Pneumonia

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Pneumonia

Pneumonia

R. Hernandez RRT


Causes of Pneumonia


Clinical Data Obtained

• Vital Signs

– Increased Respiratory Rate

– Increased Heart Rate

• Chest Pain?

• Decreased chest expansion

• Cyanosis


Clinical Data Obtained

• Sputum

– Hacking nonproductive at

onset

– Color – organism

– Blood streaked – rusty


Sputum Analysis

• Gram Stain

• Culture and Sensitivity


Chest Assessment Findings

• Tactile Fremitus

• Percussion

• Breath sounds

• Pleural friction rub

• Whispered pectoriloquy


Lobar Pneumonia


Bronchopneumonia


Arterial Blood Gas Findings

• Mild to moderate pneumonia

pH

PaC02

HC03

Pa02

• Severe Pneumonia

pH

PaC02

HC03

Pa02


White Blood Cell Count

• Luekocytes

– Luekocytosis

– Luekopenia

• Bands

Normal WBC count

• Mycoplasma

• nonbacterial


Treatment

• Antibiotic Therapy

• Oxygen therapy

• Bronchial Hygiene Therapy

• Hyperinflation Therapy

• Analgesic Agents

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