here - Australian Building Codes Board

abcb.gov.au

here - Australian Building Codes Board

BULLETIN

AUSTRALIAN BUILDING REGULATION

TECHNICAL SUPPORT FOR BUILDING CODE USERS

2013

2013

NCC Seminars

Main changes for

the 2013 National

Construction

Code

A new Flood

Standard for

the National

Construction

Code

A national project

to redevelop

the building

surveying

qualifications

framework

Transfer of the

WaterMark

Certification

Scheme

Window Barriers

– A child safety

initiative

Slip resistance

in the National

Construction

Code

Weather or not

condensation is

a risk


Register

Now…

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FOR YOU IN BRISBANE...

Building Australia’s

Future Conference

Sofitel Brisbane

15 - 18 September 2013

To register, visit www.abcb.gov.au or for further

information, email BAF2013@abcb.gov.au or

like Us on Facebook

The Australian Building Codes Board, together with Master

Plumbers Australia and the Australian Institute of Building

Surveyors, will jointly deliver the pre-eminent national

construction industry conference of 2013. The conference

will offer both Building and Plumbing industry attendees

a world class built environment learning and networking

opportunity capturing the best of contemporary topics, with

the Australian Institute of Building Surveyors hosting a one

day QLD/NT Chapter Technical Summit as a prelude to the

conference on Sunday 15 September.

Details on this brochure were correct at the time of printing.

The Conference organisers retain the right to alter any or all of the Conference details


BULLETIN

CONTENTS

NCC 2013

NCC 2013

NCC 2013

VOLUME ONE

BCA Class 2 to Class 9 Buildings

FEATURE:

VOLUME TWO

BCA Class 1 and Class 10 Buildings

lding

odes rd

Codes Board

Building Board Codes Board

lding stralia’s Codes FutureBoard

lding Future Australia’s

stralia’s Codes Future

FutureBoard

stralia’s Future

ilding Codes Board

lian es Board Building Codes Board

ilding

Box 9839

GPO Codes Box 9839 Board

01 Canberra ilding

ra

Box

ACT

9839 Codes

2601

ACT Board 2601

abcb.gov.au

ura www.abcb.gov.au

Box ACT 9839 2601

abcb.gov.au

ra ACT 2601

abcb.gov.au

8 A new Flood Standard for the

National Construction Code

REGULAR FEATURES:

2 Chairman’s address

4 Main changes for the 2013

National Construction Code Series

32 Conference and events calendar

for 2013

A STATE PERSPECTIVE:

NCC NCC 2013

2013

National National National Construction

National

Code Code Series

Code Construction

Code Series Code Series

Series

Code Series

2013 2013 2013

2013 2013

2013

GUIDE TO VOLUME ONE

BCA Class 2 to Class 9 Buildings

VOLUME VOLUME THREE THREE – Plumbing – – Plumbing Code Code Code of Australia of of Australia

NCC 2013 VOLUME ONE – APPENDICES VARIATIONS AND ADDITIONS

20 Creating a more vibrant city and

strengthening private certification

in South Australia

24 Queensland embraces new

‘notifiable work’ plumbing

reforms

4 8 12

VOLUME GUIDE ONEVOLUME TO TWO VOLUME THREE ONE

VOLUME THREE

VOLUME THREE

VOLUME ONE – APPENDICES

Building Building Code Building of Code Plumbing Australia of Code Australia Code of Australia of Australia

Plumbing VARIATIONS Code AND of Australia ADDITIONS

Class Class 2 to Class 1 and Class 9 Plumbing Class Buildings 2 to 10 Class Buildings Code 9 Buildings of Australia

REGULATORY DEVELOPMENT:

7 Transfer of the WaterMark

Certification Scheme

11 The latest on Australian Standards

12/09/12 3:52 PM 12/09/12 3:50 PM 12/09/12 3:5112/09/12 PM 12/09/12 3:50 PM3:52 PM

12 Window Barriers – a child 12/09/12 3:50 safety

PM

12/09/12 3:50 PM

initiative

14 Slip resistence in the NCC

16 Weather or not condensation

is a risk

18 Product compliance: eyes wide

open or blind faith

26 ABCB research project on tenable

conditions within a sealed private

bushfire shelter

30 The IRCC – learning and building

on performance-based

regulatory systems

AWARENESS AND EDUCATION:

6 A national project to redevelop

the building surveying

qualifications framework

10 Building Australia’s Future

2013 Conference for building and

plumbing industries

23 Get ahead with the ABCB

Cadetship Program

The Australian Building

Regulation Bulletin (ABRB)

The objective of the magazine is to

provide industry with technically

based information. The publisher

reserves the right to alter or omit any

article or advertisement submitted and

requires indemnity from advertisers and

contributors against damages or liabilities

that may arise from material published.

