Border Security Matters Aug 2014

torchmktg

Border Security Matter August 2014, for the latest news and information from the world border organization

Border Security

Matters Vol:

August 2014

Welcome

Thomas Tass, Executive Director,

BORDERPOL

25 years ago the east west border

divide along the so called Iron

Curtain was breached by thousands

of citizens of East Germany at a small

Austrian/Hungarian border crossing

point. As a diplomat stationed

in Vienna at the time, my NATO

colleagues and I were provided

daily briefings about what was likely

to happen if the leadership of the

Warsaw Pact states were going to

maintain the political status quo of

the so called Cold War.

What we were not entirely aware of was the fact that there were

tens of thousands of East German tourists either in Hungary or

on the way to region adjacent to the Austrian border. An event

called the Pan European Picnic planned for August 19-20 was the

catalyst to this movement. We were also unaware of the fact that

the Hungarian border guards received an order from the Ministry

of the Interior in Budapest not to get involved and to leave their

firearms in their barracks on the days of the event.

In retrospect this was a “Black Swan event” a phrase coined

by Nassim Nicholas Taleb in his 2001 book “Fooled By

Randomness”. He said that a Black Swan event [BSE] is when

the event is a surprise (to the observer), the event has a major

effect on life as we know it and after the first recorded instance of

the event, it is rationalized by hindsight, as if it could have been

expected.

In the border security, traveler/migration management

community the impact of BSE’s are immediate and in most cases

can be appropriately coped with if the senior leadership of the

border services and agencies pay attention to ever evolving

events around the world and communicate and consult with

their counterparts around the world.

25 years ago this was not possible. There were no nonmilitary

border security mechanisms such as BORDERPOL in existence.

As history shows a quarter of century ago tens thousands of

East Germans were waiting for their chance to cross the border

and during the Pan European Picnic. A few hundred did cross the

border from Hungary into Austria on the day of the event. But

the BSE had its impact, and by September 11, 1989, Hungary

opened its borders for East German other Warsaw Pact citizens. It

marked the beginning of the rapid demise of the Iron Curtain.

The absence of shared border security, traveler/migration

Contents

Agency News 2 - 7

How Cyber War 1.0 rendered Data Protection 8

and Privacy Laws Meaningless

World BORDERPOL Congress 2014 8 - 25

Local border traffic regimes on the EU’s 27 - 28

eastern borders

Border Security Resilience and the Ebola virus 29 - 31

Risk Scoring – a Safer More Efficient Approach 32

to Border Control

Industry News 33 - 37

News and updates form the Secretariat 38

management information at the time caused great uncertainty in

Western Europe if not in the entire world. If the trio of fears in the

form of miscalculation, misinformation and misfortune had come

together our world might look very different today. Fortunately

in 1992 a handful of forethoughtful leaders of the border security

community saw the need for a collaborative mechanism to assist

in making borders everywhere more effective at connecting

as well as protecting states. This global cooperative group was

known as the International Border Police Conference [IBPC] and

it existed until 2012 when it was subsumed by the European

Union’s Frontex organization.

From the time of its incorporation in 2003 BORDERPOL was

an official partner of the IBPC and was active in its programs

and activities. Many hundreds of contacts and activities were

undertaken that demonstrably improved border management

activities in Europe, Asia and the Americas safer and smarter.

When the IBPC in its original form was ended the leadership

of BORDRPOL determined that it would continue its legacy

of bringing together the worlds border managers annually to

discuss and debate the world’s border security, traveler and

migration management issues.

In December 2012 and 2013 we held our first and second

World BORDERPOL Congresses in London that were [with some

technical and programming enhancements] the true successor

events of the annual Hungary based IBPC.

To our great delight and pride, the 3rd World BORDERPOL

Congress is being held December 9-11, 2014 in Budapest,

Hungary the very country that hosted that unique original annual

event for two decades and which since 2003 continues support

our organization as we continue the legacy mission of making

borders safer and smarter the world over and work together to

mitigate the impact of Black Swan events.

Border Security Matters

www.borderpol.org page 1


BORDERPOL Workshop:

25-26 September 2014, Helsinki, Finland

human trafficking. BORDERPOL actively supports international

efforts to combat all forms of cross border crime but with a

special emphasis on human trafficking.

At the 2nd World Borderpol Congress, held in Westminster,

London, UK on 3 – 4 December 2013, experts identified a

range of themes that might merit more detailed examination

in regional workshops. One such theme was: “The International

Organised Crime Global Threat, and Challenges facing Border

Security Management”. This was followed with a Workshop in

May 2014 in Budapest, which has highlighted the further need

for discussions on the challenges of “Schengen Area: where is it

working and where is it not working in relation to cross border

organised crime?”

Our role is to bring together as many stakeholders and

agencies at the borders as we can to examine current trends

in the modus operandi of international criminal gangs, how to

deliver enhanced cross border cooperation and collaboration,

and the sharing of information.

As part of our efforts we are organising a closed workshop

in Helsinki in September (click here) and the 3rd World

BORDERPOL Congress in Budapest in December (click here) to

discuss this and other important issues.

Mr Leo Nissinen, Director General of the Finnish Customs

has agreed to host a workshop to develop this theme further.

The workshop will be held in Helsinki on 25-26 September

2014. The speakers will include the Finnish Police, Customs and

Border Guard authorities who will present their cooperation and

arrangements related to the theme of the workshop.

Tony Smith, International Liaison Director at BORDERPOL,

said”The Tilbury incident is a tragedy. We at Borderpol

encourage national and international enforcement agencies to

work together across national boundaries to deter and disrupt

this evil trade.”

The workshop will be chaired by Tony Smith CBE, International

Liaison Director for BORDERPOL and former Director General

of the UK Border Force; in association Colonel Zoltan Szabo

(Ret’d), Director EU Secretariat.

The objectives of the Workshop will be to examine current

trends in the modus operandi of international criminals;

examine how Schengen delivers enhanced cross border

cooperation and highlight weaknesses or areas where greater

collaboration is required; to consider how information and

intelligence can be shared across different types of border (eg

Schengen, EU and External Borders) to interdict international

criminals; and to examine the technology and systems available

to government agencies to counter the threat of international

organised crime.

For further details contact Neil Walker, Director Programs

& Events, at neil.walker@borderpol.org or Zoltan Szabo,

BORDERPOL EU Secretariat at zoltan.szabo@borderpol.org.

35 suspected illegal immigrants at

Tilbury, UK

The desperate plight of the 35 people trapped inside a shipping

container at Tilbury Docks once again highlights the tragedy of

BORDERPOL is the only organisation that brings together the

multi-disciplinary agencies from around the world that play a

role in keeping borders safe and secure.

Strengthening of Nordic-Baltic strategic

police cooperation

Lithuanian Police together with Nordic-Baltic partners will

strengthen strategic cooperation within the newly started

project “Introduction and development of strategic approach to

international police cooperation and EU acquis implementation

at regional level in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Finland and

Sweden”.

Border Security Matters

www.borderpol.org page 2


The Project is oriented on the creation of strategic cooperation

background for the police institutions of Lithuania, Latvia,

Estonia, Finland and Sweden that should ensure coherent

implementation and application of EU acquis in the area of

Freedom, Security and Justice of the European Union.

The Project is being implemented under the Prevention of

and Fight against Crime Programme of the European Union

(hereinafter – the ISEC) and is oriented to further develop

the tasks of the project „Implementation of EU acquis and

other instruments and their application in the development

of international police cooperation“ which was prepared and

implemented in 2012-2013 (12 months) under the ISEC 2011

programme. Within the new ISEC project regional cooperation

strategy and its action plans will be prepared. Study visits

to Lithuania, Sweden and Belgium and workshops will be

organized. Furthermore, several trainings for police officers

in the following areas are planned: international cooperation,

EU acquis implementation, enhancement of public order and

security by applying EU legal instruments, development of

intercultural, international negotiation and communication skills

[Source: Estonian Police and Border Guard Board]

International network of Romanian

cybercriminals dismantled

An international organised cybercrime network, composed

mostly of Romanian citizens, was successfully taken down

in Romania and France with the support of the European

Cybercrime Centre (EC3) at Europol.

The cybercrime network is suspected of sophisticated

electronic payment crimes including intrusions into

international non-cash payment systems (through malware

attacks), illegal worldwide financial transactions and money

transfers, card data compromising (via skimming attacks),

money laundering and drug trafficking. Members of this

criminal network were using malware – RAT (Remote Access

Tool) with key logger functionality - to take over and gain

access to computers used by money transfer services all

over Europe (Austria, Belgium, Germany, Norway, UK).

More than 115 individuals were interrogated and 65

detained in coordinated raids by Romanian and French

law enforcement and judicial authorities, supported on

the spot by the European Cybercrime Centre (EC3). Large

sums of money, luxury vehicles, IT equipment and variety

of evidence were seized during the raids. Around 450

police officers were deployed to execute 117 house search

warrants during the operation.

Losses incurred by the criminals’ activities are estimated to

be at least two million euros. The proceeds of their crimes

were invested in different types of property, deposited in

bank accounts or transferred electronically to hide their

illicit origin.

The Head of the European Cybercrime Centre (EC3),

Troels Oerting, said: “As a direct result of the excellent

cooperation and outstanding work by police officers and

prosecutors from Romania, France and other European

countries, a key criminal network has been successfully

taken down this week. EC3’s role was to effectively facilitate

international cooperation, including the exchange of

intelligence, and to provide resources where needed.

After many months and a great effort from all involved,

many individuals have now been detained after key

locations were identified and targeted by law enforcement.

The resounding success of such an operation is not the first

and will not be the last, as police officers and prosecutors,

alongside EC3, continue in their tireless endeavours to

make payment transactions safer for customers throughout

Europe and beyond.”

Operations such as this one demonstrate the crucial role

of exchanging intelligence through Europol channels and

the importance of international coordination at different

operational stages including the final execution at

European level. EC3 organised several operational meetings

at Europol headquarters in The Hague, provided analysis,

and simultaneously deployed mobile offices and technical

support on the spot in the cooperating countries.

Directorate for Investigating Organized Crime and

Terrorism (DIICOT) from Craiova city; Romanian National

Police, including the Brigade for Combating Organized

Crime from Craiova city, the Service of Intelligence

& Internal Protection from Craiova and the National

Intelligence Service.

3,340 Cartons of Contraband Cigarettes

Siezed by Immigration & Checkpoints

Authority

A male Malaysian driving a Malaysia-registered lorry

declared to be transporting “Metal Stamping Parts” was

stopped by officers from the Immigration & Checkpoints

Authority (ICA) recently for routine checks upon arrival at

Woodlands Checkpoint.

During the course of inspection, ICA officers found a

sealed package of contraband cigarettes stacked within

the consignments. Further inspections uncovered a total

of 3,340 cartons of contraband cigarettes hidden amongst

Border Security Matters

www.borderpol.org page 3


the consignments at the rear of the lorry. The estimated

value of the duty-unpaid cigarettes is about $350,000.

The evaded duty and GST involved amounted to about

$250,000 and $24,000 respectively.

Officers from the Singapore Customs were immediately

alerted of the detection. The 24-year-old man, the exhibits

found and the lorry were handed over to Singapore

Customs for further investigations. The vehicle was

subsequently seized.

Nigerian Police Set Up Tactical

Operation Points

As part of strategic measures lined up to contain the

illegal movement of small arms and light weapons and

other explosive materials, the Acting Inspector-General

of Police, IGP Suleiman Abba, NPM, mni has ordered

immediate establishment of Tactical Operation Points

(TOP) in select states of the North East and North West.

These points which will be manned by Policemen who

have received adequate training in tactical operation and

counter-terrorism will be established in various strategic

locations, including highways in Kano, Jigawa, Sokoto,

Kebbi, Zamfara, Bauchi, Gombe and Taraba states.

Consequently, the IGP has charged all Assistant Inspectors

-General of Police (AIGs) in charge of the Zones covering

the affected states and all Commissioners of Police in

charge of these states to ensure close supervision and

constant reskilling of the personnel performing this special

operation.

The IGP is optimistic that the latest measure will enable

the Force to halt further spread of violence in the land and

frustrate the activities of insurgents and other criminals,

adding that the Force is determined to track and mop up

illegal arms trade and arrest the unchallenged movement

of explosive materials by hoodlums and other unpatriotic

elements.

While noting that the Police will always work in close

collaboration with other security Forces in the land, the

IGP vows that the Force will leave no stone unturned in

ensuring that the citizens of Nigeria enjoy maximum safety

and security in their own country.

INTERPOL training in Indonesia

supports police in investigating migrant

smuggling

The first training session of the INTERPOL Capacity

Building Programme on Enhancing Migrant Smuggling

Investigation in Southeast Asia is being held in Indonesia in

cooperation with the Jakarta Centre for Law Enforcement

Cooperation (JCLEC).

The two-week course (11-22 August) brings together 22

law enforcement officials from anti-human trafficking

units, cybercrime units, INTERPOL National Central

Bureaus (NCBs) and national judicial authorities from eight

countries: Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar,

Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.

The course is part of a two-year training programme,

supported by funding from the Government of Canada,

which aims to build the investigative capacity of law

enforcement officers in Southeast Asia to prevent human

trafficking and migrant smuggling, and enhance regional

cooperation with a view to creating a sustainable network

in the region for the sharing of knowledge and expertise.

Attending the opening ceremony were Police

Commissioner General Suhardi Alius, Chief of the Criminal

Investigation Division of the Indonesia National Police;

Dale Sheehan, INTERPOL’s Director of Capacity Building

and Training; Police Brigadier General Soepartiwi, Executive

Director of the JCLEC; and Detective Superintendent Brian

Thomson, Executive Director of Programs with the JCLEC.

Brigadier General Soepartiwi underlined the important role

of INTERPOL in the fight against transnational crime in

Southeast Asia, and applauded the Canadian Government

and INTERPOL for their support in implementing the

capacity building programme in the region.

