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catholic<br />

<strong>October</strong> 2007 • www.staugcatholic.org<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong><br />

FATHER JOE p. 8<br />

can you explain<br />

annulments?<br />

Theology 101 p. 10<br />

who is the<br />

Son of Man?<br />

Spiritual Fitness p. 14<br />

giving God the best<br />

– not the leftovers<br />

Bishop on <strong>St</strong>ewardship<br />

put God first –<br />

and feel the love! p. 6<br />

Divorced <strong>Catholic</strong>s<br />

rebuilding – finding<br />

a way back p. 16<br />

Parish Ministry<br />

reaching out<br />

to families that<br />

mourn p. 24<br />

Archbishop<br />

Joseph P. Hurley<br />

(1894-1967)<br />

A tireless visionary who built the Church of Florida


A Gift<br />

That Never<br />

<strong>St</strong>ops Giving<br />

With a charitable gift annuity you can<br />

give and receive... make a perpetual gift<br />

to a diocesan parish, <strong>Catholic</strong> school or<br />

ministry that never stops giving... and<br />

receive fixed payments for life!<br />

• The transaction is easy to execute.<br />

• It provides immediate tax benefits.<br />

• A portion of your payment is tax free.<br />

• You receive guaranteed payments for<br />

life.<br />

• Most importantly, you are supporting<br />

Christ’s work in the diocese.<br />

Gift Annuity One-Life RAtes<br />

* Rates effective August 1, 2007<br />

Age Rate Age Rate Age Rate<br />

65 74 83 <br />

66 75 84 <br />

67 76 85 <br />

68 77 86 <br />

69 78 87 <br />

70 79 88 <br />

71 80 89 <br />

72 81 90 <br />

73 82 <br />

Sharing<br />

Our Gifts<br />

This is the story of a<br />

couple in our diocese<br />

who have been active<br />

members of their parish<br />

for 27 years, and want to<br />

help ensure the parish’s<br />

continued financial health.<br />

In their wills, they<br />

took steps to provide for<br />

their daughter’s financial<br />

security and to make<br />

bequests to other family<br />

members. Then, they left<br />

75 percent of the residual<br />

(the amount remaining<br />

after those bequests) of<br />

their estate to the <strong>Catholic</strong><br />

Foundation to benefit<br />

their parish.<br />

A bequest in their wills<br />

helps them provide for the<br />

needs of their family – and<br />

those of the parish, which<br />

has been the center of<br />

their spiritual and family<br />

lives. By leaving a bequest<br />

through the <strong>Catholic</strong><br />

Foundation, their gift<br />

becomes perpetual and<br />

never stops giving.<br />

Sharing the Lord’s gifts<br />

today can help continue<br />

his work forever.<br />

■ Please send a Charitable Gift Annuity illustration.<br />

■ A one-life agreement: beneficiary birthdate: / /<br />

■ A two-life agreement: beneficiaries’ birthdates:<br />

/ / and / /<br />

Name _________________________ Phone ___________<br />

Address _________________________________________<br />

City ____________________________________________<br />

<strong>St</strong>ate ___________________ Zip_____________________<br />

Amount Considered ___________ ($10,000 initial minimum)<br />

Please return to:<br />

Audrey Caudill<br />

<strong>Catholic</strong> Foundation<br />

11625 Old <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> Road<br />

Jacksonville, FL 32258<br />

(904) 262-3200, ext. 132 or<br />

1-800-775-4659, ext. 132<br />

Email: acaudill@dosafl.com


catholic<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong><br />

contents<br />

<strong>October</strong> 2007 Volume XVII Issue 3<br />

The <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> is the official magazine of the Diocese of Saint <strong>Augustine</strong>,<br />

which embraces 17 counties spanning northeast and north central Florida from the<br />

Gulf of Mexico to the Atlantic Ocean. The diocese covers 11,032 square miles and<br />

serves more than 164,000 registered <strong>Catholic</strong>s.<br />

Scott Smith<br />

features<br />

18<br />

Cover <strong>St</strong>ory:<br />

Archbishop Joseph<br />

P. Hurley (1894-1967)<br />

This month, the diocese<br />

will commemorate the 40th<br />

anniversary of the death of<br />

Archbishop Joseph Hurley – the<br />

sixth bishop of Saint <strong>Augustine</strong>.<br />

To do that we have called on<br />

historian Dr. Michael Gannon<br />

to share with us the attributes<br />

of the archbishop and the gifts<br />

he left to the church of Florida.<br />

– Michael Gannon, Ph.D.<br />

16<br />

Finding Their Way Back Choosing<br />

to end a marriage can be one of the<br />

toughest decisions a couple faces, but the sadness<br />

is compounded when divorced <strong>Catholic</strong>s feel<br />

they are alone and can no longer participate in<br />

the life of the church. Discover a ministry in the<br />

diocese that helps individuals with the process of<br />

healing and rebuilding their lives. – Amelia Eudy<br />

24<br />

Celebration of Life Our Lady<br />

<strong>St</strong>ar of the Sea Parish in Ponte<br />

Vedra Beach has a special ministry<br />

that reaches out to parish families who<br />

have lost a loved one. It is a ministry<br />

that brings together 28 women who at<br />

a moments notice, plan, coordinate and<br />

host funeral Mass receptions. It is truly<br />

a labor of love. – Amelia Eudy<br />

On the Cover: Portrait of Archbishop Joseph P. Hurley, sixth bishop of<br />

Saint <strong>Augustine</strong><br />

what you’ll get<br />

out of this issue<br />

4 editor’s notes<br />

Supporting Life – Kathleen Bagg-Morgan<br />

5 saint of the month<br />

<strong>St</strong>. Francis Borgia – Jan Rynearson<br />

6 bishop’s message<br />

Put God First – And Feel the Love!<br />

– Bishop Victor Galeone<br />

7 from the archives<br />

The First Parishioners – Michael Gannon, Ph.D.<br />

8 in the know with Father Joe<br />

Can you explain annulments? – Father Joseph Krupp<br />

9 world news top 10<br />

10 theology 101 Who is the Son of Man?<br />

– Elizabeth Solsburg<br />

12 your marriage matters What to do<br />

when your spouse is a flirt? – Tom and Jo Ann Foglemack<br />

13 parenting journey When should kids<br />

have a cell phone? – Dr. Cathleen McGreal<br />

14 spiritual fitness How to give God the<br />

best – not the leftovers? – Father Bill Ashbaugh<br />

22 parish profile <strong>St</strong>. Ephrem Syriac Church,<br />

Jacksonville – Shannon Scruby-Henderson<br />

26 around the diocese<br />

29 work life Finding balance among a<br />

team – Tim Ryan<br />

30 calendar of events<br />

10<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007


catholic<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong><br />

The Magazine of the Diocese of Saint <strong>Augustine</strong><br />

Most Rev. Victor Galeone<br />

Publisher<br />

Kathleen Bagg-Morgan<br />

Editor<br />

Susie Nguyen<br />

Editorial Assistant/Subscriptions<br />

Patrick McKinney<br />

Art Director/Graphic Designer<br />

Father Bill Ashbaugh<br />

Amelia Eudy<br />

Michael Gannon, Ph.D.<br />

Shannon Scruby-Henderson<br />

Father Joseph Krupp<br />

Dr. Cathleen McGreal<br />

Tim Ryan<br />

Jan Rynearson<br />

Elizabeth Solsburg<br />

Contributing Writers<br />

Amelia Eudy<br />

Tom Gennara<br />

Susie Nguyen<br />

Contributing Photographers<br />

Kathleen Bagg-Morgan<br />

Advertising Sales Coordinator<br />

InnerWorkings<br />

Print Management<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> Website<br />

www.staugcatholic.org<br />

Diocese of Saint <strong>Augustine</strong> Website<br />

www.dosafl.com<br />

The <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> is a membership publication of the<br />

Diocese of Saint <strong>Augustine</strong>, 11625 <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> Road, Jacksonville,<br />

FL 32258-2060. Published monthly except January and August.<br />

Subscription rates are $15 per year. Individual issues are $2.50.<br />

Send all subscription information and address changes to: Office<br />

of Communications, 11625 <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> Road, Jacksonville, FL<br />

32258-2060; (904) 262-3200, ext. 108; fax (904) 262-2398 or<br />

email snguyen@dosafl.com. ©<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong>, Diocese of Saint<br />

<strong>Augustine</strong>. ©FAITH Publishing Service. No portion of the <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong><br />

<strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong>be published, broadcast, rewritten or otherwise<br />

reproduced or distributed in whole or in part, without prior written<br />

authority of the Diocese of Saint <strong>Augustine</strong> and/or Faith Publishing<br />

Service TM . For reprint information or other questions regarding use of<br />

copyright material, contact the <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> editorial offices at<br />

the Diocese of Saint <strong>Augustine</strong>.<br />

Help Spread the Faith!<br />

Give the gift of the<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> Magazine<br />