EDITORIAL

Publications Coordinator:

Libby Beech

ADVERTISING

For advertising sales contact:

abrb@abcb.gov.au

ARTWORK

Typesetting and layout:

Whalen Image Solutions

PRINTING

McPherson’s Printing Group

76 Nelson Street,

Maryborough, VIC 3465

CIRCULATION

The ABRB has a national circulation

amongst the building and

construction industry reaching

approximately 15,000 subscribers

and a readership of up to 45,000+.

COPYRIGHT

Material in the ABRB is protected

under the Commonwealth Copyright

Act 1968. No material may be

reproduced in part or in whole

without written consent from the

Commonwealth and State and

Territory Governments of Australia.

Requests and inquiries concerning

reproduction and rights should be

addressed to:

The General Manager

Australian Building

Codes Board

GPO Box 9839

Canberra ACT 2601

Disclaimer: The views in this

magazine are not necessarily

the views of the Australian

Building Codes Board.


REGULAR FEATURES

CHAIRMAN’S ADDRESS

Mr John Thwaites

Welcome to the Summer 2013 edition

of the Australian Building Regulation

Bulletin (ABRB). With another busy year

ahead, the release of the 2013 National

Construction Code (NCC) highlights

some key building regulatory reforms

that the Board is undertaking.

Major life safety initiatives being

addressed include changes to the

provisions affecting openable windows,

the release of the new NCC Flood

Standard, as well as several other

significant changes which you can read

about further in this edition of the ABRB.

Other key items on the Board’s agenda

include the release of the highly

anticipated handbooks on Evacuation

using Lifts and Construction of Buildings

in Flood Hazard Areas. As with all of the

ABCB’s freely available handbooks,

these will support the delivery of the

Board’s objective to reduce reliance on

regulation.

Continued development of the NCC

remains a priority for the Board. Entering

its third year as Volume Three of the

NCC, the Plumbing Code of Australia

has been further refined to achieve

greater consistency with the Building

Code of Australia.

Also finding its home at the ABCB is the

WaterMark Certification Scheme, which

will be reviewed against best practice

regulation principles during 2013.

Following the retirement of Ivan

Donaldson, I am very pleased to

announce that Neil Savery has been

appointed to the position of General

Manager. I look forward to working with

Neil and anticipate that his extensive

experience in building regulation and

planning policy will ensure a good fit

with all stakeholders and the Board.

The ABCB joined the social media

revolution in late 2012 with a successful

foray into FaceBook.

Our Facebook page provides yet

another medium with which to engage

with stakeholders.

We will also have the opportunity

to connect during the NCC National

Awareness Seminars, which will be

conducted in all capital cities during

February and March 2013. I urge you to

attend these seminars to ensure your

preparedness for the changes that will

take effect on 1 May 2013.

Our biennial National Conference

will take place this year from 15 – 18

September, at the Sofitel Brisbane

Central. The move to hold the

conference in a capital city and the

opportunity to partner with the

Master Plumbers’ Association and the

Australian Institute of Building Surveyors

are exciting prospects for us, and we

anticipate delivering another world-class

event. Further information is available in

this edition.

JT

2 • Australian Building Regulation Bulletin


NCC 2013

Using an old version of the NCC?

Don’t risk it…

Order NCC 2013 online today!

The National Construction Code Series consists of the Building Code of

Australia (Volumes One & Two, including Vol One Appendices) and also the

Plumbing Code of Australia (Volume Three). This series is amended and

published annually.

Available for purchase in hard copy, digital download*, online and occasional

and monthly access.

