# Coolant System Corporate Presentation - SynMax Performance ...

Coolant System Corporate Presentation - SynMax Performance ...

RACING & COMMERCIAL

COOLANT SYSTEM - PART 1

.

Horsepower / BTU Heat Energy (A)

& Heat Transfer Performance (B)

SynMax University-www.synmaxperformancelubricants.com

ENERGY (HP) = HEAT GENERATION (BTU)

HIGHER THE HORSEPOWER THE MORE BTU (HEAT) ENERGY

YOU HAVE TO TRANSFER OR DISPERSE.

(this applies to all components including transmission, axles, etc.)

• ACT: ENERGY = HORSEPOWER = BTU HEAT (heat energy)

• SUMMARY: THE MORE ENERGY YOU CREATE (HP)

THE MORE HEAT (BTU) WHICH NEEDS TO BE DISPERSED.

• General HP/BTU factor is: HP = BTU heat ( energy ).

• Correct factor to calculate the BTU number with a production

2 valve engine is 42.42 . You take HP multiply by the 42.42 and

multiply that number by .6 and that will give you BTU's per HP.

• Example 200 HP X 42.42 X.6 = 5090.4 btu

• Actual measured on Dynamometer is 5126.7 btu/coolant

HEAT TRANSFER PERFORMANCE

RUN COOLER = LAST LONGER:

• RACING Conditions Using a Premium Chemistry Treatment

with 100% Clean 7.0 pH purified water produces:

• COOLANT SYSTEM EFFICENCY INCREASE: 10% -15%+

• RACING WATER TEMP (non heat soak): 180°F - 200°F

• PREVIOUS AVERAGE WATER TEMPERATURE WITH

NON-TREATED STRAIGHT TAP WATER: 215°F to 225°F

• Scientific Basic Theory:

“above 160°F when you reduce operation temperatures

10°C or 18°F (depending on specific decomposition rate)

overall component life increases greatly.”

ENERGY (HP) = HEAT GENERATION (BTU)

(continued)

• Convection definition:

Transference of heat energy within a fluid by the actual

movement of the heated molecules from one place to

another.………………..

• A considerable amount of the available energy (BTU / heat)

must be relieved from the metal combustion chamber parts

/ area by the heat transfer or (convection) process.

• This heat transfer (convection) process is performed by the

coolant system dispersing the energy (BTU / heat) into the

atmosphere through the radiator (heat exchanger).

ENERGY (HP) = HEAT GENERATION (BTU)

• KEEP THE CYLINDER CHAMBER COOL & EFFICENT.

• This heat rejection / transfer process is necessary in order to

prevent thermal metal fatigue of the pistons, cylinder walls,

• HIGHER HORSEPOWER = HIGHER HEAT TRANSFER NEEDS

• Combustion chamber area heat transfer requirements:

The cylinder area must be cooled / lowered enough to prevent

pre-ignition and detonation (dieseling effect).

• Modern Fuel Injected System technology has a “knock sensor ”

which automatically retards the ignition and fuel injection timing

preventing pre-ignition.

• PROBLEM is this is not available for the standard carburetor.

ENERGY=BTU(HEAT) = OCTANE REQUIRED

• FACT: The higher the combustion chamber temperature,

the higher the octane number which is required to prevent

pre-ignition and detonation.

• Since the immediate availability of higher octane fuel is

limited. Increased temperatures within the combustion

chamber requires retarding the spark timing which

reduces the peak torque and power available.

• PROBLEM: Higher combustion & inlet (AIR) temperatures

with reduced humidity density ( amount of water / oxygen

suspended in air) reduces ability to cool the combustion

chamber & performance quality of the fuel/air mixture.

• ANSWER: A cooler combustion temperature environment

increases performance efficiency for more HP & Torque.

INCREASE OF ENERGY-HEAT (BTU) TRANSFER

FLOW INCRESES ENGINE PERFORMANCE &

COMPONENT DURABILITY

FACT: MAXIMUM ENGINE PERFORMANCE REQUIRES the

coolant & radiator system (heat transfer / convection

capability) to continually & efficiently absorb, reject &

disperse the created energy-heat 2 to 3 times ( 2-3X’s) the

amount of heat-energy (BTU) produced.

PROBLEM: reducing the flow of heat through the coolant

system ( not working properly to dissipate the energy-heat

generated) reduces efficiency, performance and component

durability.

THERMAL PROPERTIES

FACT: Each Material / Component has its own

Material Density & Thermal Property Performance:

Material Density / Thermal Conductivity or

Convection Capacity Vaporization in g/cm3

• Water 1.000

• Glycol 1.114

• Glycol 50/50 1.059

• Aluminum 2.70

• Cast Iron 7.25

• Copper 8.93

• Brass 8.40

• Ceramics 1.10

• Air. 0013

THERMAL PROPERTIES

• Most heat is transferred in a cooling system by convection:

• a) from hot metal surface to a cooler liquid

(coolant system water passages)

in the engine block and components.