Commending the JCLEC on its 10th anniversary, Mr

Sheehan said: “The JCLEC is a strategic partner of INTERPOL

in the delivery of our capacity building programmes.

Further partnerships with the Indonesia National Police,

Australia Federal Police and Royal Canadian Mounted

Police, combined with all ASEAN member countries, ensure

the essential exchange and sharing of best practices

throughout Southeast Asia.”

[Source: INTERPOL]

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Spannish Civil Guard detain 44 persons

belonging to drug trafficking gang

The detainees, specialized in trafficking hashish from

Morocco to sell in the entertainment areas of the province

of Cádiz.

The Civil Guard Cádiz proceeded to exploit the “OLIVETTI”

operation, in which it has dismantled a criminal

organization dedicated to the introduction of hashish in

the form of acorns, for further distribution and sale. This

active criminal group, running 14 drug outlets located in

the Bay of Cadiz, which the Civil Guard dismantled after the

operation.

The objective of this organization was to get enough

capital to organize hashish stash of greater significance

for introduction by sea. During the research phase were 11

aborted shipments of narcotics and the arrest of 18 people

who were acting as couriers. To them must be added the 26

detainees that were arrested during the operation in July.

SEF detects drug couriers at Lisbon’s

Airport

On the course of document check procedures carried out

yesterday, when arriving to national territory, four foreign

citizens where intercepted by SEF’s officers. The citizens

traveled in two different flights from Brazil: two of them on

the flight from Belo Horizonte (Brazil) and the other two

from Brasilia.

The Portuguese Immigration and Borders Service (SEF

- Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras) detected at the

Lisbon’s Airport border four foreign citizens suspected of

carrying narcotics.

On the course of document check procedures carried out

yesterday, when arriving to national territory, four foreign

citizens where intercepted by SEF’s officers. The citizens

traveled in two different flights from Brazil: two of them on

the flight from Belo Horizonte (Brazil) and the other two

from Brasilia.

Due to the joint work of SEF and the Portuguese Tax and

Customs Authority (Autoridade Tributária e Aduaneira), it

was possible to confirm that the citizens were in possession

of narcotic products, which were identically disguised

(hidden around their waist), on a total of 9,98kg of cocaine

distributed equally by the four passengers.

The citizens were authorized to enter national territory with

the purpose of being escorted to Court.

Additionally, during yesterday’s afternoon, two other

foreign citizens were arrested, based on the information

provided by SEF, collected during the interviews carried

out by the Lisbon’s Airport Border Post to the four arrested

citizens.

It is the first time that there is a joint operation at Lisbon’s

Airport with foreign citizens arriving in different flights, yet

with the same modus operandis.

Australian National Border Targeting

Centre launched

Minister for Immigration and Border Protection, the

Hon Scott Morrison, recently opened the National Border

Targeting Centre (NBTC), a 24/7 operations centre, bringing

together nine border, law enforcement, national intelligence

and regulatory partner agencies to analyse and target

high-risk passengers and cargo within the Strategic Border

Command.

Minister Morrison said the NBTC—which recently came into

operational effect on 1 July as part of border protection

reforms—will boost national security and law enforcement

agencies’ capability to generate actionable intelligence to

support highly trained officers on the ground to physically

detect and stop threats from entering Australia.

‘The NBTC will provide a national, holistic approach to

combat serious and organised crime which is responsible for

smuggling illegal drugs, guns, bio-security, national security

and immigrations risks through cargo and traveller arrival

points,’ Minister Morrison said.

‘It will support agencies to maintain vigilance at the border

to manage the exponential growth in trade and travel;

handle more complex cargo supply chains and passenger

travel routes.

‘The NBTC is a key component of Strategic Border

Command, which was launched on 3 July, as a cornerstone

of border protection reforms within the Australian Customs

and Border Protection Service.

‘The Strategic Border Command is the border brain and

nerve centre of our border protection operation.

‘The Coalition Government has invested a further $256.6

million on intelligence and systems to support the NBTC’s

connectivity and security. Without this broader investment

the $30 million provided to set up the NBTC would have

made it little more than a shell operation.

Border Security Matters

www.borderpol.org page 5


picture showing all the moving parts, both legal and illegal

activity, at the border,’ Minister Morrison said.

The NBTC will use sophisticated analytical tools and data

from nine agencies to better identify high risk passengers

and cargo. The NBTC will provide that information to

the operational areas who will determine an appropriate

operational response.

The NBTC will also work collaboratively with regional

partners and targeting centres in the United States,

Canada, the United Kingdom and New Zealand to improve

knowledge of criminal syndicates with international links and

disrupt criminal activity ahead of the Australian border.

‘This funding is part of the more than $700 million

being invested back into border protection through the

Australian Customs and Border Protection Service and the

establishment of the Australian Border Force, over the next

six years, reversing the $700 million cuts to border protection

under the previous government.

‘Eighty-five per cent of all illegal firearm detections at the

border are the result of intelligence developed by Australian

and international security and law enforcement agencies.

Intelligence is the key to seizing drugs and contraband at the

border.

‘The NBTC will be the thread that pulls agencies’ data

together providing agencies with a national operational

The centre is hosted within the Australian Customs and

Border Protection Service’s Strategic Border Command

Headquarters in Canberra.

Drugs found in a shipping container of

rice; three arrested in Canada

A joint investigation between the Royal Canadian Mounted

Police (RCMP) and the Canada Border Services Agency

(CBSA) has resulted in arrest of three Greater Toronto Area

(GTA) residents for illegally importing approximately 72.8

kilograms of Ketamine and 23.5 kilograms of Norephedrine.

This investigation commenced when Canada Border

4th-5th March 2015

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Services Agency (CBSA) Officers at the Port of Montreal,

inspected a Toronto-bound sea container containing over

500 sacks of rice that originated from India. Upon further

examination of the container, CBSA officers discovered

a significant amount of Ketamine and Norephedrine

concealed in a number of the rice sacks. CBSA officers

contacted the RCMP in Montreal, which subsequently

advised the RCMP GTA Serious and Organized Crime

section about the drug shipment. The RCMP, along with

our partner agencies, conducted a local investigation in

order to identify the individuals responsible for illegally

importing the Ketamine and Norephedrine into Canada.

As a result of this investigation, in July, RCMP Toronto

Airport Detachment investigators attended a commercial

establishment in the area of Highway 27 and Woodbine

Avenue in Toronto and arrested three male suspects.

“Organized crime plays a major role in smuggling illegal

drugs into Canada. The RCMP is determined to fight

organized crime in order to provide safe homes and

safe communities for all Canadians,” said Inspector Dean

DICKSON, Team Commander of the RCMP’s Toronto

Airport Detachment GTA Serious & Organized Crime

section. “The result of this investigation demonstrates

how the RCMP and its partner agencies work effectively

together to keep illegal drugs out of our communities.”

“Keeping illicit drugs out of our communities is a CBSA

priority. Our officers use a multifaceted approach based on

risk assessment, intelligence and advanced technologies to

target illegal shipments. They also work closely with their

national and international partners to prevent the trade

of illegal drugs through international borders,” said Pierre

Provost, Acting Regional Director General for the CBSA,

Quebec Region.

EU-Wide Police Operation Tackles

Illegal Immigration Via Airports

From 5 to 11 May 2014, joint police operation Aerodromos

took place to combat illegal migration through international

airports in the European Union.

In the framework of operation Aerodromos, initiated and

coordinated by the Greek authorities, over 130 migrants

were intercepted. The majority of those migrants stopped

were travelling on forged or counterfeit identity documents.

Genuine identity documents, belonging to other people,

were also discovered.

In addition to the migrants, a number of people smugglers

were also arrested, as irregular migrants of various

nationalities tried to reach their final destination in the EU via

different airports.

In the context of this operation a transnational criminal

organisation was dismantled in Greece, resulting in the arrest

of six individuals in Greece for the smuggling of Albanian

nationals.

In total 18 EU Member States took part in the action. Europol

provided support during the operation through the analysis

of criminal intelligence generated by the joint operation.

[Source: EUROPOL]

Ebola Spurs Nigeria Surveillance,

Border Limits Through Region

Nigeria, with 12 confirmed Ebola cases so far, said

yesterday it has placed almost 200 people under surveillance

for the deadly disease, trying to limit an outbreak that’s killed

more than 1,100 people in West Africa.

Nigeria is the fourth

country where Ebola is

reported, following its

spread in Guinea, Liberia

and Sierra Leone. At least

2,100 people have been

infected throughout

West Africa, the World

Health Organization has

reported.

Countries in the region are strengthening security at borders,

and more airlines are discontinuing flights to some affected

countries, further isolating them. The actions come after

a top official from Doctors Without Borders said it will

take months to curb the outbreak, while the WHO said its’

running tally of Ebola cases and deaths underestimates the

numbers medical workers are reporting.

Ebola-Hit Countries Must Screen All

Departing Travellers-WHO

Authorities in countries affected by Ebola should check

people departing at international airports, seaports and

major border crossings and stop any with signs of the virus

from travelling, the World Health Organisation (WHO) said

on Monday.

In a statement, the U.N. health agency reiterated that

the risk of getting infected with Ebola on an aircraft was

small and said there was no need for wider travel or trade

restrictions.

“Affected countries are requested to conduct exit screening

of all persons at international airports, seaports and major

land crossings, for unexplained febrile illness consistent

with potential Ebola infection. Any person with an illness

consistent with EVD (Ebola Virus Disease) should not be

allowed to travel unless the travel is part of an appropriate

medical evacuation.”

Border Security Matters

www.borderpol.org page 7


How Cyber War 1.0 rendered Data Protection and Privacy Laws

Meaningless

By Thomas Tass, Executive Director, BORDERPOL General Secretariat

Let’s start with this.

German public broadcaster Das Erste revealed on July 3, 2014 the existence of a previously

undisclosed NSA program called XKeyscore, which automatically logs the online identities of anyone

who even searches the web for tools that might keep their activities anonymous. Experts who are

familiar with Snowden’s leaked documents say that this information is from a new source.

“I do not believe that this came from

the Snowden documents,” wrote

security expert Bruce Schneier, who

had access them through his work with

the Guardian. “I also don’t believe the

TAO catalog came from the Snowden

documents,” he said, referring to the

“tailored access operations” that the

NSA uses to gain access to certain

priority targets. “I think there’s a second

leaker out there.”

XKeyscore logs the IP address of anyone

searching for “privacy-enhancing

software tools” like the TOR Project,

free software that can ensure online

anonymity that is used by millions of

people a day.

“The NSA is making a concerted effort

to combat any and all anonymous

spaces that remain on the internet,”

wrote Lena Kampf, Jacob Appelbaum

and John Goetz, who are all associated

with the TOR Project. “Merely visiting

privacy-related websites is enough for a

user’s IP address to be logged into an

NSA database.”

The IP addresses and any surveillance

data gathered through XKeystroke

is kept indefinitely. “This isn’t just

metadata; this is ‘full take’ content that’s

stored forever,” wrote Schneier, who

called it “very disturbing.” Users may also

be tagged for surveillance by receiving

emails or reading news articles—like

this one, for example—that discuss TOR

and other privacy tools.

It’s scary stuff for anyone concerned

about the scope of NSA surveillance—

but the silver lining may be the

suggestion that there is an NSA source

out there besides Snowden who has

decided that the public has a right to

know what’s happening.

New NSA chief Michael Rogers told

the New York Times in an interview last

week that he was ultimately not that

alarmed by long-term effects of the

Snowden leaks. “You have not heard

me as the director say, ‘Oh, my God, the

sky is falling,’” he told the paper. But if

there are other leakers coming out of

the woodwork, he might want to check

again.[i]

Then there is this.

NSA Targets

the Privacy-

Conscious for

Surveillance

Jake Appelbaum

et. al, are reporting

on XKEYSCORE

selection rules that

target users -- and

people who just

visit the websites

of -- Tor, Tails, and

other sites. This

isn’t just metadata;

this is “full take”

content that’s

stored forever.

This code demonstrates the ease with

which an XKeyscore rule can analyze the

full content of intercepted connections.

The fingerprint first checks every

message using the “email_address”

function to see if the message is to or

from “bridges@torproject.org”. Next, if

the address matched, it uses the “email_

body” function to search the full content

of the email for a particular piece of text

- in this case, “https://bridges.torproject.

org/”. If the “email_body” function finds

what it is looking for, it passes the full

email text to a C++ program which

extracts the bridge addresses and stores

them in a database.

It is interesting to note that this rule

specifically avoids fingerprinting users

believed to be located in Five Eyes

countries, while other rules make no such

distinction. For instance, the following

fingerprint targets users visiting the

Tails and Linux Journal websites, or

performing certain web searches related

to Tails, and makes no distinction about

the country of the user.

There are also rules that target users of

numerous other privacy-focused internet

services, including HotSpotShield,

FreeNet, Centurian, FreeProxies.org,

MegaProxy, privacy.li and an anonymous

email service called MixMinion as well

as its predecessor MixMaster. The appid

rule for MixMinion is extremely broad

as it matches all traffic to or from the IP

address 128.31.0.34, a server located on

the MIT campus.

It’s hard to tell how extensive this is. It’s

possible that anyone who clicked on this

link -- with the embedded torproject.

org URL above -- is currently being

monitored by the NSA. It’s possible that

this only will happen to people who

receive the link in e-mail, which will

mean every Crypto-Gram subscriber in a

couple of weeks. And I don’t know what

else the NSA harvests about people who

it selects in this manner.[ii]

Like the shot heard round the world

in Sarajevo a hundred years ago

which precipitated the First World

War, the events of 9/11 precipitated

Cyberwar 1.0 which continues to

rage in cyberspace unabated. Within

that sphere criminals, terrorists and

fraudsters of all types engage in

activities designed to destabilize social

and economic structures. Policing and

successfully prosecuting the individuals

and organizations involved is still an

young and stroppy law enforcement

undertaking.

