 490-496


Kovács J: Eurofillers 2007, Applied Rheology, 18, 250-251 (2008)

Kovács J, Dominkovics Z, Vörös Gy, Pukánszky B: Network formation in PP/layered

silicate nanocomposites: modeling and analysis of rheological properties, Macromolecular

Symposia, 267, 47-51 (2008)

Menyhárd A, Faludi G, Varga J: ß-crystallisation tendency and strcture of polypropylene

grafted by maleic anhydride and its blends with isotactic polypropylene, Journal of

Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 93(3), 937-945 (2008)

Molnár K, Móczó J, Pukánszky B: A határfelületi kölcsönhatások jellemzése politejsav/

kalcium-szulfát kompozitokban, Műanyag és Gumi, 45(12), 469-475 (2008)

Móczó J, Pukánszky B: Polymer micro and nanocomposites: Structure, interactions,

properties, Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 14, 535-563 (2008)

Pukánszky B Jr, Bagdi K, Tóvölgyi Zs, Varga J, Botz L, Hudak S, Dóczi T, Pukánszky

B: Effect of interactions, molecular and phase structure on the properties of polyurethane

elastomers, Progress in Colloid and Polymer Science, 135, 218-224 (2008)

Pukánszky B Jr, Bagdi K, Tóvölgyi Zs, Varga J, Botz L, Hudak S, Dóczi T, Pukánszky B:

Nanophase separation in segmented polyurethane elastomers: Effect of specific interactions

on structure and properties, European Polymer Journal, 44, 2431-2438 (2008)

Renner K, Móczó J, Pukánszky B: Deformation and failure of wood flour reinforced

composites; Effect of particle characteristics and adhesion, Proceedings of the 7th Global

WPC and Natural Fibre Composites Congress and Exhibition, B11, pp. 1-7 (2008), ISBN:


Számel Gy, Domján A, Klébert Sz, Pukánszky B: Molecular structure and properties of

cellulose acetate chemically modified with caprolactone, European Polymer Journal, 44,

357-365 (2008)

Számel Gy, Klébert Sz, Sajó I, Pukánszky B: Thermal analysis of cellulose acetate modified

with caprolactone, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 91(3), 715-722 (2008)


4.2.1 Basic research on feedstock recycling of plastics waste

Bozi J, Czégény Zs, Blazsó M: Conversion of the volatile thermal decomposition products

of polyamide-6,6 and ABS over Y zeolites, Thermochimica Acta, 472, 84-94 (2008)

Czégény Zs, Blazsó M: Effect of phosphorous flame retardants on the thermal

decomposition of vinyl polymers and copolymers, Journal of Analytical and Applied

Pyrolysis, 81, 218-224 (2008)

Németh A, Blazsó M, Baranyai P, Vidóczy T: Thermal degradation of polyethylene modeled

on tetracontane, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 81, 237-242 (2008)

4.2.2 Studies on the utilization of biomass materials

Khalil R A, Mészáros E, Gronli M G, Várhegyi G, Mohai I, Marosvölgyi B, Hustad J E:

Thermal analysis of energy crops. Part I: The applicability of a macro-thermobalance for

biomass studies, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 81, 52-59 (2008)

Mészáros E, Jakab E, Gáspár M, Réczey K, Várhegyi G: Thermal behavior of corn fibers,

corn fiber gums prepared in fiber processing to ethanol, Journal of Analytical and Applied

Pyrolysis, (2008), doi:10.1016/j.jaap.2008.10.004

Oudia A, Mészáros E, Jakab E, Simoes R, Queiroz J, Ragauskas A, Novák L: Analytical

pyrolysis study of biodelignification of cloned Eucalyptus globulus, Pinus Pinaster Aiton

kraft pulp and residual lignins, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, (2008),


4.2.3 Atmospheric chemistry studies

Demeter A, Zachariasse K A: Triplet state dipole moments of aminobenzonitriles, Journal

of Physical Chemistry A, 112(7), 1359-1362 (2008)

Druzhinin SI, Kovalenko SA, Senyushkina TA, Demeter A, Machinek R, Noltemeyer M,

Zachariasse KA: Intramolecular charge transfer with the planarized 4-cyanofluorazene and its

flexible counterpart 4-cyano-N-phenylpyrrole. Picosecond fluorescence decays and femtosecond

excited-state absorption, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 112, 8238-8253 (2008)

Haszpra L, Barcza Z, Hidy D, Szilágyi I, Dlugokencky E, Tans P: Trends and temporal

variations of major greenhouse gases at a rural site in Central Europe, Atmospheric

Environment, 42, 8707-8716 (2008)