• b) from a hot liquid (coolant system water passages)

to cooler metal surfaces (radiator cooling area etc.).

• 7.0 pH neutral purified water (alone) amazingly - has superior

heat transfer properties compared to virtually any other liquid

cooling medium . With up to 3 times ( 3X’s) greater thermal

conductivity as compared to glycol coolants alone.

THERMAL PROPERTIES (continued)

• FACT: 7.0 pH NEUTRAL PURIFIED WATER ALONE HAS 2X’S OR

DOUBLE THE HEAT TRANSFER CAPABILITY

• AS COMPARED TO 50/50 GLYCOL/ ANTI-FREEZE COOLANT

WATER SOLUTION

• Mixtures of glycol & purified water (50/50) have nearly

proportional improvement (addition of water in mixture).

• In order for a 50/50 glycol mixture to reject as much heat as

water (amount of heat rejected is independent of the coolant).

Temperature differentials at the heat transfer surface

( COOLER RADITATOR – HEAT EXCHANGER) must be twice

(2Xs) as greater than the (higher cylinder head & cylinder wall

temperatures) - where heat is originated...

RACING & COMMERCIAL

COOLANT SYSTEM - PART 2

.

Heat Vapor Bubbles, Foaming,

Cavitations effects on Performance

SynMax University-www.synmaxperformancelubricants.com

HEAT TRANSFER –VAPOR BUBBLES

Air Bubble Compressibility Creates Fluid Problems

Situation:

Heat Transfer (vapor) bubbles are created as an important

and natural part of the coolant system & heat transfer process

Problem:

Historically Air Bubbles within the system have 10Xs the

compressibility of as compared to regular fluid ( water or oil )

Solution:

With Advanced Chemistry – efficiently & effectively disperse

these vapor bubbles – before they get out of process control

creating OVER ( out of control ) foaming and boiling.

(chemistry does not overcome mechanical or engineering issues)

HEAT TRANSFER –VAPOR BUBBLES

Nucleate (hot spot area) vs. Film Boil (entire surface)

Nucleate Boiling to Film Boil:

Nucleate is Localized Surface Hot spots –

then over time the Nucleate vapor bubbles spread over

the entire surface creating a (surface film boil).

Definition:

Film boiling, is a continuous thin layer which covers the heating

surface area and keeps the cooling liquid from contacting the

hotter surface. This insulating effect of the film boiling vapor -

reduces the rate of heat transfer and the coolant fluid coefficient.

As the temperature difference increases, the vapor

film becomes thicker and eventually reaches a maximum

thickness or FULL BOIL.

IMPORTANT: If the water / metal surface tension is not reduced and

controlled - small vapor bubbles (hydrogen heat & water vapor

bubbles emitting from metal) will increase the surface film boil.

HEAT TRANSFER –VAPOR BUBBLES

PROBLEM –HYDROGEN VAPOR BUBBLES:

• As alloys and metals ( aluminum etc.) are molted / created,

hydrogen is stored. This hydrogen storage within the metal

process is also called “Metal Hydrides” (Hg2NiH4).

• Metal alloys decompose as they are subjected to either

electrical or heat processes.

• (aluminum is a very electro-active metal), the hydrogen

(originally trapped within the metal when it was created)

is released like a water vapor (H2O).

• This process is called: “Physical Vapor Deposition”

HEAT TRANSFER –VAPOR BUBBLES (continued)

• These un-removed small hydrogen / vapor bubbles on the

metal surface creates or forms an insulating layer which

impedes (stops) the heat transfer process.

• Release of these vapor bubbles from the localized high

temperature (hot / boiling region) metal surface areas is

important to improve / increase heat transfer performance

capability 15%-20%.

water- chemical technology to coat the metal surfaces

reducing surface tension and friction of water (almost in half).

• Advanced surface coating and surface tension reduction

technology needs to allow these hydrogen / vapor bubbles to

disperse evenly within the coolant system without causing

foaming or cavitations.

ANTI-FOAM PERFORMANCE PROTECTION

• Anti-Foam control is very important since entrained air

will cause internal fluid compression and cavitations

erosion due to collapse of the bubbles or “Foam”.

• Quality “Anti-Foam” control produces a

“complete fluid environment” reducing overall fluid friction.

Therefore, improving the fluid’s hydrodynamic ability to flow

freely and easier without obstruction, disruption or cavitations.

• Treatment should have excellent anti-foam performance

because it prevents the “foaming process” through it’s

advanced and effective surface chemical film coating that

creates smaller vapor bubble formations, (providing a less

violent bubble collapse and dispersing the vapor bubbles

evenly within the coolant).

CAVITATION PROTECTION

Localized area ( Nucleate or Film Boiling) within the cylinder head &

cylinder walls ( especially near the top of the piston compression

area) forms aggressive vapor bubbles which collapse when they

come in contact with cooler liquids.