Order a $15 annual subscription today<br />

1-800-775-4659, ext. 110<br />

editor’s notes<br />

Supporting Life<br />

When Elizabeth heard Mary’s<br />

greeting, the infant leaped<br />

in her womb, and Elizabeth,<br />

filled with the Holy Spirit,<br />

cried out in a loud voice and said, “Most blessed<br />

are you among women, and blessed is the fruit<br />

of your womb. And how does this happen to<br />

me that the mother of my Lord should come<br />

to me? For at the moment the sound of your<br />

greeting reached my ears, the infant in my womb<br />

leaped for joy. Blessed are you who believed that<br />

what was spoken to you by the Lord would be<br />

fulfilled.” (Luke 1:41-45)<br />

The <strong>Catholic</strong> Church’s 2007-08 Respect<br />

Life Program begins on Respect Life Sunday,<br />

Oct. 7. This year’s theme is taken from Luke’s<br />

Gospel (above) – The Infant in My Womb Leaped<br />

for Joy.<br />

This passage from the Visitation story<br />

reflects Elizabeth’s joy and amazement on<br />

being greeted by her cousin Mary,<br />

when Elizabeth and her unborn<br />

child John, recognized they were<br />

in the presence of the unborn Jesus.<br />

The biblical theme contrasts their<br />

sense of awe at the unborn child<br />

with contemporary society’s<br />

view of the human<br />

embryo as a mere<br />

commodity that can be<br />

created, manipulated<br />

or even destroyed for<br />

research purposes.<br />

In his August 2007<br />

address to the annual<br />

Diocesan Pro-Life Directors’<br />

gathering, Cardinal Justin Rigali<br />

of Philadelphia, chairman of the<br />

bishops’ Committee for Pro-Life<br />

Activities, noted the need for such<br />

awe and reverence at human life,<br />

particularly in bioethics. “Human<br />

dignity, not progress at any price,<br />

should be the fundamental guiding<br />

value in scientific research,” he said.<br />

“When scientists do their job well, they<br />

serve humanity and the common good.”<br />

Begun in 1972, the Respect Life<br />

program brings church teaching on<br />

the value and dignity of human life to the<br />

by Kathleen Bagg-Morgan<br />

<strong>Catholic</strong> community and the wider public. The<br />

program combines education, prayer, service<br />

and advocacy. Respect Life Sunday is observed<br />

in virtually all of the 195 <strong>Catholic</strong> dioceses<br />

in the United <strong>St</strong>ates. There are Respect Life<br />

coordinators in each of our 51 parishes in<br />

the diocese that will provide materials for<br />

parishioners on an array of topics, including:<br />

• Abortion and <strong>Catholic</strong> social teaching<br />

• Assisted reproductive technology<br />

• Care for aging loved ones<br />

• The failure of contraception to reduce<br />

abortions<br />

• Discovering hope and love after an<br />

adverse prenatal diagnosis<br />

• The abortion-breast cancer link<br />

• The respect owed to persons who are<br />

mentally ill, and<br />

• Project Rachel post-abortion ministry.<br />

To view these topics and more, visit www.<br />

usccb.org/prolife/programs/rlp or contact your<br />

parish coordinator for additional resources.<br />

Supporting life and the men and women<br />

of the church of Florida is the subject of our<br />

cover story on Archbishop Joseph P. Hurley.<br />

Pope Pius XII appointed him bishop at<br />

the age of 46 in 1940. He was the<br />

sixth bishop of Saint <strong>Augustine</strong>.<br />

A native of Cleveland, Ohio,<br />

Archbishop Hurley’s mission<br />

in Florida was to develop the<br />

church in a vast state with<br />

two million residents and<br />

only 60,000 <strong>Catholic</strong>s. Many<br />

of you may not remember<br />

Archbishop Hurley, but all of<br />

you are reaping the benefits<br />

of this spiritual leader’s acute<br />

visionary skills.<br />

On Oct. 26 at 7 p.m. at<br />

the Cathedral-Basilica of <strong>St</strong>.<br />

<strong>Augustine</strong>, the diocese will hold a<br />

Memorial Mass commemorating<br />

the 40th anniversary of<br />

Archbishop Hurley’s death. I hope<br />

you will plan to attend and I hope<br />

you enjoy this issue dedicated to<br />

one of our great leaders.<br />

– Kathleen Bagg-Morgan,<br />

editor<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007


From wealthy<br />

nobleman<br />

to servant of God<br />

by Jan Rynearson<br />

saint<br />

saint of the month<br />

A Refreshing <strong>St</strong>op<br />

books, gifts, religious items, more!<br />

Bell Tower<br />

Gift Shop<br />

(Inside the Cathedral Basilica)<br />

35 Treasury <strong>St</strong>reet<br />

Downtown <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong><br />

Open Daily<br />

Weekdays 9 a.m.-4 p.m.<br />

Saturday Noon-4:30 p.m.<br />

Sunday 10 a.m.-4:30 p.m.<br />

Phone for mail orders<br />

(904) 829-0620<br />

Saint Francis Borgia<br />

Birthplace: Gandia, Spain<br />

Feast Day: <strong>October</strong> 10<br />

Patron of Portugal<br />

Claim to Fame: Francis Borgia<br />

was born in 1510 to an imperial<br />

family. He was the great-grandson<br />

of Pope Alexander VI and King<br />

Ferdinand of Aragon, as well as the<br />

cousin of Emperor Charles V. When<br />

he was 18, Francis served at court and<br />

by 1530, he was marquis of Llombay.<br />

Upon his father’s death in 1543, Francis<br />

left the imperial court and became duke<br />

of Gandia, quickly earning a reputation<br />

as one of Spain’s most respected nobles.<br />

Meanwhile, he helped found a hospital<br />

and university for the Society of Jesus.<br />

After his beloved wife died, Francis gave<br />

up his public life and dedicated himself<br />

entirely to God’s service. Providing for<br />

his eight children, he entered the Jesuits.<br />

But Francis would still be torn between<br />

his desire to live a quiet, secluded life, his<br />

public duty and his administrative ability.<br />

The Society of Jesus: Francis did<br />

not seek advancement, but within three<br />

years, the Order’s founder, Ignatious<br />

Loyola, asked Francis to become<br />

provincial head. In 1565, he became the<br />

superior general of the entire order. He<br />

moved to Rome and, under his leadership,<br />

the Jesuits attracted many recruits,<br />

established 20 colleges in Europe and<br />

began new missions in the Americas.<br />

Francis did so much to create the order’s<br />

internal structure and further expansion<br />

that he is often referred to as the “second<br />

founder of the Jesuits.” However, Francis<br />

worried that the many activities of the<br />

Jesuits might distract them from their<br />

religious purpose. To remind them of their<br />

dedication to Christ, he instituted a rule<br />

that each Jesuit must meditate for an hour<br />

each day.<br />

Best quote: Although he was<br />

ill and exhausted, Francis obediently<br />

accompanied Pope Pius V’s nephew on<br />

a mission to Spain and Portugal. As he<br />

entered Barcelona and Valencia, crowds<br />

converged in the streets, crying, “Where is<br />

the saint?”<br />

How he died: A leader until the end,<br />

he died upon his return from his mission<br />

for Pope Pius V.<br />

Prayer: Lord our God, you called <strong>St</strong>.<br />

Francis Borgia from a royal palace to be<br />

your servant. Grant through his prayers that<br />

all who have served you and renounced<br />

the world for you alone. We also aim to<br />

serve you through our efforts at work and<br />

at home. Please grant us the strength<br />

and humility that <strong>St</strong>. Francis Borgia had in<br />

answering your call to serve you. Amen.<br />

Celebrating<br />

140 Years of<br />

Reconciling and<br />

Healing Love<br />

From Le Puy, France to<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong>, Florida<br />

Sisters of<br />

<strong>St</strong>. Joseph<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> Florida<br />

904.829.3735 www.ssjfl.org<br />

ssjflvocations@bellsouth.net<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007


from the bishop<br />

Put God first – and feel the Love!<br />

This month marks the 40th anniversary of the death<br />

of Archbishop Joseph Hurley, the sixth bishop of<br />

our diocese. What a debt of gratitude we owe him!<br />

During his first 18 years as bishop, the Diocese of<br />

Saint <strong>Augustine</strong> comprised the entire state of Florida, excluding<br />

the panhandle. The Church in Florida would never have achieved<br />

its present status, both in numbers as well as influence, had it not<br />

been for his foresight in inviting the Irish missionaries to our shores<br />

and purchasing invaluable parcels of land for eventual parish<br />

development.<br />

In order to meet the mortgage payments, these land purchases<br />

warranted an exceptionally high assessment tax – sometimes up to<br />

50 % of the parish offertory income! The pastors would complain,<br />

“But, Your Grace, we barely have enough to pay the electric bill, and<br />

here we are buying mosquito-infested marshes!” Yet on those socalled<br />

mosquito-infested marshes, there now stand many of the finest<br />

parishes in the state. Archbishop Hurley, thank you!<br />

Against this backdrop of the sacrifices made by our forebears, I<br />

would like to address the theme of the Annual Parish <strong>St</strong>ewardship<br />

Appeal. This year’s theme is Put God first – and feel the Love!<br />

In the parable that Jesus told about the wedding feast which the<br />

King had prepared for his Son, the invited guests who had rejected<br />

his invitation were faulted because they had made light of God’s love:<br />

“I’m too busy with my farm, with my business, with my wife – I cannot<br />

attend the wedding.”<br />

Too busy for God? Whenever we make pretexts in our lives for<br />

putting others before God, we are like those invited guests. Our sin,<br />

like theirs, consists in making light of God’s love. In doing so, we cut<br />

ourselves off, not just from God, but from our future happiness as well!<br />

Let’s now examine how we can respond to the Lord’s invitation to<br />

become more a part of his kingdom here so that we’ll be part of the<br />

eternal celebration in heaven. Let’s focus our attention on three areas:<br />

• How important is God in our lives? How much time do<br />

we devote each day to watching TV? Or surfing the Net? Or<br />

exercising? And how much time do we devote to prayer?<br />

• Do we reach out to others? When invited to give a hand<br />

at our parish or to some community activity, do we volunteer?<br />

Why not?<br />

• What are the priorities in our checkbook? Someone<br />

once asked how we would make out on the Last Day, if we<br />

were judged by the status of our checkbook. An interesting<br />

question. After all, we do spend our income on those things/<br />

persons that we’re committed to, whether it’s our spouse, our<br />

children, our entertainment, our political party, etc.<br />

Regarding the last point, I would like to challenge all of us once<br />

again to give serious thought to tithing – 5% to our parish and 5% to<br />

by Bishop Victor Galeone<br />

other charities. If we’re still hesitant<br />

to take that step, then let’s make<br />

the attempt to give at least one<br />

hour of our weekly income to our<br />

parish.<br />

I want to close with the remarks<br />

made at the end of the funeral<br />

Mass for Bernard Fussell, who<br />

was one of the most promising seminarians of our diocese. Bernard<br />

was a second-career seminarian, making him somewhat older than<br />

his peers. He died quite suddenly on August 15th of cardiac arrest.<br />

At his funeral the following week, Msgr. Keith Brennan, the rector<br />

of <strong>St</strong>. Vincent de Paul Regional Seminary, gave the following tribute<br />

in Bernard’s memory:<br />

“Over the last few days, we have laughed and cried as we shared<br />

our own individual recollections and personal stories about our<br />

relationships and experiences with Bernard: his friendship, his love<br />

for family and friends, and his deep love for the priesthood, and most<br />

especially for His Lord…<br />

“One of my favorite recollections, though,<br />

was told to me by Sister Dolores LaVoy...<br />

Sister Dolores shared that one day in<br />

conversation with Bernard, she asked what<br />

he had done before entering the seminary.<br />

Bernard told her that he had worked for<br />

a bank. She asked him what he did at the<br />

bank. Bernard then explained that he had<br />

been employed by the bank for many years<br />

and had worked his way up to the position of<br />

assistant vice-president before leaving. He<br />

then went on to add that back then, he had it<br />

all: a big house, a nice car, and expensive clothes…but he knew that<br />

something was missing. Now he had none of that; he lived in a 10’ x<br />

10’ room, slept in a bed that was too small [Bernard was 6’5”], and<br />

had no private bathroom, and yet, he was never happier. What was<br />

most important for Bernard was that he had discovered his call to<br />

priesthood, and had a deepening relationship with the Lord, and that<br />

brought him tremendous joy.<br />

“For those of us who had the fortune to know him as a friend<br />

and a brother, Bernard was a living example of the joy of knowing<br />

the Lord and living the gospel message. As he taught us in life, so<br />

may we also learn from him in death. The most fitting tribute that I<br />

believe we can make to the memory of Bernard is to learn from his<br />

example: that true joy doesn’t come from what we have, but rather<br />

what we do – which in Bernard’s life can be summed up in one<br />

simple word: Love.”<br />

How true! His love for God and for everyone he met! Let us<br />

imitate Bernard’s sterling example. Put God first – and feel<br />

the Love!<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007


archives<br />

from the archives<br />

The First Parishioners<br />

by Michael Gannon, Ph.D.<br />

Invest your time before<br />

you invest your money.<br />

Florida’s – and the<br />

nation’s – first <strong>Catholic</strong><br />

parishioners got off to a<br />

rough start in their pioneer<br />

settlement of <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong>.<br />

Early on, food became<br />

scarce as ship borne<br />

provisions, particularly biscuits, spoiled<br />

in the humid environment. The settlers<br />

supplemented their scanty fare with hearts<br />

of palmetto, prickly pears, and cocoa<br />

plums that they gathered from the western<br />

tree line. Where the land was clear they<br />

discovered that the staple grains to which<br />

they were accustomed – wheat, oats, rye<br />

and barley – could not be grown in the<br />

infertile coastal soil. By the end of February<br />

1566, just five months after their landing,<br />

over 100 of their number were dead<br />

from starvation. A relief ship from Mexico,<br />

heavily laden with food, arrived in early<br />

March to save the lives remaining.<br />

The Florida reader of these words might<br />

well wonder, as did I, why the desperately<br />

hungry Spaniards did not avail themselves<br />

of the nearby seafood? Fish and shellfish<br />

abounded in the Matanzas River and<br />

Atlantic waters.<br />

As a boy in <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> at the tail end<br />

of the Depression, I kept our family dinner<br />

table groaning with oysters, clams, stone<br />

crabs, and fish that I hooked, netted, or<br />

gigged. And that was when pompano was<br />

an almost daily catch. Imagine what the<br />

fishing must have been like there four and<br />

a half centuries ago! How could anyone<br />

have willingly starved to death amidst that<br />

saltwater feast? Did the Spaniards prefer<br />

death to eating seafood? If only we had<br />

their pastor, Father Francisco de Mendoza,<br />

to explain it all to us.<br />

The small community faced other<br />

problems, too. Fires destroyed buildings,<br />

soldiers mutinied, and the once peaceful<br />

© Cummer Museum of Art & Gardens /<br />

Super<strong>St</strong>ock<br />

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(Detail) 1878 Thomas Moran. Oil on<br />

800-860-1095<br />

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natives of the region attacked the small<br />

Spanish earthen and log fort. In those<br />

extremities the colonists elected to transfer<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> from its original mainland site<br />

across the Matanzas River to the northern<br />

tip of Santa Anastasia, a barrier island that<br />

extends southward some 16 miles. There<br />

the city and parish stood for six years until<br />

1672, when relations with the natives<br />

became amicable and the Spaniards<br />

relocated to the mainland and began<br />

building where the city stands today.<br />

On the riverfront, at the southeast corner<br />

of the central plaza, the parishioners<br />

erected the first church of which we have<br />

a name and a description. Named Nuestra<br />

Señora de los Remedios (Our Lady of<br />

Healing), the church was constructed of<br />

vertical wood planks with a thatch roof. No<br />

glass of any kind was used in the windows.<br />

A cross and weathervane surmounted the<br />

façade. To one side stood an open timber<br />

belfry (campanario) with four bells.<br />

It was the only church in America.<br />

And, by the way, at that date the<br />

parishioners were eating fish. This we<br />

know from archaeological excavations<br />

of six blocks bordering south <strong>St</strong>. George<br />

<strong>St</strong>reet where most of the people lived.<br />

Found there from the last quarter of the<br />

16th century were the faunal remains of<br />

drum, mullet, sea catfish and shark.<br />

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<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007


fr. joe<br />

in the know with Fr. Joe<br />

Dear Father Joe<br />

Can you explain annulments?<br />

Can you explain<br />

Q:<br />

annulments? Why<br />

would a non-<br />

<strong>Catholic</strong> have to<br />

get one?<br />

A:<br />

There are a lot of questions<br />

about annulments out<br />

there and a good deal of the<br />

information we get doesn’t<br />

always come out right. I was<br />

thinking that we could use your question<br />

to talk a bit about annulments and, in the<br />

process, get to yours specifically.<br />

What is an annulment? This is the definition<br />

from the United <strong>St</strong>ates Conference of <strong>Catholic</strong><br />

Bishops: “Properly called the decree of nullity,<br />

this is the declaration by authorities that a<br />

marriage is null and void, because it was never<br />

valid.”<br />

Ummm…what? Let’s try this:<br />

Suppose I cook a meal and offer it to you.<br />

Because I am a master chef (well, nobody has<br />

died from my cooking), I can prepare a meal<br />

for you that provides you with all the energy<br />

you need to last until the next meal. However,<br />

that doesn’t necessarily mean that you can<br />

eat all that you need. Maybe you don’t feel<br />

well; maybe you don’t like my cooking (God<br />

forbid). Either way, the important thing is that<br />

we find out what the problem is or was and<br />

then work at it. That way, the next time we sit<br />

down to eat, it’ll work out the way it should.<br />

An annulment is the same way. When a<br />

couple gets married in a church, God offers<br />

them the grace they need to live a married life.<br />

Sometimes, either because of issues in their<br />

pasts or for other reasons, one person (or both)<br />

may not be able to take all the grace that is<br />

being offered. For example, some folks never<br />

had a good Christian marriage modeled to<br />

them, or didn’t even have a proper Christian<br />

upbringing. Often, when we encounter<br />

situations like this, we find one of the people<br />

in the marriage just wasn’t able to cooperate<br />

with the grace being offered.<br />

When this happens, one or both of the<br />

people involved might seek an annulment. The<br />

church investigates whether the ingredients for<br />

a sacramental marriage were present and issues<br />

a decree of nullity if they were not.<br />

When we look at it this way, I hope it helps<br />

us with a couple questions that come up in<br />

discussions about annulments.<br />

1<br />

How<br />

could the church dissolve<br />

a marriage that lasted 20<br />

years?<br />

Well, hopefully now we see that the<br />

grace offered by the church is for a lifetime,<br />

but it doesn’t mean that someone was<br />

able to seize all the grace being offered.<br />

In that light, what difference is 5, 10 or<br />

20 years, right? Of course, these cases are<br />

often more painful and require a lot more<br />

investigation, but the idea still holds.<br />

2<br />

Why would the church<br />

declare children illegitimate?<br />

The church does not; it simply<br />

doesn’t have the authority. When there<br />

is a decree of nullity, the church isn’t<br />

saying the couple were not legally married<br />

– the church is stating that it wasn’t the<br />

sacramental celebration that was intended.<br />

3<br />

Why<br />

do non-<strong>Catholic</strong>s have<br />

to get an annulment?<br />

Well, out of a genuine respect<br />

for our non-<strong>Catholic</strong> brothers and sisters,<br />

we believe all Christian weddings to be<br />

sacramental. If we aren’t sure, then we<br />

investigate seriously because we believe the<br />

possibility of marriage to be so important.<br />

Even if a couple was not Christian or was<br />

married by a judge, the church assumes all<br />

marriages to be “good and natural” unless<br />

shown to be otherwise.<br />

4<br />

What<br />

are the different kinds<br />

of annulment?<br />

Well, obviously we have the one<br />

we’ve been talking about, which is called<br />

a decree of nullity. There is another kind<br />

called lack of form, which happens when<br />

a <strong>Catholic</strong> marries outside of the church<br />

without permission. Since they didn’t follow<br />

the required form for a <strong>Catholic</strong> marriage, the<br />

church did not recognize the marriage as valid.<br />

5<br />

If<br />

I know someone is getting<br />

married invalidly, should I go<br />

to the wedding?<br />

As baptized <strong>Catholic</strong>s, we are obligated to<br />

respect the sacrament of marriage and we<br />

should expect our <strong>Catholic</strong> friends to do<br />

the same. Often, however, we don’t know<br />

all the circumstances around someone’s<br />

private life and may not really know<br />

whether they are getting married invalidly<br />

or not. I would recommend talking to<br />

your pastor about these things before<br />

making a decision.<br />

Either way, I hope this helps us with<br />

our questions about annulments. When<br />

done rightly in the spirit of prayer and<br />

a desire for healing, they can be a great<br />

opportunity for healing.<br />

Enjoy another day in God’s presence!<br />

Questions? Email: JoeInBlack@priest.com<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007