NCC 2013

NCC 2013

NCC 2013

VOLUME ONE

BCA Class 2 to Class 9 Buildings

Australian Australian Building Australian Building Codes

Australian

Board Building Codes

Building

Board

Codes Board

Australian Codes Building Board Codes Board

Australian Building Building Australia’s Codes FutureBoard

Building Australia’s Building Australia’s Future Building Australian Australia’s Future Building

Building Future Australia’s

Australia’s Codes Future

FutureBoard

Building Australia’s Future

Australian Building Codes Board

Australian Building Australian Codes Building Australian BoardCodes Building Board Australian Codes Board Building Codes Board

GPO Box 9839 GPO Box 9839 GPO Australian Box 9839

GPO

Building

Box 9839

GPO Codes Box 9839 Board

Canberra ACT Canberra 2601 ACT Canberra 2601 Australian ACT

Canberra

GPO 2601 Building Canberra Box

ACT

9839 Codes

2601

ACT Board 2601

www.abcb.gov.au www.abcb.gov.au www.abcb.gov.au Canberra

www.abcb.gov.au

GPO www.abcb.gov.au

Box ACT 9839 2601

Canberra www.abcb.gov.au ACT 2601

www.abcb.gov.au

VOLUME TWO

BCA Class 1 and Class 10 Buildings

NCC 2013 VOLUME ONE – APPENDICES VARIATIONS AND ADDITIONS

NCC NCC 2013

2013

VOLUME VOLUME THREE THREE – Plumbing – – Plumbing Code Code Code of Australia of of Australia

National National National Construction

National

Code Code Series

Code Construction

Code Series Code Series

Series

Code Series

2013 2013 2013

2013 2013

2013

GUIDE TO VOLUME ONE

BCA Class 2 to Class 9 Buildings

VOLUME GUIDE ONEVOLUME TO TWO VOLUME THREE ONE

VOLUME THREE

VOLUME THREE

VOLUME ONE – APPENDICES

Building Building Code Building of Code Plumbing Australia of Code Australia Code of Australia of Australia

Plumbing VARIATIONS Code AND of Australia ADDITIONS

Class Class 2 to Class 1 and Class 9 Plumbing Class Buildings 2 to 10 Class Buildings Code 9 Buildings of Australia

4297_NCC2013_Variations_v1.indd 1

12/09/12 3:52 PM

12/09/12 3:50 PM

12/09/12 3:5112/09/12 PM 12/09/12 3:50 PM3:52 PM

*Only available on Windows PC's. Mac version intended release in early 2013.

12/09/12 3:50 PM

12/09/12 3:50 PM

Purchase Online at www.abcb.gov.au

Australian Building Codes Board

Building Australia’s Future


4297_NCC2013_FCsv1.indd 3

15/01/13 11:50 AM

REGULAR FEATURES

MAIN CHANGES FOR THE

2013 NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION

CODE SERIES

This edition of the ABRB is published

to coincide with the distribution of the

2013 National Construction Code (NCC)

series. The following is a summary of the

main changes for NCC 2013.

National Construction

Code Series

2013

VOLUME ONE

Building Code of Australia

Class 2 to Class 9 Buildings

2013

4297_NCC2013_FCsv1.indd 1 15/01/13 11:50 AM

National Construction

Code Series

2013

VOLUME TWO

Building Code of Australia

Class 1 and Class 10 Buildings

2013

4297_NCC2013_FCsv1.indd 2 15/01/13 11:50 AM

VOLUMES ONE AND TWO

(BUILDING CODE OF AUSTRALIA)

NCC 2013 will contain requirements

for window barriers for openable

windows in early childhood centres and

bedrooms in residential buildings (ie

houses, apartments, hotels and the like),

where the floor beneath the window is

more than 2m above the surface below.

Further information on these changes is

contained in this edition of the ABRB.

As a consequence of the concern

and responses to major recent

flooding events in some regions of

Australia, a new Flood Standard for the

Construction of Buildings has been

introduced for flood hazard areas

designated by States and Territories.

Further information on the new Flood

Standard is contained in this edition of

the ABRB.

New provisions for the quantification

of stormwater drainage have been

introduced. Criteria for external

waterproofing now exist with the

adoption of AS 4654 Waterproofing

membranes for external above ground

use.