Szabó E, Zügner G L, Szilágyi I, Dóbé S, Bérces T, Márta F: Direct kinetic study of

the reaction of OH radicals with methyl-ethyl-ketone, Reaction Kinetics and Catalysis

Letters, 95(2), 365-371 (2008)

Zügner G L, Szilágyi I, Nádasdi R, Dóbé S, Zádor J, Márta F: Rate constant for the reaction

of bromine atoms with ethane: kinetic and thermochemical implications, Reaction Kinetics

and Catalysis Letters, 95(2), 355-363 (2008)


4.2.4 Environmental electrochemistry

Pajkossy T, Kolb DM: Anion-adsorption-related frequency-dependent double layer

capacitance of the platinum-group metals in the double layer region, Electrochimica Acta,

53, 7403–7409 (2008)

Other publications

Bakos I, Szabó S: Corrosion bahaviour of aluminium in copper containing environment

Corrosion Science, 50, 200-205 (2008)

Beck M: A Kavli-díj, Természet Világa, 139(11), 485-486 (2008)

Beck M: Arcképcsarnok: Mesterek és tanítványok, Magyar Kémikusok Lapja, 63(9)

268-269 (2008)

Bekő G, Szentmihályi K, Hagymási K, Stefanovits Bányai É, Fodor J, Balázs A, Szalay F,

Blázovics A: Gender-dependent alteration of metal element homeostasis after one-month

of red wine consumption, Acta Agronomica Óvariensis, 50(1), 131-135 (2008)

Cserháti T: Molecular basis of separation on non silica-based supports. A chemometric

approach, Trends in Chromatography, 4, 11-23 (2008)

Cserháti T: New applications of cyclodextrins in electrically driven chromatographic

systems: a review, Biomedical Chromatography, 22, 563-571 (2008)

Fodorné Csányi P, Horányi Gy, Kiss T, Simándi L: A magyar kémiai elnevezés és

helyesírás szabályai. Szervetlen kémiai nevezéktan. A IUPAC 2005. évi szabályai. IR-10.

A fémorganikus vegyületek, Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, pp. 219-257, ISBN 978 963 05

8559 0, (2008)

Fodorné Csányi P, Horányi Gy, Kiss T, Simándi L: A magyar kémiai elnevezés és

helyesírás szabályai. Szervetlen kémiai nevezéktan. A IUPAC 2005. évi szabályai. IX.

táblázat, Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, pp. 311-380, ISBN 978 963 05 8559 0, (2008)

Gyenis J, Pallai-Varsányi E, Tóth J: Drying of heat sensitive materials of high moisture

content on inert particles in mechanically spouted bed dryer, Proceedings of ICoSTAF2008,

Szeged, CD (Process Engineering), pp. 1-7, (2008), ISBN 963-482-676-8

Jasztrab P, Then M, May Z, Szentmihályi K: Tengerihagyma és vöröshagyma buroklevél

(Urginea maritima, Allium cepa), valamint vizes kivonataik elemtartalma, Olaj, Szappan,

Kozmetika, 57(4), 143-146 (2008)

Joó Sz, Tóth J, Földényi R: Humuszanyagok vizekbe jutásának körülményei és eltávolításuk

aktív szenes adszorpcióval, Konferenciakiadvány: The 15th Symposium on Analytical and

Environmental problems, Szeged, 2008, pp. 433-436

Kovács M, Valicsek Zs, Hajba L, Tóth J, Halmos P: A cérium(III)-ion fluorid- és

szulfátionnal történő komplex- és csapadékképződési reakcióinak összetett analitikai

vizsgálata, 51. Magyar Spektrokémiai Vándorgyűlés, 2008, Nyíregyháza, pp. 53-56,

ISBN 978-963-9319-77-6


Kótai L, Gömöry Á, Gács I, Holly S, Sajó I E, Tamics E, Aradi T, Bihátsi L: An efficient

method for the transformation of high fatty acid containing vegetable oils to biodisel fuels,

Chemistry Letters, 37(10), 1076-1077 (2008)

Kótai L, Sajó I E, Jakab E, Keresztury G, Pfeifer É, Kocsis L, Papp K, Gács I, Valyon

J, Lippart J: A convenient procedure for the acidic activation of mineral bentonite:

An environmentally friendly method for the preparation of bleaching earths, Chemistry

Letters, 37(11), 1110-1111 (2008)

Láng G G, Sas N S, Ujvári M, Horányi G: The kinetics of the electrochemical reduction of

perchlorate ions on rhodium, Electrochimica Acta, 53(25), 7436-7444 (2008)

Oros Gy, Cserháti T: A quantitative peptide structure vs. retention relationship study,

Journal of Separation Science, 31, 1057-1059 (2008)