world news<br />

the top-10 <strong>Catholic</strong> News<br />

events this month<br />

1 www.Vatican<strong>St</strong>ate.va<br />

The Vatican can now be visited online.<br />

Vatican City is the smallest independent<br />

state in the world in terms of inhabitants and<br />

size. It occupies an area of more than 10<br />

acres. The site is available in five languages.<br />

2<br />

Week of prayer for Christian unity<br />

“Pray Without Ceasing,” is the week’s<br />

theme. The event, which is being held for<br />

the 100th time, will be Jan. 18-25, 2008.<br />

3<br />

World Youth Day<br />

Individual registration is now available.<br />

Accommodations and meal packages for<br />

the six-day event also can be purchased.<br />

4<br />

Holy Father met Scouts<br />

The pope did so in a celebration<br />

marking the 100th anniversary of the<br />

Scouts’ founding.<br />

5<br />

First female president<br />

The church in India welcomes the<br />

election of Pratibha Patil, the country’s first<br />

female president.<br />

6<br />

Four priests arrested in China<br />

About 15 priests and multiple<br />

laypeople are also jailed. All of them are<br />

accused of refusing to join the statecondoned<br />

official “<strong>Catholic</strong>” Church of<br />

China, the Patriotic Association.<br />

7 A best-seller<br />

Benedict XVI’s<br />

Jesus of Nazareth is a<br />

favorite in France.<br />

8<br />

Austria ready<br />

for pope<br />

Benedict XVI plans<br />

to visit in September<br />

to commemorate the<br />

850th anniversary of the shrine of Mariazell.<br />

9<br />

U.S. bishops discuss with<br />

Democrats<br />

The U.S. bishops will meet with a group of<br />

<strong>Catholic</strong> House Democrats to discuss a<br />

responsible transition to end the war in Iraq.<br />

10<br />

Bishops welcome nurses freed<br />

from Libya<br />

Bulgarian bishops are pleased with the<br />

liberation of five Bulgarian nurses and<br />

a Palestinian doctor who were wrongly<br />

accused of intentionally infecting Libyan<br />

children with the virus that causes AIDS.<br />

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World<br />

<strong>October</strong> 21, 2007<br />

The ProPagaTion<br />

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National Office • 366 Fifth Avenue • New York, NY 10001 • 1-(800) 431-2222<br />

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<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007


theology 101<br />

by Elizabeth Solsburg<br />

Who is Christ? a year-long conversation with theologians<br />

Who is the<br />

This year, the <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> is exploring<br />

Christology – the study of Jesus Christ. We<br />

asked several eminent seminary professors<br />

some questions about Jesus. Their answers<br />

are enlightening and thought-provoking.<br />

Meet the<br />

professors<br />

10 <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007<br />

Father Acklin Father Muller Father <strong>St</strong>evens<br />

Father Thomas Acklin is a monk of <strong>St</strong>. Vincent Archabbey in Latrobe, Pa.<br />

He is a graduate of Duqesne University, <strong>St</strong>. Vincent Seminary, The <strong>Catholic</strong><br />

University of Louvain and Pittsburgh Psychoanalytic Institute.<br />

Father Earl Muller is The Bishop Kevin M. Britt Professor of Theology/<br />

Christology at Sacred Heart Seminary in Detroit. He formerly taught at Marquette<br />

University in Wisconsin.<br />

Father Gladstone <strong>St</strong>evens is on the faculty of <strong>St</strong>. Mary Seminary<br />

in Baltimore.<br />

Why does Jesus<br />

always refer to<br />

himself as the Son<br />

of Man, rather than<br />

the Son of God?<br />

QSAC: Why does Jesus always<br />

refer to himself as the Son of<br />

man, rather than the Son of<br />

God? What does that mean?<br />

Father <strong>St</strong>evens: Jesus<br />

identifies himself as the son of<br />

man rather than the son of God.<br />

The concept of the son of God<br />

is not uniquely Jewish – it also<br />

reflects Oriental kingship and<br />

emperor worship. Why didn’t<br />

Jesus then identify himself as<br />

the Messiah, as understood by<br />

the Jews? He was reluctant to<br />

adopt this due to its connotations<br />

of earthly glory and power. The<br />

concept of the son of God is a<br />

way of speaking of David, and<br />

Jesus does align himself with<br />

that occasionally. He clearly<br />

does believe himself to be the<br />

Messiah.<br />

theologian<br />

of the month<br />

<strong>Augustine</strong><br />

of Hippo<br />

(354-430)<br />

Aurelius<br />

Augustinius was<br />

one of the pre-eminent<br />

theologians in<br />

the development<br />

of the Western<br />

church.<br />

His teachings<br />

on salvation and<br />

grace were cited<br />

by many Protestant<br />

reformers as they<br />

developed their<br />

systems of thought.<br />

He was born in<br />

North Africa to <strong>St</strong>.<br />

Monica, a <strong>Catholic</strong><br />

and Patricius, a<br />

pagan.<br />

<strong>Augustine</strong><br />

himself was a<br />

Manichaean and<br />

devoted to pleasure;<br />

he had a 15-<br />

year illicit affair with<br />

a young woman<br />

who bore him a<br />

son. His famous<br />

prayer was “Lord,<br />

grant me chastity<br />

and continence, but<br />

not yet.”<br />

In 386,<br />

<strong>Augustine</strong> had<br />

a profound<br />

personal conversion<br />

experience,<br />

and completely<br />

changed his life.<br />

He studied Platonic<br />

thought, which continued<br />

to influence<br />

him in many ways,<br />

created a monastic<br />

foundation and was<br />

ordained. Eventually,<br />

he was made<br />

bishop of Hippo.


