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World Investment Report 2008 - Unctad

World Investment Report 2008 - Unctad

World Investment Report 2008 -

EMBARGO The contents of this Report must not be quoted or summarized in the press, on radio, or on television, before 24 September 2008 - 17:00 hours GMT UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT WORLD INVESTMENT REPORT 2008 World Transnational Corporations and the Infrastructure Challenge Investment eport UNITED NATIONS

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  • Page 4 and 5: PREFACE World foreign direct invest
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  • Page 8 and 9: Page 2. TNC involvement in developi
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  • Page 12 and 13: I.7. National regulatory changes, 1
  • Page 14 and 15: ABBREVIATIONS ADB Asian Development
  • Page 16 and 17: OVERVIEW RECORD FLOWS IN 2007, BUT
  • Page 18 and 19: OVERVIEW xvii States and the Russia
  • Page 20 and 21: OVERVIEW xix FDI to and from Latin
  • Page 22 and 23: OVERVIEW xxi of infrastructure inve
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    Infrastructure - especially electri

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    CHAPTER III TNCS IN INFRASTRUCTURE

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    CHAPTER III 89 Transport Power Tabl

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    CHAPTER III 91 and transportation,

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    CHAPTER III 93 forthcoming annually

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    CHAPTER III 95 Box III.7. Private s

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    CHAPTER III 97 B. TNC involvement i

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    CHAPTER III 99 of risk involved. He

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    CHAPTER III 101 investors in total

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    CHAPTER III 103 Box III.14. The lar

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    CHAPTER III 105 Table III.7. Foreig

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    CHAPTER III 107 Figure III.6. Main

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    CHAPTER III 109 Table III.13. The w

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    CHAPTER III 111 Box III.16. The ent

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    CHAPTER III 113 - renamed Zain in 2

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    CHAPTER III 115 experience of liber

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    CHAPTER III 117 for LDCs, which alm

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    CHAPTER III 119 Figure III.7. Signi

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    CHAPTER III 121 4 Water is recogniz

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    CHAPTER III 123 66 �����

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    CHAPTER IV IMPACT OF TNC PARTICIPAT

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    CHAPTER IV 127 of foreign investmen

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    CHAPTER IV 129 Table IV.1. TNCs’

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    CHAPTER IV 131 TNC-involved privati

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    CHAPTER IV 133 Table IV.2. Estimate

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    CHAPTER IV 135 Box IV.3. Risks, ren

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    CHAPTER IV 137 on subsidies, rather

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    CHAPTER IV 139 TNCs are also involv

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    CHAPTER IV 141 infrastructure indus

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    CHAPTER IV 143 - may be Chinese (Le

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    CHAPTER IV 145 on prices has varied

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    CHAPTER IV 147 31 As noted in secti

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    CHAPTER V POLICY CHALLENGES AND OPT

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    CHAPTER V 151 (see, for example, WI

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    CHAPTER V 153 Box V.2. The ECE Guid

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    CHAPTER V 155 countries listed in t

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    CHAPTER V 157 Box V.4. UNCTAD surve

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    CHAPTER V 159 countries also apply

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    CHAPTER V 161 the current trend of

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    CHAPTER V 163 and many of them have

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    CHAPTER V 165 V.7), 33 lack of secu

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    CHAPTER V 167 its policies. In eval

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    CHAPTER V 169 seen as a normal deve

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    CHAPTER V 171 income countries, fun

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    CHAPTER V 173 and provides insuranc

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    CHAPTER V 175 3. Capacity-building

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    CHAPTER V 177 Box V.14. The Grand I

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    CHAPTER V 179 constraint on the leg

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    CHAPTER V 181 37 See, for example,

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    A.T. Kearney (2008a). New Concerns

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    REFERENCES 185 Chou, Yuntsai and Ku

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    REFERENCES 187 Galiani, Sebastian,

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    REFERENCES 189 University of the Ba

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    REFERENCES 191 OECD and Inter-Ameri

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    REFERENCES 193 Te Velde, Dirk Wille

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    REFERENCES 195 Wint, Alvin G. (2005

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    ANNEXES 2008

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    DEFINITIONS AND SOURCES 249 DEFINIT

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    DEFINITIONS AND SOURCES 251 1980-20

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    Region/economy Annex table B.1. FDI

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    ANNEX B 255 Region/economy Annex ta

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    ANNEX B 257 Region/economy Annex ta

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    ANNEX B 259 Region/economy Annex ta

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    ANNEX B 261 Annex table B.3. FDI fl

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    ANNEX B 263 Annex table B.3. FDI fl

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    ANNEX B 265 Annex table B.3. FDI fl

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    ANNEX B 267 Annex table B.3. FDI fl

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    ANNEX B 269 Annex table B.3. FDI fl

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    ANNEX B 271 Annex table B.3. FDI fl

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    ANNEX B 273 Annex table B.4. Value

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    ANNEX B 275 Annex table B.5. Number

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    ANNEX B 277 Annex table B.5. Number

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    ANNEX B 279 Annex table B.7. Number

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    ANNEX B 281 Annex table B.9. Employ

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    ANNEX B 283 Annex table B.12. Sales

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    ANNEX B 285 Annex table B.15. Expor

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    ANNEX B 287 Annex table B.18. Royal

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    SELECTED UNCTAD PUBLICATIONS ON TNC

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    SELECTED UNCTAD PUBLICATIONS ON TNC

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    QUESTIONNAIRE World Investment Repo

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    1. Transnational corporations Metho

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    positive amounts of the other compo

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    The national institution mentioned

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    o Ministerio de Economía de la Nac

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    � Outflows Proxy based on investm

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    - Valuation system used: o Book val

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    1986-1987 Belgium and Luxembourg. 1

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    • Bhutan - National institution r

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    Note: Proxy is based on investments

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    � Outflows Proxy based on investm

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    � Inflows The national institutio

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    � Inward stock Data prior to 1994

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    • Cuba - Data source used in the

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    • Djibouti - National institution

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    - Data source used in the report:

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    • France - National institution r

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    o Bank of Ghana - Data source used

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    1997 Costa Rica, Germany, Honduras

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    - Valuation system used: o Current

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    Notes: * FDI stock data are collect

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    � Outflows Proxy for 1987-1989 an

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    � Outflows IMF for 1980-1996, pro

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    - Reporting system used: Note: Tech

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    1993 Belgium and Luxembourg, Brazil

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    Data prior to 1986 are estimated by

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    Estimate for1996-1998 and the natio

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    o Banque Centrale de Mauritanie - D

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    � Stocks from 1994. • Mongolia

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    Data prior to 1990 are estimated by

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    * Total inflows for 2001 and total

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    2007 Estonia and Lithuania. � Inw

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    • Palau - Data source used in the

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    2003 Armenia, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulg

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    ♦ Notes: * The 5th edition of the

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    1996-1997 Belgium and Luxembourg, F

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    - Data source used in the report:

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    - Data source used in the report:

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    � Outward FDI Not available. �

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    - National institution reporting FD

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    � Inflows for 2006. � Inward st

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    - Availability of all FDI flows and

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    1995 Bangladesh, Belgium and Luxemb

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    - Data source used in the report:

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    Not available. � Inward stock Est

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    E. Definitions and sources of the d

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