This vapor bubble collapse process (cavitation) creates tremendous

shock waves which removes the inhibitor film from the aluminum

surface (if inhibitor film does not reform quickly) causes

catastrophic erosion of the aluminum.

Cavitation erosion of the removed aluminum creates decomposition

contaminates which can be held within the lower temperature

radiator tubes – further decreases heat transfer performance.

cavitations erosion within cylinder head & cylinder walls surface

areas by properly coating and increasing heat transfer.

HEAT TRANSFER –VAPOR BUBBLES

Nucleate (spot) vs. Film Boil (entire surface ) CONTINUED

NASCAR & PROFESSIONAL HIGHLY PRESSURISED SYSTEMS

• To help overcome the system (surface) boil in the high horsepower

systems such as found in NASCAR – They use a special and costly (up

to \$2,000) pressurized coolant system (with radiator) increasing system

pressure 70 to 90 PSI.

• This DOES NOT help transfer the BTU heat energy – it simply keeps the

film boil forced or pressurized upon the surface.

• With the use of effective heat transfer chemistry – the system pressure

and surface tension can be reduced ( increasing component life &

performance). Heat Transfer Chemistry( as individually discovered) also

means higher HP engine can operate lower system pressure (20-30 psi).

• Further with efficiency testing – a smaller heat exchanger

(radiator ) can be used and perform effectively.

Within the next presentation

RACING & COMMERCIAL COOLANT SYSTEM - Part 3

(Water & System Cleanliness)

We will continue the discuss in better detail the effects

of Coolant System Cleanliness etc.

SUMMARY:

Anti-Foam & Surface Performance requires an advanced

chemistry found with SynMax Water Kooler Products

RACING & COMMERCIAL

COOLANT SYSTEM - PART 3

.

Water (a)

Coolant System Cleanliness (b)

SynMax University – www.synmaxperformancelubricants.com

Water Chemistry Performs Best within a

7.0 pH Neutral & Pure Environment.

When Coolant Treatment chemicals do not have to work

and fight against contaminates within a high mineral

environment (as found in ordinary tap water); the

chemistry is able to freely operate 100% to function as

originally designed.

• If Coolant treatment is used with regular tap, hard or high

mineral content water; chemistry efficiency will be reduced

up to 30% (because of heat transfer, acidic, corrosion,

electrolysis control and other capabilities).

• That is why you should use 7.0 pH neutral balanced purified

water should be use to provide within a clean / mineral free

environment .

Chemically Performs Best with 7.0 pH Neutral

Purified Water (continued)

• One of the keys to coolant / chemistry success is clean –

acidic / electrolyte / mineral free ( or greatly reduced 7.0 pH

balance / neutral ) environment – you do this when you get

rid of the micro - liquid “salts” in the water (further

explained within the presentation) .

• Just like when you boil your water and the salts are released

( at about 125F) and stick to the side of your pan – that is

what happens to your coolant system.

• Chemically:

• 1) Salt naturally is acidic – also means it is a corrosive –

( without chemistry protection ) – in time it will attach all

materials it comes in contact: Steel, Iron, Aluminum, Rubber,

Chemically Performs Best with

7.0 pH Neutral Purified Water (continued)

• 2) Salt naturally carries electricity (electrolytes) aka electrolysis.

• This “SALT” combination of Acid/Corrosive and Electricity

(like a battery) will create a slow surface destruction of all coolant

system and engine / heat exchanger ( radiator) components.

• RACING / HI PERFORMANCE / EXTREME DUTY :

We must remember that in the racing environment the RPMS

are increased from 2000 to 6000 as high as 9000 RPMS.

• The chemistry effect triples & quadruples (3-4Xs FASTER)

• SO- if you start out with a bad situation it will get WORSE very

quickly ( promise )

WATER PUMP AND SEAL LUBRICATION

• Treatment should lubricate & provides maximum protection

(no need for double treatment) for water pump bearings while

also conditioning seals with an advanced moly / conditioning

product (Water Moly).

• Common myth is that Glycol (because it feels slippery) has

lubrication properties. Actually Glycol has very little

lubrication and does not provide sufficient protection.

• Water Moly coats & protects water pump bearing surfaces

while reducing co-efficient / frictional drag upon the bearings

and shaft; enhancing water pump performance.

• Water pump component life is increased when bearings,

shaft, seals & rubber areas are protected & conditioned

WATER PUMP, SEAL , HOSE & SOLDER PROTECTION

• Water Pump requires advanced Water-Moly chemistry to lubricant

bearings and keep seals pliable.

• Chemistry is need for rubber and hoses deterioration prevention.

• Chemistry needs to be Solder safe and non acidic – also to help

provide pH & Acidic control for longer radiator life cycle.

BOILING POINT ELEVATION

• Treatment does not significantly increase boiling point of water

(but) Increased Heat Transfer Efficiency & Fluid Pressure does.

• INCREASING COOLANT SYSTEM PRESSURE RAISES THE

BOILING POINT – Advanced Chemistry increases to 230F

• boiling point of water treated with Water Kooler using a 15 psi

cap compared to 15 psi for 50% glycol has significant difference.

