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Falsification Of The Atmospheric CO2 Greenhouse Effects Within ...

Falsification Of The Atmospheric CO2 Greenhouse Effects Within ...

4 Gerhard Gerlich and

4 Gerhard Gerlich and Ralf D. Tscheuschner 3.3.9 Atmospheric greenhouse effect after Graßl (1996) . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 3.3.10 Atmospheric greenhouse effect after Ahrens (2001) . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 3.3.11 Atmospheric greenhouse effect after Dictionary of Geophysics, Astrophysics, and Astronomy (2001) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 3.3.12 Atmospheric greenhouse effect after Encyclopaedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics (2001) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 3.3.13 Atmospheric greenhouse effect after Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2007) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 3.3.14 Atmospheric greenhouse effect after Rahmstorf (2007) . . . . . . . . . . 43 3.3.15 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 3.4 The conclusion of the US Department of Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 3.5 Absorption/Emission is not Reflection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 3.5.1 An inconvenient popularization of physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 3.5.2 Reflection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 3.5.3 Absorption and Emission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 3.5.4 Re-emission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 3.5.5 Two approaches of Radiative Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 3.6 The hypotheses of Fourier, Tyndall, and Arrhenius . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 3.6.1 The traditional works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 3.6.2 Modern works of climatology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 3.7 The assumption of radiative balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 3.7.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 3.7.2 A note on “radiation balance” diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 3.7.3 The case of purely radiative balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 3.7.4 The average temperature of a radiation-exposed globe . . . . . . . . . . 62 3.7.5 Non-existence of the natural greenhouse effect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 3.7.6 A numerical example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 3.7.7 Non-existence of a global temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 3.7.8 The rotating globe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 3.7.9 The obliquely rotating globe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 3.7.10 The radiating bulk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 3.7.11 The comprehensive work of Schack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 3.8 Thermal conductivity versus radiative transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 3.8.1 The heat equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 3.8.2 Heat transfer across and near interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 3.8.3 In the kitchen: Physics-obsessed housewife versus IPCC . . . . . . . . . 74 3.9 The laws of thermodynamics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 3.9.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75

Falsification Of The Atmospheric CO 2 Greenhouse Effects . . . 5 3.9.2 Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 3.9.3 A paradox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 3.9.4 Possible resolution of the paradox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 4 Physical Foundations of Climate Science 80 4.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 4.2 The conservation laws of magnetohydrodynamics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 4.2.1 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 4.2.2 Electric charge conservation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 4.2.3 Mass conservation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 4.2.4 Maxwell’s equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 4.2.5 Ohm’s law for moving media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 4.2.6 Momentum balance equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 4.2.7 Total energy balance equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 4.2.8 Poynting’s theorem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 4.2.9 Consequences of the conservation laws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 4.2.10 General heat equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 4.2.11 Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 4.3 Science and Global Climate Modelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 4.3.1 Science and the Problem of Demarcation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 4.3.2 Evaluation of Climatology and Climate Modelling . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 4.3.3 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 5 Physicist’s Summary 92 Acknowledgement 95 List of Figures 96 List of Tables 99 References 100

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