Sipos P, Németh T, Kovács Kis V, Mohai I: Sorption of copper, zinc and lead on soil

mineral phases, Chemosphere, 73, 461-469 (2008)

Snauko M, Berek D, Cserháti T: Determination of the adsorption energy of some volatile

solvents on the surface of a mesoporous carbon adsorbent by gas-chromatography,

Croatica Chemica Acta, 81(3), 409-412 (2008)

Szabó S, Bakos I: A hegesztési varratok termodinamikai sajátságai és korróziójának okai,

Korróziós Figyelő, 48(4), 76-86 (2008)

Szabó S, Bakos I: Catalytic aspects of oxygen reduction in metal corrosion, Corrosion

Reviews, 26(1), 51-71 (2008)

Szentmihályi K, Hajdú M, Then M: Inorganic biochemistry of medicinal plants, Medicinal

and Aromatic Plant Science and Bioechnology, 2(1), 57-62 (2008)

Szentmihályi K, Kovács A, Rapavi E, Váli L, Molnár J, Blázovics A: Element concentration

in erythrocyte in moderately active ulcerative colitis by the supplementary treatment

with remedy containing black radish root, Trace Elements and Electrolytes, 25(2) 69-74


Szentmihályi K, Szöllősi-Varga I, Héthelyi É, Then M: Illatanyagok más nézetből (Fe 3+ -

redukáló-képesség vizsgálat), Olaj, Szappan, Kozmetika, 57(3), 87-92 (2008)

Then M, Hajdú M, Szöllősi-Varga I, Fodor J, Jasztrab Sz, Szentmihályi K: Dializis

vizsgálatok vérehulló fecskefű préselt nedvével, Olaj, Szappan, Kozmetika, 57(1), 25-28


Then M, May Z, Müller A, Szentmihályi K: Myrrha, Olaj, Szappan, Kozmetika, 57(2),

57-61 (2008)

Toldy A, Szabó A, Novák Cs, Madarász J, Tóth A, Marosi Gy: Intrinsically flame retardant

epoxy resin - Fire performance and background – Part II, Polymer Degradation and

Stability, 93, 2007-2013 (2008)

Váli L, Hahn O, Kupcsulik P, Drahos Á, Sárvári E, Szentmihályi K, Pallai Zs, Kurucz

T, Sípos P, Blázovics A: Oxidative stress with altered element content and decreased

ATP level of erythrocytes in hepatocellular carcinoma and colorectal liver metastases,

European Journal of Gastroeneterology and Hepatology, 20(5), 393-398 (2008)


Váli L, Stefanovits-Bányai É, Szetmihályi K, Drahos Á, Sárdy M, Fébel H, Fehér E,

Bokori E, Kocsis I, Blázovics A: Alterations in the content of metal elements and fatty

acids in hepatic ischaemia-reperfusion: Induction of apoptotic and necrotic cell death,

Digestive Deseases Sciences, 53, 1325-1333 (2008)


Beck M: Than Károly élete és munkássága, Szakszerk.: Bodorné Sipos Á, Magyar

Tudománytörténeti Intézet, Magyar Tudománytörténeti Szemle Könyvtára 69, pp. 206,

ISBN: 978-963-9276-70-3 (2008)

Cserháti T: Multivariate methods in chromatography – A practical Guide, John Wiley and

Sons Ltd, Chishester, pp. 335, ISBN 978-0-470-05820-6 (2008)


Mohammedné Ziegler I, Hórvölgyi Z, Stipta J, Marosi Gy, Tánczos I, Tóth A: Felületkezelt

faminták ATR FT-IR spektroszkópiai vizsgálata, Konferencia kiadvány, 51. Magyar

Spektrokémiai Vándorgyűlés, 2008, Nyíregyháza, pp. 42-45, ISBN 978-963-9319-77-6

Szabó S, Bakos I: The thermodynamics and corrosion of weldments, Proceedings of 7th

International Conference URB-CORR 2008, Romania, ISBN (13): 978-606-521-032-5,

pp. 25-28 (2008)

Szentmihályi K, Lugasi A, May Z, Hegedűs V, Szilágyi M, Blázovics A: Favourable effect

of black radish root extract on element homeostaisis in systemic low inflammation (rat

experiment), Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Metal Ions in Biology

and Medicine, Bastia, Corsica, France, Vol 10, pp. 577-582 (2008)


Horányi G: Electrochemical Dictionary, Editors: Bard A J, Inzelt Gy, Scholz F,

Chemisorption of hydrogen; Chemisorption of oxygen; Hydrogen absorption; Hydrogen

evolution reaction; Hydrogen overvoltage; Induced adsorption; Radiochemical (nuclear)

methods in electrochemistry; Synergistic adsorption; Tracer methods, Springer-Verlag

Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 94, 341, 343, 352, 565, 661, 678, 679, ISBN: 978-3-540-74597-6,


Pajkossy T: Electrochemical Dictionary, Editors: Bard A J, Inzelt Gy, Scholz F, Current;

Nonfaradaic current; Current density; Faraday’s law; Fractals in electrochemistry;

Adsorption impedance; Gerischer impedance; Warburg impedance, Springer-Verlag

Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 723, ISBN: 978-3-540-74597-6, (2008)

Hungarian Patent Applications

Continous process for production of alkylesters of fatty acids, HPA0800437. Inventors:

Kótai L, Angyal A, Somogyi I, Bihátsi L, May Z, Gömöry Á, Tamics E

Process for production of sodium borohydride and potassium borohydride, HPA0800436.

Inventors: Kapolyi L, Szépvölgyi J, Kótai L, Ajler L



13.1 Department of Plasma Chemistry

Laboratory of Surface and Nanolayer Chemistry

Contact persons: András Tóth, Miklós Mohai

The principal profile of the laboratory is surface analysis, surface modification and layer

deposition. The main areas of collaboration or service offered are as follows:

►► X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS or ESCA)

This versatile surface analytical method gives information on:






Elements present in the surface layer (qualitative analysis)

Surface composition (quantitative analysis)

Chemical bonding mode, including oxidation state of the elements (chemical


Depth profile (by sample tilting or ion etching)

Layer thickness

XPS Escascope

Surface analysis by XPS provides information necessary to solve problems regarding:

surface contamination, adhesion, printability, metallization, wettability, corrosion,

functional groups, surface reactivity, wear resistance, flame-proofing, biocompatibility,

antistatic, and antibacterial properties.


►► Nanomechanical and nanotribological studies

Two types of measurements are performed in this area:

■■ Dynamic, depth-sensitive nanoindentation, for determining hardness and elastic

modulus of the surface layer of materials

■■ Dynamic scratch-, wear and topographic tests, for determining resistance

to scratch and abrasive wear, and establishing surface roughness, friction

coefficient, and layer thickness

The layer thickness studied ranges between a few nm and several μm. During the dynamic

test the load applied to the diamond head, and the penetration depth, are followed


►► Wettability studies

Static contact angle is studied by the sessile drop method and the surface free energy is

calculated by various methods.

►► Surface modification and lab-scale deposition of thin layers

■■ The surfaces of polymers, ceramics, glasses, metals, composites and biomaterials

are modified by plasmas and particle beams like glow discharge, plasma beam,

fast atom beam, plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII). In particular, PIII can

be used to modify uniformly, in a single step the surface of irregularly-shaped

devices (nitriding, carburizing, etc.), with the aim of improving hardness, wear

resistance and other properties (e.g., wettability).

■■ Lab-scale deposition of hard and corrosion resistant (nitride, carbide or carbonbased)

coatings is performed by RF and DC magnetron sputtering or PECVD

under various conditions, to achieve targeted compositions and properties.

Thermal Plasma Laboratory

Research projects of the laboratory aim at the study of the chemical reactions occuring

under thermal plasma conditions. For this purpose we operate a 27 MHz / 4 kW and a

3-5 MHz / 30 kW RF plasma reactor, and transferred and non-transferred arc DC plasma

systems of 40 kW power. For the characterization of the starting materials and the products

the following methods are used: bulk and surface chemical composition (ICP-AES, XRF,

N/O analysis, XPS), phase composition (XRD), microscopic techniques (SEM, TEM),

particle size analysis (LDA), physi- and chemisorption.


►► Formation of micro and nanopowders with special morphology

Contact persons: János Szépvölgyi, Ilona Mohai, Zoltán Károly






Functional, micron and nanosized ceramic and composite powders having

special chemical, electric, magnetic or mechanical properties

Catalyst supports

Spherical dense or hollow ceramic powders

Fullerenes and other carbon nanostructures

Deposition of metallic and ceramic layers by atmospheric plasma spraying

Radiofrequency (left) and direct current arc plasmas (right) in operation

►► Processing of hazardous organic and inorganic wastes and their conversion

into valuable secondary row materials

Contact persons: János Szépvölgyi, Ilona Mohai, Zoltán Károly



Conversion of metallurgical and other wastes having high metal content

Decompositon of organic and halogenated organic compounds and processing

of inorganic materials contaminated by organics

Laboratory of Functional Nanoparticles

The main activities of the Laboratory involve crystallization, granulation, coating, drying,

mixing, grinding as well as modeling of these processes. Besides keeping in activities

the conventional methods of particle technology our research work is expanded to the

investigations on the preparation of new, tailored nano- and micro structured pure or

composite materials. The research activities are the followings:


►► Studies on colloid chemistry and nanostructure of solid products

Contact persons: Judit Tóth, Tivadar Feczkó

Preparation of pure and composite materials of micron and nanometer sizes using

precipitation (salting-out and chemical), co-precipitation, spherical agglomeration and

emulsion methods.