• Increasing coolant system pressure by to 23 psi will raise the

system boiling point .

• When using a premium chemical treatment - doubling coolant

system heat transfer efficiency from previous - is possible

• Long as the engine is properly circulating coolant through the

RACING & COMMERCIAL

COOLANT SYSTEM - PART 3

.

Water (a)

Coolant System Cleanliness (b)

SynMax University – www.synmaxperformancelubricants.com

• Radiator Manufacturers provide a surgically clean product

no matter the application it is all basic – cooling tubes and

tanks designed to the BTU, engine and vehicle design

application.

• Loss of radiator performance and heat transfer

effectiveness comes from outside contaminations.

• Contaminates coming from either the coolant fluid used (

water, antifreeze & chemical additive package) and engine

coolant surfaces; become trapped in the radiator attaching

to the cooling tubes & tank surfaces.

• Steps with focused effort need to be taken for the Engine

and Fluid contaminates to be stopped or prevented before

they begin to be flooded into the Radiator.

STOP CONTAMINATION BEFORE IT BEGINS .

• Since Radiator cleanliness is not the issue, we need to work with

the engine builder and/or customer to stop the contamination

before it happens; to provide long term coolant performance

repeatability.

• Problem is that unless the engine builder at time of mfg. /dyno

session uses a surface protection chemistry ( steel - aluminum

etc). Engine Surfaces will begin to corrode and oxidize – these

contaminates then get flushed and trapped into the new radiator.

• Historically – these new engine surface contaminates immediately

effect radiator & coolant system heat transfer performance by 2%.

• This contamination issue can be avoided by having:

• Engine coolant surfaces protected from air (oxidation / corrosion)

with surface chemistry – applied at time of engine dyno session.

SynMax Water Kooler has such chemistry to protect engine

surfaces after manufacturer, storage and transportation to

customer.

CLEAN-UP CURRENT CONTAMINATION

contamination it needs to be cleansed and eliminated for proper

coolant system performance.

SynMax now has a bio & environmental-safe coolant system

cleansing technology called Rustisolv & Aluminsolv

that can be used either:

• A) After Engine is installed into car – before use final use (after

motor is installed) – take 30 minutes to final clean system coolant

system.

• Or

• B) Use within current vehicle to gently cleanse the coolant system

• Then after coolant system cleansed – replace with clean coolant

system fluid (water kooler) for optimum coolant system

performance.

METAL SURFACE CLEANLINES / METAL SURFACE PROTECTION

• Metal Surfaces are micron metal pores which expands and closes

with temperature change (Hot-open / Cool-closed).

• Micro Contamination (minerals from water or rust etc. from engine )

will flow into the radiator Cooling Tubes & Tank walls.

• Radiator / Aluminum metal surfaces (over time) pores when HOT will

open up and grab the contaminates – when cooled - holding them into

the metal.

• Unless cleansed – these contaminates create a micro-insulation film

upon the metal surfaces – This mineral insulation reduces radiator

performance (1/32 inch = 20% reduction - 1/16 th inch = 40%)

Technology both Coats micro metal surfaces (using a non-metallic

inhibitor with which forms a tenacious film on the metal surfaces)

reduces surface friction / tension for water / fluid to flow easily.

• FURTHER keeping a clean metal surface barrier for heat to be

effectively transferred to the metal surface directly provides

REPEATABLE LIFE CYCLE PERFORMANCE

SCALE DEPOSIT PROTECTION

• SCALE DEPOSITS are formed because REGULAR TAP WATER

contains various mineral levels of calcium and magnesium salts

(7.0 Ph Neutral Water has the lowest)

• As stated previsouly: Salts suspended within cool water stay

dissolved. At temperatures of 125F + the salts are released –

when cooled then remain to form surface scale deposits.

• Problem is that surface scale deposits prevent heat transfer.

• One sixteenth (1/16) of an inch of contamination (scale, rust, or

other mineral ) build-up can reduce heat transfer capability

performance by 40%+.

• Premium chemical technology treats the water and coats metal

surfaces to prevent & gradually remove the formation of current

and future scale deposits (best to have engine and radiator

system 100% cleansed before performance or commerical use)

STOP CONTAMINATION BEFORE IT BEGINS .

• Since Radiator cleanliness is not the issue, we need to work with

the engine builder and/or customer to stop the contamination

before it happens; to provide long term coolant performance

repeatability.

• Problem is that unless the engine builder at time of mfg. /dyno

session uses a surface protection chemistry ( steel - aluminum

etc). Engine Surfaces will begin to corrode and oxidize – these

contaminates then get flushed and trapped into the new radiator.

• Historically – these new engine surface contaminates immediately

effect radiator & coolant system heat transfer performance by 2%.

• This contamination issue can be avoided by having:

• Engine coolant surfaces protected from air (oxidation / corrosion)

with surface chemistry – applied at time of engine dyno session.