One can only conclude given the

aforementioned that regardless of

national or international law there can

be no such thing as Privacy or Data

protection for lawful and legitimate users

of the internet so long as governments

both foreign and domestic must legally

and practically disregard such laws in the

interest of national and global security.

Border Security Matters

www.borderpol.org page 8


3 rd World BORDERPOL Congress

9 th -11 th December 2014

Kempinski Hotel Corvinus Budapest, Hungary

www.world-borderpol-congress.com

Hosted by:

Connecting and Protecting

The World BORDERPOL Congress is the only multi-jurisdictional

transnational platform where the border protection, management and

security industry policy-makers and practitioners convene annually to discuss

the international challenges faced in protecting not only one’s own country’s

borders, but those of neighbours and friends.

We invite you to join BORDERPOL and the international border agencies,

agencies at the borders, policy-makers and practitioners in Budapest

in December 2014 for the annual gathering of border and migration

management professionals.

Congress Guide and Invitation

Your guide to the Preliminary Congress Programme and exhibition information

Media Partners:

Supported by:


Welcome

Dear Colleagues,

Borders Do Matter

The operation of

today’s, border

security, traveler

and migration

management

community is

being stressed

by geopolitical,

social and

economic events.

Our world is fully

interdependent,

and it is becoming

ever more challenging to find solutions which

include the utilization of border services and

agencies to protect national.

As the crisis in Eastern Europe escalates,

economic sanctions and travel bans are

increasing, being employed by both the EU

and Russia, as well as their allies. Border

services are front-line responders for

monitoring these sanctions and bans.

As the Ebola virus spreads within and

beyond West Africa, travel bans and possible

quarantine measures are being put into place.

Border services are now front-line responders

for monitoring these bans and for detecting

travelers who may be infected.

As the post-World War 1 borders of Iraq

evaporate and a new entity known as Islamic

State of Iraq and the Levant emerges,

hundreds of thousands of persons are being

displaced and are fleeing the region. Border

services are now front-line responders for

monitoring, recording and directing the

movement of these people, most of whom will

be refugees.

As the United States deals with an

unprecedented and clearly well-orchestrated

movement of tens of thousands of people –

mostly children and adolescents from Central

America – arriving at its border with Mexico,

its border services are monitoring, detaining

and caring for these people in unprecedented

numbers.

As China, the world’s most populous nation,

develops a formidable navy and air force and

is posed to succeed the United States as the

world’s number one economy, it is flexing its

economic and political muscle in Asia and

beyond. Border services everywhere are now

being pressed to be front-line responders

monitoring the import and export of strategic

goods and services to and from China.

Since the end of the Cold War, there has been

a deeply-held belief within the developed

world that political and economic integration

is the best way to improve global security and

avoid potential conflict everywhere. This has

created a paradox: the interdependent the

world is supposed to make it less likely that

extreme conflict between nations or groups of

nations will occur. This very interdependence

makes it imperative that nations cooperate,

communicate and consult with one another

in a multi- jurisdictional and inter-disciplinary

manner.

At BORDERPOL, we firmly believe in the

principle that good border security, traveler

and migration management is built on the

continual development and maintenance of

the 3C’s: Cooperation, Communication and

Consultation. We believe that by bringing

together like-minded leaders of the world’s

border security establishments, we contribute

to making the world a safer place. That

is why we co-host workshops with likeminded

governments and hold our annual

BORDERPOL Congress, now into its third

Edition and taking placeDecember 9-11, 2014

in Budapest, Hungary.

Join us in Budapest and be a part of the 3C

#borderpolcommunity.

Thomas A. [Tom] Tass

Executive Director

BORDERPOL

2 | World BORDERPOL Congress - www.world-borderpol-congress.com


Contents

Welcome to your guide to the Preliminary Congress Programme of the 3rd World BORDERPOL

Congress taking place in the beautiful city of Budapest on 9th-11th December 2014, hosted by

the Ministry of Interior of Hungary and the Hungarian National Police.

In this guide you will find all the information you require for a successful attendance, from the

outline Congress Programme, correct at the time of printing, to details on the Closed Agency

Only Workshops, as well as a great Accommodation Special Rate BORDERPOL has arranged

with the venue hotel and how to book your delegate place and accommodation.

If you have any queries regarding your attendance to the World BORDERPOL Congress,

including clearance to attend the Closed Agency Only Workshops, please contact Neil Walker,

Director of Programs & Events at neil.walker@borderpol.org.

We look forward to welcoming you to Budapest this December, to the largest gathering of the

border management and protection community for another great gathering of international

border agencies and agencies at the border.

2 Welcome from Thomas Tass,

Executive Director, BORDERPOL

3 Contents

4 Congress and Exhibition Schedule

5 Introduction

6 Registration

7 Workshops

8 - 13 Congress Programme

14 Networking Reception

15 The Venue

16 Accommodation

17 Exhibiting Opportunities

18 Sponsors and Supporters

19 Hotel Reservation Form

20 - 21 Delegate Registration Forms

www.world-borderpol-congress.com - World BORDERPOL Congress | 3


Congress and Exhibition Schedule

Tuesday 9TH DECEmber

2:00pm - 3:30pm

3:30pm - 4:00pm

4:00pm - 5:30pm

7:00pm

Wednesday 10TH DECEmber

9:00am - 10:30am

9:30am - 7:00pm

10:30am - 11:15am

11:15am - 12:30pm

12:30pm - 2:00pm

2:00pm - 3:30pm

3:30pm - 4:15pm

4:15pm - 5:30pm

5:30pm - 7:00pm

thursday 11TH DECEmber

9:00am - 10:30am

9.30am - 4.30pm

10:30am - 11:15am

11:15am - 12:30pm

12:30pm - 2:00pm

2:00pm - 3:30pm

3:30pm - 4:00pm

Opening Keynote Session

Networking Coffee Break

Plenary - Migration Movement Challenges from Human

Trafficking to Illegal Migration - A global overview

Welcome Reception

Plenary - Border Surveillance Techniques and Systems

Exhibition Open

Networking Coffee Break in the Exhibition Hall

Breakout - Crime across borders, crime at the border

Closed Agency Workshop - Travel and other document fraud:

who are behind today’s activities and how do we share

information in existence to identify and monitor?

Delegate Lunch

Panel discussion - Adopting to the changing environment: what

border security administrations must do to remain effective

Networking Coffee Break in the Exhibition Hall

Breakout - Setting International Standards in IBM

Closed Agency Workshop - Trends in trafficking drugs, people,

counterfeit goods

Networking Reception in the Exhibition Hall

Plenary - Improving and facilitating the legitimate movement of

people and goods: what technologies and standards are missing?

Exhibition Open

Networking Coffee Break in the Exhibition Hall

Breakout - Should exit controls be reintroduced universally?

If so, how do we best share the necessary information across

multiple agencies and stakeholders?

Closed Agency Workshop - Inter-Agency Co-operation and

Information Sharing - Why the return to information silo’s and how

to tackle systemic non-cooperation practices”

Delegate Lunch

Panel discussion - In the e-age of documents what is the life

expectancy of the passport booklet?

3rd World BORDERPOL Congress Round Up and Close

Exhibition Opening Hours

Wed 10th Dec 9.30am to 7.00pm

Thur 11th Dec 9.30am to 4.30pm

On-Site Registration Hours

Tues 9th Dec 1.00pm to 5.00pm

Wed 10th Dec 8.30am to 7.00pm

Thur 12th Dec 8.30am to 4.30pm

4 | World BORDERPOL Congress - www.world-borderpol-congress.com


Introduction

3 rd World BORDERPOL Congress

9 th -11 th December 2014,

Budapest, Hungary

for the border protection,

management and security industry

The World BORDERPOL Congress

continues to create debate and discussion

amongst the international border agencies

and agencies at the border for its ability

to create an environment of confidence to

enable the development and enhancement of

international co-operation and collaboration

amongst the border management and security

industry.

The 3rd World BORDERPOL Congress will

provide a platform for the world’s border

protection forces and agencies to highlight

and debate the current and future issues and

challenges facing the border management,

security and migration management sectors.

Controlling and managing international

borders in the 21st Century continues to

challenge the border control and immigration

agencies around the world. It is generally

agreed that in a globalised world borders

should be as open as possible, but threats

continue to remain in ever evolving

circumstances and situations.

Advancements in technology are assisting

in the battle to maintain safe and secure

international travel. The border security

professional still remains the front line against

these threats.

The World BORDERPOL Congress is a

high level, 2 and a half day event providing

you with the opportunity to reach the senior

decision makers in the border protection and

management industry.

We look forward to welcoming you to the

beautiful city of Budapest, for the largest

gathering of international border agencies and

agencies at the border.

www.world-borderpol-congress.com

Who should attend the World BORDERPOL Congress?

Immigration and border management and security policy makers and practitioners.

Senior representatives from national border services, police, customs, and immigration

services, as well as organisations, services and suppliers to the border management

and security industry, including:

• Customs, immigration and border control officials

• Coast guard officers

• Police and law enforcement officers

• Boundary commissioners

• Diplomats and foreign affairs officials

Borderland planners and managers

• Defence and security departments

• Embassy and consular officials

• Policy analysts

Security system providers

www.world-borderpol-congress.com - World BORDERPOL Congress | 5


Registration

HOW TO REGISTER

1. Online at www.world-borderpol-congress.com

2. Complete the Registration Form at the back of this booklet and email to:

borderpol@torchmarketing.co.uk.

3. Complete the Registration Form at the back of this booklet and fax to +44 (0) 872 111 3210.

4. Complete the Registration Form at the back of this booklet and mail to:

World BORDERPOL Congress, Torch Marketing, 53 Clarendon Road, Cheshunt,

Herts EN8 9DJ, United Kingdom.

EARLy BIRD DISCOUNT - deadline 9th October 2014

Register yourself and your colleagues as conference delegates by 9th October 2014 and save

with the Early Bird Discount.

Discounts for Members of Supporting Associations

If you are a member of one of the following trade associations, supporters of the World

BORDERPOL Congress,

then you can benefit from a special discount rate:

- National Security & Resilience Consortium (NS&RC)

- Biometrics Institute

- International Security Industry Organization (ISIO)

Check the Registration Form at the back of this booklet for full details.

Why Attend?

Your attendance to the World BORDERPOL Congress will ensure you are up-to-date

on the lastest issues, policies and challenges facing the world’s border management,

protection and security forces.

You will also gain an insight in to what the future holds for the management of migration

and refugee movement, as well as systems and technologies employed in fighting illegal

border activities, including drug and people traffikking.

• High level conference with leading industry speakers and professionals

• Closed Agency Workshops for developing greater discourse, collaboration and co-operation

between international agencies

• Learn from experiences and challenges from the world’s border agencies

• Gain insight into national, regional and global policy and border agency developments

• Constructive debate, educational opportunities and cooperation advocacy

• Share ideas and facilitate in valuable inter-agency cooperation

• Exhibition showcasing leading technologies and products

• Networking events and opportunities

6 | World BORDERPOL Congress - www.world-borderpol-congress.com


Workshops

Closed Workshops

for Agencies only

The World BORDERPOL Congress aims to promote enhanced inter-agency co-operation

and information sharing amongst border forces, that will benefit the security of the all

nations.

Border agencies and agencies at the border can benefit from the ‘Closed Agency

Workshops’, a series of ‘behind closed door’ discussion and working group opportunities,

hosted by Hungarian National Police Border Police Department.

By further encouraging discourse and collaboration between agencies, the World

BORDERPOL Congress will drive the ambitions of BORDERPOL, the World Border

Organization, to promote international borders that enhance human mobility whilst ensuring

traveller safety and security and facilitate smart and secure border systems.

BORDER AGENCIES - If you are interested in participating in the ‘Closed Agency

Workshops’, in order to obtain clearance to attend these Closed Agency Only Workshops,

please contact Neil Walker, Director of Programs and Events, at neil.walker@borderpol.org.

Wednesday 9th December

11:15am - 12:30pm Travel and other document fraud: who are behind today’s

activities and how do we share information in existence to identify

and monitor?

4:15pm - 5:30pm Trends in trafficking drugs, people, counterfeit goods

Thursday 10th December

11:15am - 12:30pm Inter-Agency Co-operation, Information Sharing and

Interoperability

www.world-borderpol-congress.com - World BORDERPOL Congress | 7


Congress Programme

3rd World BORDERPOL Congress Programme

Tuesday 9 th DECEMBER

2:00pm - 3:30pm

4:00pm - 5:30pm

OPENING KEYNOTE

Chair: Tom Tass, Executive Director, BORDERPOL

Lt.Gen Károly Papp, Chief Commissioner, Hungarian National Police

Col dr Gizella Vas, Head of Hungarian Border Police Department, Hungary

Mr Abba Moro, Minister of Interior, Nigeria*

Plenary Session - Migration Movement Challenges from

Human Trafficking to Illegal Migration - A global overview

Chair: Col. Zoltan Szabo (ret’d), Director EU Secretariat,

BORDERPOL, Hungary

Although there are no precise figures, it is estimated there are over

20 million illegal migrants worldwide. A further 20 million people are

believed to be enslaved in human trafficking today. According to the

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, “After drug dealing,

trafficking of humans is tied with arms dealing as the second-largest

criminal industry in the world.” We get a perspective from the different

regions of the world.