►► Chemical and process engineering research

Contact person: Judit Tóth

Elaboration of chemical, physical, mechanical and other (e.g. combined) processes to

prepare and to treat micron size composite particles with suitable nanostructure, in order to

establish new production methods, techniques and equipment for these kinds of products.

Among them, product recovery by fluid dryer and granulator, drying of heat sensitive

materials in spouted bed reactors, etc. are studied.

Mechanically spouted bed dryer with inert packing

►► Physical, chemical and material structural experiments

Contact person: Tivadar Feczkó

Material structure study of prepared individual or composite particles: crystal and/or

amorphous phase composition, particle size and size distribution, morphology and inner

microstructure of the surface, investigations on functional properties (e.g. chemical quality,

stability, release, decomposition).

Available devices:

Reactors for batch crystallization, fluid granulator and dryer, mechanically spouted bed

dryer, different grinders, freeze-dryer, ultrasonic homogenizator, ultracentrifuge, Malvern

Mastersizer 2000 particle size analyzer, Malvern Zetasizer Nano ZS zeta-potential, particle

size and molecular mass analyzer.


Metalkomplex Laboratory

►► Re-utilization of industrial and dangerous wastes

Contact person: László Kótai

►► Chemical methods for the treatment of dangerous wastes

Contact person: László Kótai

►► Synthesis of porous composite materials

Contact person: László Kótai

Composition of ash granulates as eco-fertilizers, various liquid absorbing and storage

systems, bleaching earths.



(TraceLab50, Radiometer,


►► Preparation and investigation of essential metal complexes

Contact person: Klára Szentmihályi




Preparation and investigation of essential metal complexes

Significance and role of metal complexes in the function of human body

Supplementation possibilities of metals by natural mode or by polygalacturonate

and other metal complexes with natural origin

Analytical techniques:

IR, TG, XPS, ICP-OES, polarographic-voltammetric methods, potentiometry, UV-VIS



►► Analytical investigations in multicomponent biological samples

Contact person: Klára Szentmihályi

The determination of inorganic components and active organic ingredients in e.g. medicinal

plants and extracts

Analytical techniques:

ICP-OES, polarographic-voltammetric methods, potentiometry, UV-VIS spectrometry

13.2 Department of Polymer Chemistry and Material Science

Based on our expertise and inventions, our Department has a long history of successful

research and development contracts (R&D) and cooperations with both domestic and

foreign companies ranging from small enterprises to multinational firms on the areas listed


►► Synthesis of Polymers with New Structures

Contact person: Béla Iván

R&D on the synthesis of a large variety of polymers as well as their block copolymers, e.

g. polyisobutylenes, polystyrenes, other vinyl polymers (acrylates, methacrylates, etc.),

polymers containing heteroatoms, branched and cross-linked macromocules with unique

topologies and properties etc., with well-defined structure and molecular weights, with

small polydispersities (suitable for GPC/SEC standards as well), and with functional

groups by various polymerization techniques is carried out by us up to 100 g amounts.

The potential applications of such R&D materials include drug carriers, biomaterials,

new type of coatings with small amount of solvents (low VOC coatings), additives for

motor oils, nonionic surface active materials, cosmetics, polymer additives, nanocarriers,

nanotemplates, nanohybrids, polymers of nanomedicine etc.

►► Biomaterials, Nanocomposites, Nanohybrids Based on Nanostructured

Amphiphilic Polymer Conetworks

Contact person: Béla Iván

These new and very promising materials are made only few research groups in the world.

Our Department is carrying out pioneering R&D with these novel macromolecular

structures. By orders, as well in the framework of R&D contracts we can offer

■■ synthesis of amphiphilic conetworks

■■ wide range of investigations on their physical, chemical and biological


■■ search for new unconventional applications and development of them


►► Degradative Transformations and Recycling of Polymers

Contact person: Béla Iván

The gel permeation chromatography equipment with multidetector system for the

determination of molecular weight distributions and average

molecular weights of polymers

In the field of the degradative decomposition and search for possibilities of new type

reuse of industrial polymers, such as PVC, we have elaborated several new procedures.

Our accumulated know-how can be utilized in further R&D projects to investigate further

potential possibilities.

13.3 Department of Applied Polymer Chemistry and Physics

The Department forms a Joint Laboratory with the Laboratory of Plastics and Rubber

Technology, Department of Physical Chemistry and Material Science, Budapest University

of Technology and Economics.