SynMax Water Kooler has such chemistry to protect engine

surfaces after manufacturer, storage and transportation to

customer.

CLEAN-UP CURRENT CONTAMINATION

contamination it needs to be cleansed and eliminated for proper

coolant system performance.

SynMax now has a bio & environmental-safe coolant system

cleansing technology called Rustisolv & Aluminsolv

that can be used either:

• A) After Engine is installed into car – before use final use (after

motor is installed) – take 30 minutes to final clean system coolant

system.

• Or

• B) Use within current vehicle to gently cleanse the coolant system

• Then after coolant system cleansed – replace with clean coolant

system fluid (water kooler) for optimum coolant system

performance.

METAL SURFACE CLEANLINES / METAL SURFACE PROTECTION

• Metal Surfaces are micron metal pores which expands and closes

with temperature change (Hot-open / Cool-closed).

• Micro Contamination (minerals from water or rust etc. from engine )

will flow into the radiator Cooling Tubes & Tank walls.

• Radiator / Aluminum metal surfaces (over time) pores when HOT will

open up and grab the contaminates – when cooled - holding them into

the metal.

• Unless cleansed – these contaminates create a micro-insulation film

upon the metal surfaces – This mineral insulation reduces radiator

performance (1/32 inch = 20% reduction - 1/16 th inch = 40%)

Technology both Coats micro metal surfaces (using a non-metallic

inhibitor with which forms a tenacious film on the metal surfaces)

reduces surface friction / tension for water / fluid to flow easily.

• FURTHER keeping a clean metal surface barrier for heat to be

effectively transferred to the metal surface directly provides

REPEATABLE LIFE CYCLE PERFORMANCE

SCALE DEPOSIT PROTECTION

• SCALE DEPOSITS are formed because REGULAR TAP WATER

contains various mineral levels of calcium and magnesium salts

(7.0 Ph Neutral Water has the lowest)

• As stated previsouly: Salts suspended within cool water stay

dissolved. At temperatures of 125F + the salts are released –

when cooled then remain to form surface scale deposits.

• Problem is that surface scale deposits prevent heat transfer.

• One sixteenth (1/16) of an inch of contamination (scale, rust, or

other mineral ) build-up can reduce heat transfer capability

performance by 40%+.

• Premium chemical technology treats the water and coats metal

surfaces to prevent & gradually remove the formation of current

and future scale deposits (best to have engine and radiator

system 100% cleansed before performance or commerical use)

RACING & COMMERCIAL

COOLANT SYSTEM - PART 4

.

Electrolysis the Effects upon

Components & Performance

SynMax University – www.synmaxperformancelubricants.com

ELECTROLYSIS: PURE VS. SALT WATER (w/minerals)

Quote from the United States Department of Energy:

• Electricity is the flow of charges.

Perfectly pure water without mineral impurities

will not conduct electricity.

• Many minerals and gases will readily dissolve in water.

• It is the presence of these minerals and gases that allow water to

conduct electricity. When salts dissolve in water, they form ions

(NaCl becomes Na+ and Cl-, for example) and it is these ions that

carry electrical charge.

This is why salt water is a good conductor of electricity.

• Salts stay dissolved in cool water but are released

at temperatures of 125°F.

ELECTROLYSIS PROTECTION

Electrolysis Definition:

1. Electrolysis of water is the decomposition of: water(H2O)

into oxygen(O2) & hydrogengas (H2) due to an electric

current being passed through the water.

2. The process by which we generate hydrogen (and oxygen)

from water is called electrolysis. The word "lysis" means

to dissolve or break apart.

3. So the word "electrolysis" literally means to break

something apart (in this case water) using electricity.

SUMMARY: Electrolysis occurs when coolant becomes

acidic. This acidic condition causes the coolant to carry

an electrical charge.

The voltage is held and will never be dispersed, so the

coolant needs replacement immediately.

ELECTROLYSIS PROTECTION

• Electrolysis occurs when the coolant becomes acidic.

(Acidic environment creates salts which increases voltage

conductivity).

• Acidic condition (like a corrosive battery acid) causes the

coolant to carry an electric charge.

• Electrolysis also decomposes coolant system components.

Electricity within coolant comes from a couple of sources:

• Static electricity is created from the water / friction against two

dissimilar metal surfaces.

• Today’s Modern Racing Engines with computers, sensors and

fuel injection is a complicated electrical environment.

• Motor is used as a ground forcing electrical voltage to flow

through the block. Water / Minerals capturer the voltage.

ELECTROLYSIS PROTECTION (continued)

REGULAR WATER RELEASES SALTS = ELETRICITY

(ELECTROLYSIS) = ACIDIC ENVIRONMENT (like battery acid)

COOLANT BREAK DOWN WITH DECOMPOSTION OF

COMPONENTS & MATERIALS = LOW HEAT TRANSFER.

chemical treatment for electrolysis/acid control you reduce and

eliminate the salt (corrosive process) within coolant system.