Director General of Immigration, Ministry of Law and Human Rights,

Republic of Indonesia

Transnational threats - Georgia and the Caucasus

David Alania, Chief Officer. Police Captain. Border Patrol, Ministry of

Internal Affairs, Georgia

D. Arsenio Fernandez de Mesa Diaz del Rio, Director-General, Guardia

Civil, Spain*

Senior Representative, Turkish National Police Border Police

Department, Turkey*

7:00pm - 9:00pm

Welcome Reception

8 | World BORDERPOL Congress - www.world-borderpol-congress.com

*invited


Congress Programme

WEDNEsday 10 th DECEMBER

9:00am - 10:30am

Plenary Session - Border Surveillance Techniques and Systems

Chair: Tom Tass, Executive Director, BORDERPOL

Border surveillance is one of the biggest challenges facing our border

security agencies. Many land borders, with no physical barriers, provide easy

access routes for criminal activities and illegal border crossings, whilst many

coastlines are relatively unprotected outside major ports. What are the latest

border surveillance techniques and systems available from UAVs to ground

based systems? What are the legalities behind the use and collection/sharing

of information and how can systems be integrated into existing operations

to ensure interoperability and enhanced border protection? How can open

architecture systems be successfully integrated with legacy systems?

11:15am - 12:30pm

James Douglas, Assistant National Coordinator PROTECT &

PREPARE, ACPO, UK*

Brig. Gen. Greg Haase, Director, US Joint Interagency Counter-

Trafficking Center, US European Command*

Updates on UAV systems and possible use for Border Control

Commodore Vasan Seshadri (ret’d), Head Strategy and Security

Studies, Center for Asia Studies, India

Social Media-informed Border Awareness

Caitlin Mulligan, Senior Consultant, Novetta, USA

Senior Representative, EUROSUR Project, GMV, Spain*

Workshops

Closed Agency Workshop - Travel

and other document fraud: who are

behind today’s activities and how do

we share information in existence to

identify and monitor?

Chair: Hungarian National Police Border

Police Department

Cross border criminal activities remains the

mainstay of activities for border agencies,

whether it is from human trafficking or illegal

trade/narcotics. Criminal gangs move to

increasingly brash and innovative techniques

to establish new systems/channels to

facilitate their cross border criminal activities,

including cyber attacks on the movement

of personal data of travellers. What are the

latest challenges facing border agencies, from

the front line and beyond to the unexpected

internal facilitators?

Ralph Markert, Assistant Director, International

Partnerships & Development, INTERPOL, France

Bruno Franckx, Project Manager, Airpol,

Belgium*

Breakout Session - Crime across

borders, crime at the border

Chair: Vasan Seshadri, Asian Secretariat,

BORDERPOL, India

Cross border criminal activities remains the

mainstay of activities for border agencies,

whether it is from human trafficking or illegal trade

in narcotics, dangerous substances (CBRNe)

animals etc. Criminal gangs move to increasingly

brash and innovative techniques to establish new

systems/channels to facilitate their cross border

criminal activities. What are the latest challenges

facing border agencies, from the front line and

beyond to the unexpected internal facilitators and

what tools are at their disposal?

Pol. Lt. Gen. Suraphong Khemasingkhi,

Bureau Chief, Thai Border Patrol Police*

Senior Representative, Nigerian Immigration

Service and Border Management, Nigeria*

Better border security through better name

matching

Chris Brown, Basis Technology & Customs

Border Protection, USA

www.world-borderpol-congress.com - World BORDERPOL Congress | 9


Congress Programme

2:00pm - 3:30pm

Panel Discussion - Adopting to the changing environment:

what border security administrations must do to remain

effective

Managed migration/traveler movements constantly are buffeted by

economic, social and even environmental changes. Auto responses

to itinerant movements due to war or natural disasters are in the

“tool kits” of governments. States can invoke the support of national

and international agencies to establish temporary legal and physical

accommodations for displaced persons as a consequence of war,

international crisis or natural disasters. These are usually of short to

medium duration and follow a well-worn legal and operational paths.

However, are border administrations really prepared to adapt to

strategic changes in their operational environment? Regionalization of

sovereign jurisdictions, globalization of trade and commerce, changing

migration patterns as well as new technologies available to make

borders “smarter” are challenges rarely debated and discussed.

Moderator: Tony Smith, International Liaison Director,

BORDERPOL and Former Director General, Border Force UK

Ms. Krisztina Berta, Deputy Secretary of State, Ministry of Interior, Hungary*

Clarence Yeo, Commissioner, Immigration & Checkpoints Authority,

Singapore

Mr Bengt Svensson, Chief of Swedish National Police, Sweden*

Florian Forster, Immigration and Border Management Division,

Department of Migration Management, International Organization for

Migration, Switzerland

Ricardo Letosa, Head of Business Development Europe, SITA, Spain

10 | World BORDERPOL Congress - www.world-borderpol-congress.com


Congress Programme

4:15pm - 5:30pm

Workshops

Closed Agency Workshop - Trends

in trafficking drugs, people,

counterfeit goods

Chair: Hungarian National Police Border

Police Department

What are the latest and developing trends

in cross border criminal activities, that

substantially damage and harm a country’s/

region’s security. How can intelligence and

information be shared to enhance upstream

collaboration in the fight against organised

criminal activities?

Louis-Lyonel Voiron, President, World Anti-

Illicit Traffic Organization, USA

Dennis Cosgrove, Head of Border Security

Management Unit, OSCE

Giovanni Kessler, Director General, European

Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF)*

Breakout Session - Setting

International Standards in IBM

Chair: Tony Smith, International Liaison

Director, BORDERPOL and Former Director

General, Border Force UK

Good ethics, best practice and standardisation

of practices and procedures ensures any

agency delivers greater and more efficient

results in enhanced integrated border

management. If there was closer consistency

between agency operations in the standards,

policies and procedures, this would facilitate

inter-agency cooperation and sharing of

relevant information to enhance upstream

detection.

With many agencies implementing IBM, how

do we set common practices and standards

to assist in cross-agency cooperation for

enhancing collaboration and information

sharing? Who should set the standard and

what are minimum standards for effective

border management?

Dr. Ahmed Alzahrani, Project Manager,

Ministry Of Interior, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Andrus Oovel, Head of the Border Security

Programme and Chairman of International

Advisory Board for Border Security, Democratic

Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), Switzerland

Tom Tass, Executive Director, BORDERPOL

General Secretariat

*invited

www.world-borderpol-congress.com - World BORDERPOL Congress | 11


Congress Programme

THURsday 11 th DECEMBER

9:00am - 10:30am

Plenary Session - Improving and facilitating the legitimate

movement of people and goods: what technologies and

standards are missing?

Chair: Vasan Seshadri, Asian Secretariat, BORDERPOL, India

Security versus Facilitation - Crossing the border now takes longer and is

more complex than it was 50 years ago. Is technology actually

making border procedures more efficient or just making the process

more expensive for everyone? Since very few actual terrorists have

been interdicted by national border control organizations at the borders

where to go forward with border security/traveler screening? What are the

latest technologies and future technological developments that can

enhance clearance and mobility, from the fast moving business traveller

or the legitimate refugee to legitimate goods and traffic?

Ioan Buda, Director General, Romanian Border Police

The Impact of ICT on coordinated Border Management in East and

Southern Africa (ESA)

Cephas Makunike, Zimbabwe Revenue Authority

David Scowsill, President & CEO, World Travel & Tourism Council, UK

Ms Angiolelli-Mayer, Project Manager Passenger Facilitation, IATA,

Switzerland

11:15am - 12:30pm

Workshops

Closed Agency Workshop - Inter-

Agency Co-operation and Information

Sharing - Why the return to

information silo’s and how to tackle

systemic non-cooperation practices

Chair: Hungarian National Police Border

Police Department

After the revelations of allies spying on

allies, the WikiLeaks scandals of 2013 it can

be reliably assumed that varying degrees

of intergovernmental and interagency trust

has been eroded. With this in mind Is it

possible to get early warnings of emerging

events around the world? Should a body like

BORDERPOL provide forecasts of future

societal and economic events that impact on

the border security community? With so much

information already available how to separate

the wheat from the chaff? The need to repair

this is necessary if likeminded bodies are to

work together in the future.

Breakout Session - Should exit

controls be reintroduced universally?

If so, how do we best share the

necessary information across multiple

agencies and stakeholders?

Chair: Ken Richardson, Operations

Director, BORDERPOL, UK

With today’s ease of on-line booking and

check-in, which can be accomplished by

anyone in any country, passports rarely get

checked or seen until the passenger boards

the plane/vessel. Although baggage security

checks may be conducted on exit, many

current exit control procedures do not verify

the legitimacy of the traveller with the passport

document. Are we absolutely certain that all

travellers through the gates are who they say

they are? Should exit controls be universally

introduced, regardless of the cost, to mitigate

traveller fraud identity? ICAO mandated Face

as the biometric to be included in all eTravel

Documents, verified using the PKI Registry, so

12 | World BORDERPOL Congress - www.world-borderpol-congress.com


Congress Programme

Closed Agency Workshop (cont)

Muhamad Anil Shah Abdullah, Director for

Police Services, Assistant Commissioner of

Police, ASEANAPOL

Zoltan Nagy, Head of Operational Centre,

EUROPOL

Breakout Session (cont)

that every state would be able to read it and

detect fraudulent use of the document. What

are the pros and cons of other means open to

border authorities - API, iAPI, PNR analysis,

Interpol i24/7 data, airline manifests etc - and

how does the concept of global interoperability

extend to data acquisition and analysis, and

how can agencies help airlines meet their

responsibilities in document control?

The role of an airline in bordercontrol -

Call for more in depth public/private

cooperation

Werner Vandenbergh, Vice president Security

& Contingency, Brussels Airlines

Theresa Hardy, Airline Liaison, Border Force UK*

Strong Identity in a Mobile Paradigm

Carl Gohringer, Business Development

Manager, Europe and Asia-Pacific, Cross

Match Technologies

2:00pm - 3:30pm

Panel discussion - In the e-age of documents what is the life

expectancy of the passport booklet?

Chair: Ken Richardson, Director of Operations, BORDERPOL, UK

Is the paper passport capable of providing the necessary security

features and safety mechanisms for detection and identification of

fraudulent use and criminal activity? Should technology be embraced to

assist with traveler identity management and is it possible to set a target

date to the end the reign of paper passports?

J.J.M. (Hans) de Moel, Policy Officer, Royal Netherlands

Marechaussee, Netherlands

Ralph Markert, Assistant Director, International Partnerships &

Development, INTERPOL*

Erik Slavenas, MRDT Programme Manager, ICAO*

Dr Catherine Fankhauser, Business Development Director, SICPA SA,

Switzerland

Senior Representative, Personal Identification Verification (PIV), USA*

3.30pm - 4:00pm

Congress Round-Up and Close

*invited

www.world-borderpol-congress.com - World BORDERPOL Congress | 13


Networking Reception

Networking Reception

WEDNESDAy 10th DECEMBER

5.30pm - 7:00pm

Exhibition Floor (Regina Ballroom)

We invite you to joins us at the end of the Wednesday 10th December for the BORDERPOL

Networking Reception in the beautiful Regina Ballroom at the Kempinski Corvinus Hotel Budapest,

which will see the border security industry management professionals gather for a more informal

reception.

With the opportunity to meet colleagues and peers you can build relationships with senior border

agency and security officials in a relaxed and friendly atmosphere.

The Networking Reception is free to attend and open to industry professionals.

We look forward to welcoming you.

The World BORDERPOL Congress will be

unique in its content in delivering discussions,

knowledge enhancement and greater

collaboration across the international border

management and security industry.”

Thomas Tass, Executive Director,

BORDERPOL

14 | World BORDERPOL Congress - www.world-borderpol-congress.com


The Venue

Kempinski Hotel Corvinus Budapest

Erzsébet tér 7-8.

1051 Budapest

Hungary

www.kempinski.com/budapest

Located in the heart of Hungary’s capital,

overlooking Erzsebet Park, the newly

renovated Kempinski Hotel Corvinus Budapest

is stunning inside and out. The interior is

an art lover’s dream, with rooms and public

spaces dedicated to the Kempinski’s wide

ranging collection and a gallery that regularly

exhibits the work of local artists.

Situated 700 metres from the Chain Bridge

and Saint Stephen’s Basilica, Kempinski Hotel

Corvinus Budapest offers several restaurants,

luxurious air-conditioned rooms, and an indoor

pool. Its architecture is a symbol of modern

Budapest.

Characterised by elegance and unobtrusive

luxury, the Kempinski Corvinus Budapest

with its distinctive architecture is excellently

situated on Erzsébet tér square in the centre

of the Hungarian capital. It features a fantastic

spa area and various meeting rooms.

The World BORDERPOL Congress will

utilise the excellent conference facilities at

the Kempinski Hotel Corvinus Budapest,

whilst the beautiful Regina Ballroom will host

the exhibition, coffee breaks and networking

reception.

Special Accommodation Rates for

Attendees to the World BORDERPOL

Congress

BORDERPOL is delighted to be hosting the

the 3rd World BORDERPOL Congress at

the Kempinski Hotel Corvinus Budapest and

has negotiated a special discounted rate for

delegates to stay at the hotel. Please see the

Accommodation Information on page 19 for

further details.

www.world-borderpol-congress.com - World BORDERPOL Congress | 15


Accommodation

Special Rate for accommodation at the

Kempinski Corvinus Hotel Budapest

Kempinski Hotel Corvinus Budapest

Erzsébet tér 7-8.

1051 Budapest

Hungary

www.kempinski.com/budapest

Whether you are attending the World

BORDERPOL Congress as a delegate, visitor

or exhibitor, BORDERPOL have arranged a

Special Rate for accommodation at the Kempinski

Corvinus Hotel Budapest, the venue for the 3rd

World BORDERPOL Congress.

Book your accommodation by 9th October

to gain Special Rates

From only Euro 129 pppn at

www.world-borderpol-congress.com/hotelonline

How to Book Your Special Room Rate

In order to take advantage of this special rate, please book your accommodation by 9th October

using the special Hotel Booking Form:

Book Online Today

Book your accommodation directly online at www.world-borderpol-congress.com/hotelonline

or complete and return the Accommodation Booking Form on page 19 at the back of this booklet

or download it at www.world-borderpol-congress.com/conference/accommodation

BORDERPOL has agreed a Special Rate of just:

- Euro 129 per person per night for Superior Room.

- Euro 159 per person per night for Deluxe Room

PLEASE NOTE: This offer is only available through the World BORDERPOL Congress and

www.world-borderpol-congress.com.

The World BORDERPOL Congress or Kempinski Hotel will NOT phone you to chase your

room reservation. Any phone calls you receive from housing management companies are not

endorsed or contracted by the World BORDERPOL Congress or the event organisers.

Agencies Special Delegate Package

Great package deal including 2 nights accommodation, making your attendance easier and

more cost effective.

For Agencies who book their delegate place using the special Agency Registration Form do

not need to book additional accommodation.

See Agency Registration Form at the back of this booklet for further details.


Exhibiting Opportunities

Limited exhibiting opportunities exist, allowing you

to gain exclusive access to this key and influential

audience of border security and management

professionals and policymakers.

BORDERPOL Exhibition

Governments around the world need to continue

to invest in their border security, as a wide range

of threats, such as combating terrorism, controlling

the movement of goods and monitoring personnel

across international borders, continue to pose

challenges requiring round the clock monitoring.

With new products and technologies continually

being developed and introduced to tackle increasing

and new security threats, the value of

the global border security market is estimated at

almost £20bn annually.

The BORDERPOL Exhibition will deliver leading

international companies demonstrating some of

the latest and leading edge technologies, from

e-border solutions, biometric applications and

counter terror developments, to covert systems,

physical security and specialist border security

solutions.

The exhibition provides a premier platform for

international companies to showcase their leading

products and services in border security, protection

and management, whether land, sea or air

solutions, to aid those tasked with managing and

protecting their country’s territories from unwanted

and illegal trafficking or threats.

Ensure your visit to the BORDERPOL Exhibition is

enjoyable and beneficial.

For a full list of exhibits, products and services

visit www.world-borderpol-congress.com.

Gain access to a key and influential

audience with your participation in

the limited exhibiting and sponsorship

opportunities available at the

conference exhibition.

Why participate and be involved?

Hosted by the Ministry of Interior and

Hungarian National Police, and supported by

the National Security & Resilience Consortium,

Biometrics Institute, International Security

Industry Organization, CYBERPOL and

European Centre for Information Policy &

Security, the World BORDERPOL Congress

provides a unique opportunity to meet, discuss

and communicate with some of the most

influential border management, immigration

and security policy makers and practitioners.

Your participation will gain access to this key

target audience:

• raise your company brand, profile and

awareness

• showcase your products and technologies

• explore business opportunities in this

dynamic market

• provide a platform to communicate key

messages

• gain face-to-face meeting opportunities

The World BORDERPOL Congress gives

you a great opportunity to meet key decision

makers and influencers.

How to Exhibit

To discuss exhibiting and sponsorship

opportunities and your involvement with the

World BORDERPOL Congress 2014 please

contact:

Paul Gloc

Exhibit Sales Manager

T: +44 (0) 7786 270820

E: paulg@borderpol-event.org

Tony Kingham

Exhibit Sales Director

T: +44 (0) 208 144 5934

M: +44 (0)7827 297465

E: tony.kingham@worldsecurity-index.com

www.world-borderpol-congress.com - World BORDERPOL Congress | 17


Sponsors & Supporters

BORDERPOL wish to thank the following organizations for their support

and contribution to the World BORDERPOL Congress 2014.

Hosted by:

Owned & Organized by:

Supported by:

Co-Organized by:

Delegate Folder Sponsor:

Lanyard Sponsor:

Coffee Break Sponsor:

Media Partners:

Media Supporters:

18 | World BORDERPOL Congress - www.world-borderpol-congress.com


Room type

Superior Room for Single Occupancy

Superior Room for Double Occupancy

Deluxe Room for Single Occupancy

Deluxe Room for Double Occupancy

World Borderpol Congress

Hotel Reservation Form

09 th -11 th December 2014

Special Group Rates

EUR 129,- / night

EUR 149,- / night

EUR 159,- / night

EUR 179,- / night

* Please note the above listed rates are per room/night, including the currently applicable 18% VAT and the 4% city tax, and

including our Kempinski breakfast served in the ÉS Bisztró from 6.30 until 10.30.

Your name: ___________________________ Your company: _____________________________

Arrival date: ________________________ Departure date: ___________________________

Arrival-time: ________________________ Departure-time: ___________________________

Flight Nr: _________________________ Flight Nr.:

Please arrange transportation: No Yes _________

Underground parking space requested at HUF 9000,- / car / night No Yes

Your address:

______________________________________________________________

Telephone: _______________________ Fax: ______________________

Email:

_____________________________________________________________

Creditcard details:

Holder: _____________________________ Card type: __________________

Creditcard Nr.: _____________________________ Valid until: __________________

Please note, that each reservation must be guaranteed with a major credit card upon booking.

* In case of cancellation between 25th November and 05th December 2014 a late cancellation fee of 1 night room charge will

apply.

*In case of cancellation on or after 05th December 2014 a late cancellation fee of total reserved nights room charge will

apply.

IMPORTANT

Torch Marketing has reserved a block of rooms at the Kempinski Hotel Corvinus at the above special rates. To reserve

accommodation, please fax or e-mail the attached booking form to the Kempinski Hotel Corvinus 9 th October 2014. Each

reservation must be guaranteed with a major credit card upon booking. All rooms not reserved in this manner by 9 th October

2014 will be released for general sale. Reservations made after this date will be handled on a space and rate availability basis

only.

Please send this form by fax or e-mail until 9 th October 2014 at the latest, directly to

Reservation department, Kempinski Hotel Corvinus Budapest,

Erzsébet tér 7-8, Budapest 1051, Hungary, Tel:+36 1 429 3375, Fax:+36 1 429 4777 or

E-mail to: reservation.corvinus@kempinski.com

Hotel fills out

Confirmation number:_______________________________

Date:____________________________________________

Signature:________________________________________

World BORDERPOL Congress - www.world-borderpol-congress.com | 19


3 rd World BORDERPOL Congress

Congress: 9 th -11 th December 2014

Kempinksi Hotel Corvinus Budapest, Hungary

www.world-borderpol-congress.com

AGENCY REGISTRATION FORM ONLY

EARLY BIRD SAVINGS

Book your delegate place by 9 th October 2014

and save with the Early Bird rate

REGISTRATION IS SIMPLE

1. Complete this form and email to:

borderpol@torchmarketing.co.uk

2. Complete this form and fax to +44 (0) 872 111 3210

3. Complete this form and mail to:

World BORDERPOL Congress, Torch Marketing,

53 Clarendon Road, Cheshunt, Herts EN8 9DJ, UK.

4. Register online at www.world-borderpol-congress.com

DELEGATE DETAILS

(Please print details clearly in English. One delegate per form, please

photocopy for additional delegates.)

Title: ________ First Name: _________________________

Surname: ________________________________________

Job Title: _________________________________________

Company: ________________________________________

E-mail: __________________________________________

Address: _________________________________________

Street: ___________________________________________

Town/City: ________________________________________

County/State: _____________________________________

Post/Zip Code: ____________________________________

Country: _________________________________________

Direct Tel: (+ ) ___________________________________

Mobile: (+ ) _____________________________________

Direct Fax: (+ ) __________________________________

Signature : _______________________ Date: ___________

(I agree to the Terms and Conditions of Booking)

CONFERENCE FEES

Great package deal, making or attendance easier

and more cost effective.

TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THIS GREAT OFFER SPECIFICALLY

DESIGNED FOR BORDER FORCES AND AGENCIES, INCLUD-

ING

2 NIGHTS ACCOMMODATION.

GOVERNMENT, MILITARY AND PUBLIC SECTOR

Individual Full Conference - Special Offer

includes:

- a 3 day conference pass to a stellar line up of international conference speakers

- participation in closed ‘agency only’ workshops (*only for qualifying agencies/personnel)

- participation in congress workshops

- the conference proceedings following the event

- access to the Opening Keynote Session with high profile speakers

- attendance to the BORDERPOL networking reception at an end of day gathering in a

more relaxed atmosphere

- coffee breaks and lunch during the 3 days congress

- access to the exhibition to view some of the latest technologies on display

- PLUS 2 NIGHTS ACCOMMODATION (B&B) on nights of 9th & 10th December

BORDERPOL MEMBERS RATE:

Register and paid for by 9 th October 2014 ..... ............. €525

Register and paid after 9 th October 2014 ..................... €595

BORDERPOL NON-MEMBERS RATE:

Register and paid for by 9 th October 2014 ..... ............. €625

Register and paid after 9 th October 2014 ..................... €695

I DO NOT NEED ACCOMMODATION

If you do not require accommodation please tick your requirement

below to register.

(This package includes all of the above stated, except no accommodation or

breakfast is included and is the responsibility of the delegate)

BORDERPOL MEMBERS RATE:

Register and paid for by 9 th October 2014 ..... ............. €395

Register and paid after 9 th October 2014 ..................... €475

BORDERPOL NON-MEMBERS RATE:

Register and paid for by 9 th October 2014 ..... ............. €495

Register and paid after 9 th October 2014 ..................... €575

Terms and Conditions of Booking

Payment: Payments must be made with the order. Entry to the conference

will not be permitted unless payment has been made in full prior to 9th

December 2014.

Substitutions/Name Changes: You can amend/change a delegate prior

to the even start by notifying us in writing. Two or more delegates may not

‘share’ a place at an event. Please ensure separate bookings for each

delegate. Torch Marketing Co. Ltd. reserve the right to refuse entry.

Cancellation: If you wish to cancel your attendance to the event and you are

unable to send a substitute, then we will refund/credit 50% of the due fee less

a £100 administration charge, providing that cancellation is made in writing

and received before 9th October 2014. Regretfully cancellation after this time

cannot be accepted. If we have to cancel the event for any reason, then we

will make a full refund immediately, but disclaim any further liability.

Alterations: It may become necessary for us to make alterations to the

content, speakers or timing of the event compared to the advertised

programme.

Data Protection: Torch Marketing Co. Ltd. gathers personal data in

accordance with the UK Data Protection Act 1998 and we may use this to

contact you by telephone, fax, post or email to tell you about other products

and services.

Please tick if you do not wish to be contacted in future by:

Email Post Phone Fax

PAYMENT DETAILS

(METHOD OF PAYMENT - Conference fees are subject to Hungarian VAT at 27%.)

Wire Transfer (Wire information will be provided on invoice)

Credit Card

Invoice will be supplied for your records on receipt of the order/payment.

Please fill in your credit card details below:

Visa MasterCard

All credit card payments will be subject to standard credit card charges.

Card No: ________________________________________________

Valid From ____ / ____ Expiry Date ____ / ____

CVV Number ______ (3 digit security on reverse of card)

Cardholder’s Name: _______________________________________

Signature: _______________________________ Date: __________

I agree to the Terms and Conditions of Booking.

Complete this form and fax to +44 (0) 872 111 3210 or email to borderpol@torchmarketing.co.uk


3 rd World BORDERPOL Congress

Congress: 9 th -11 th December 2014

Kempinksi Hotel Corvinus Budapest, Hungary

www.world-borderpol-congress.com

EARLY BIRD SAVINGS

Book your delegate place by 9 th October 2014

and save with the Early Bird rate

REGISTRATION FORM

CONFERENCE FEES

GOVERNMENT, MILITARY AND PUBLIC SECTOR

See Agency Registration Form

REGISTRATION IS SIMPLE

1. Complete this form and email to:

borderpol@torchmarketing.co.uk

2. Complete this form and fax to +44 (0) 872 111 3210

3. Complete this form and mail to:

World BORDERPOL Congress, Torch Marketing,

53 Clarendon Road, Cheshunt, Herts EN8 9DJ, UK.

4. Register online at www.world-borderpol-congress.com

DELEGATE DETAILS

(Please print details clearly in English. One delegate per form, please

photocopy for additional delegates.)

Title: ________ First Name: _________________________

Surname: ________________________________________

Job Title: _________________________________________

Company: ________________________________________

E-mail: __________________________________________

Address: _________________________________________

Street: ___________________________________________

Town/City: ________________________________________

County/State: _____________________________________

Post/Zip Code: ____________________________________

Country: _________________________________________

Direct Tel: (+ ) ___________________________________

Mobile: (+ ) _____________________________________

Direct Fax: (+ ) __________________________________

Signature : _______________________ Date: ___________

(I agree to the Terms and Conditions of Booking)

Terms and Conditions of Booking

Payment: Payments must be made with the order. Entry to the conference

will not be permitted unless payment has been made in full prior to 9th December

2014.

Substitutions/Name Changes: You can amend/change a delegate prior to

the even start by notifying us in writing. Two or more delegates may not

‘share’ a place at an event. Please ensure separate bookings for each

delegate. Torch Marketing Co. Ltd. reserve the right to refuse entry.

Cancellation: If you wish to cancel your attendance to the event and you are

unable to send a substitute, then we will refund/credit 50% of the due fee less

a £100 administration charge, providing that cancellation is made in writing

and received before 9th October 2014. Regretfully cancellation after this time

cannot be accepted. If we have to cancel the event for any reason, then we will

make a full refund immediately, but disclaim any further liability.

Alterations: It may become necessary for us to make alterations to the

content, speakers or timing of the event compared to the advertised

programme.

Data Protection: Torch Marketing Co. Ltd. gathers personal data in accordance

with the UK Data Protection Act 1998 and we may use this to

contact you by telephone, fax, post or email to tell you about other products

and services.