►► Degradation and stabilization of polymers

Contact persons: Béla Pukánszky, Enikő Földes, Ildikó Kriston

Analysis of the effects determining the stability and degradation of polymers. Determination

of the relationships among the chemical structure of polymer and additives, as well as the

thermal, thermo-oxidative and photo stability of the polymer and the products prepared

from that. Development of optimal additive packages for polymer stabilization.


►► Identification of polymers

Contact persons: Enikő Földes, Péter Müller

Identification of polymers by infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and differential scanning

calorimetry (DSC). The chemical structure is revealed by the infrared characteristic

absorption bands, while the physical characteristics (crystallinity, fusion temperature and/

or glass transition) are obtained by the thermal analysis. The polymers can be identified on

the basis of these features – provided that the multi-component system does not contain

too many components.

►► Plastics for medical use

Contact persons: Béla Pukánszky, Kristóf Bagdi, Kinga Molnár

Development of polyurethane elastomers for medical use. Our activity is focused on the

preparation and investigation of polyurethanes meeting the requirements by selecting

suitable starting components. The aim is to explore chemistry-structure-property

relationships, which enable the preparation of polyurethanes suitable for various medical


►► Rheology

Contact persons: Béla Pukánszky, János Kovács

Rheological measurements of plastics with evaluation of the results. Study of the effect of

composition, structure and other characteristics on the rheological properties of polymers

and polymer-based systems. Determination of the relationships among the various


Injection molding machine


►► Mechanical tests

Contact persons: Béla Pukánszky, János Móczó, Károly Renner

Characterization of the mechanical strength of plastics by tensile, bending and impact

tests. Determination of the mechanism of deformation processes and breaking by volume

strain and acoustic emission methods. Determination of the correlation between structure

and properties of composites.

►► Interfacial interactions in heterogeneous polymer systems

Contact persons: Béla Pukánszky, Erika Fekete, János Móczó

Study of the relationships among the type and amount of components, the component

interactions and the properties of polymer blends and composites. Exploring the effects

determining the interactions, as well as their role in the characteristics of multicomponent

systems. The surface properties of polymers and fillers (contact angle measurements, inverse

gas chromatography, FT-IR) are determined to characterize the interfacial interactions.

The characteristics of composites are influenced by modification of filler surface.

13.4 Department of Environmental Chemistry

Laboratory of Thermal Studies

►► Basic research on the utilization of biomass and on feedstock recycling of

plastics waste

Contact persons: Marianne Blazsó, Emma Jakab, Gábor Várhegyi

The thermal decomposition and temperature – controlled combustion of plastics, plant

materials and solid biomass fuels are studied.

Areas of Investigations:

■■ Examination of plastic wastes: composition analysis, thermal behavior, and

ability for pyrolytic recycling

■■ Supporting the research and development of biomass utilization technologies

by investigating their solid phase intermediates, products, and byproducts

■■ Studying biomass fuels and products of energy plantation for biomass-fired

power stations

■■ Analyzing the chemical processes of charcoal production technologies. Study

of the reactivity and self-ignition hazards of charcoals




Study on upgrading pyrolysis oil of biomass over solid catalysts

Reaction kinetic modeling of pyrolysis, gasification and combustion processes

in the kinetic regime

Thermobalance – mass spectrometer system (TG-MS)


■■ Thermobalance – mass spectrometry (TG-MS). The sample is heated by

various temperature programs. The change of the sample mass is measured

with high precisions during the experiments. The formed volatiles are analyzed

simultaneously by a coupled mass spectrometer

■■ Pyrolysis – gas chromatography – mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). A fast

heating of the sample is followed by an isotherm pyrolysis of 10 - 30 s. The

volatile pyrolysis products are analyzed on-line by gas chromatography – mass

spectrometry. The conversion of the thermal decomposition products over solid

catalysts is also examined

Atmospheric Chemistry Laboratory

The main research area of our group is the study of the kinetics and molecular mechanism

of elementary chemical and photochemical reactions. For the most part, we investigate

such processes and phenomena that play an important role in the complex interplay

between climate change and the chemistry of the environment. We apply mainly laserbased

experimental techniques for the production and detection of reactive species (e. g.

free radicals). The kinetic and photochemical data determined experimentally are being

used as input parameters in atmospheric chemistry and combustion models. Following are

the main research themes:


►► Kinetics of gas-phase elementary reactions

Contact person: Sándor Dóbé

■■ Determination of kinetic parameters for the atmospheric reactions of Freon

substitutes and other reactive greenhouse gases; effect of the formation of loose

molecular complexes on the reactivity

■■ Combustion chemistry, kinetics and mechanism of alternative fuels (alcohols,

ethers and esters); kinetics of multichannel radical-radical reactions

Discharge flow reaction kinetic apparatus

►► Environmental photochemistry and photophysics

Contact persons: Attila Demeter, Sándor Dóbé

■■ Photochemistry of atmospheric carbonyls (aliphatic aldehydes and ketones):

temperature- and pressure dependence of photodissociation quantum yields

(contribution to the EU’s atmospheric chemistry project SCOUT-O3)

■■ Investigations in liquid phase with relevance to environmental aquatic chemistry

and air-born aerosols: relaxation kinetics of electronically excited molecules,

effect of hydrogen-bonds on photophysical properties and photochemical



■■ Laser equipments: excimer lasers, Nd:YAG laser, dye lasers

■■ Discharge flow reaction kinetic apparatuses

■■ Laser photolysis equipments for kinetic and photochemical experiments

■■ Special light sources: mercury lamps, high-power and flash Xe lamps, resonance

fluorescence lamps



■■ Atmospheric chemistry, combustion chemistry, reaction kinetics, photochemistry,

photophysics, spectroscopy

■■ Determination of kinetic parameters by using direct experimental methods, pulsedlaser

photolysis and discharge flow

■■ Laser spectroscopy of atoms, free radicals and electronically excited molecules:

luminescence, laser-induced fluorescence, UV-VIS transient absorption

■■ Photo-oxidation and relative-rate kinetic measurements in environmental


■■ Thermodynamics and kinetics of hydrogen-bonded complexes

■■ Photophysical kinetics of organic molecules displaying dual luminescence

■■ Kinetics of photoreduction systems, applications in environmental chemistry

■■ Organic photochemical synthesis, industrial photochemistry

■■ Purification of water applying photochemical and photocatalytic methods

■■ Development of instrumentation and methods for the analysis of atmospheric


Electrochemistry Laboratory

In general, we are involved in electrochemistry projects of environmental protection

significance: in particular, we study electrochemical processes being promising for

removal of certain pollutants from groundwater. To this end we perform electrochemical

kinetics measurement on various electrodes of electrocatalytic activity. Our related skills

are as follows:

►► Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and related methods

Contact persons: Tamás Pajkossy, Gábor Mészáros, Gabriella Lendvay-Győrik

■■ Dielectric spectroscopy, Faraday-distortion methods

■■ EIS for the study of various electrochemical kinetics problems (examples of

the past five years: characterization of the electrochemical double layer and

adsorption processes on the platinum-group metals; corrosion properties of

metals; inhibitors; conversion layers; polymer coatings)

►► Theories on electrochemical kinetics

Contact persons: Tamás Pajkossy, Gábor Mészáros

■■ Noise analysis and its application in electrochemical kinetics

■■ Relation of electrode geometry and electrode kinetics; calculation of current

density distributions and diffusion fields at various geometries


►► Electrocatalysis and corrosion

Contact person: István Bakos


Developing metallic and bimetallic catalists along with their

■■ characterization by electrochemical means; catalytic oxidation of chlorinated


■■ Bimetallic corrosion; cathodic corrosion protection; connection between

corrosion and catalytic properties of metals; metal adsorption and its role in

soldering and welding technologies

►► Development of instruments

Electrochemical measuring setup

Contact persons: Gábor Mészáros, Tamás Pajkossy

■■ Developing electrochemical instruments (examples of the past five years:

bipotentiostat of femtoampere sensitivity for nanoelectrochemistry studies;

development of various current meters for electrochemical scanning tunnelling

microscopes, data aquisition systems)


■■ Construction of various industrial and/or laboratory measurement systems

(examples of the past five years: measurement systems for electrical, optical,

and spectroscopical quality control tests of metal-halide discharge lamps, for

the GE Hungary)

13.5 Environmental Protection Laboratory

The Laboratory was established for analytical and technological research and development

work. Within its competency it offers the clients a wide range of services. In this area

the Laboratory has been authorized by the Hungarian Accreditation Board as Testing

Laboratory that complies with the criteria of MSZ EN ISO/IEC 17025:2005 standard. The

No. of the accreditation certificate is NAT-1-1378/2009. Accredited status is valid until

February 24, 2013.