As part of the ABCB’s

Emergency Egress for All

Occupants project, new

provisions for emergency

egress for people with

a disability have been

included as the first stage

of outputs from this project.

The provisions apply to door

handles, handrails, thresholds

as well as braille and tactile

signage.

Changes to the Performance

Requirements for emergency

egress have been made

to facilitate Alternative

Solutions incorporating the use of

lifts in addition to the normal egress

provisions currently required by the

BCA. A handbook to assist in developing

Alternative Solutions that include the

use of lifts is under development and is

expected to be released in 2013.

New provisions have been introduced

for the building-related requirements

for lifts that were previously located in

the AS 1735 suite of standards.

A number of new or amended

referenced documents have been

included in Volumes One and Two. Apart

from the previously mentioned external

waterproofing and flood standard,

a new standard AS 4505 Garage and

large access doors has been referenced.

This standard introduces controls to

minimise the observed damage to

garage doors from cyclones in cyclonic

areas. A new amendment 1 to AS 1170.2

Structural design actions, Wind actions

has been referenced along with new

editions of Part 4 (Accommodation

buildings not exceeding 4 storeys) and

Part 6 (Multistorey buildings) of AS

2118.4 Automatic fire sprinkler systems.

New editions of AS 1668.2 Mechanical

ventilation in buildings, AS 1926.1 Safety

barriers for swimming pools and AS 4505

Wind loads for housing have also been

referenced.

Construction

National Construction

National

Code Series Series

Code

2013 2013

VOLUME THREE

Plumbing Code of Australia

2013

VOLUME THREE (PLUMBING

CODE OF AUSTRALIA)

For 2013, Volume Three has been

amended to better align with Volumes

One and Two, provide new Explanatory

Information, update referenced

documents, and include minor editorial

changes.

FURTHER INFORMATION

NCC subscribers can obtain further

information on changes for 2013 by

referring to the List of Amendments that

accompanies each NCC Volume.

4 • Australian Building Regulation Bulletin


NCC 2013

Products & Pricing

REGULAR FEATURES

National Construction Code (NCC): Complete Series

The NCC series consists of the BCA Volumes (One & Two, including

Vol One Appendices) and the PCA (Volume Three). This package also

includes access to the BCA Guide online.

Hard Copy & Online $399

Digital Download* & Online $399

Hard Copy, Digital Download* & Online $499

Building Code of Australia (BCA)

The BCA Includes both Volumes One & Two, including Vol One

Appendices and access to the BCA Guide online.

Hard Copy & Online $315

Digital Download* & Online $315

Hard Copy, Digital Download* & Online $365

Housing Provisions

The BCA Volume (Two) can be purchased as a

stand alone product in the following formats.

Hard Copy & Online $180

Digital Download* & Online $180

Hard Copy, Digital Download*

& Online $199

Plumbing Code of Australia (PCA)

The PCA Volume (Three) is available as a stand

alone product in the following formats.

Hard Copy & Online $120

Digital Download* & Online $120

Hard Copy, Digital Download*

& Online $135

Guide to BCA

The Guide is an annual edition designed to

be used in conjunction with, and provides

commentary on, Volume One of the BCA.

Hard Copy only $180

NCC Online:

Short-term Access

Online access to the NCC Series for

up to 30 consecutive days or up to

12 individual days on or before

30 April 2014.

Monthly Access $70

Occasional Access $70

All prices are GST inclusive

*Only available on Windows PC's. Mac version intended release in early 2013.

Purchase Online at www.abcb.gov.au

Australian Building Codes Board

Building Australia’s Future

Australian Building Regulation Bulletin

• 5


AWARENESS AND EDUCATION

A NATIONAL PROJECT

TO REDEVELOP THE

BUILDING SURVEYING

QUALIFICATIONS FRAMEWORK

Construction and Property Services

Industry Skills Council (CPSISC) represent

the workforce training and skills

development needs of the construction

and property services industries.

CPSISC develop, manage and distribute

nationally recognised Training Packages

for these industry sectors.