Please tick if you do not wish to be contacted in future by:

Email Post Phone Fax

BORDERPOL MEMBERS

Individual Full Conference

(includes 3 day conference, conference proceedings, keynote, exhibition,

networking reception, coffee breaks and lunch)

Paid before 9 th October 2014 ...................................... €625

Paid on or after 9 th October 2014 ................................ €695

Commercial ORGANISATIONS

Individual Full Conference

(includes 3 day conference, conference proceedings, keynote, exhibition,

networking reception, coffee breaks and lunch)

Paid before 9 th October 2014 ..................................... €850

Paid on or after 9 th October 2014 ............................... €950

Individual Day Delegate

(includes access to conference on the day, coffee breaks and lunch on the day)

Paid before 9 th October 2014 ..................................... €550

Paid on or after 9 th October 2014 ............................... €650

9th Dec 10th Dec 11th Dec

Exhibitor Full Conference

(includes 3 day conference, conference proceedings, keynote, exhibition,

networking reception, coffee breaks and lunch)

Paid before 9 th October 2014 ..................................... €450

Paid on or after 9 th October 2014 ............................... €550

Association Full Conference

Paid before 9 th October 2014 ..................................... €750

Paid on or after 9 th October 2014 ............................... €850

NS&RC Biometrics Institute

ASD Europe ISIO

Conference Proceedings only .................................. €495

EXHIBITION ONLY ...................................................... FREE

(includes access to exhibition floor and networking reception only)

Corporate Delegate Rates

If you are interested in attending as more than 5 delegates from a single

organisation, please contact borderpol@torchmarketing.co.uk for corporate

delegate rates.

PAYMENT DETAILS

(METHOD OF PAYMENT - Conference fees are subject to Hungarian VAT at 27%.)

Wire Transfer (Wire information will be provided on invoice)

Credit Card

Invoice will be supplied for your records on receipt of the order/payment.

Please fill in your credit card details below:

Visa MasterCard

All credit card payments will be subject to standard credit card charges.

Card No: ________________________________________________

Valid From ____ / ____ Expiry Date ____ / ____

CVV Number ______ (3 digit security on reverse of card)

Cardholder’s Name: _______________________________________

Signature: _______________________________ Date: __________

I agree to the Terms and Conditions of Booking.

Complete this form and fax to +44 (0) 872 111 3210 or email to borderpol@torchmarketing.co.uk


Local border traffic regimes on the EU’s eastern borders

Andrei Yeliseyeu, Belarusian Institute for Strategic Studies analyst

Visa-free regimes for border residents: what are they and why

Image 1. Functioning LBT regimes are marked in

yellow circles. LBTRs, which were negotiated by

the sides but have stalled, are blue-marked.

The 2006 EU Regulation 1 makes

it possible for the EU countries

and Schengen non-EU members

to conclude agreements with

neighbouring third states on a visa-free

land border-crossing regime for border

residents (30-50 km zone on both sides

of the border). An additional regulation

introduced in late 2011, as an exception

to the LBT Regulation, allows the entire

Kaliningrad oblast and the territory on

the Polish side that goes beyond the

30(50) km perimeter to be regarded

as a border area. Such an exception

is explained by the homogeneous

nature of the Kaliningrad oblast and

the shared intention to enhance trade,

social and cultural interchange and

regional cooperation between the

Russian enclave and its EU neighbours.

Local border traffic is not a recent

phenomenon. It traces its history

back to the pre-war era, as in the case

of Poland/Czechoslovak Republic,

Poland/Romania, or Poland/Germany

LBT conventions signed in the 1920s.

Usually it was termed a ‘simplified

mode of passing the state border’ and

set much stricter rules (narrow border

area of 10-15 km, the maximum length

of stay was often limited to 5–7 days,

etc.) than the current LBT regimes

(LBTRs) under the 2006 LBT Regulation.

As of mid-2014, out of the 14 border

sections at the EU’s eastern borders

(namely the borders with Russia,

Belarus, Ukraine, and Moldova), eight

are covered by an operational LBT

regime. This comprises LBTRs between

Norway and Russia, Latvia and Russia,

Latvia and Belarus, Poland and Russia,

Poland and Ukraine, Slovakia and

Ukraine, Hungary and Ukraine, and the

one between Romania and Moldova

(see Image 1).

The LBT acquis is an important EU

instrument and a timely derogation

from the Schengen acquis in that

it mitigates the negative effects of

the Schengen area expansion on

population mobility. Since the adoption

of the LBT Regulation, about 600,000

local border traffic permits have been

issued, which allowed for many millions

of border-crossings and stays in the

adjacent border areas without visas. At

some border sections (Poland/Ukraine,

Norway/Russia, Poland/Russia), LBT

permit (LBTP) holders perform up to

half of all border-crossings. In the case

of some LBTRs, the main motive for

LBTP holders is shuttle trade (Norway/

Russia, Poland/Russia, Poland/Ukraine),

while for others, family ties constitute an

important reason for travel (Slovakia/

Ukraine, Hungary/Ukraine, Romania/

Moldova, Latvia/Belarus).

The proportion of potential LBTP

holders (i.e. the number of people

who fall under the category of border

resident) in relation to the country’s

total population ranges from 1–3% as

in the cases of Russia, Slovakia, and

Poland, to 12% in the case of Latvia, and

to about a third of the total population

of the country in the case of Moldova.

If the Lithuania/Belarus and Lithuania/

Russia LBTRs are launched, more than

a third of the Lithuanian population will

qualify as border residents. It should be

kept in mind, however, that only bona

fide border residents with legitimate

and duly substantiated reasons for

frequently crossing an external land

border are eligible to benefit from the

LBT regime. Table 1 presents some

characteristics of the functioning LBT

regimes.

LBTRs at the EU’s eastern borders are of

great significance, taking into account

the large number of border crossings

at this section of the EU’s external

borders. Out of the total number of

Schengen visas issued globally in

2013, more than half (9.3 million, or

57% of the total) were provided by

the Schengen countries’ consulates in

Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova.

Russia and Ukraine lead in absolute

numbers of Schengen visas received

among all the third countries which are

subject to a visa regime with the EU

(42.3% and 9.6% of the total number

of Schengen visas issued in the world

in 2013), while Belarus leads globally in

1

Regulation (EC) No 1931/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December

2006 laying down rules on local border traffic at the external land borders of the Member States and

amending the provisions of the Schengen Convention. OJ L 405, 31.12.2006.

Border Security Matters

www.borderpol.org page 27


the number of Schengen visas received

per capita.

Four potential LBTRs (Lithuania/

Belarus, Lithuania/Russia, Poland/

Belarus, Romania/Ukraine) have stalled

for various – predominantly political –

reasons. The Romania/Ukraine LBTR

is expected to be enforced soon after

the two sides initialled the agreement

in April 2014. Negotiations on two

additional potential LBTRs (Finland/

Russia, Estonia/Russia) have never got

underway.

LBT is associated not only with

positive consequences for bona vide

border residents, but likewise brings

with it some concerns over security

and technical matters. Available

statistics show that functioning

LBTRs are technically working rather

well, with minimal abuses, and are

benefiting from the rather effective

work of the EU agencies and national

bodies on reducing security threats

and counteracting other negative

consequences, such as those associated

with largescale shuttle trade. A series

of national legislative measures were

adopted to counteract regular largescale

trade in excisable goods, which

negatively affects border management

and incurs a loss of revenue. However,

national governments are usually less

active when it comes to activities such

as building and upgrading border

infrastructure (valid, inter alia, for

Norway/Russia LBTR). The operations

of the Romania/Moldova and Slovakia/

Ukraine LBTRs have been disrupted

due to the absence of a timely solution

to problems posed by the biometric

data-processing of LBT permits.

Incidences of bypassing the permitted

border area by LBTP holders are rather

rare, not least because of the high costs

of non-compliance. Severe security

threats associated with the LBTRs have

not been identified. However, there is

room for improvement in the collection

of data on registered abuses and on

the total number of LBT permits issued.

The impact of the LBTRs is multidimensional.

They not only bring

practical benefits for the borderland

populations (e.g. the economic benefits

for borderlands such as Poland/Ukraine,

Poland/Russia, and to a lesser extent

Hungary/Ukraine are quite important),

but in some cases have an important

symbolic significance. The LBTRs

may also enhance bilateral relations

(Poland/Russia, Norway/Russia, and

Romania/Moldova in part). In other

cases, conversely, the inability to agree

on the LBTR has contributed to further

misunderstandings and even to the

further cooling of relations (Romania/

Ukraine, Lithuania/Russia and Poland/

Belarus in part). Interestingly enough,

LBT is also used in domestic politics. The

LBT card was quite successfully played

by the Moldovan opposition in 2008-

2009, and far less successfully by the

Belarusian opposition in 2012–2014.

There is a clear tendency by national

governments to establish stricter

rules and a manifest reluctance to

negotiate more liberal provisions.

None of the existing LBT agreements

use the flexibilities provided by the

LBT Regulation to their fullest extent.

Moreover, in many cases, they introduce

requirements incompatible with the

Regulation, such as the obligation for an

Border Security Matters

LBT holder to have medical insurance.

But the most notable securitising drift

is the erroneous interpretation of the

LBT acquis regarding the authorised

length of stay in the border area by

all LBT agreements except two. In

contradiction to the LBT Regulation

wording, in most of the cases, national

governments, until recently, limited the

period of stay akin to the Schengen

rules, which was irrevocably disproved

by the Court of Justice of the European

Union in March 2013.

The CJEU ruling on the case

C-254/11 (Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg

Megyei Rendőrkapitányság Záhony

Határrendészeti Kirendeltsége v Oskar

Shomodi) means that an LBTP holder,

unlike the holder of a Schengen visa,

has the right to stay in the border area

for 90 consecutive days (or less, as

specified in the bilateral agreement),

then return to his/her country for a

minute or so, which is considered to be

an interruption of stay, before returning

to the adjacent border area for another

90 consecutive days, and so on. The

Court decision illustrates the added

value of LBTRs even after the eventual

introduction of the visa-free regimes,

since the former provide LBTP holders

with the right to a quasi-permanent

stay in the foreign border area. In

addition to the right to longer stays

on the territory of the neighbouring

state (albeit limited to the border

area), the LBTRs would arguably have

additional, albeit less significant, types

of added value for some categories

of border residents after the visa-free

regime is introduced. The member

states concerned have informed the

Commission that they had started

applying the Court’s interpretation in

practice even without formal changes

to the agreements.

An open issue concerns the possible

amendment of the Regulation to

establish an LBTR for the border air

and water ports, and not limiting the

LBT only to the external land borders of

the member states. Despite talks on a

possible extension of the border areas

(as in the Norway/ Russia case) over the

50-km zone, such a development, akin

to the Poland/Russia LBTR, is unfeasible

as the EU organs explicitly stated the

exceptionality of the Kaliningrad case.

The full report on the functioning of the

LBT regimes at the EU’s eastern borders

is available on the Finnish Institute

of International Affairs webpage at

www.fiia.fi/assets/publications/FIIA_

Report_41_web.pdf.

www.borderpol.org page 28


Border Security, Resilience and the Ebola virus

A ‘Global Threat’ to National Security across Africa and for the international community.

The current Ebola outbreak has been the most serious since the 1970s and is optimistically expected

to take many months before under control.

The Cross border issues associated with such an outbreak require collaboration on a grand scale and

planning which is capable of providing and delivering the necessary level of resilience to ensure that

the outbreak is contained.

However with no known cure to the Ebola virus we should at our peril not forget that less than 100

years ago the 1918 flu pandemic (January 1918 – December 1920) was an unusually deadly influenza

pandemic, the first of the two pandemics involving H1N1 influenza virus. It infected 500 million

people across the world, including remote Pacific islands and the Arctic, and killed 50 to 100 million

of them—three to five percent of the world’s population—making it one of the deadliest natural

disasters in human history.

The Ebola virus if not constrained effectively has the potential to be as deadly as the Flu epidemic.

In this Feature John Baker Head of Global Operations for the National Security and Resilience

Consortium (NS&RC) and Mike Fuller MBE NS&RC Resilience & Olympic Legacy Director examine the

nature of the problem facing the World Health Authority and government agencies.

although one strain has cropped up in

the Philippines.

Healthcare workers are at risk if they

treat patients without taking the right

precautions to avoid

Bushmeat - from animals such as bats,

antelopes, porcupines and monkeys - is

a prized delicacy in much of West Africa

but can also be a source of Ebola

First appearance

The Ebola Outbreak Cross Border

Security and Resilience Planning

The Ebola outbreak in West Africa is

the world’s deadliest to date since 1976

when it was first seen, and the World

Health Organization has declared an

international health emergency as

more than 1,000 people have died of

the virus in Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone

and Nigeria this year.

What is Ebola?

Ebola is a viral illness of which the initial

symptoms can include a sudden fever,

intense weakness, muscle pain and a

sore throat, according to the World

Health Organization (WHO). And that is

just the beginning: subsequent stages

are vomiting, diarrhoea and - in some

cases - both internal and external

bleeding.

The disease infects humans through

close contact with infected animals,

including chimpanzees, fruit bats and

forest antelope.

It then spreads between humans by

direct contact with infected blood,

bodily fluids or organs, or indirectly

through contact with contaminated

environments. Even funerals of Ebola

victims can be a risk, if mourners have

direct contact with the body of the

deceased.

The incubation period can last from

two days to three weeks, and diagnosis

is difficult. The human disease has

so far been mostly limited to Africa,

It was first discovered in the Democratic

Republic of Congo in 1976 since when

it has affected countries further east,

including Uganda and Sudan. This

outbreak is unusual because it started

in Guinea, which has never before been

affected, and is spreading to urban

areas.

From Nzerekore, a remote area of

south-eastern Guinea, the virus has

spread to the capital, Conakry, and

neighbouring Liberia and Sierra Leone.

A man who flew from Liberia to Lagos

in July was quarantined on his arrival

and later died of Ebola - the first case in

Nigeria. One of the nurses who treated

him and an official who came into

direct contact with him have since died.

The medical charity Medecins Sans

Frontieres (MSF) says the outbreak is

“unprecedented” in the way the cases

were scattered in multiple locations

across Guinea, hundreds of kilometres

apart, and says it is a “race against

time” to check people who come into

Border Security Matters

www.borderpol.org page 29


contact with sick people.

