Weather, Climate and Human Health

asp.ucar.edu

Weather, Climate and Human Health

20 October, 2011

Weather, Climate and Human Health

Andrew Monaghan, Mary Hayden &

Olya Wilhelmi

1


Weather/Climate & Health Program at NCAR

Strategy: An integrated approach to

assessing and addressing health risks that

encompasses both the physical environment

and socio-economic drivers.

– Extreme heat (NASA IDS)

– Meningitis (Google)

– Dengue Fever (NSF CNH/EID, NASA PH)

Human Plague (CDC/USAID)

– NCAR/CDC Postdoctoral Program

– Bi-annual colloquium on climate/health

2


Extreme Heat

3


SIMMER: System for Modeling of

Metropolitan Extreme Heat Risk

Focus: Houston and Toronto

4


Dengue Fever

5


Aedes aegypti at the margins of transmission:

sensitivity of a coupled natural and human

system to climate change

6


Source: C. Mich University

Human Plague

Source: U.S. CDC

7


Background

From 1999-2007, approximately 2,000

suspect human plague cases were

reported from the West Nile Region in

NW Uganda.

CDC is developing models based on

ecological correlates with plague

NCAR is working with CDC to:

(1) Simulate a multiyear high resolution

climate dataset over Uganda for

development of plague models

Kilometers

0 10 20

Winters et. al (2009)

(2) Improve treatment of plague cases

by training the regional network of

clinicians and traditional healers in

plague awareness

8


Atmospheric

Modeling:

WRF Domains

Monaghan et al., submitted

9


1999-2009 Annual Mean Climate Fields

Near-surface Temperature

Total Rainfall

Monaghan et al., submitted

10


Modeled vs. Observed Regions of

Elevated Plague Risk

MacMillan et al., submitted

11


Training Traditional Healers

12


Summary

Our long-term goal is to generate comprehensive, quantitative models

of climate-related health risks so that:

– We can understand the non-linear linkages among humans, climate and health

– We can project climate-related health risks ahead of time

– Policy makers and communities can implement intervention and mitigation

measures.

13

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines