Title Page, About the Project, Table of Contents, and Contributors

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Title Page, About the Project, Table of Contents, and Contributors

Economic Confidence-Building and

Regional Security

Michael Krepon and Chris Gagné, editors

Report No. 36

October 2000

Copyright©2000

11 Dupont Circle, NW

Ninth Floor

Washington, DC 20036

phone 202.223.5956

fax 202.238.9604

cgagne@stimson.org

www.stimson.org


About the Project

T

he Henry L. Stimson Center has been working to promote confidence-building measures

(CBMs) in regions of tension since 1991. Our CBM Project programming now focuses

primarily on India, Pakistan, China, and Japan. We have also carried out workshops in Latin

America and the Middle East and briefings for officials and visitors from these regions.

The Center’s CBM programming has six main components:

C First, we hold a series of meetings on CBMs in Washington for diplomats and military

attachés, media, executive and legislative officials, and representatives from

nongovernmental organizations. These meetings provide an opportunity to discuss problemsolving

ideas in a congenial setting.

C Second, we commission papers to stimulate thinking and problem-solving CBM approaches

within regions of interest. We are interested in developing the theory as well as the practice

of CBMs. Towards these ends we compare CBM experiences in different regions. We are also

interested in collaborations across borders to encourage networking. We publish

commissioned work as funding permits.

C Third, with local co-sponsorship, we convene workshops on CBMs within countries of

interest, reaching key target audiences: government officials, military officers, journalists,

academics, and researchers.

C Fourth, we host a Visiting Fellows program, whereby talented individuals from India,

Pakistan, and China carry out research and writing on the theory and practice of CBMs at the

Stimson Center.

C Fifth, we publish and distribute widely materials on CBMs. We also place our CBM

publications and non-published work on the Stimson Center’s website (www.stimson.org).

C Sixth, we moderate a cross-border internet dialogue, known as the Southern Asia Internet

Forum, designed to generate open dialogue, and broaden the scope of discussion, among

individuals working on security issues in the region.

Support for The Stimson Center’s CBM Project is provided by the Carnegie Corporation

of New York, the W. Alton Jones Foundation, the Ford Foundation, and the William and Flora

Hewlett Foundation.


Table of Contents

About the Project. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iii

Table of Contents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v

Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .vii

Michael Krepon and Chris Gagné

Exploring the Impact of Economic Cooperation on Political and Security

Relations between Argentina and Chile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

David R. Mares

China and Japan: Economic Partnership to Political Ends. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27

Katherine G. Burns

Economic Cooperation and Security Spill-Overs: the Case of India and Pakistan. . . . . . . . . . . . 59

E. Sridharan

Notes on Contributors


Contributor’s Notes

Katherine G. Burns is a Ph.D. candidate in Political Science at MIT. Her dissertation

examines economic and political relations between the major powers of Northeast Asia—

Japan, China, and Russia—since the end of the Cold War. She has spent a total of six

years in Japan and China working and conducting research. She received support for her

research from a number of granting agencies including the National Science Foundation,

Fulbright, and the Social Science Research Council. Ms. Burns is the author of several

articles and book chapters including "Primor'e: Local Politics and a Coalition for

Reform," in Timothy J. Colton and Jerry F. Hough eds., Growing Pains: Russian

Democracy and the Election of 1993 (Washington DC: Brookings Institute Press, 1998);

and "The Security Implications of Defense Conversion in the Russian Far East,"

forthcoming with the National Bureau of Asian Research, Seattle, WA.

Chris Gagné is the Research Associate for the Confidence-Building Measures project,

with a focus on India and Pakistan. Chris joined the project in 1999 after working at

Stimson as a Herbert Scoville Jr. Peace Fellow. He graduated from Dickinson College in

1998 with a BA in Anthropology and Policy Studies and a concentration in International

Policy. He has studied in southern India, and returned to the region after graduation as

assistant to the director of the South India Term Abroad (SITA) program. He also

interned as a research assistant to a professor of national security at the Army War

College where he compiled and analyzed information about weapons transactions and

security concerns in Southeast Asia and gathered information for a project on confidencebuilding

measures in terminating conflict.

Michael Krepon is President Emeritus of the Henry L. Stimson Center. He previously

worked at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the U.S. Arms Control and

Disarmament Agency during the Carter Administration, and the US House of

Representatives. He is the author of Strategic Stalemate, Nuclear Weapons and Arms

Control in American Politics (1984), Arms Control in the Reagan Administration (1989),

and co-editor of Verification and Compliance, A Problem-Solving Approach (1988),

Commercial Observation Satellites and International Security (1990), The Politics of

Arms Control Treaty Ratification (1991), Open Skies, Arms Control and Cooperative

Security (1992), Crisis Prevention, Confidence Building, and Reconciliation in South

Asia (1995), and Global Confidence-Building (2000).


David R. Mares (Ph.D., Harvard University, 1982) is Professor of Political Science and

Adjunct Professor at the Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies,

University of California, San Diego. His field of interest is international relations with a

research specialization in Latin American affairs. His publications include Penetrating

the International Market: Theoretical Considerations and a Mexican Case, and articles in

International Organization, International Studies Quarterly, Comparative Politics, and

Latin American Research Review. He also edited Civil-Military Relations: Building

Peace and Democracy in Latin America, Central Europe and Southern Asia and has

prepared reports for the Carnegie Foundation, the Stockholm International Peace

Research Institute, and the Arias Foundation for Human Progress and Development. His

latest book, Violent Peace: Militarized Interstate Bargaining in Latin America, will be

published by Columbia University Press. Professor Mares has been a member of the

international advisory board of the Instituto Latinoamericano de Relaciones Civiles-

Militares (based in Peru), served on the editorial board of Latin American Research

Review, and taught in Mexico, Ecuador and Chile.

E. Sridharan (Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania) is Academic Director of the University

of Pennsylvania Institute for the Advanced Study of India in New Delhi, the India

affiliate of the Center for the Advanced Study of India, University of Pennsylvania. He is

a political scientist with research interests in the political economy of development,

international political economy, election studies, party systems, and coalition politics. He

is the author of The Political Economy of Industrial Promotion (Praeger, 1996) and

numerous papers. He was with the Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi from 1989 to

1997, and has been a Visiting Fellow at the London School of Economics and the

Institute for Developing Economies, Tokyo.

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