After receiving representations from

industry indicating that the Building

Surveying qualifications CPC50108

Diploma of Building Surveying and

CPC60108 Advanced Diploma of

Building Surveying needed updating

to reflect current industry practices,

CPSISC, through its continuous

improvement process, completed

an extensive research and industry

consultation process in 2011. In January

2012 a detailed scoping report was

produced. The recommendations from

the findings of the scoping project

have since been accepted by the

CPSISC Construction Industry Advisory

Committee (CIAC) and a national

redevelopment project has begun with

industry workshops having recently

been conducted in most States and

Territories.

It is intended that the redeveloped

Building Surveying qualifications

framework will meet the needs of

individuals, enterprises and regulators.

The redeveloped Building Surveying

qualifications framework will offer:

• a defined assessment and training

pathway for new entrants;

• a pathway for people with broad

industry experience seeking to move

into building surveying;

• a recognition pathway for

experienced industry workers

without nationally recognised

qualifications; and

• open entry to the qualification.

The qualifications and new units of

competency will supersede the current

qualifications in CPC08 Construction,

Plumbing and Services Training Package

upon endorsement by the National Skills

Standards Council. This is expected to

occur in the latter half of 2013.

For further information on this project visit

the CPSISC website: www.cpsisc.com.au

and go to CPC08 Constuction, Plumbing

and Services Training Package - Building

Surveying qualifications or contact the

CPSISC Project Manager: Joan Whelan:

joan.whelan@cpsisc.com.au

6 • Australian Building Regulation Bulletin


TRANSFER OF THE WATERMARK

CERTIFICATION SCHEME

REGULARTORY DEVELOPMENT

Transfer of policy oversight of the

Plumbing Code of Australia to the ABCB

has brought with it responsibility for

the WaterMark Certification Scheme

(the Scheme).

Administration of the Scheme has been

managed by Standards Australia

Limited (SA), and in accordance with

the decision of the Building Ministers’

Forum (BMF), administration of the

Scheme will be transferred to the ABCB

on 25 February 2013.

INTERIM ADMINISTRATION

OF SCHEME

SA and the ABCB have worked closely

over the past year to enable the ABCB to

administer the Scheme website, database,

financial system and call centre from

25 February 2013. Until a full review of

the Scheme has been undertaken, and to

facilitate a smooth transition, the ABCB

will continue to operate the Scheme

essentially as is. This includes maintaining

the current fee structure and the roles of

JAS-ANZ and the Conformity Assessment

Bodies (CABs).

In the interim, some preliminary

changes will be necessary to reflect the

transfer of the Scheme, such as changes

required to enable the ABCB to meet

its reporting obligations to Ministers,

the Department of Industry Innovation

Science Research and Tertiary Education

and the Board. These changes will

include:

• establishing a new technical

committee with similar expertise to

SA’s Committee WS-031;

• rebranding existing SA scheme

documents (noting the content will

remain largely unchanged pending

the review of the Scheme). These

documents will be freely available on

the Scheme website; and

• replacing relevant SA Australian

Technical Specifications (ATS) with

Watermark Technical Specifications

(WMTS), which will also be freely

available on the Scheme website.

The ABCB will determine the best way to

assist with administrative and technical

issues, such as assessing applications

that are not covered by existing WMTS.

The CABs will be kept informed of

Scheme-related matters.

REVIEW OF SCHEME

A formal review of the policy objectives

and Scheme Rules, as requested by the

BMF, will commence on completion of

the Scheme transfer.

The ABCB will prepare a discussion

paper to inform the development of

a Terms of Reference in consultation

with the Commonwealth, States and

Territories. A WaterMark Review

Reference Group will also be established

to assist with the review.

Stakeholders will be consulted as part

of the review and the findings will be

reported to the Board and the BMF for

consideration.

Further information about the Scheme

and the review can be found at

www.abcb.gov.au

NEW CONTACT DETAILS:

From 25 February 2013, the WaterMark

website and database can be found at

www.abcb.gov.au

The Scheme Administrator can be

contacted as follows:

Attention: WaterMark Administrator

Email: watermark@abcb.gov.au

Phone: 1300 134 631

Postal Address:

ABCB

GPO Box 9839

Canberra ACT 2601

Australian Building Regulation Bulletin

• 7


FEATURE

A NEW FLOOD STANDARD

FOR THE NCC

by Ron de Veer, Director, Major Projects & Research, ABCB

FLOOD HAZARD IN AUSTRALIA

Dorothea Mackellar, in her poem

‘My Country’ first published in

1908, wrote about Australia being

a land of drought and flooding

rains. This has certainly been the

case over the past decade when

prolonged and severe drought

was replaced by devastating

flooding in many States and

Territories.

While floods can bring welcome relief

for people and ecosystems suffering

from prolonged drought, they are

also estimated to be the most costly

natural disaster in Australia. 1 Every year

in Australia, floods cause millions of

dollars damage to buildings and critical

infrastructure, as well as to agricultural

land and crops. They also disrupt

business and can affect the health of

communities. Between 1967 and 2005,

the average direct annual cost of flooding

has been estimated at A$377 million

(calculated in 2008 Australian dollars). 2

Until recently, the most costly year

for floods in Australia was 1974, when

floods affected New South Wales,

Victoria and Queensland. However,

the Queensland Government estimates

costs for the 2010/11 Queensland floods

will exceed the 1974 figure; with the

total damage to public infrastructure

across the State at between $5-6 billion 3 .

The Queensland floods also resulted in

the death of thirty-three people; three

remain missing. More than 78 per cent

of the State (an area bigger than France

and Germany combined) was declared

a disaster zone; over 2.5 million people

were affected. Some 29,000 homes

and businesses suffered some form of

inundation. 4

Also in 2010/11, significant flooding

occurred in Victoria, affecting much of

the central and northern parts of the

State. More recently, the widespread

flooding in Queensland and NSW in

early 2013 reminds us of the everpresent

risk of this natural hazard.

IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE

Much of the Australian population is

settled near rivers and potential flood

plains, so it is vulnerable to increases

in flood risk due to potential increases

in extreme rainfall as a result of climate

change. There are a range of responses

that may be appropriate to mitigate this

risk, from land use planning decisions,

to flood mitigation strategies and

improving the resilience of buildings

and the community.

THE CURRENT SITUATION

The NCC does not currently address

flood risks specifically. Instead, the

provisions are limited to general

Performance Requirements that

stipulate a building or structure should

not collapse when subject to reasonable

‘design actions’. While important

considerations, these Performance

Requirements apply to all new buildings

and are not targeted to the specific risks

posed by flooding. There are currently

no technical standards available at a

national level to assist with construction

in flood hazard areas and that would

be available for each State and Territory

to adopt to address flood risks through

building provisions.

As such, the treatment of flood risk in the

NCC differs from other natural hazards

(e.g. earthquakes, bushfires, cyclones,

etc), where technical standards are

referenced in the NCC to ensure that

appropriate and risk reflective levels

of protection are incorporated in new

buildings constructed in risk prone areas.

Management of flood risks to new

residential buildings usually occurs

through the planning controls of the

States and Territories as exercised by

local governments. Local governments

may restrict or condition development

approval or set the minimum floor

8 • Australian Building Regulation Bulletin


height of the habitable rooms above

the anticipated flood level. However this

planning approach does not ensure the

structural integrity of buildings or the

protection of utilities in a flood event,

which are vital to life safety, health and

amenity of residents.

FLOOD STANDARD

To address the problem, the ABCB Board

agreed to develop a standard suitable

for referencing in NCC Volumes One and

Two for the design and construction

of certain buildings in flood hazard

areas, together with an accompanying

handbook.

The draft standard and handbook were

developed ‘in-house’ and an expert

reference group was formed to review

the documents and provide valuable

input. The subsequent standard and

NCC draft provisions were subject to

a Regulation Impact Statement (RIS),

which included an analysis of alternative

measures and a benefit cost analysis, and

public consultation.

The RIS (available on

www.abcb.gov.au)

identified that the

introduction of the

flood standard in the

NCC would generate a

net benefit to society.

After considering all

the issues, the ABCB

Board recently agreed

that the flood standard

would be referenced

in NCC 2013.

The standard covers

new residential, health

care and aged care

buildings that people

sleep in (ie Class 1, 2, 3, 4, 9a and 9c

buildings as defined in the NCC) and not

to commercial, industrial, high hazard,

or other non-habitable buildings. The

standard relies on the appropriate

authority (usually the local government)

identifying or mapping the extent of the

flood hazard area.