The current outbreak is killing between

50% and 60% of people infected

There are no vaccines, though some

are being tested, along with new drug

therapies. The WHO ruled in August

that untested drugs can be used to

treat patients in light of the scale of the

current outbreak.

Patients with Ebola frequently become

dehydrated and should drink solutions

containing electrolytes or receive

intravenous fluids.

MSF says this outbreak comes from the

deadliest and most aggressive strain of

the virus.

The current outbreak is killing between

50% and 60% of people infected.

It is not known which factors allow

some people to recover while most

succumb.

Nigeria, with 12 confirmed Ebola cases

so far, said yesterday it has placed

almost 200 people under surveillance

for the deadly disease, trying to limit an

outbreak that’s killed more than 1,100

people in West Africa.

Nigeria is the fourth country where

Ebola is reported, following its spread

in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. At

least 2,100 people have been infected

throughout West Africa, the World

Health Organization has reported.

Border security measures

Countries in the region are

strengthening security at borders, and

more airlines are discontinuing flights

to some affected countries, further

isolating them. The actions come after

a top official from Doctors Without

Borders said it will take months to curb

the outbreak, while the WHO said its’

running tally of Ebola cases and deaths

underestimates the numbers medical

workers are reporting.

“We are not talking weeks; we’re talking

about months to get an upper hand on

the epidemic,” Joanne Liu, international

president of Doctors Without Borders,

said in a news conference last week in

Geneva.

Liu, whose organization has almost 700

health workers in West Africa, said a

turnaround may take six months and

called for more help by global health

groups. She said others need to “step

up to the plate” in aiding the four

countries battling the virus.

Resilience

Resilience is “The capacity of an

organisation to prepare for, respond

and adapt to incremental change and

sudden shocks, in order to survive and

prosper”.

Resilience is essential to the

sustainability of any organisation’s

operations. Assuring that timely and

effective information exchange to

support proactive decision-making is

coupled with individuals understanding

their roles and responsibilities provides

the assurance that the organisation is

resilient.

The benefits of an integrated approach

to Resilience Planning are:

* Minimising Risks. The ability to

categorise risks and to develop a

shared understanding of the full scope

and impact of all risks..

* Managing Resources. The ability to

identify the most appropriate resources

to plan and prepare for all eventualities

and to respond rapidly and effectively

to incidents.

* Maintaining Reputation. Ensuring

that reputation is maintained, and

where possible enhanced, as a result

of shared understanding, detailed

planning and preparation, effective

decision-making and communications,

proactive response and a swift return

to normal activities.

* Reducing fear across societies through

a strong positive message based on

well considered actions and responses.

These items can impact upon the

protection of Nation States, share

value, in country investment, enhanced

reputation, investors and critical

partners, Increased company profit and

value through leading edge strategic

resilience planning, reduced insurance

premiums,, more efficient use of

manpower and other critical resources,

the most appropriate and VFM

technology solutions and resilience

plans and assurance.

In the case of dealing with potential

medical emergencies such as Ebola,

to include forward planning to ensure

a command and control facility is

ready to coordinate and manage the

resilience plan and all eventualities

Ebola actions underway

As the Ebola virus continues to wreak

havoc in three of four Member States

of the Mano River Union (MRU), leaders

of the sub-regional organization

have committed themselves to

taking stringent measures aimed at

eradicating the deadly disease that has

already claimed the lives of over 700

persons.

Border Security Matters

www.borderpol.org page 30


According to a dispatch from the

Guinean Capital, Conakry, Heads of

State and Government of the MRU

at an extraordinary summit recently

agreed in a Joint Declaration, among

other things, to impose a cross-border

isolation zone at the epicenter of the

outbreak, considered the world’s worstever

outbreak of the disease.

“We have agreed to take important

and extraordinary actions at the inter

country level to focus on cross-border

regions that have more than 70 percent

of the epidemic,”

the dispatch quotes Ambassador Dr.

Kaba Hadja Saran Daraba, Secretary

General of the MRU, who read the Joint

Declaration.

“These areas will be isolated by police

and the military. The people in these

areas being isolated will be provided

with material support,” she said, adding,

“The health care services in these zones

will be strengthened for treatment,

testing and contact tracing to be done

effectively.”

Dr. Saran Daraba did not specifically

outline the exact area to be part of the

isolation zone, but said the epicenter of

the outbreak has a diameter of almost

300 kilometers (185 miles), spreading

from Kenema in eastern Sierra Leone

to Macenta in southern Guinea, and

taking in most of Liberia’s extreme

northern forests.

“The healthcare services in these zones

will be strengthened for treatment,

testing and contact tracing to be

carried out effectively,” she said.

The MRU leaders also agreed to

provide health personnel incentives,

treatment and protection so they could

come back to work. “We will ensure

the security and safety of all national

and international personnel supporting

the fight against Ebola,” the leaders

assured.

Considering Ebola as an international

problem that requires an international

response, the MRU leaders committed

themselves to doing their part to

bring the Ebola outbreak to an end

as soon as possible. However, they

urged the International Community to

support Member States build capacity

for surveillance, contact tracing, case

management and laboratory capacity.

“We the Heads of State want to assure

the international community that the

disease is not being exported,” the

Joint Declaration stated, assuring the

International Community that the

countries have instituted measures at

international ports of entry/exit.

The MRU leaders committed

themselves to mobilize private and

public sectors to work in synergy and

increase sensitization efforts to enable

communities to understand the Ebola

disease for effective and efficient

eradication.

They further pledged to strengthen the

surveillance of cross border movement

through information sharing on

screening of passengers, among others.

Opening the summit, the World Health

Organization (WHO) Director General

Margaret Chan termed the first outbreak

of Ebola virus disease in West Africa

as “unprecedented”, accompanied by

unprecedented challenges, which are

extraordinary.

Dr. Chan frankly told the MRU leaders

that the outbreak was moving faster

than efforts of control it. She was

providing the MRU leaders with some

frank assessment of the situation.

“If the situation continues to deteriorate,

the consequences can be catastrophic

in terms of lost lives but also severe

socio-economic disruption and a high

risk of spread to other countries,” Dr.

Chan said. She described the outbreak

as “by far the largest ever in the nearly

four decade history of this disease”.

“It is taking place in areas with fluid

population movements over porous

borders, and it has demonstrated

its ability to spread via air travel,

contrary to what has been seen in past

outbreaks,” she told the summit. “Cases

are occurring in rural areas which are

difficult to access, but also in densely

populated

capital cities.

This meeting

must mark a

turning point

in the outbreak

response.”

In addition, the

WHO Director

General said,

“the outbreak

is affecting a

large number

of doctors,

nurses and

other health

care workers, one of the most essential

resources for containing an outbreak,”

adding, “These tragic infections and

deaths significantly erode response

capacity.”

She stressed that the situation in West

Africa is of international concern and

must receive urgent priority for decisive

action at national and international

level.

Meanwhile, the MRU leaders used the

summit to launch a US$100 million (€75

million) action plan that will see several

hundred more personnel deployed in

the affected countries to supplement

overstretched treatment facilities.

Of greatest need are clinical doctors

and nurses, epidemiologists, social

mobilization experts, logisticians and

data managers, among others to battle

the epidemic.

President Alpha Conde, who is also the

Chairman MRU, was mandated by the

MRU members to convey the message

of the Union related to Ebola to the U.S.

-Africa Leaders Summit in Washington

that began yesterday.

All the MRU leaders signed for their

respective countries except for Côte

d’Ivoire who was represented by the

Health Minister Dr. Raymonde Goudou

Coffie.

The National Security and Resilience

Consortium Global Threat Directorate

led the internationally acclaimed

2012 Olympic security coordination

planning, the design of the National

Olympic Coordination Centre, the safety

and security concept for the hugely

successful 2014 Brazil World Cup and

crisis management implementation

across the oil and gas sector in the

Middle East.

Border Security Matters

www.borderpol.org page 31


Risk Scoring – a Safer More Efficient Approach to Border Control

by Peter Snelling, Principal Technical Account Manager SAS Public Security

Border management agencies are faced with a constant balancing act between security, convenience

and cost. They need to decide whether to carry out checks on huge numbers of travellers, resulting in

long delays and inconvenience or – if they scale down the checks – risk letting in travellers and cargo

that are illegal or pose a threat.

to make rapid and accurate decisions

about which travellers to question or

detain, and which to let pass. Indeed, the

approach can enable decisions about

whether to stop travellers or freight to

be made very quickly. This is especially

important when keeping immigration

queues to acceptable levels.

Attempts to categorise travellers are

often ineffective and can be seen

as discriminatory if they aren’t based

on relevant facts. Accurately identifying

factors linked to risk is difficult. Powerful

tools are needed that can analyse data

in real time to highlight security risks.

This leaves border agencies and

customs offices facing a difficult choice.

Do they carry out comprehensive

checks, incurring inevitable delays and

inconvenience and driving up costs, or

do they scale down operations and risk

letting in travellers or cargoes which

are illegal or pose a threat? In the worst

case scenario, more stringent controls

can increase delays, without necessarily

detecting illegal movements, especially

with offenders finding ever more

sophisticated ways of evading detection.

Crude attempts at “profiling” often cause

resentment without being effective

in identifying high-risk individuals.

However, accurately identifying where

the risk lies is difficult without tools

which can analyse and make sense of all

of the available data, and do it quickly.

Finding an Alternative Way Forward –

the Case for Risk Scoring

So what is the solution to the seemingly

intractable problems outlined above?

Ultimately, security is the most

important issue here and to achieve

an appropriate balance between cost,

passenger convenience and security,

we believe an approach based on risk

scoring is the only viable option.

Risk scoring offers an increasingly

viable alternative to the traditional

security approach of blanket checking

all passengers. At its best, it effectively

involves using intelligence, behavioural

modelling and data analytics to assess

the levels of risk individuals pose. The

approach employs complex algorithms

and advanced risk management to

evaluate whether an individual is a

legitimate traveller and as such should

freely pass through our borders or be

subject to further scrutiny. Rather than

leading to more open borders, it can

actually significantly enhance protection.

This risk scoring approach can bring

benefits across a range of different

applications. It can help identify people

who pose a risk based on accurate

profiling of all available information,

including known activity patterns, watch

lists, advanced passenger information

(API), containing information like

passport number, age, sex, seat number

etc and other data, including where and

how the ticket was bought. Analysing

all of this together to create a risk score

for each passenger not only produces

more accurate results, but reduces the

potential for inefficiency and resentment

which can result from cruder forms of

‘traveller scoring’.

Critically too, risk scoring can help reduce

border queues by enabling border staff

Border agencies also benefit from an

approach in which risk models are

continually tested against live data and

optimised to improve performance

and further reduce the number of false

positives. In an ideal scenario, models

can be deployed based on advanced

and detailed analysis of the information

most associated with risk, which are

continually evaluated and optimised. By

continually optimising the risk model,

the company helps ensure that high

risk travellers and shippers of high risk

freight will be identified even when they

try to second-guess the checks that are

in place and find ways of evading them.

Agencies can therefore direct their

resources to where they know the

potentially illegal travellers or cargo are

to be found (representing a tick in both

the security and cost boxes) and they

can also – conveniently – speed up the

throughput of cargo and passengers.

Combining increased security with a

better experience for the great majority

of both passengers and freight users

is a “win/win” scenario that makes the

case for using appropriate tools highly

compelling.

It is time for a change of approach in

border management and we believe

that risk scoring is clearly the best route

forward.

Border Security Matters

www.borderpol.org page 32


Electro-optical cameras for

Border Surveillance

Specially designed to meet border security requirements,

Danish company Copenhagen Sensor Technology (CST) has

developed a series of ruggedized electro-optical cameras

for mid and long-range surveillance, named Spectrel. The

cameras are

based on highly

sensitive color

CCD camera

modules with

powerful zoom

lens’, for day and

night surveillance

in remote border

locations, both

coastal and

land. They have

a hermetically

sealed housing

and a ruggedized

design.

For border surveillance applications it is not sufficient just to

detect an object or person; it is required to recognize and

often even identify. CST say the PTZI-1000 can recognize an

object or person from up to 8km away.

The PTZI-1000 can operate in temperatures ranging from

-40° to 70°C and is fully controllable via IP and the video can

be streamed the same way. It can be integrated with other

systems and controlled remotely from a command centre.

QinetiQ launched a new range

of airborne communications

surveillance systems for

borders and remote critical

infrastructure protetction

The ASX system is modular with a range of configurations

allowing it be used on large, medium and small manned or

unmanned aircraft.

QinetiQ, building on its heritage of providing high end

strategic communications intelligence systems (COMINT)

for large platform operators, has developed the compact

ASX range for tactical, multi mission and border surveillance

markets.

Jeremy Ward, C4ISR Managing Director at QinetiQ, said;

“QinetiQ’s ASX Airborne Electronic Surveillance product

range allows aircraft to conduct signals intelligence missions

- essentially the detection and location of communications

transmitters which are often the first sign of an adversary

or criminal activity. By mounting the system in an aircraft,

the customer is able to monitor a wide swath of land or sea,

allowing them to protect their national interests, whether

keeping borders free from smugglers or keeping critical

infrastructure in remote places secure.”

At Farnborough Air Show, the ASX was demonstrated

in partnership with Air Intelligence, Surveillance and

Reconnaissance (ISR) service provider DO Systems

on a Diamond 42 aircraft* equipped for multi–signals

communications electronic surveillance missions. As part of

the partnership, moving forward, DO Systems will be using the

ASX range when conducting operations for their customers.

All ASX systems use the same innovative signal processing

architecture and optimised operator interface. The AS5

strategic system is for larger dedicated, strategic signals

intelligence platforms whereas the compact AS3 provides

COMINT/DF for tactical UAVs and manned platforms where

space is at a premium. The AS4 system provides higher

performance COMINT/DF for the widely deployable light

Special Missions platform category, such as a King Air 350.