Premium Chemistry Treatment helps fight electrolysis:

1. Contains advanced acid stabilizer / neutralizer chemical

technology for consistent pH balance.

2. Chemical technology also coats and insulates the metal

surfaces which helps prevent the electrical (voltage current)

process from occurring.

Within the next presentation

RACING & COMMERCIAL COOLANT SYSTEM - Part 5

( All Weather & Anti-Freeze )

We will continue the discussion in greater detail the

effects of All Weather Maintenance on Components &

Performance etc.

SUMMARY:

chemistry found with SynMax Water Kooler Products

RACING & COMMERCIAL

COOLANT SYSTEM - PART 5

.

All Weather Maintenance &

Antifreeze Effects on Performance

SynMax University – www.synmaxperformancelubricants.com

Chemical Design for Maximum Performance.

Coolant system treatment should have the latest, modern &

advanced selection of each specific chemical material available.

• Maximizing each of the different chemicals levels to work

within the 7.0 - 7.4 pH neutral balance water.

• Today companies use similar types of chemicals, but for

business & economic reasons make the cheaper choice to

either reduce chemical percentage levels or use less costly

base materials - which suffers within the coolant system

treatment’s overall short and long term product

performance & efficiency.

• Choose premium coolant system chemistry formulation for

maximum results.

COOLANT SYSTEM MAINTENANCE

• Cooling systems are the most forsaken and poorly maintained

area in an automobile

(racing / high performance or standard application) or

truck / commercial application.

• Maintenance is normally required every (2) two years.

• For trouble-free operation…Vehicle owners need to routinely

check or replace the coolant/glycol while also replenishing

corrosion inhibitors and treatment chemicals which is required

• Additional reason for maintenance is to check for possible

electrolysis (small voltage charge) within the coolant system.

Electrolysis ( works similar to a corrosive battery acid within

the coolant) is a small voltage living within a high salt / acidic

environment causing accelerated and irreversible corrosion,

erosion and component damage.

WATER ALONE VS. GLYCOL (ANTIFREEZE)

• 7.0 pH NEUTRAL PURIFIED WATER HAS 2X’S OR DOUBLE THE

HEAT TRANSFER / CONVECTION CAPABILITY AS COMPARED

TO 50/50 GLYCOL ANTIFREEZE.

• Most passenger automobiles and commercial truck have a

cooling system designed to reject / transfer sufficient heat

under normal operating conditions using a 50/50 glycol

solution with 7.0 pH neutral purified water.

• RACING APPLICATIONS REQUIRE 100% MAXIMUM

EFFECTIVENESS, PERFORMANCE AND PROTECTION.

• PREMIUM COOLANT SYSTEM TREATMENT USED WITH

7.0 pH NEUTRAL WATER INCREASES ALL WEATHER

COOLANT SYSTEM EFFIECENCY AN AVERAGE OF 5% to 10%.

Chemically Performs Best with

7.0 pH Neutral Purified Water (continued)

• LONG LIFE / ALL WEATHER / ANTIFREEZE.

• Acidic Salts (as further explained) will slowly break down

the anti freeze coolant solution (Glycols, Glycerin etc.).

• SOLUTION:

7.0 pH balanced – salt /mineral cleansed water with premium

surface protection chemistry (as found with SynMax Water

Kooler products).

• When the pH meter reads 7.0- 7.5 it shows the chemistry salt /

water (neutral balance between acidic and alkaline).

CORROSION AND ACIDIC PROTECTION

Coolant which has been left in a cooling system for several

years has probably become acidic from:

a)Oxidation of the glycol to acids

b)Electrolysis (voltage decomposing the coolant)

• Also, keeping the glycol concentration in the cooling system

Below 50% ( 35% - 40%) will help stability.

• pH balance and Acid neutralization is very important.

• These Acid / pH levels can be checked with simple pH strips

or pH meter used with a swimming pool etc.

CORROSION & ACIDIC PROTECTION (continued)

• PROBLEM: Antifreeze alone is not sufficient to protect again

corrosion. The main component of anti-freeze (ethylene glycol)

when used during its lifetime breaks down (becoming acidic)

forming “glycolic acid”. Standard corrosion inhibitors within regular

glycol / antifreeze become depleted within 15,000 –24,000 miles.

• Glycolic acid attacks cylinder liners, radiator cores,

• When coolant becomes acidic it also accelerates the electrolysis

(voltage carrying) process.

• That is why 7.0 pH neutral water use is so critical.

FREEZING POINT DEPRESSION

Coolant Treatment Chemistry is not an anti-freeze product

and does not reduce the freezing point of water.

• When the vehicle experiences freezing temperatures, (32F)

an antifreeze / Glycol (20% minimum) must be used.

• Standard freezing / winter climate conditions require

40% -50% Glycol mixture.

• Water expands approximately 9% upon freezing which can

cause severe engine damage. Remember, even in summertime,

the use of air-conditioning can blow freezing air through the

heater system and cause freezing of the heater core unless

approximately 20% antifreeze Glycol is used.