Heresy!<br />

Jesus as two persons? The heresy of Nestorianism<br />

Nestorius<br />

Mary – mother of God? Nestorianists believed that Jesus<br />

was two persons: human and divine. With this teaching, we run<br />

into a problem with the crucifixion – who died on the cross? The<br />

heresy takes its name from Nestorius, a monk who became the<br />

patriarch of Constantinople and who denied the doctrine of theotokos<br />

– that Mary was the mother of God. In 431, the Council<br />

of Ephesus denounced this position and declared that Jesus<br />

had two distinct natures, human and divine, fully and inseparably<br />

present in one person. Nestorius was removed from his position<br />

as patriarch and exiled.<br />

Nestorianism itself survived for several hundred<br />

more years.<br />

The Son of Man is based on the mysterious figure from<br />

the Book of Daniel. Somehow, this figure’s purpose is not to<br />

establish earthly rule, but to mediate. Jesus, the son of man and<br />

Son of God, bridges the gap between the world of God and the<br />

world of humanity.<br />

Father Acklin: The term “Son of God” could be used for angels,<br />

saints, holy persons and prophets. In Jewish understanding, it did<br />

Jesus, the son of man and<br />

son of God, bridges the<br />

gap between the world<br />

of God and the world<br />

of humanity.<br />

not mean what we<br />

now understand it<br />

to mean. It is rather<br />

a lot like our word<br />

“mankind,” meaning<br />

all of humanity. The<br />

Son of Man is the<br />

name used in Ezekiel<br />

by God when he is addressing the prophet – thereby addressing<br />

all human beings. The other meaning is found in the prophet<br />

Daniel, referring to the whole nation of Israel. The Son of Man<br />

comes as the whole nation rising up to heaven, just like the dry<br />

bones in Ezekiel. Jesus speaks of himself in the third person as<br />

what does that<br />

symbol mean?<br />

INRI and IHS<br />

These<br />

letters are<br />

often seen as<br />

representative<br />

of Christ. IHS<br />

stands for the first<br />

three letters of the<br />

name of Jesus in<br />

Greek. INRI are<br />

the first letters of<br />

the Latin inscription<br />

that was<br />

ordered placed on<br />

the cross by Pilate<br />

– “Jesus Christ,<br />

King of the Jews.”<br />

Bible Quiz<br />

Queen of Persia – champion of dignity.<br />

Who am I?<br />

I am thought to be the granddaughter of King Nebuchadnezzar II of<br />

Babylon – so I am royalty in my own right. Obviously, I deserved to be<br />

treated with respect – but my husband apparently didn’t see it that<br />

way. His name was Ahasuerus and he was the king of a country<br />

many people think was Persia. But you know, that’s<br />

up for debate. Ahasuerus never really treated me right<br />

and the final straw came the night he was having a<br />

huge banquet for his so-called friends. I, of course, was not invited.<br />

But one of his servants came with a message – Ahasuerus wanted<br />

me to come to the banquet hall and “show my beauty” – his term for<br />

dancing naked for his guests. I refused and he cast me off like refuse to<br />

marry another. My story is told in her book – Esther. In the end, she got<br />

even with him in ways better than I could have imagined. Who am I?<br />

the Son of Man to say “I.” He sometimes<br />

silences those who call him by “Messiah”<br />

and “Son of God,” preferring to call<br />

himself the son of man as suffering<br />

servant, whose suffering is for all people.<br />

Father Muller: The term, “Son of<br />

Man,” is generally considered to be<br />

an allusion to Daniel, chapter 7. In that<br />

book, it appears to have the sense of<br />

Israel corporately being given dominion<br />

and authority. But from that time to the<br />

time of Jesus, the understanding of the<br />

term changed to apply to the personified<br />

nature of a messianic and eschatological<br />

figure. It is in this context that Jesus<br />

applies that term to himself. A number<br />

of Scripture scholars would have seen<br />

nothing more than the kind of reference<br />

that you would get in Ezekiel, where the<br />

prophet himself is referred<br />

to as the son of man.<br />

Jesus clearly intends<br />

more by this term than<br />

human descent. He<br />

attaches eschatological<br />

significance to the<br />

term.<br />

The clearest<br />

examples of<br />

Jesus as the son<br />

of God are in<br />

John’s Gospel,<br />

where he talks<br />

explicitly about<br />

his relationship to<br />

the Father. Even<br />

in the synoptics,<br />

he distinguishes<br />

himself from the<br />

rest of us when he<br />

says things like,<br />

“your father and<br />

my father.” In a<br />

variety of oblique<br />

ways, Jesus<br />

makes the claim<br />

of being the<br />

son of God.<br />

Elizabeth Solsburg<br />

esolsburg@faithpublishingservice.com<br />

Answer: Vashti<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007 11


your marriage matters<br />

A<br />

my and Michael have been married<br />

for two years. Amy is concerned<br />

that Michael flirts too much –<br />

Michael says he’s “just looking.”<br />

romance<br />

Romance<br />

Nothing<br />

says “I love you”<br />

like an “attitude<br />

of gratitude.”<br />

Try not to take<br />

your spouse<br />

or any daily<br />

kindnesses for<br />

granted. It turns<br />

any ordinary<br />

day into an<br />

extraordinary<br />

one. End each<br />

day together<br />

with a prayer of<br />

thanksgiving.<br />

money<br />

Pay off the<br />

plastic<br />

We’ve all<br />

heard this one<br />

before, but it<br />

bears repeating.<br />

Credit card debt<br />

can suck your<br />

accounts dry.<br />

Pay off highinterest<br />

credit<br />

cards as quickly<br />

as possible. If<br />

you can’t, at<br />

least transfer the<br />

debt to a lowerinterest<br />

card and<br />

make payments<br />

but not purchases<br />

until you<br />

whittle away at<br />

the amount you<br />

owe.<br />

He flirts with other<br />

women.<br />

Amy says: We were at a party<br />

the other night, and Michael<br />

spent all his time chatting with<br />

the most beautiful woman in the<br />

room, whom he clearly did not<br />

think was I. This happens all<br />

the time – whenever we are out<br />

with friends, Michael charms the<br />

prettiest woman there. And I feel<br />

invisible. Whenever I’ve talked<br />

with him about how I feel, he<br />

always says something smartaleck,<br />

like “It’s OK to window shop<br />

as long as you buy at home.”<br />

I’m just<br />

being friendly.<br />

Michael says: I think Amy<br />

is making a mountain out of<br />

a molehill. Sure, I like to look<br />

at pretty girls – what red-blooded man doesn’t?<br />

But Amy is the one I love, and I have always been<br />

faithful to her. Regarding the party she’s talking<br />

about, what’s the point of going if you aren’t going<br />

to talk to new people? If that’s a problem for Amy,<br />

maybe she should stay home.<br />

I think that it is obvious that<br />

Michael needs to make a trip to<br />

the optometrist for a new pair<br />

of glasses if he can’t tell that his wife is the most<br />

beautiful person in the room! Jo Anne believes<br />

Michael’s insensitivity is surpassed only by his<br />

immaturity. OK, now that we have shown our<br />

biases in Amy’s favor, let’s view this situation in<br />

greater detail. We both agree that Michael exhibits<br />

the behavior of someone who doesn’t know how to<br />

address feelings. He appears to have little respect<br />

for Amy or their marriage. As parents, we have this<br />

unrealistic belief that all who are old enough and<br />

He said<br />

She said<br />

what do they do?<br />

by Tom and Jo Anne Fogle<br />

declare their intent<br />

to be married have<br />

a level of maturity<br />

that would preclude<br />

childish behavior.<br />

Obviously, Michael<br />

has again proven us<br />

wrong. It is also evident<br />

to us that Michael, not<br />

surprisingly given his<br />

exhibited behavior and<br />

comments, doesn’t get<br />

the message Amy is trying<br />

to send! In that respect,<br />

we can’t be too hard on<br />

Michael because he is not<br />

alone in this – sometimes<br />

others don’t get the message<br />

we are trying so desperately<br />

to send. Jo Anne and I have<br />

had similar discussions and<br />

Tom and Jo Anne Fogle<br />

12 <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007


I can honestly say, “I didn’t get<br />

her message the first time either.”<br />

Luckily for me, she continued<br />

to express her desire for us to<br />

be together at social events and<br />

to have fun together. I finally<br />

“heard” what she was saying to<br />

me and, ever since then, we have<br />

enjoyed the events much more<br />

because we are making memories<br />

together. We are experiencing the<br />

same activities and participating<br />

in the same events as a married<br />

couple and not as married singles.<br />

Through the years, we have<br />

been fairly selective in attending<br />

social and even family events.<br />

Those that permit us to be a<br />

couple, participating in the same<br />

conversations and activities, are<br />

high on our list to attend. In<br />

retrospect, those are the times<br />

we have enjoyed the most. Those<br />

events that have the ladies in one<br />

corner and the men in another<br />

corner, figuratively speaking,<br />

each with their own “exclusive”<br />

territory, fosters separation of<br />

spouses and not the growing<br />

together as a couple we are<br />

called to become. Taken to the<br />

extreme, it can lead to behaviors<br />

that builds barriers instead of<br />

removing barriers.<br />

When your spouse is your best<br />

friend, your soul mate, the one<br />

with whom you wish to spend<br />

the rest of your life, why would<br />

you ever wish to be apart? It is<br />

not about making new friends<br />

with the opposite gender, it is<br />

about becoming one with your<br />

spouse. It is quite possible that<br />

Michael may need additional<br />

help in understanding what his<br />

role is in a marriage and how<br />

to go about treating Amy. One<br />

place Michael and Amy could<br />

turn to is Scripture. In reading<br />

the New Testament, we would<br />

recommend you focus on how<br />

Jesus treats his spouse – the<br />

church.<br />

Jo Anne had a final note for<br />

Michael: Not all “red-blooded<br />

men” behave in the manner you<br />

think. Teenage boys do, but not<br />

mature men.<br />

communication<br />

Good<br />

Marriage<br />

Extravert or<br />

introvert, what<br />

are you? More<br />

importantly, what<br />

is your spouse?<br />

Extraverts tend to<br />

“think out loud” –<br />

if you are married<br />

to one, you may<br />

need to patiently<br />

listen to the<br />

same concerns<br />

more than<br />

once. Introverts<br />

need time to<br />

process – give<br />

your inwardlyfocused<br />

spouse<br />

some time to<br />

grapple with an<br />

issue between<br />

you before<br />

having a serious<br />

discussion.<br />

time<br />

It’s about<br />

Time..!<br />

Cook and<br />

clean together.<br />

Cooking and<br />

cleaning are<br />

not gender<br />

specific roles<br />

nor part of our<br />

DNA structure!<br />

It is however, a<br />

great opportunity<br />

to build a<br />

relationship<br />

grounded in<br />

mutuality and<br />

respect. It is a<br />

great opportunity<br />

to nourish the<br />

body and soul<br />

while at the same<br />

time sharing<br />

the tasks and<br />

requirements of<br />

daily life.<br />

parenting journey<br />

“Can you hear me now?”<br />

When should kids have a cell phone?<br />

Do<br />

children need<br />

cell phones to<br />

stay in touch?<br />

What factors<br />

should parents<br />

consider when<br />

making this<br />

decision?<br />

by Dr. Cathleen McGreal<br />

When I was growing up, it was easy for<br />

Mole Hole Club members to stay in touch.<br />

My friend, Penn, created our “signature” call:<br />

ooh-ooh, ooh-ooh, ooooh-ooooh-ooooooooh!<br />

We projected our voices so that the call could be heard not only<br />

on Del Valle Avenue but all the way over to nearby streets. Club<br />

members and tag-along siblings would come running to the huge<br />

tree that marked our gathering spot. We might play freeze tag or<br />

statue-maker. Maybe we would decide to dig holes at our “secret<br />

fort.” When it was time for our fun to end, most moms just stood<br />

on front porches calling out our names.<br />

Keeping in touch with friends and family is an<br />

essential part of childhood, generation after generation.<br />

But technology leads to interesting questions. Do children<br />

need cell phones to stay in touch? What factors should parents<br />

consider when making this decision?<br />

All my friends have cell phones!<br />

Companies hope parents will yield to this refrain!<br />

Cell phone marketing has hit the grade-school set – hard.<br />

Disney has a website for its “Disney mobile TM ” phones for<br />

children – its ring tones include songs from Beauty and the<br />

Beast! Mattell’s MyScene TM Mobile has a “reward board” to<br />

integrate phone use with behavior: Its ads say, “Just go online,<br />

set a list of chores which can include making the bed, finishing<br />

homework or not arguing with your brother or sister and<br />

place stars on the completed tasks. At the end of the week<br />

or month, parents can buy extra minutes according to the<br />

child’s list of completed tasks.”<br />

Beyond the status symbol<br />

As a parent, we need to examine the reasons<br />

behind the purchase decision. Talking to friends as a<br />

reward for finishing homework or engaging in other expected<br />

behaviors is counterproductive. But, would there be an<br />

advantage to having more parent-child access? Whatever<br />

the child’s age, consider the benefits. For example, a phone<br />

may enhance the safety of teen drivers in cases of road<br />

emergencies. Also look at drawbacks. Many adolescents<br />

talk continuously while driving, increasing their risks. Think<br />

carefully about the developmental level of your child. How will<br />

you respond if the phone is lost or damaged? Dirty jeans may<br />

be tossed into the washer, cell phone and all! (I am speaking<br />

from experience). Having the ability to track your child’s<br />

whereabouts may seem like an automatic plus, but think twice.<br />

What does it mean in terms of emerging issues of autonomy and<br />

independence? How will you react when the phone is turned off?<br />

Technological advances have pluses and minuses. Weigh your<br />

decision thoughtfully and bring it to prayer. “Trust in the LORD<br />

with all your heart and lean not on your own understanding.”<br />

Email questions and comments to: mcgreal@msu.edu<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007 13


spiritual fitness<br />

by Father Bill Ashbaugh<br />

others as much as possible. They offer a sacrifice of praise to God<br />

through the gift of their time, talent and treasure in service of God<br />

and neighbor, and in turn, God pours blessings out on them. “Give<br />

and gifts will be given to you; a good measure, packed together,<br />

shaken down and overflowing will be poured into your lap. For<br />

the measure you measure with will be measured back to you.” (Luke<br />

6:38) That is the experience of good stewards.<br />

So, for good spiritual fitness we must learn to give the best we<br />

have to God and others. Why? It is not just because God promises<br />

great blessings when we do, but because the meaning of our lives<br />

is found in becoming like Jesus. Jesus gave his best time, talent<br />

and treasure to his Father and to all those he served. He gave away<br />

everything he had, even his own body and blood in sacrifice for<br />

our sins. How can we give like this? Only by the grace of God.<br />

How to give<br />

God the best<br />

– not the leftovers<br />

Imust admit that sometimes leftovers are<br />

the best. Take my mom’s spaghetti with<br />

her special tomato sauce, for example.<br />

The first serving is wonderful— but in a<br />

day or two, the sauce seems even better than<br />

the first helping. In this case, leftovers are<br />

the best.<br />

There is another time when leftovers are the best – for another<br />

reason. I often notice at large family dinner gatherings how<br />

mothers would often wait until everyone else was served and<br />

then later eat some of the leftovers for themselves. They seemed<br />

very happy that everyone was enjoying the dinner. That was<br />

their meal. So, for these mothers, enjoying the leftovers was the<br />

best, for it had everything to do with them giving the best to<br />

those around them. <strong>St</strong>. Paul tells us that Jesus teaches, “It is more<br />

blessed to give than to receive.” (Acts 20:35) That is the heart of a<br />

good steward.<br />

Good stewards recognize the blessings of God in their<br />

lives. In gratitude, the stewards desire to give back to God and to<br />

Give God our best time. When we pray, we often give<br />

God leftover time. We work hard, come home and get involved<br />

with family events or our own pursuits, and if there is a little time<br />

before bed, we might say a prayer. That is what I call leftover time.<br />

It is putting God last on the list. God ought to be first! So, good<br />

stewardship of time means giving the best time of our day to God<br />

and others.<br />

Suggestion: Make an appointment with God each day – just<br />

like you would with the doctor! It is much easier to keep an<br />

appointment when we have it written down.<br />

Give God and others our best talents. Often, the<br />

first step in doing this is discovering the gifts we have, and<br />

being bold and courageous enough to use them. We need to<br />

trust what others tell us about our gifts. Sometimes, others can<br />

recognize our gifts better than we can. Jesus said, “You are the<br />

light of the world.” (Matt 5:14) We are not to hide our light under a<br />

bushel basket.<br />

Suggestion: Make a list of things you do well or gifts you<br />

have, and then ask someone close to you to do the same. Offer<br />

yourself in service to your local parish or charitable organization<br />

based on the gifts you have identified.<br />

Give God our best treasure. As Jesus was once<br />

watching people give in the temple area, some were marveling<br />

at how much the wealthy were giving. Jesus watched a widow<br />

put two small coins into the collection and he told his disciples<br />

that she had given more than all the rest! “For those others<br />

14 <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007


have all made offerings from their<br />

surplus wealth, but she, from her poverty,<br />

has offered her whole livelihood.” (Luke<br />

21:1-4) Again, we can give God leftover<br />

money. We can “tip” God, or the poor<br />

in our midst. The good steward gives<br />

God the first fruits of the harvest. We<br />

know we are giving well when there is<br />

a sacrifice felt. As Mother Teresa said,<br />

“Give until it hurts.”<br />

Suggestion: At Mass, think and pray<br />

deeply about the sacrifice of Jesus Christ<br />

and pray to him for the grace to make a<br />

sacrifice that resembles his own. The only<br />

way to begin giving is to do it.<br />

Traditional Prayers — Traditional<br />

prayers can be real anchors for us in our<br />

prayer time. The Our Father, the Apostles’<br />

Creed, the Hail Mary, the Glory Be, the<br />

Psalms, the rosary and other prayers can<br />

offer a sound structure and words to our<br />

prayer that reflect good and proper attitudes<br />

of the heart. These traditional prayers can<br />

help us venture into the embrace of God. If<br />

we pray these prayers well – with meaning,<br />

with intention, with recollection – the Holy<br />

Spirit will increase the love we have in our<br />

hearts for God and others, and we will grow<br />

in gratitude. That is one of the foundational<br />

spiritual gifts we need to be good stewards.<br />

Since this issue’s focus is stewardship, I<br />

would like to offer the above prayer as a help<br />

to obtain the grace of being a better steward<br />

for the Lord.<br />

<strong>St</strong>ewardship Prayer (pray each day this month)<br />

‘‘<br />

Dear Father, I pray with a grateful heart. You have blessed me in so many ways.<br />

Thank you for the time I have right now to pray to you. Thank you for the gift of time<br />

that I can spend with family and friends, neighbor and stranger. Thank you for the gift<br />

to be alive in this world and for the promise of eternal life through Jesus Christ.<br />

Help me, Father, to use wisely the time, talents and treasure you have given me.<br />

May I not be a thief who steals time, talent and treasure from you, dear God, or from<br />

my family, friends or people in need for a selfish purpose. Grant me a generous heart<br />

when I pray and ask for your will to be done in my life. Allow me to surrender to<br />

you as Jesus did. Grant me the courage to use the gifts and talents you have given me<br />

for the building up of the kingdom on earth. Help me to forget self and<br />

serve you with generosity. May I not seek recognition or status in my<br />

community, but only to serve you well.<br />

I open myself to your Holy Spirit. Breathe into me, O breath of God,<br />

the fire of generous love. Free me from my attachments to the<br />

material things of the earth so that I may not be consumed by<br />

ambition, greed or selfishness. Help me to open my hands<br />

and heart and let loose the material resources you have<br />

blessed me with to support my church and the many<br />

works of charity that so need my help. May I not turn<br />

my back on the poor or those in need. Help me, Jesus,<br />

to see you in the poor, and recognize that my material<br />

blessings have a Divine purpose.<br />

May I praise you with my life. All that I have and<br />

am is a gift that I offer you today.<br />

When I give you time, you give me eternity.<br />

When I give you my gifts and talents, you pour<br />

spiritual treasures in my soul.<br />

When I give my earthly treasure, an incorruptible<br />

treasure awaits me in your kingdom.<br />

What peace I have in you! In you is all my hope,<br />

and this hope will never be in vain.<br />

All glory be to the Father, to the Son, and to the<br />

Holy Spirit, as it was, is now, and will be forever!<br />

Amen.<br />

Email questions and comments to: frbillashbaugh@mac.com<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007 15


Choosing to end<br />

a marriage can be<br />

one of the toughest<br />

decisions a <strong>Catholic</strong><br />

couple faces, but<br />

the sadness is<br />

compounded when<br />

divorced <strong>Catholic</strong>s<br />

feel they are alone<br />

and can no longer<br />

participate in the life<br />

of the church.<br />

Mike Cirino, 56, was 13 years into his<br />

second marriage when things started to<br />

unravel. He had a 10-year-old daughter at the<br />

time and his first concern was for her. “It was<br />

pretty traumatic, but it was kind of agreed<br />

by both parties that we couldn’t get along<br />

any longer. There was a lot of fighting going<br />

on. Our splitting up was affecting her, (his<br />

daughter) as well. She would say, ‘I don’t care if<br />

you’re fighting as long as you’re together.’ That<br />

didn’t help me at all,” Mike says. “It wasn’t my<br />

first divorce and that just made things worse.”<br />

At first, the feeling of being free from a<br />

troubled marriage was a relief for Mike. “I<br />

was feeling pretty good at the beginning. But<br />

that didn’t last long. I started to get depressed<br />

over the fact that I was divorced. All of a<br />

sudden I started spiraling down into anger,<br />

frustration, and disappointment in myself. I<br />

was angry about being in this situation again;<br />

I was 53-years-old, divorced, away from my<br />

family, and feeling like a failure. I threw myself<br />

into my work and, as always, I continued<br />

to be productive in my business life, but my<br />

personal life was another issue.” He was<br />

especially frustrated with the lack of control of<br />

being able to raise his daughter.<br />

The emotions Mike experienced are all too<br />

familiar for many individuals who suffer the<br />

pain of divorce.<br />

Finding Their Way Back<br />

Divorced <strong>Catholic</strong>s discover they are not alone<br />

B y A m e l i a E u d y<br />

Fifty-one-year-old, Sandy Clark (not her real<br />

name), was married in 1981, divorced in 1996<br />

and remembers clearly the emotional toll her<br />

divorce took on her. “It’s a very hard subject<br />

to talk about,” Sandy says. “In the beginning<br />

you’re scared, unsure of what the future holds.<br />

You just go from day to day.” Her children<br />

were five-years-old and seven-years-old at the<br />

time of her divorce. “My focus was on my<br />

children. I needed to be strong for them. It<br />

would have been easier to wallow in self-pity.”<br />

16 <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007


She had been brought up to believe that “divorce was not accepted<br />

in the <strong>Catholic</strong> religion” and after divorcing she decided to seek out<br />

the help of a support group so she wouldn’t feel so alone in her new<br />

life. “When you are going through a divorce, you have a lot of difficult,<br />

confusing feelings to process,” Sandy admits. You are careful about<br />

who you open up to. I didn’t know anyone personally who had been<br />

divorced – I didn’t have anyone to confide in.”<br />

After a call to her parish and a series of leads, Sandy found a<br />

support group, Father Tony Palazzolo and REBUILD (Rebuilding<br />

When Your Relationship Ends), a structured 11-week educational<br />

seminar for separated, divorced and widowed persons. It is a closed<br />

group, which studies and prays together in confidentiality with<br />

compassionate support. The sessions are facilitated by experienced and<br />

professional leaders.<br />

For Mike Cirino, his divorce brought him back to his <strong>Catholic</strong> faith.<br />

“I gravitated back toward the church. I wasn’t doing a real good job<br />

with my own personal life. That’s when I met Father Tony. He’s my<br />

guardian angel now,” Mike says of the priest who introduced him to<br />

the REBUILD program, where he began the healing process.<br />

He remembers attending the first session, sitting with his legs and<br />

arms crossed and a frown on his face. “I had this attitude that, I don’t<br />

need to be here and this isn’t for me.”<br />

Through REBUILD, Mike and Sandy found the courage to deal with<br />

their feelings of depression, anger and disappointment. “Once you get<br />

that out – you can start rebuilding,” Mike says.<br />

“It took a lot of digging deep to get motivated to go,” Sandy says.<br />

“There were a lot of emotions there.” Participating in REBUILD led<br />

her toward deepening her spiritual life as well. She later became a<br />

facilitator. “I believe God always provides a window of opportunity<br />

somewhere. You need to have your radar tuned into that.”<br />

“REBUILD helped me regain confidence in myself . . . and in<br />

building relationships with other people,” Mike adds. Because<br />

REBUILD was so effective for him, Mike has also started facilitating<br />

classes. “Being a facilitator doesn’t mean that I’m an expert,” he admits,<br />

“but I am a support for new people. I can be more open now and that<br />

helps the new people to open up.”<br />

According to statistics from the United <strong>St</strong>ates Conference of <strong>Catholic</strong><br />

Bishops (USCCB) and the National Marriage Project, the divorce<br />

rate still stands at about 50 percent. Approximately 60-67 percent of<br />

second marriages end in divorce, and the percent for third marriages<br />

is even higher at 74 percent. The highest percentage of divorces occurs<br />

within the first three years of marriage.<br />

“There are many rules and regulations in the <strong>Catholic</strong> Church that<br />

are not found in other religions,” Sandy observes. “A lot of people are<br />

asking, ‘I’m divorced now; where do I fit within the guidelines of the<br />

church?’” The <strong>Catholic</strong> teaching on divorce can be found in detail in<br />

the Catechism of the <strong>Catholic</strong> Church. (#2382-2386)<br />

“The most frequent error among divorced <strong>Catholic</strong>s is the belief<br />

that they can no longer receive the sacraments,” says Father Tony,<br />

chaplain of the North American Conference of Separated and Divorced<br />

<strong>Catholic</strong>s and a consultant for the Separated and Divorced for the<br />

Diocese of Saint <strong>Augustine</strong>. “This is simply not true.”<br />

While the complexity of divorce and separation are things the church<br />

is still struggling to understand, the attitude of the church has “softened”<br />

some over the last 30 years, Father Tony believes. But “there still remains<br />

a presumed stigma for those who have gone through a divorce,” he says.<br />

Other misconceptions such as “divorced <strong>Catholic</strong>s are<br />

excommunicated” or that their “children are considered illegitimate”<br />

after an annulment are all falsehoods that simple guidance can remedy.<br />

Alienation from the church, loneliness, hurt and rejection are all<br />

emotions Mike remembers feeling during and after his divorce, but<br />

“they were all self-imposed as a result of my <strong>Catholic</strong> upbringing from<br />

40 years ago,” he says. “The church, I feel, has changed over time<br />

– it has transitioned. If you haven’t been to church [since a divorce]<br />

consider coming back. You would feel more accepted than you have<br />

been in past years.”<br />

Mike is currently engaged and planning an <strong>October</strong> wedding<br />

presided by Father Tony. He and his fiancé have attended Engaged<br />

Encounter classes and several follow-up sessions with Father Tony.<br />

“I wish I would have done this the first time around,” Mike says<br />

of the marriage preparation provided by the diocese. “I remember<br />

thinking, I don’t need all of this. I’m an adult, smart and successful. I<br />

can handle this myself. If I would have done all of this before, I would<br />

have known that my previous spouses were not compatible with me.”<br />

Sandy is also engaged and hopes to be married in the church early next<br />

year, but she is still waiting for her annulment to be finalized. Because<br />

it can take up to a year or longer before the process is finalized, she<br />

recommends that people wishing to proceed with the annulment process<br />

consider doing so after their divorce is finalized.<br />

“Your relationship with God is your own,” Sandy says. “I have grown<br />

in faith throughout this journey. I have watched myself mature and<br />

realize I am not the same person I was when this whole process started.”<br />

Mike says his relationship with the church has grown much stronger<br />

as a result of his divorce and journey through REBUILD. “I was going<br />

to church every Sunday, yes, but that doesn’t mean you are close to<br />

the church. Finding new organizations such as, “It’s Just Fun” opens up<br />

doors for singles and the divorced to come back to the church. You<br />

can be a martyr if you choose to. There are plenty of opportunities in<br />

the church to get closer to it.”<br />

As a church community, “We need to reach out,” Father Tony<br />

says. “We should try to look at (the divorced) through Christian<br />

eyes of compassion rather than judgment – embrace them in their<br />

woundedness, and help them understand, ‘I am not alone. God is in<br />

control. Something good will come out of this.’”<br />

Resources for Divorced <strong>Catholic</strong>s<br />

Rebuilding When Your<br />

Relationship Ends<br />

Diocesan Center for<br />

Family Life<br />

Open to people of all faiths<br />

(904) 308-7474<br />

www.dcfl.org<br />

You and Me and God<br />

Makes Three<br />

A spiritual, bible based look<br />

at finding a mate God’s way.<br />

Diocesan Center for<br />

Family Life<br />

Open to people of all faiths<br />

(904) 308-7474<br />

www.dcfl.org<br />

North American<br />

Conference of Separated<br />

and Divorced <strong>Catholic</strong>s<br />

Experience healing,<br />

reconciliation and New Life!<br />

www.nacsdc.org<br />

For a list of Separated<br />

and Divorced Support<br />

Groups<br />

Call the Diocesan Center<br />

for Family Life<br />

(904) 308-7474<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007 17


c o v e r s t o r y<br />

The Builder<br />

Bishop<br />

His vision and leadership is greatly<br />

attributed to the reason the Church of<br />

Florida flourishes today.<br />

B y M i c h a e l G a n n o n , P h . D .<br />

Forty years ago, on Monday, Oct. 30, 1967, at 9:30 in<br />

the morning, at Mercy Medical Center in Orlando,<br />

death came for the archbishop. In the 27th year of<br />

his episcopacy, all spent as bishop of Saint <strong>Augustine</strong>,<br />

Joseph Patrick Hurley left behind a legacy of 74 parishes<br />

and 100 schools that he personally founded in this state west of the<br />

Apalachicola River. (The west Panhandle at that time was under the<br />

jurisdiction of the Diocese of Mobile. In 1958, the 16 southernmost<br />

Florida counties were formed into the Diocese of Miami.)<br />

Archbishop Hurley is best remembered as our state’s “Builder<br />

Bishop.” He was the Robert Moses, if you will, of the Florida church.<br />

Today, whenever pastors and their people step out of their churches,<br />

look around, and wonder how their property happened to be<br />

situated in the heart of their town, or their suburb, or their retirement<br />

community, the answer likely is that Archbishop Hurley, by dint of his<br />

research and foresight, purchased those lots many decades ago when<br />

the Florida population boom was just igniting and real estate prices<br />

were low.<br />

In the 1950’s and 60’s <strong>Catholic</strong>s were pouring into the state at much<br />

the same pace as found in the late 19th and early 20th centuries<br />

when northern U.S. dioceses had to expand to handle the high tide<br />

of European immigration. To handle the increase, Archbishop Hurley<br />

studied the projected growth plans of the Southern Bell and Florida<br />

Power and Light companies. He took note of the off-ramps of the<br />

interstate highways I-95 and I-75. He chartered twin-engine propeller<br />

planes and surveyed the earth below with grids and a pair of dividers.<br />

Every so many miles he marked out 10 acres for a parish. Every 10 or<br />

12 parishes he marked out 20 acres for a high school. Every 40 or 50<br />

parishes he marked out 100 acres for a cemetery. When money became<br />

available he made the property purchases through a third party. Many<br />

lots were not built on until long after his death.<br />

Though no high school or other significant building bears his name<br />

in any of today’s seven Florida dioceses, no doubt he would regard the<br />

churches and schools he caused to be erected, both during his lifetime<br />

and afterwards, to be memorial enough.<br />

Born in Cleveland, Ohio, on Jan. 21, 1894, Archbishop Hurley was<br />

ordained a diocesan priest on May 29, 1919. After eight years in parish<br />

work, he was selected to be secretary for Archbishop (later Cardinal)<br />

Edward A. Mooney, apostolic delegate to India. In 1933-34 he served<br />

as chargé d’affaires in Japan, and was promoted afterward to attaché in<br />

the Papal Secretariat of <strong>St</strong>ate, Vatican City, where he oversaw matters<br />

relating to the United <strong>St</strong>ates.<br />

After that distinguished diplomatic career, in August 1940, he was<br />

appointed sixth bishop of <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong>. In the whole of his Florida<br />

diocese, which was nearly twice the size of Ireland, there were 62<br />

parishes, 137 priests, 373 sisters and 45 schools. Almost before he<br />

could begin to build up the diocese, the U.S. plunged into the Second<br />

World War, and Archbishop Hurley’s few priests were confronted<br />

18 <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007


Archbishop Joseph P. Hurley<br />

(1894-1967)<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007 19


with the obligation to serve many thousands of military personnel,<br />

who were sent into Florida for combat training. The 65,000 <strong>Catholic</strong>s<br />

Archbishop Hurley found here in 1940 expanded to more than<br />

250,000 in just one year. The military chaplains were not numerous<br />

enough to meet the need. Archbishop Hurley implored the bishops of<br />

priest-rich northern dioceses for help. But, to his distress, New York,<br />

Brooklyn, Boston, Pittsburgh, Baltimore and Chicago turned deaf ears<br />

to his pleas. Inadequately, but with great heart, Florida’s own exhausted<br />

clergy struggled to meet what Archbishop Hurley called “the spiritual<br />

emergency.”<br />

In his see city <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> Archbishop Hurley took on another kind<br />

of wartime emergency. Then as now, <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong><br />

depended 80 percent on tourism for its economy.<br />

But with wartime restrictions, gas and oil were<br />

rationed, and manufacture of new tires was stopped.<br />

The highways in and out of <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> became<br />

almost vacant. Furthermore, the passenger trains that<br />

once brought tourists to the city’s Florida East Coast<br />

Railway <strong>St</strong>ation were increasingly commandeered<br />

for military troop transport. Letters from the local<br />

Chamber of Commerce to U.S. Representative Joe<br />

Hendricks and Senator Claude Pepper asking for aid<br />

were unavailing.<br />

Archbishop Hurley, who as an attaché in the<br />

Secretariat of <strong>St</strong>ate had done numerous favors for<br />

U.S. Undersecretary of <strong>St</strong>ate Sumner Wells, decided<br />

to call in some chits. To Welles he wrote: “Virtually<br />

every independent business in the town is headed for<br />

collapse unless immediate relief is forth-coming.”<br />

Welles at once set up meetings with the top military brass in<br />

Washington. Accompanied by Chamber of Commerce official John<br />

Dillin, Archbishop Hurley traveled on a priority train ticket to the<br />

nation’s capital and argued the Ancient City’s case before the War and<br />

Navy departments. It was the Coast Guard that responded affirmatively,<br />

offering to place a Coast Guard Indoctrination and Training base in<br />

four <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> hotels: the Ponce de Leon and the smaller Monson,<br />