►► Environmental protection analytics

Accreditation certificate

Contact persons: Tibor Horváth, Béla Lengyel, Zoltán Sándor

The accredited testing fields of the Laboratory are as follows:

■■ Chemical analysis of different types of water including drinking water, surface

water, groundwater, industrial water and sewage water

■■ Environmental protection analysis of sewage water sludge, soils, wastes, and

their extractives, and the pre-treatment of these materials for testing

■■ Physicochemical and corrosion testing of anti-freeze engine coolants


The analytical methods applied:









Corrosion tests

UV-VIS spektrofotometry



►► Mitigation of harm, waste treatment, elaboration of cost-competitive new


Contact persons: György Mink, Tibor Horváth

■■ Final disposal of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB-s), polychlorinated dibenzop-dioxins

and furans (PCDD-s, PCDF) by catalytic hydrogenation or moderate

temperature thermal methods

■■ Processing of sewage water sludge with the utilization of its calorific value by a

novel and dynamic method

■■ Design and construction of new, multi-channel cyanide monitoring systems

for the continuous analysis of industrial water and the air space of huge


■■ Solar desalination

■■ Solar assisted water purification

►► Corrosion prevention

Contact persons: Béla Lengyel, Tibor Horváth

■■ Investigation of the physical and chemical properties of paint coatings

■■ Clearing up the cause of the corrosion damages and elaboration prevention


■■ Gravimetric and electrochemical corrosion tests

■■ Study and characterization of inhibitor effects

■■ Development of inhibitor compositions for anti-freeze and cooling water




Name E-mail Direct Phone No* Extention**

Ajler, László 337

Babos, Gábor 329

Bakos, István 303

Bartha, Cecília 415, 465, 486

Bartha, Eszter 111, 261, 515

Beck, T. Mihály 235

Bertóti, Imre 438-1156 464, 578

Bíró, Erzsébet 386, 113, 271

Blazsó, Marianne 438-1148 397

Bozi, János 473

Cseke, László - 463-4333 191, 546

Czégény, Zsuzsanna 438-1148 381

Demeter, Attila 438-1128 576

Dóbé, Sándor 438-1128 577

Erdőné Fazekas Ildikó 463-2508 191, 546

Feczkó Tivadar +36-88-624-032

Fekete Erika 463-4335 191

Fekete Éva 319

Fodor Csaba 566, 146

Fodor Judit 386

Fodorné Kardos, Andrea +36-88-624-032

Földes, Enikő 438-1152 395, 546, 191

Gulyás, László 578

Haraszti, Márton 566

Horváth, Tibor 238

Iván, Béla 438-1153 376

Jakab, Emma 438-1148 381

Kali, Gergely 566, 146, 539

Károly, Zoltán 415, 465, 486

Kéméndiné Fridrich, Erzsébet 111

Kereszturi, Klára 337, 514, 578

Keszler, Anna Mária 415, 465, 486

Kiss, Mária 124

Klébert, Szilvia 415, 465, 486

Kótai, László 332

Kránicz, Andrea 166

Kriston, Ildikó 463-2479 191

Laczkó, Zsuzsa 337, 465, 486

Lendvay-Győrik, Gabriella 163

Lengyel, Béla 438-1149 574

Lengyel, István 364

May, Zoltán 415, 386

Mayer, Zsuzsa Ajsa 451

Meskó, Mónika - 463-2028 191, 546

* +36-1-...

** +36-1-438-1100-...


Name E-mail Direct Phone No* Extention**

Mészáros, Erika 141, 580

Mészáros, Gábor 213

Metzger, Klára 576

Mezeiné Seres, Ágota 167

Mezey, Péter 566, 539

Mink, György 438-1151 305

Móczó, János 463-3477 191

Mohai, Ilona 488, 415, 465

Mohai, Miklós 514, 578

Nádasdi, Rebeka 542

Pajkossy, Tamás 230

Pálfi, Viktória 146

Petrikowsky, Ottó 337, 578

Podlaviczki, Blanka 159

Prodán, Miklós 261

Pukánszky, Béla 463-2015 191, 546

Renner, Károly 463-2479 191

Sándor, Zoltán 379, 515, 261

Sebestyén, József 542

Sebestyén, Zoltán 141, 580

Selmeci, Józsefné 191

Soltész, Amália 217

Szabó, Emese 576

Szabó, L. Sándor 566, 539

Szabó, Péter 451

Szabó, Sándor 378

Szabóné Vers, Teréz 463-4076 191

Szanka, István 539

Szarka, Györgyi 539, 146

Szauer, Judit 546, 191

Szentmarjay, Erika +36-88-624-032

Szentmihályi, Klára 386, 113

Szépvölgyi, János 438-1130 346

Szesztay, Márta 539

Szirotkáné Sárai, Hajnalka 438-2508 191, 546

Tardi, Ilona 319

Tarlós, Éva 468

Tatay, Ede - 463-4330 191

Tóth, András 438-1112 430, 578

Tóth, Judit +36-88-624-032

Tyroler, Erzsébet - 539

Várhegyi, Gábor 438-1148 599

Verebélyi, Klára 539, 146

Zügner, Gábor László 313

* +36-1-...

** +36-1-438-1100-...


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