GREEN GOO –SILICATE PROTECTION

• Older Glycol –antifreeze sometimes has a decomposed formation

“silicate drop out”. A “Jello-like” substance commonly called

Green Goo or Green Slime.

• This “Jello-like substance” formation within the cooling system,

occurs when silicates which are present within the anti-freeze /

Glycol (and in many coolant treatments) drop out as the

temperature changes from hot to cold.

• 1) Water Kooler does not contain any silicates, this will reduce the

problem of “silicate drop out” from forming. (Green Goo or Green

Slime).

• 2) Water Kooler coolant system thermal performance improvement

stabilizes hot to cold swings, therefore reducing the environment

for Glycol “silicate drop out”.

ELECTROLYSIS PROTECTION

• Electrolysis occurs when the coolant becomes acidic.

(Acidic environment from released salts - increases voltage

conductivity). Acidic condition (like a corrosive battery

acid) causes the coolant to carry an electric charge.

Electrolysis also decomposes coolant system components.

Electricity within coolant comes from non mineral sources:

• Static electricity is created from the water / friction against two

dissimilar metal surfaces.

• NOTE: premium chemical surface treatment (water coating) will

greatly reduce the static / friction cause & effect.

• Today’s Modern Engines with computers, sensors and fuel

injection is a complicated electrical environment.

• The motor is used as a ground forcing electrical voltage to flow

through the block. Water capturers the voltage.

RACING & COMMERCIAL

COOLANT SYSTEM - PART 6

.

Coolant System Cleansing

For Improved Performance

SynMax University – www.synmaxperformancelubricants.com

Coolant System Cleansing For Improved Performance

SITUATION:

• For coolant system premium performance we require the

coolant system surfaces to be clean of contamination to

perform the duties of component protection and Heat Transfer

• Main problem is that most coolant systems have surface

contamination of rust/oxidation and corrosion both within the

engine and radiator passages which have become embedded

within the pores of the metal surfaces both Iron / Steel and

Aluminum.

SOLUTION:

• Advanced chemistries are available to “on site” within the car

etc. cleanse both the Iron/Steel & Alluminum surfaces with

environmental safety and simple steps to use.

Coolant System Cleansing For Improved Performance

CHEMISTRY CLEANSING THEORIES ARE SIMILAR:

• The simplest way to perform the coolant system cleansing is by

the natural process call chelation ( or to claw ) – is by chemical

breaking off of the surface contaminates through heat, fluid

flow and a little time.

• To be fully effective - there is not one chemistry that could

cleanse both iron/steel and aluminum – so each metal surface

(iron/steel and aluminum) requires its own specific formulation.

• The following is the basic chemical description of how this

simple and environmentally safe process works

Coolant System Cleansing For Improved Performance

SIMPLE PROCEDURE TO CLEANSE IRON IN COOLANT SYSTEM:

• Step One: twice flush (to the best of your ability) with regular tap water

the engine and radiator until the water comes out looking like tea (a

light brown fluid).

• Step Two: (Iron/Steel Cleansing) put Rustisolv® Pre Mixed Chemistry

(Single Gallon) into the coolant system (engine and radiator) fluid

filled to capacity (can top off with tap water).

• Step Three: Start engine and allow temperature, thermostat (if you

have one) & air to bleed through top off and cap system.

• Step Four: Run at idle temperature ( 190F ) for min 30 – 45 min

• Step Five: Drain & flush system ( water will be dark / black) with rust,

oxidation and other cleansed particles – capture fluid in drain pan -

till cleanest water appears – if possible – flush with clean waterrunning

at idle. Rustisolv® provides short term protection)

Coolant System Cleansing For Improved Performance

PROCEDURE TO CLEANSE ALLUMINUM IN COOLANT SYSTEM:

• Step One: twice flush (to the best of your ability) with regular

tap water the engine and radiator until the water comes out looking

like tea (a light brown fluid).

• Step Two: (Alluminum Cleansing) put Alumisolv® Pre Mixed Chemistry

(Single Gallon) into the coolant system (engine and radiator) fluid filled

to capacity (can top off with tap water).

• Step Three: Start engine and allow temperature, thermostat (if you have

one) & air to bleed through top off and cap system.

• Step Four: Run at idle temperature ( 190F ) for min 30 – 45 min

• Step Five: Drain & flush system ( water will be darker) with corrosion *

“white rust” with other particles – capture fluid in drain pan - till

cleanest water appears (if possible) - flush with clean water at idle

running. Alumisolv® leaves short term protection

Coolant System Cleansing For Improved Performance

PROCEDURE TO PROTECT COOLANT SYSTEM:

After cleansing procedures have been completed &

ALL Rustisolv® or Alumisolv® Chemicals 100% flushed out.

• RACING: Fill Coolant System with 100% SynMax Water Kooler

PreMix or (Concentrate option with 7.0 pH water) NO TAP WATER.