Bennett and Ocean View. By August 1942 Coast Guard personnel were<br />

spreading dollars throughout the city, and the economy was saved.<br />

At war’s end, Archbishop Hurley launched a major campaign to<br />

stimulate homegrown vocations to the priesthood. At the same time, he<br />

began recruiting priests from Ireland and, later, from Spain. Both efforts<br />

proved eminently successful.<br />

In <strong>October</strong> 1945,<br />

answering a call from Pope<br />

Pius XII, the bishop left his<br />

pastoral duties to serve as<br />

Regent ad interim at the<br />

Apostolic Nunciature in<br />

Belgrade, Yugoslavia. He was<br />

the first non-Italian prelate<br />

to be raised to the equivalent<br />

rank of nuncio.<br />

During the next four years<br />

he struggled to bring relief,<br />

both spiritual and material,<br />

to a church that suffered<br />

unspeakable persecution<br />

from the Communist government of Marshal Josip Broz Tito. By<br />

Vatican count Tito killed 243 priests and imprisoned 169 others. The<br />

most noted prisoner in 1946 was Archbishop (later Cardinal) Alojzije<br />

<strong>St</strong>epinac, of Zagreb, whom the government placed on trial. Bishop<br />

Hurley attended each day of the mock proceedings as a symbol of<br />

protest, and a wire service photograph of him bowing respectfully<br />

Above, Archbishop Joseph Hurley officiates<br />

at a groundbreaking with the assistance of Fathers<br />

John P. Lawler (left) and James F. Gloekler (right).<br />

Left, While at Vatican Council II in 1963,<br />

Archbishop Hurley is seen here in front of <strong>St</strong>.<br />

Peter’s Basilica in Rome with priests of the diocese.<br />

(l-r) The late Msgr. Patrick Madden, the late Msgr.<br />

John McNulty, Father Irvine Nugent, Father<br />

Bernard McFadden and Msgr. Eugene Kohls.<br />

toward the archbishop was printed around the world.<br />

Throughout his term as regent Bishop Hurley used his own funds<br />

as well as those he raised from the (U.S.) National <strong>Catholic</strong> Welfare<br />

Conference to funnel foodstuffs, clothing, and other supplies through<br />

Trieste to the desperate bishops, priests and nuns in Yugoslavia. In<br />

1949 he departed Belgrade under awkward circumstances. Pius XII<br />

awarded him for his service with the title Archbishop ad personam.<br />

Typically thought of during his lifetime as conservative, even<br />

reactionary, Archbishop Hurley took a number of progressive positions.<br />

In 1943 he anticipated by 20 years the <strong>Catholic</strong> ecumenical movement,<br />

when he stated in an address at the University of Florida that the<br />

time had come “when Christians can lay aside the divisions which<br />

rose among them” and pursue “the grave obligation of exemplifying<br />

in unity that universal brotherhood of man under God which is the<br />

very core of the doctrine of Jesus Christ, the Man-God.” In the same<br />

year his was one of the few hierarchical voices raised against the Nazis’<br />

“pogrom against the Jews.” And he surprised many with the speed and<br />

thoroughness with which he implemented the Constitution on the<br />

Liturgy of Vatican Council II.<br />

He was withal a remarkable leader of God’s people. He was a bishop<br />

to his fingertips, a man in love with the beauty of the House of God.<br />

The church was his mother, his home, his spiritual native country. To<br />

her he responded with unwavering faith, maintenance of principle,<br />

uncompromising honesty and indefatigable energy. He never bowed<br />

before wealth or privilege.<br />

Joseph P. Hurley was one of the great shepherds in the long history<br />

of the Florida church. His once powerful oratory may be stilled, but his<br />

deeds will grow in volume with each passing year.<br />

20 <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007


From the priests that knew him best...<br />

Like most of the young priests, I served as<br />

Archbishop Hurley’s driver. I remember when<br />

he asked me to come with him to Cleveland, his<br />

hometown, for two weeks. From the very beginning<br />

it was a disaster. From the back seat he would shout,<br />

“Go West.” “Go East.” “Go North.” “Go South.”<br />

Never having been to Cleveland I didn’t know<br />

my way around – I had no idea which way to go.<br />

After two days of trying to learn my directions, the<br />

archbishop said, “when we get back to Jacksonville<br />

there will be a new man replacing you.” And that<br />

new man happened to be Father John Lenihan!<br />

Father Daniel Cody<br />

I was doing summer work with a <strong>Catholic</strong><br />

Worker community in Malaga, Spain. It was a<br />

chance to study Spanish and an opportunity to do<br />

something about poverty. My hair was long and I<br />

had very little money. I was zealous for the social<br />

mission of the church.<br />

A telegram came from the Archbishop Hurley’s<br />

assistant. I was to meet him at the Palace Hotel in<br />

Madrid. I flew from Malaga in my best-ragged suit<br />

and checked into the most elegant of hotels right<br />

in the middle of Madrid. We met for dinner in the<br />

hotel dining room.<br />

The archbishop wanted a good education for<br />

his students. Being at Louvain was already a great<br />

education but on this particular night the archbishop<br />

wanted me to taste the best of Spain’s good food.<br />

The next day, waiting in the airport for a flight<br />

home, the archbishop pointed out an article in the<br />

Herald Tribune about a policeman in southern<br />

Spain who had decided to trim the hair of certain<br />

students by force. Then he recommended a visit<br />

to the Prado Museum: “Make sure you see Los<br />

Borrachos by Velazquez,” he said. I got a haircut<br />

when I made it back to Malaga and I’ve spent 40<br />

years wondering why he liked that painting.<br />

Msgr. Vincent Haut<br />

Archbishop Hurley was astute at purchasing<br />

valuable real estate especially prime property along<br />

Florida’s highways. This property was intended to<br />

serve as future sites for <strong>Catholic</strong> parishes.<br />

He had expressed interest in a particular site,<br />

which a real estate agent was anxious to sell. So<br />

the real estate agent called the chancery and his<br />

message was, “Tell the archbishop he must decide<br />

today about the foreclosure of this property. Other<br />

people are also interested in it.”<br />

The archbishop’s response was; “Tell the real<br />

estate agent we have decided not to decide today<br />

– that is our decision.”<br />

Archbishop Hurley attended Vatican II from<br />

1962-65. In addition to the bishops of the world,<br />

many theologians were also present. Some of those<br />

theologians were very liberal in their thinking. One<br />

in particular, was Hans Kung. Archbishop Hurley’s<br />

description of Hans Kung was, “Hans Kung is to<br />

theology, what Elvis Presley is to music.” Not quite a<br />

compliment!<br />

Msgr. James Heslin<br />

In 1965, Archbishop Hurley asked me to fly with<br />

him to Detroit. He wanted to speak to the chancery<br />

people about the writing of Cardinal Edward<br />

Mooney’s biography.<br />

While in Detroit, he decided to fly to South Bend,<br />

Ind. to see the sculptor, Ivan Mestrovic. [Mestrovic<br />

was the sculptor of the Father Lopez statue on the<br />

grounds of Mission Nombre de Dios in <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong><br />

and the “Pieta” at Mercy Hospital in Miami.] He<br />

wanted to go there on a Saturday when Notre<br />

Dame was playing a home football game.<br />

We could only fly to South Bend late on Saturday<br />

afternoon and the only motel rooms available were<br />

at the Maxi Motel, which was in town above a<br />

bowling alley. The beds had half sheets (about the<br />

waist up) and we had to share a bathroom. I think<br />

the archbishop slept in a chair. “Maxi” should have<br />

told us a lot about the accommodations!<br />

The next morning we contacted Mestrovic,<br />

visited with him at his home and were on our way.<br />

The archbishop didn’t want to impose on anyone by<br />

trying to stay at a rectory or at the university. The<br />

thrust of the story is that he would put up with most<br />

anything as long as he knew what he was getting<br />

into beforehand.<br />

Msgr. Eugene C. Kohls<br />

The newly ordained priests who came from<br />

Ireland usually came by cruise ship. The S.S.<br />

America was the one that most of us were assigned<br />

to. We sailed out of Cobh in the county of Cork<br />

in August 1959. One week later we arrived in<br />

Jacksonville.<br />

The next day we said Mass in the chapel at<br />

Mission Nombre de Dios in <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong>. Lunch at<br />

the Cathedral rectory with Archbishop Hurley was<br />

anticipated with fear and trembling. He asked a lot<br />

of questions about Ireland. One of his questions was<br />

about tea instead of coffee. He said, “Why does the<br />

tea in Ireland taste so much better?” The response<br />

he got was one that even the Irish lads were not<br />

expecting. “The bog air, your Grace.”<br />

One of the techniques the Archbishop Hurley<br />

used to get to know his priests was to get them to be<br />

his chauffeurs. My turn to drive came after a day<br />

at Clearwater Central <strong>Catholic</strong> High School. The<br />

archbishop was there to establish boundaries for a<br />

new parish between <strong>St</strong>. Petersburg and Clearwater.<br />

The evening ended with the statement,<br />

“Michael, we’re going to dinner. Do you know any<br />

good restaurants?” Michael didn’t, so we drove<br />

around until he saw one that looked decent. We<br />

parked and I was advised to go inside and book<br />

a table, but to make sure the table wasn’t directly<br />

in front of any entrances. He never wanted to be<br />

caught unawares by a well-wishing <strong>Catholic</strong> from<br />

the diocese.<br />

There was a door close to where we sat; the<br />

maitre d’ assured me that nobody used that door.<br />

We had been seated all of five minutes when three<br />

people came through that door. “I thought you told<br />

me…” “I’m sorry your Grace, they told me the<br />

door was not in use.”<br />

We came to appreciate the greatness of the<br />

man who was leading us. Our well-being was his<br />

primary concern. He gave us the opportunity to go<br />

back to school. He believed that teaching in a high<br />

school was the best possible preparation for ministry<br />

in the parish. We owe a lot to him.<br />

Father Michael Larkin<br />

It may come as a surprise, but I found<br />

Archbishop Hurley a master of “colloquial” Latin.<br />

Take for example an incident just before the<br />

Baccalaureate Mass for the 1967 graduates of <strong>St</strong>.<br />

Paul High School, <strong>St</strong>. Petersburg. As we processed<br />

into the church, Archbishop Hurley mumbled<br />

to me these words, “I have a ‘rana in gutture’.” I<br />

got the “gutture” but I missed the “rana.” So with<br />

great glee in his eyes, he proceeded to translate<br />

the Latin phrase in these words, “a frog in my<br />

throat.” Then I realized he had very successfully<br />

thrown a knuckle ball right by me. Later I thought<br />

to myself, this is a way Archbishop Hurley<br />

expressed his humor even if it resembled ever so<br />

slightly the characteristics of a sucker punch. And<br />

yet I was able to smile! Be that as it may, to this<br />

day I remain very much indebted to him for the<br />

opportunities he made possible for me.<br />

Father Michael Williams


parish<br />

parish profile<br />

<strong>St</strong>. Ephrem Syriac Church<br />

Language and tradition unite members<br />

by Shannon Scruby-Henderson<br />

<strong>St</strong>. Ephrem Syriac <strong>Catholic</strong> Church on Kernan Road<br />

in Jacksonville looks like no other place of worship<br />

in the area. Borrowing elements from a 4th century<br />

church dedicated to the martyrs Behnan and his sister Sarah<br />

in northern Iraq, the 7,000 square foot structure features<br />

crenellated exterior walls adorned with stylized white crosses.<br />

Connecting the church and its large social hall (its exterior is<br />

modeled after the 7th century Castle of <strong>St</strong>. Simon in Aleppo,<br />

Syria) is a traditional Eastern-style bell tower. Interior spaces are<br />

finished in a rich mix of deep reds and golds, faux marble, dark<br />

wood and abstract mosaics.<br />

The parish’s 250 families share a common background: their<br />

families emigrated from the Middle East – Iraq, Syria, Lebanon,<br />

Egypt, Jordan, Palestine – to find a new life in Northeast<br />

The Syriac liturgy is among Christianity’s most ancient.<br />

It uses the Syriac language as seen in the book below, an<br />

Aramaic dialect similar to that spoken by Christ to the Apostles.<br />

Dedicated on May 19, 2007, <strong>St</strong>. Ephrem Syriac<br />

Church was designed by Junck and Walker Architects<br />

and cost $3.5 million. The new church is located on<br />

Kernan Blvd. in Jacksonville.<br />

Susie Nguyen<br />

Susie Nguyen<br />

22 <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007


Susie Nguyen<br />

Florida. In most ways fully assimilated, they are deeply conscious<br />

of their unique religious traditions. Father Selwan Taponi built the<br />

new church with the help of a number of influential families in the<br />

Jacksonville area. “As a <strong>Catholic</strong> priest, when I saw people who<br />

were pushing me to tell their American children and grandchildren<br />

about their heritage, I had to act,” says Father Selwan, who, with his<br />

parents and siblings, moved from Iraq a decade ago.<br />

<strong>St</strong>. Ephrem is the only Syriac <strong>Catholic</strong> parish in the South.<br />