Rising threat of internally

concealed bombs force

authorities to step up security

measures

The US officials stated that all international airports with

direct flights into the United States have stepped up their

security measures in order to address the growing concerns

over Al-Qaeda operatives in Syria and Yemen developing

bombs that could be smuggled onto planes, according to The

Guardian Newspaper.

Fortunately, there is a technology available which can

effectively detect advanced explosives such as “underwear” or

internally concealed bombs.

Simon Lyster, Managing Director of Adani Limited said: “In

the past there have been a number of cases where explosive

devices were effectively concealed inside the body or hidden

in underwear of terrorists. Unfortunately current airport

security measures cannot address those potential threats.”

“In the current environment there is a clear need for

technology which can detect both internal and external

Border Security Matters

www.borderpol.org page 33


concealments on the body in order to reduce the risk of a

terrorist attack within the air transport sector. Thankfully the

ADANI Conpass full body x-ray scanner can provide safe

and effective screening of individuals in order to detect both

internal and external concealments. By using this technology

the authorities can reduce the risk and significantly improve

security within the aviation transport sector.”

Adani have recently received Orders for 8 Conpass systems for

customs, industrial security and law enforcement applications

in western and southern Africa

Leidos Awards Smiths

Detection Multi-Million Dollar

Order To Support U.S. Airports

Smiths Detection have announced a multi-million dollar

order from Leidos, the prime contractor of the Transportation

Security Administration (TSA)’s Integrated Logistics Support

contract, for supplies, parts and services to be provided at

some 400 airports across the U.S.

Smiths Detection Wins Contract

For Advanced High-Speed

Scanner

Smiths Detection has won a contract with Bremen Airport in

Germany for a revolutionary type of X-ray inspection system

that scans checked-in baggage for explosives.

The HI-SCAN 10080 XCT, which has been trialling at Bremen

Airport for over a year, is the first system of its kind that

combines already widely used X-ray technology with highresolution

3D computer tomography. It has been evaluated by

the European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC) in accordance

with Standard 3 and is Lab certified by the US Transportation

Security Administration (TSA), fulfilling all current regulatory

requirements for the security inspection of checked-in

baggage.

Operated at a high belt speed, the HI-SCAN 10080 XCT can

scan up to 1,800 items per hour, much faster than comparable

equipment from competitors. The high throughput speeds up

inspection and improves economic efficiency as fewer systems

and less peripheral equipment have to be integrated into the

baggage handling system.

Its cost-effectiveness is helped by the large tunnel opening

which permits inspection of oversized objects. As a result,

manual processing of bulky baggage or the use of additional

inspection equipment is minimised.

HI-SCAN 10080 XCT, which can replace existing X-ray

inspection systems, has been specifically developed to be

integrated into existing baggage handling systems. This offers

airports the opportunity for a seamless transition into a new

generation of X-ray systems for checked-in baggage.

Under the four-year agreement with Leidos, Smiths Detection

will provide fully trained field support plus supplies and parts

for its X-ray, advanced X-ray and explosives trace detection

technology. The order will help ensure airport checkpoint

screening remains continuously operational.

Terry Gibson, President, Smiths Detection, Inc., said, “We

are committed to helping our customers protect travelers

across the U.S and around the world. This contract underlines

how we deliver on that commitment to long-term value by

ensuring our technology meets the operational needs of our

customers.”

New field staff working on this contract will attend technical

training sessions at Smiths Detection’s Training & Service

Center in Edgewood, Maryland. The center is dedicated

to training and service support for customers throughout

North, Central and South America on the full range of Smiths

Detection’s CBRNE (chemical, biological, radiation, nuclear and

explosives) detection and X-ray technologies.

The interaction of two different technologies substantially

simplifies the scanning and evaluation of X-ray images, which

in turn contributes towards faster and more reliable detection

of potentially hazardous material in baggage.

Barrie Foley, Vice President EMEA Region of Smiths Detection,

said: “The HI-SCAN 10080 XCT is the most modern, most

rapid and most efficient product in this market, and offers

our customers a major new solution in planning and meeting

future security needs. Combining two different technologies

results in a much improved product and ensures that Smiths

Detection maintains its leadership in high quality security

solutions.”

Sniffing out billions in US

currency smuggled across the

border to Mexico

Criminals are smuggling an estimated $30 billion in U.S.

currency into Mexico each year from the United States, but

Border Security Matters

www.borderpol.org page 34


help could be on the way for border guards, researchers will

report here today. The answer to the problem could be a

portable device that identifies specific vapours given off by

U.S. paper money.

They will present the new research at the 248th National

Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS.

In the past fiscal year, law enforcement officials say they

uncovered more than $106 million in smuggled cash headed

from the U.S. to Mexico. But this was only a small portion

of the billions that made it across the border undetected

— hidden among belongings, in clothing or elsewhere. The

bulk of that currency is laundered drug money. Travellers

crossing the U.S./Mexico border are required to report cash

or endorsed checks over $10,000. If they don’t declare larger

sums, the money that is found can be seized.

“We’re developing a device that mimics the function of

trained dogs ‘sniffing’ out concealed money, but without

the drawbacks, such as expensive training, sophisticated

operators, down time and communication limitations,” says

Suiqiong Li, Ph.D., a member of the research team. “The

system would extract gas samples from the traveller or from

bags, vehicles and shipping containers. It would detect the

trace currency emission signature even in the presence of

car exhaust, perfumes, food and a range of temperatures,

atmospheric pressures and relative humidity.”

Li says the technique, known as the Bulk Currency Detection

System (BCDS), should work effectively within the seconds

or few minutes it takes for border inspections. It involves

gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS), a widely

used analytical technique. Experts already use this method

for analyzing vapours to detect drugs and explosives, as well

as to investigate the causes of fires and identify unknown

compounds. But the current way to uncover smuggled money

depends on checks by guards or trained dogs, without the

benefit of any devices, according to Li.

The BCDS is being designed to find the emissions signature

of the currency despite the presence of strong background

gases and contaminants. It would be an automated, hiddenmoney

screening system, using GC/MS plus solid-phase

microextraction and a thermal desorption technique. BCDS

would automatically extract, preconcentrate and analyze the

gases, Li explains.

When developing the device, the researchers first had to

figure out which gases money emits and how fast that

happens. It turned out that the gases are a set of trace

chemicals, including aldehydes, furans and organic acids.

“We have found that U.S. currency emits a wide range

of volatile organic compounds that make up a possible

‘fingerprint’ that we can identify in less than a minute,”

explains Joseph Stetter, Ph.D., principal investigator for the

study. He and Li are with KWJ Engineering, Inc. This is the

first report of the feasibility of sampling emission rates with

a practical, money-detecting device, he says. To capture the

gases, which are specific to U.S. paper money, guards would

pass a probe over clothing or into baggage. If the probe

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4 th -5 th March 2015

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Convene; Converse; Collaborate

SAVE THE DATES

The ever changing nature of threats, whether natural through

climate change, or man-made through terrorism activities, either

physical or cyber attacks, means the need to continually review

and update policies, practices and technologies to meet these

growing demands.

Hosted by the Ministry of Security & Justice and the Municipality

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detects a high intensity of the gases, it will indicate that a large

amount of money likely is present, he says.

The researchers say the device should lead to a significant

improvement in detecting smuggled currency and have

a strong economic impact for the United States. Stetter

estimated that it would take from two to three years to

develop the device for use by border guards.

MorphoTrust® E-CAT to

Expedite Passenger Screening

at All Major U.S. Airports

The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has

awarded MorphoTrust USA (Safran) a contract to provide

Credential Authentication Technology (E-CAT) for U.S. airports.

The $85 million contract ceiling covers seven years and

will allow TSA travel document checkers to scan passenger

credentials at the checkpoint versus the current visual

inspection.

MorphoTrust E-CAT automatically checks multiple security

features embedded in a passenger’s identification document

to ensure it has not been altered or is counterfeit. Once the

E-CAT is connected to TSA’s network, this information will

simultaneously be verified against the passenger boarding

information from Secure Flight, TSA’s watchlist matching

system.

MorphoTrust has provided identity solutions and services to

the TSA for more than eight years.

The company is the prime contractor for TSA’s Universal

Enrollment Services (UES) and TSA Pre✓. UES has

successfully consolidated the Transportation Worker Identity

Credential (TWIC) and Hazardous Materials Endorsement

Threat Assessment Program into a single service with

convenient enrollment locations nationwide. Approximately

300 of the 1,100 IdentoGO® Centers by MorphoTrust

provide enrollment services for UES, which includes live scan

fingerprinting and the secure transmission of data to TSA.

MorphoTrust is also a TSA-approved provider of Designated

Aviation Channeling services, which supports the screening of

airport employees.

“MorphoTrust E-CAT is the culmination of many years of

work to address airport security requirements following the

9/11 tragedy, while simplifying travel for American citizens,”

MorphoTrust CEO Bob Eckel said. “It is also just the beginning

of our vision for what’s possible in air travel, creating a future

in which passengers can move easily and securely from the

curb to the gate without boarding passes or security lines.”

Thales has been awarded a new

£3.8 million two-year contract

to provide the Home Office

with a fully-managed Public

Key Infrastructure Shared

Service (PKISS)

The solution, awarded through the PSN Services Framework,

will include software application development and all

aspects of services support to the Home Office – including

service desk, event and incident management, change and

release management, and a continual service improvement

programme.

PKISS is critical to

the Home Office’s

production of

Biometric Residence

Permit (BRP) cards

in the UK. The BRP

cards are required for

all non-EU foreign

nationals in order for

them to stay in the UK

over a pre-determined

period. They form the basis of the owner’s identification,

immigration status and entitlements during their residence in

the UK.

The PKISS system is used to provide encryption of the

biometric and biographic data received from the Home Office

to create the cards.

Thales has a proven history of delivering the PKISS service

since 2008 and has similarly delivered extensive systems to

governments around the world.

Phil Naybour, Vice President of Secure Communications and

Information Systems at Thales UK, said: “Winning this contract

is a great result for Thales. We have been delivering the

PKISS service to the Home Office since 2008 and this contract

award clearly demonstrates the customer’s confidence in

our solution and service support packages. This contract also

shows Thales as a leading provider of PSN services where

security is a critical element.”

Border Security Matters

www.borderpol.org page 37


News and updates from the Secretariat

It can be reported:

Border Security Matters

www.borderpol.org

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Editorial:

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E: tony.kingham@worldsecurity-index.com

Contributing Editorial:

Neil Walker, Torch Marketing

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Design, Marketing & Production:

Neil Walker, Torch Marketing

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Advertising Sales &

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Exhibition Sales:

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Membership Enquiries:

Thomas Tass, BORDERPOL

T: +1 509 278 1660

E: secretariat@borderpol.org

BSM Subscriptions:

Neil Walker, Torch Marketing

E: neilw@torchmarketing.co.uk

The summer season is traditionally a quiet time for international organizations

such as BORDERPOL. Our intergovernmental, law enforcement and commercial

activities have been limited during the months of July and August. Our own members

have or will take well deserved breaks from the hectic pace of their professional

responsibilities.

The summer of 2014 is proving to be exceedingly challenging for the BORDERPOL

community. In the Americas along the USA/Mexico border tens of thousands of

migrants – mostly minors – have arrived from Central America. Along the external

borders of the EU migrants and refugees from Africa and the Middle East continue

to arrive in unprecedented numbers. Travelers are being closely monitored in various

parts of the world as a result of the Ebola virus which has killed hundreds in West

Africa.

The General Secretariat continues to monitor the global border security, traveler

and migration management issues and reports these daily through via our Twitter

channel. BORDERPOL has posted over 3800 items for the #borderpolcommunity

since 2010. Extended reports on such issues as the crisis in Iraq, the second

BORDERPOL workshop that will take place 25-26 September in Helsinki, Finland

and various program items that will be discussed and debated at the 3rd World

BORDERPOL Congress that will take place in Budapest, Hungary December 9-11,

2014 have been posted via our Facebook and LinkedIn sites.

In June the General Secretariat welcomed Louis-Lyonel Voiron to the Management

Board. Mr. Voiron is Chairman of Voiron Holdings Ltd. a strategic advisory firm

specialized in targeted communications strategy for political leaders. He also serves as

General Secretary of the World Anti-Illicit Traffic Organization (WAITO Corp.)

In the coming weeks a select committee of the Management Board will review

policy proposals to expand our senior law enforcement membership base, reforms

to the annual budget/fiscal program and the initiation of specialized cooperation

arrangements with relevant international legacy border/law enforcement groups in

2015.

Our motto “We extend our fame by our deeds” continues to guide us as we work to

ensure that BORDERPOL remains the preeminent global integrator of border security,

traveler and migration management programs.

Copyright of BORDERPOL, Torch

Marketing and KNM Media.

Press releases, newsletters and similar media/publicity announcements

regarding BORDERPOL events and programs will be delivered though the UK

Administration Centre. Please contact Neil Walker neil.walker@borderpol.org or

Tony Kingham tony.kingham@worldsecurity-index.com regarding these items.

Border Security Matters

www.borderpol.org page 38


3 rd World BORDERPOL Congress

9 th -11 th December 2014

Budapest, Hungary

Connecting and Protecting

Register today and benefit from Early Bird Discounts

Hosted by:

The World BORDERPOL Congress is the only multi-jurisdictional transnational

platform where the border protection, management and security industry policymakers

and practitioners convene annually to discuss the international challenges

faced in protecting not only one’s own country’s borders, but those of neighbours

and friends.

We invite you to join BORDERPOL and the international border agencies, agencies

at the borders, policy-makers and practitioners in Budapest in December 2014 for

the annual gathering of border and migration management professionals.

For congress programme and registration visit

www.world-borderpol-congress.com

Owned & Organized by: Supported by: Media Partners:

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