• RACING SEASON / COLD WEATHER NEEDS: (use as little Glycol

Antifreeze – normally 10% no more than 20% as required)

• STANDARD AUTOMOTIVE / TRUCKING / COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS:

Use 100% SynMax Water Kooler Pre Mix with 50/50 Mix with 100%

Antifreeze of your choice – converting and protecting coolant system

with a hi performance – acid / pH neutral - long term premium all weather

product.

Coolant System Cleansing For Improved Performance

Following is the description of how the chemical works –

Both Rustisolv® or Alumisolv®

Use the same type Chelation Process –

but this describes the IRON formulation.

How Rustisolv® Works

Rustisolv® works at a pH of 7.0 to 8.0 (neutral) through

selective chelation. This is a process in which a large

“synthetic molecule” forms a bond with metals and holds them

in solution. Most chelating agents bind many different metals.

The active ingredient in Rustisolv® bonds to iron exclusively.

It can remove iron from iron oxide, but is too weak to remove

iron from steel because the iron is held much more strongly.

No change in properties of steel.

No reaction with:

Copper, brass, bronzes, aluminum, anodized surfaces,

other non-ferrous metals.

Plastic, vinyl, rubber or other polymers

Paint, powder coating (unless contain iron oxides)

PRECAUTION: DO NOT USE WITH CADMIUM

How Rustisolv® Works

Terms and Definitions:

•Iron is chemically known as Ferric or (Fe)

•Oxide is commonly known as thermal

(heat) decomposition from molecules of

oxygen (02).

•Iron Oxide (corrosion upon Iron or steel)

is a combination of particles of Iron mixed

with decomposed oxide (commonly known

as RUST) or Iron surrounded or capsulated

by Oxide.

•Rust & Corrosion – commonly known is

multiple layers of “Iron Oxide”

•Iron (Ferric) Sulfate

Iron capsulated by Sulfate.

“Synthetic Molecule”

How Rustisolv® Works

Terms and Definitions:

Chelation: ( Chele’ - Greek meaning

“Claw”) is the process of reversible

binding complexation of a ligand,

the chelating or sequestering agent

to a metal Ion forming a metal

complex (ferric sulfate in this

process).

Rustisolv® provides a nonhazardous

/ water soluble chemical

process creating a structure

change from Iron Oxide (FeO2) or

Ferric Oxide to

Iron (ferric) Sulfate.

Iron (ferric) Sulfate

then Chelate’s and

separates itself from the

Oxide (decomposed metal).

How Rustisolv® Works

•Like the great claw of a lobster grabbing

& surrounding stripping a hard

crustacean, so is the chelation process -

attaching onto an Iron Atom –

•capsulate (surrounding in a circle) the

Iron Atom creating a metal complex –

separating or loosing free un attached Iron

pieces of iron from the Oxide (this takes

place chemically within the solution).

•Gravity then releases the freed iron

particle, the Chelation “cleansing” process

repeats- gently over & over until all of the

non-attached iron is completely removed

or cleansed.

How Rustisolv® Works

Once all “free iron”

pieces are gone – the

metal (ferric sulfate)

complex attaches,

capsulates or coats

upon the final cleansed

steel / iron surface –

once dried leaving a

short term rust

preventative.

With no composition

change to the steel.

Coolant fluid,

processing or

Paint etc.

RACING: One 16 ounce concentrate treats 8-12 quarts or ( 2-3 Gallon System) or

either (NO NEED TO DOUBLE TREAT) with straight 7.0 pH Neutral Purified Water

Doubles+ the performance ability of water (alone)

‣ Improves coolant system efficiency 10%+

‣ Improves heat transfer / convection capability

‣ Improves Nucleate & Film Boil Performance

‣ Reduces cylinder head & overall temperatures

‣ Reduces contamination of coolant passages

‣ Rust Protection ( Steel )

‣ Corrosion Protection ( Aluminum )

‣ Reduces foaming & cavitation

‣ pH Balance & Acidic Protection

‣ Electrolysis Protection

‣ Lubricates water pump bearings

‣ Conditions seals, rubber hoses & components

‣ Increases component performance & durability

‣ Allows spark advance for increased power

• PREMIX IS SIMPLE POUR AND GO

• 100% PREMIX is the exact

chemical / concentration level

with 7.0 pH Neutral Purified Water

treatment combination.

• RACING USE: 100% DIRECT.

• ALL WEATHER STREET USE:

• STANDARD DIRECT MIXTURE 1:1

= RATIO WITH GLYCOL (50/50)

TREATEMENT NEEDED

• STANDARD OR COMMERCIAL

GASOLINE OR DIESEL

• INTERCOOLER APPLICATION:

TURBO & SUPERCHARGER.

RACING & COMMERCIAL

COOLANT SYSTEM - PART 6

.

Coolant System Cleansing

For Improved Performance

PRESENTATION - END

SynMax University – www.synmaxperformancelubricants.com

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