Originally located on <strong>St</strong>acey Road off San Pablo, the community<br />

secured a loan through the Diocese of Saint <strong>Augustine</strong> to build its<br />

permanent church on a five-acre campus on Kernan Road. The new<br />

church was formally consecrated on May 19, 2007. Father Selwan<br />

is the only priest in the diocese with two bishops – Bishop Victor<br />

Galeone and Bishop Joseph Younan, bishop of Syriac <strong>Catholic</strong>s in<br />

the United <strong>St</strong>ates and Canada located in New Jersey.<br />

Inside the sanctuary are statuary and sacramentals that would be<br />

familiar to all <strong>Catholic</strong>s. The bound missalettes in the pew pockets<br />

would not. These books open, Aramaic-style, from back to front.<br />

Inside, prayers and liturgies are translated into English, Arabic and<br />

Aramaic. “Though only four or five people in the parish still speak<br />

Aramaic, the majority does speak Arabic,” says Father Selwan.<br />

The interior of <strong>St</strong>. Ephrem Syriac <strong>Catholic</strong> Church is adorned<br />

with a rich mix of deep reds and golds, faux marble, dark<br />

wood and beautiful abstract mosaics.<br />

“We try to keep these languages alive in our community.” The<br />

structure of the Mass is essentially the same. But feast days are often<br />

celebrated on different calendar days, so readings may differ from<br />

Latin Rite churches.<br />

A hallmark of <strong>St</strong>. Ephrem is its “very generous families,” says<br />

Father Selwan, noting for the record that a 30-year loan for<br />

the first parish complex was paid in just three years. “We are<br />

very touchy-feely people who share the same memories,” he<br />

adds. Future goals include a kindergarten through eighth grade<br />

school and a parish social complex with nursing home – “the<br />

most beautiful mission is to provide for our seniors who can be<br />

together in their old age,” he says.<br />

Email questions and comments to: sac@dosafl.com<br />

S t . E p h r e m S y r i a c C h u r c h a t a g l a n c e<br />

<strong>St</strong>. Ephrem Syriac<br />

<strong>Catholic</strong> Church, est. 1986<br />

4650 Kernan Blvd.<br />

Jacksonville, FL 32224<br />

Pastor:<br />

Parishioners:<br />

School:<br />

Father Selwan Taponi<br />

250 registered families<br />

Pre-Kindergarten only<br />

Who was <strong>St</strong>. Ephrem?<br />

From <strong>St</strong>. Thomas to <strong>St</strong>. Peter, the Syriac <strong>Catholic</strong><br />

Church shares many saints in common with the Latin<br />

Rite. Some, like <strong>St</strong>. Ephrem, are unfamiliar to most<br />

western <strong>Catholic</strong>s – though Roman theologians have long<br />

recognized him as a Doctor of the Church. Few specifics<br />

are available about his life, but it is thought that Ephrem<br />

the Syrian was born in Mesopotamia in the early fourth<br />

century, a time when Christianity was under fire from<br />

several powerful heresies. Tradition has it that this talented<br />

musician created hundreds of poetic hymns to dispute<br />

heretical teachings and inspire a return to doctrine. He is<br />

credited with enlightening the church about the power of<br />

music and poetry to strengthen and spread the faith.<br />

The Syriac Rite: An exotic yet equal form of<br />

<strong>Catholic</strong>ism<br />

Asked to explain the Syriac Rite to Roman <strong>Catholic</strong>s, <strong>St</strong>.<br />

Ephrem pastor Father Selwan Taponi resorts to a poetic<br />

conceit. “<strong>Catholic</strong>ism is like a big garden with different<br />

flowers,” he says. The rites are like the flowers – each with<br />

its own special fragrance.”<br />

As one of the Eastern Rite Churches, the Syriac Rite<br />

enjoys the same respect within the <strong>Catholic</strong> Church as<br />

the much larger Latin Rite. In the two millennia since<br />

Christianity began, wars and persecutions dispersed<br />

members of Eastern Rite communities in Africa, the<br />

Middle East, Eastern Europe and Asia to countries across<br />

the world. The American seat of the Syriac Church is the<br />

Eparchy of Our Lady of Deliverance, located in Newark,<br />

N.J. It is presided over by Bishop Joseph Younan.<br />

The highest-ranking Syriac prelate is its Patriarch, His<br />

Beatitude Patriarch Ignatius Butros II, who is loyal to the<br />

Pope in Rome.<br />

The Syriac liturgy is among Christianity’s most ancient. It<br />

uses the Syriac language, an Aramaic dialect similar to that<br />

spoken by Christ and the Apostles. Established in Antioch,<br />

the Roman capital of Syria, the Syriac church is second<br />

only to Jerusalem as the oldest Christian community on<br />

record. In fact, Antioch was where the followers of Jesus<br />

were first called “Christians” (Acts 11:26). By the second<br />

century A.D., the Bible had been translated from Greek<br />

to Syriac, a version that became a standard source of<br />

Christian teaching.<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007 23


Amelia Eudy<br />

Celebration of Life Ministry co-coordinators, Cindy Horine<br />

(left) and Beverly Holmes-Kolodinsky, prepare cookie trays<br />

for an after-funeral Mass reception.<br />

The death of a loved one can be a very difficult time for those<br />

left behind, but due to an eight year old ministry, called<br />

“Celebration of Life,” at Our Lady <strong>St</strong>ar of the Sea Parish in<br />

Ponte Vedra Beach, the final goodbyes are a little less gloomy.<br />

Founded in 1999, shortly after Msgr. Daniel Logan’s arrival at the<br />

parish, “the ministry was formed in order to provide a funeral reception<br />

for parishioners who had lost a loved one,” says founding member and<br />

co-coordinator, Cindy Horine.<br />

A group of about 28 members rotate duty, serving about 10 to<br />

12 receptions per year at which they prepare sandwiches, cookies,<br />

brownies, cakes and punch for family and friends that gather after<br />

funeral and memorial Masses. Some families choose to have their own<br />

gathering outside of the parish at a local club or restaurant, but the<br />

ministry has been extremely helpful for those families not familiar with<br />

the Ponte Vedra Beach area.<br />

“A lot of families we help are from out of town,” Mary Ellen Russell,<br />

a founding member of the ministry, points out. “Their loved ones, are<br />

here and they come for the funeral but don’t know where to go. It’s so<br />

much easier for them when we offer to do this. It takes a burden off<br />

their shoulders when they have other things to focus on.”<br />

Because deaths are usually unexpected, the receptions are<br />

coordinated and planned at the last-minute. The ladies never know<br />

when they will be needed. Amazingly, they say, no matter how large the<br />

reception, they have never run short of food. Any leftovers are usually<br />

offered to the family first, before being donated to Mission House,<br />

an organization that provides meals for the poor in the beaches area.<br />

Nothing is wasted.<br />

The food preparation process is also a big part of the ministry.<br />

The women try to make each gathering as personal and beautiful as<br />

possible, even incorporating personal touches. “Beverly and I decided<br />

to present our food items on pieces of silver that we had on-hand to<br />

give the reception a special flair,” Cindy says. “The best part of our<br />

ministry is getting together beforehand – making the sandwiches and<br />

punch and arranging the platters and trays. We always share laughter,<br />

stories and camaraderie with one another. Lasting friendships have<br />

been born right here.”<br />

Celebration of<br />

B y A m e l i a E u d y<br />

life<br />

24 <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007


The menu remains much the same for each<br />

reception, but they are all offered at no cost to the<br />

families, thanks to the generosity of the parish<br />

and the dedicated volunteers. “It’s a difficult time<br />

for families. I think it’s a relief for them to have<br />

this offered at no cost,” Mary Ellen says.<br />

“People are so appreciative at a time when<br />

they’re in mourning,” volunteer Beverly<br />

Denneen says. It doesn’t matter if the deceased<br />

and family are well known or not, Beverly<br />

adds, the process is the same. “Some are<br />

members you knew well, some are strangers<br />

you’ve never met. You just come and do.”<br />

As the last song played and Msgr. Daniel<br />

Logan gave the final blessing at a recent funeral<br />

Mass at Our Lady <strong>St</strong>ar of the Sea, Cindy and<br />

Helen Martin were busy wheeling in trays of<br />

cookies, bottles of water, and their signature<br />

silver punch bowl, which they set out in<br />

the gathering area of the church for a small<br />

reception. Their table was decorated with a<br />

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Amelia Eudy<br />

Families suffering the loss of a loved one<br />

are comforted after the funeral by the<br />

women of the Celebration of Life Ministry<br />

and their thoughtful receptions.<br />

white linen cloth, a beautiful blue hydrangea,<br />

shiny silver platters heaping with cookies,<br />

cheese and homemade brownies<br />

“These women are wonderful,” Deacon<br />

James Fugit, says admiringly. “We work<br />

them to death.” Deacon Jim says the ministry<br />

benefits the parish as a whole because it helps<br />

the families that are grieving and brings closure<br />

to the funeral services.<br />

“Parishes that do fellowship, it really tells<br />

you a lot about how committed we are to the<br />

Gospel. Jesus would be doing it, too – it’s the<br />

right thing to do.”<br />

Cindy is proud of what the ministry is doing<br />

for the parish, due to the people involved. “All<br />

the ladies in this ministry have committed<br />

themselves to a labor of love. This shows in all<br />

their smiles and all that they do.”<br />

To learn more about the Celebration of Life<br />

ministry at Our Lady <strong>St</strong>ar of the Sea, call the<br />

parish office at (904) 285-2698.<br />

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<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007 25


around<br />

around the diocese<br />

FOCUS Reaches Out to<br />

<strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>St</strong>udents<br />

FOCUS – the Fellowship<br />

of <strong>Catholic</strong> University <strong>St</strong>udents<br />

– kicked off a new school year on<br />

the campus of the University of<br />

North Florida in August. FOCUS<br />

serves as the campus ministry<br />

program for the Diocese of Saint<br />

<strong>Augustine</strong> at UNF.<br />

Founded in 1998 by Curtis<br />

Martin, FOCUS is a national<br />

outreach to college campuses<br />

to both secular and <strong>Catholic</strong><br />

schools. Through small group<br />

Bible studies, large group<br />

leadership training and one-onone<br />

discipleship, FOCUS brings<br />

the fullness of life and truth in<br />

the <strong>Catholic</strong> Church to college<br />

students and gives the tools to<br />

Pat Tierney<br />

teacher formation program<br />

Diocese recruits teachers for <strong>Catholic</strong> schools<br />

I<br />

n 1994, in response to a growing need for talented and faithful <strong>Catholic</strong> school educators,<br />

Notre Dame University created the Alliance for <strong>Catholic</strong> Education (ACE). In the first year the<br />

university placed 40 college graduates in under-resourced <strong>Catholic</strong> elementary and secondary<br />

schools in eight dioceses in the southeastern United <strong>St</strong>ates. The Diocese of Saint <strong>Augustine</strong><br />

was the fortunate recipient of some of the new ACE teachers. “Over the past 14 years, we have had<br />

more than 50 ACE teachers go through the two year program,” said Pat Tierney, superintendent of<br />

<strong>Catholic</strong> Schools for the diocese.<br />

According to Pat, it has been a<br />

win-win program for the diocese.<br />

“The teachers win by receiving<br />

a master’s in education from the<br />

University of Notre Dame and<br />

they make lasting friendships with<br />

their colleagues in our schools.<br />

Our schools win by receiving<br />

talented young educators from a<br />

variety of fields. I am proud to have<br />

been involved with the program<br />

since its inception 14 years ago,”<br />

The Diocese of Saint <strong>Augustine</strong> has seven ACE teachers<br />

working in area <strong>Catholic</strong> schools this year. From (l-r) are:<br />

Megan Adzima (Bishop Snyder High School), Michael<br />

Rondeau (<strong>St</strong>. Pius V School), Michelle Blair (Bishop Kenny<br />

High School), Julie Libardi (Holy Rosary School), Claudy<br />

Egalite (<strong>St</strong>. Pius V School), Christine McGlinchy (Holy Rosary<br />

School) and Phillip Milroy (Bishop Kenny High School).<br />

said Pat. Currently, ACE annually<br />

supports nearly 200 teachers in<br />

100 elementary and secondary<br />

<strong>Catholic</strong> schools in more than 30<br />

communities from coast to coast.<br />

Jim Selzer wins 12 Who Cares Service Award<br />

Susie Nguyen<br />

The four-member FOCUS team for<br />

UNF include from (l-r): Dave <strong>St</strong>aples,<br />

team director, Kelly Mulhern, Diane<br />

Horrell and Danny Shuell. For a list of<br />

events this fall, <strong>Catholic</strong> students can<br />

contact the team by calling (904) 303-<br />

4292 or email: unf@focusonline.org.<br />

help them share this good news<br />

with their friends.<br />

FOCUS teaches recent college<br />

graduates, trains them in the<br />

teachings of the church, Scripture<br />

and practical aspects of ministry,<br />

and sends them out typically<br />

in teams of four to serve on<br />

college campuses. FOCUS staff<br />

members make an initial two-year<br />

commitment to this full-time work<br />

and they work closely with the<br />

local bishop.<br />

Jim Selzer, executive director of the Guardian of Dreams organization was<br />

selected as a 2007 recipient of First Coast News’ 12 Who Cares Service Award.<br />

The award was created 20 years ago to “celebrate those special people making a<br />

difference in our communities through their selfless volunteer efforts.”<br />

Through Jim’s leadership and fundraising efforts, the Guardian of Dreams has<br />

raised more than $4 million in its 12 years of operation, providing tuition for about<br />

370 students a year.<br />

“When Jim approaches<br />

you with that infectious<br />

smile of his, how can<br />

anyone refuse his<br />

request to give some<br />

help for the needy<br />

children in our inner city<br />

schools? His love for<br />

our kids is surpassed<br />

only by his love for his<br />

family and for our Lord.<br />

What a blessing he is<br />

to our diocese,” said<br />

Bishop Victor Galeone.<br />

Phil Amato of First Coast News interviews Jim Selzer,<br />

executive director of the Guardian of Dreams, and a recipient<br />

of the 2007 12 Who Cares Service Award.<br />

Susie Nguyen<br />

26 <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007


special<br />

what have you done for your Marriage Today?<br />

annual celebration Haitian<br />

<strong>Catholic</strong> Community Gathers<br />

Jacksonville’s <strong>Catholic</strong> Haitian community gathered at<br />

Prince of Peace Parish on August 12 for their third annual<br />

celebration Mass. Concelebrating the Mass, from left, are:<br />

Father Michael Larkin, pastor of Prince of Peace Parish, guest<br />

homilist Father Gerson Charles of <strong>St</strong>. Pierre Parish in Haiti<br />

and Father Guy Noonan, pastor of <strong>St</strong>. Ambrose Parish in Elkton<br />

and Our Lady of Good Counsel Mission in Mill Creek. For<br />

information on the Haitian <strong>Catholic</strong> Ministry, call Jonel Laguerre at<br />

(904) 208-1458 or Michelove Jules at (904) 514-1769.<br />

around the diocese<br />

W<br />

hat have you done for your marriage today? That’s the<br />

question the <strong>Catholic</strong> Church asks in a series of TV and radio<br />

spots launched in June by the U. S. Bishops’ Committees on<br />

Marriage and Family Life and Communications.<br />

The answer, which come from people interviewed on the street, range from<br />

getting up early with the baby to carrying a spouse’s purse. They show that<br />

short-term kindness cements a lifelong relationship. With humorous bits of life,<br />

the spots prompt people to think of and do more for their own commitments.<br />

“Healthy marriages are the bedrock of our church and our society,” said<br />

Archbishop-elect Joseph Kurtz of Louisville, Ky., chairman of the bishop’s<br />

Marriage and Family Life Committee, announcing the campaign. “The church<br />

seeks to do all it can to encourage what goes into a solid marriage: prayer,<br />

fidelity, commitment, and the little things that count.<br />

The campaign is part of a multi-year National Pastoral Initiative for Marriage<br />

of the U.S. <strong>Catholic</strong> bishops to convey the meaning and value of married life<br />

for the church and society. The initiative will develop guidance and resources,<br />

including a pastoral letter, to promote, strengthen, sustain and restore marriages.<br />

The spots can be viewed on www.foryourmarriage.org. The site also offers<br />

other resources to help couples build strong marriages.<br />

<strong>Catholic</strong> Couples Renew Their Vows<br />

Susie Nguyen<br />

Special<br />

The Anniversary Mass, sponsored by the Diocesan Center<br />

for Family Life, is scheduled for Saturday, Nov. 3 at <strong>St</strong>. Matthew<br />

Parish in Jacksonville. Couples celebrating special wedding<br />

anniversaries in 2007: 25, 30, 40, 45, 50 or more years<br />

are encouraged to renew their wedding vows at the 2 p.m.<br />

ceremony with Bishop Victor Galeone.<br />

Each couple will be individually honored by the bishop with a<br />

certificate. A reception will follow. To register, call (904) 308-<br />

7474 or register online at www.dcfl.org.<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007 27


around<br />

around the diocese<br />

it’s just fun Diocese Launches <strong>Catholic</strong> Singles Network<br />

Cathy Macina<br />

It’s Just Fun Leadership Committee from (l-r): Peggy Sidman,<br />

Jim Shields, Kitty Mooneyham, Father Tony Palazzolo, Kathleen<br />

Andrews, Pete Palazzolo and Juani Kelly. Taking the photo was<br />

committee member Cathy Macina.<br />

Tired of hanging out in bars and health clubs, or hoping to<br />

meet other <strong>Catholic</strong> singles online who share your same<br />

interests? Well in September, a new <strong>Catholic</strong> Singles Network,<br />

called It’s Just Fun, launched what organizers hope will be a<br />

new ministry that addresses the needs of single <strong>Catholic</strong>s 35 years of age<br />

or older.<br />

Sponsored by the Diocesan Center for Family Life and the <strong>Catholic</strong><br />

Divorced Ministry of the Diocese of Saint <strong>Augustine</strong>, It’s Just Fun is designed<br />

to enhance the social and spiritual life of single adult <strong>Catholic</strong>s in Northeast<br />

Florida by providing a safe and wholesome environment for fellowship.<br />

There will be social activities, such as wine and cheese gatherings, art gallery<br />

visits, family picnics, line dancing lessons and a multitude of other events.<br />

It’s Just Fun is also planning a special monthly Mass celebrated in parishes<br />

throughout the area, workshops, seminars, retreats and days of reflection.<br />

“We hope to create an ‘extended family’ environment where single adult<br />

<strong>Catholic</strong>s can feel comfortable with others who are like minded and enjoy a<br />

wide variety of spiritual and social activities together,” said Pete Palazzolo of the<br />

It’s Just Fun leadership committee.<br />

If you are single and <strong>Catholic</strong>, visit www.itsjustfun.org for more information<br />

about the new ministry as well as a calendar of events. Add your name to<br />

the email list to stay informed about upcoming activities. “We look forward<br />

to meeting you face to face and hearing some of your ideas about events you<br />

would like to see us sponsor,” said Pete.<br />

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“Do not give up! Do not lose your Hope!”<br />

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This powerful Novena is printed in<br />

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The Novena is a 24-page booklet, rich in<br />

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To learn about the devotion<br />

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To order your Infallible Novena and/or Rosary,<br />

please fill and mail the information below or order<br />

through our website. Thank you!<br />

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28 <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007


work life<br />

work life<br />

finding balance among a team<br />

what do we do when our boss has less experience?<br />

Ann has<br />

been at her<br />

current job<br />

for 20 years,<br />

but Kevin,<br />

a much<br />

younger<br />

person, was<br />

recently<br />

assigned to<br />

be her boss.<br />

Ann says: At first, I was deeply offended and upset. I thought,<br />

“How could they do this to me? There’s no way this kid can<br />

be more qualified than I, regardless of how much education<br />

he has.” Then, as the weeks went by, the inexperience of my<br />

new boss was obvious. He was indecisive and overreacted to<br />

various situations; he didn’t understand the complete picture. Things kept<br />

getting worse. But instead of feeling vindicated, I actually started feeling<br />

bad for Kevin. He was intelligent, and was honestly trying to do well, but he<br />

just didn’t have the experience. I kept wondering, “Do we tell management<br />

that Kevin just can’t cut it, or do we try to help him?”<br />

The expert says:<br />

Do you have to be a boss to be<br />

a leader? Often we get caught<br />

up in the formal structure of<br />

companies and institutions,<br />

thinking that if we’re not formally<br />

in charge, we can’t be leaders.<br />

What is a leader? What is<br />

management? In The 7 Habits<br />

of Highly Effective People,<br />

<strong>St</strong>ephen Covey explains the<br />

difference between the two.<br />

“Management is doing things<br />

right; leadership is doing the<br />

right things.” (Covey, p101) Kevin is<br />

smart, and he knows how<br />

to do things right, but<br />

lacks experience. Ann,<br />

on the other hand,<br />

knows what needs to<br />

be done. There is<br />

another dimension<br />

to leadership<br />

that is often<br />

overlooked:<br />

service.<br />

Christ told<br />

us that a<br />

leader is<br />

a servant.<br />

“... let the<br />

greatest<br />

among<br />

you be<br />

as the<br />

youngest,<br />

Tim Ryan<br />

and the leader as the servant”<br />

(Lk 22:26). So the fact that Ann<br />

knows what to do doesn’t<br />

necessarily mean that she is a<br />

leader. Only when she uses that<br />

knowledge in service will she<br />

truly become one.<br />

Ann spoke with her teammates<br />

and convinced them that<br />

they needed to make Kevin<br />

successful because only then<br />

would the entire team do well.<br />

From that point forward, Ann and<br />

the rest of team mentored and<br />

worked with Kevin to make sure<br />

they were doing the right things<br />

correctly. Thus, they did very well<br />

as a team and built solid, lasting<br />

relationships.<br />

Lessons in leadership we<br />

can learn from Ann:<br />

• You don’t have to be a<br />

formal boss to lead others.<br />

• Use your knowledge to<br />

serve others rather than<br />

selfish motives.<br />

• No one person may have<br />

all the qualities necessary<br />

to make an entire team<br />

successful. A true leader<br />

pulls the skills of everyone<br />

together.<br />

• A leader let’s go of his/her<br />

ego and seeks the success<br />

of the team.<br />

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<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007 29


Largest <strong>Catholic</strong><br />

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calendar<br />

<strong>October</strong> 2007<br />

Oct. 6<br />

Annual Fall Festival - Saturday, 9 a.m.-5<br />

p.m., <strong>St</strong>. John Parish, Interlachen. There will<br />

be food, entertainment, games and more.<br />

Call (386) 684-2528<br />

Oct. 7<br />

21st Annual Life Chain – Sunday, 2-3<br />

p.m., rain or shine. These peaceful gatherings<br />

represent a stand against abortion. For a Life<br />

Chain nearest you, call the Diocesan Center<br />

for Family Life at (904) 308-7474.<br />

Oct. 9<br />

Faith in Action Night – Sponsored by<br />

the Gainesville Citizens Against the Death<br />

Penalty. Guest speaker Episcopal Father<br />

Dennis O’Neil. Tuesday, 6:30 p.m., <strong>St</strong>.<br />

<strong>Augustine</strong> Parish, Gainesville. For details,<br />

email: caponera@english.ufl.edu.<br />

Oct. 12-14<br />

Retrouvaille/Rediscovery Weekend<br />

– A retreat program for couples with<br />

troubled marriages. Friday-Sunday,<br />

Jacksonville. Cost: $75/couple. To register,<br />

call Bill or Trudy Hehn at (904) 992-0408.<br />

Oct. 13<br />

Annual Jubilee Celebration – Saturday,<br />

10 a.m., Cathedral-Basilica, <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong>.<br />

Sisters of <strong>St</strong>. Joseph Jubilarians: Florence<br />

Bryan, Elizabeth McCormick, Joyce Newton<br />

and Mary Newton.<br />

Oct. 13<br />

Day of Reflection – Roots of Christian<br />

Mysticism in Scripture – Leader: Cenacle<br />

Sister Annette Mattle. Saturday, 9:30 a.m.-<br />

3 p.m., Marywood Retreat Center,<br />

Jacksonville. Cost: $35. Call (904) 287-2525<br />

or visit www.marywoodcenter.org.<br />

take a<br />

Medjugorje<br />

pilgrimage<br />

November 2-10, 2007<br />

Come on an unofficial pilgrimage<br />

to Medjugorje with Wayne Weible,<br />

internationally-known author &<br />

speaker. $1399<br />

For more information<br />

(904) 726-5004<br />

www.medjugorjeweible.com<br />

Oct. 10<br />

Day of Reflection – Falling in Love<br />

With a Loving God – Leader: Father Ralph<br />

Besendorfer. Wednesday, 9:30 a.m.-2:30<br />

p.m., Marywood Retreat Center, Jacksonville.<br />

Cost: $20. Call (904) 287-2525 or visit<br />

www.marywoodcenter.org.<br />

Oct. 12-14<br />

Engaged Encounter – A marriage<br />

preparation program open to couples of all<br />

faiths. Begins Friday, 7:30 p.m., Marywood<br />

Retreat Center, Jacksonville. Cost: $280<br />

per couple. Call (904) 308-7474 or register<br />

online: www.dcfl.org.<br />

Oct. 12-14<br />

Diocesan Marriage Renewal – A<br />

retreat weekend for couples that want to<br />

enrich their marriage. Marywood Retreat<br />

Center, Jacksonville. To register, call John or<br />

Tina Morrissey at (904) 744-6843.<br />

Oct. 12-14<br />

Worldwide Marriage Encounter<br />

Weekend – A positive experience<br />

for married couples to improve their<br />

communication skills. Friday-Sunday,<br />

Savannah. For more details, call Tom or<br />

Susan Hughes at (904) 860-3039 or visit<br />

www.geocities.com/jaxMEweb.<br />

Oct. 18<br />

Red Mass – Sponsored by the <strong>Catholic</strong><br />

Lawyers Guild, Thursday, 5:30 p.m.,<br />

Immaculate Conception Church,<br />

Jacksonville. For members of the bar and<br />

law enforcement agencies. Mass will be<br />

celebrated by Bishop Victor Galeone.<br />

Oct. 20<br />

Pre Cana in Spanish – A marriage<br />

preparation program for couples that want<br />

to marry in the <strong>Catholic</strong> Church. Saturday,<br />

9:20 a.m.- 5:30 p.m., <strong>St</strong>. Vincent’s Medical<br />

Center, Jacksonville. Cost: $69 per couple.<br />

Call (904) 308-7474 or register online:<br />

www.dcfl.org<br />

Oct. 26<br />

Archbishop Joseph P. Hurley<br />

Memorial Mass – Commemorating the<br />

40th anniversary of the death of Archbishop<br />

Hurley. (See related story page 18), Friday, 7<br />

p.m., Cathedral-Basilica of <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong>.<br />

Oct. 26-28<br />

Weekend Retreat – Conscious<br />

Contact With the Living God, Living in<br />

the Present Moment. Christian meditation<br />

as an 11th step practice. Leaders: Cenacle<br />

Sisters Elizabeth Hillmann and Janet H.<br />

Friday-Sunday, Marywood Retreat Center,<br />

Jacksonville. Cost: $140-$230.<br />

30 <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> <strong>Catholic</strong> <strong>October</strong> 2007


“GOD on line 2”<br />

It would be nice if you could hear God’s call clearly and unmistakably. But maybe you<br />

have. Maybe you’re drawn to a prayer group, or deeply fulfilled by opportunities to help<br />

others. Perhaps you’ve even thought about being a priest. If so, why not find out more by<br />

contacting our vocations office? After all, when God calls, it’s a good idea to answer.<br />

(904) 262-3200, ext. 101<br />

.<br />

www.dosafl.com<br />

.<br />

email: vocations@dosafl.com<br />

T h e D i o c e s e o f<br />

S a i n t A u g u s t i n e


catholic<br />

<strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong><br />

The Magazine of the <strong>Catholic</strong> Diocese of Saint <strong>Augustine</strong><br />

11625 Old <strong>St</strong>. <strong>Augustine</strong> Road<br />

Jacksonville, FL 32258-2060<br />

NON PROFIT<br />

U.S. POSTAGE<br />

PAID<br />

PERMIT NO. 135<br />

MIDLAND, MI 48640<br />

Online: www.dosafl.com<br />

www.staugcatholic.org

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