The scope of the flood standard

is restricted to the current NCC

objectives of health, safety, amenity

and sustainability. Consequently, the

standard focuses on structural safety

and life safety, not protection of

property or building contents.

The standard includes requirements for-

• the building to withstand flood

actions including those resulting from

hydrostatic and hydrodynamic forces,

debris, waves, erosion and scour;

• the minimum floor height;

• the design of footing systems;

• suitable materials;

• enclosures under the flood level;

• location and protection of utilities; and

• egress.

The standard does not apply to the part

of the flood hazard area subject to storm

surge or coastal wave action, mudslide

or landslide, or where the flood flow

rate exceeds 1.5m/s. In these instances,

an alternative solution in compliance

with the relevant NCC Performance

Requirements would be necessary.

As stated in the Preface of the standard,

the standard is not a stand-alone

solution to

mitigating life

safety risk due

to flooding.

Reducing life

safety risk due to

flooding requires

a comprehensive

set of measures

that consider

flood hazard and

function and aim

to reduce risk to

a manageable

level. This may

be achieved

by limiting

development

within both

hazardous areas and areas (such as

floodways) where it may impact on

flood behaviour for other developments.

Within areas allowable for development,

development controls or protection

works may be used to reduce risk. This

requires a suite of measures which

generally involve a combination

of effective land use planning

considering flood hazard, flood

mitigation measures, flood warning

and emergency response strategies for

flooding, and building standards. The

balance of these measures will vary

from new development areas to infill

or redevelopment areas. Sufficient

awareness of the flood risk and the

safety measures required by the

occupants and those assisting them

during a flood emergency are essential

pre-requisites.

The handbook provides commentary on

the standard together with additional

advisory information.

The flood standard and handbook are

available on the ABCB website

www.abcb.gov.au.

1

http://www.ga.gov.au/hazards/flood/

flood-basics/what.html

2

http://www.bitre.gov.au/

publications/2008/other_005.aspx

3

http://www.chiefscientist.qld.gov.au/

publications/understanding-floods/

consequences.aspx

4

http://www.floodcommission.qld.gov.

au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/11705/

QFCI-Final-Report-Preface,-Chapter-1-

Introduction.pdf

FEATURE

Australian Building Regulation Bulletin

• 9


AWARENESS AND EDUCATION

BAF 2013 NATIONAL CONFERENCE

FOR BUILDING AND PLUMBING

INDUSTRIES

The 2013 Building Australia’s Future (BAF)

Conference to be held at the Sofitel

Brisbane on 15-18 September will, for

the first time in the Conference’s 14

year history, bring together delegates

from the building and plumbing sectors

following the incorporation of the

Plumbing Code of Australia into the

National Construction Code Series.

Owing to the scale of BAF 2013,

Conference organisers have selected

presentations from a broad range of

submissions by industry leaders and

professional speakers keen to participate

at this world class industry event.

Supported by the Australian Building

Codes Board and the Master Plumbers

Association, BAF 2013 is regarded as

the preeminent construction industry

conference, with an expected 500+

attending delegates. The 3 day program

has been developed to cover an

extensive range of issues facing industry

today and will feature 30 combined

plenary sessions delivered by industry

leaders and professional speakers

covering topics of interest for both

building construction and plumbing

delegates. Throughout the Conference,

delegates will have the choice of plenary

sessions and workshops specific to their

industry sector, with each of the days

themed around:

• Managing Risk & Liability (Legal

obligations/ Market failure/ Business)

on Day One;

• Understanding Codes & Standards for

Day Two (Innovation/ Performance/

Regulation); and

• Trends & The Future (Technology/

Industry skills/ Change Management)

occupying Day Three.

The afternoon series of interactive

workshops and panel discussions will

provide case studies, research and

experiences on contemporary issues

which affect you as a professional, be

it building, construction or plumbing.

Always popular, the workshops have

proven to be extremely valuable to

delegates, providing a forum to interact

with industry professionals, trigger

debate, discuss issues at hand, and assist

practitioners in their daily roles.

For those attending, the Conference

will also be well supported by leading

industry suppliers from building

construction and plumbing sectors,

showcasing latest industry innovations.

Conference sponsors have also provided

for a series of social opportunities to

meet and network within a relaxed and

friendly environment.

In addition to the BAF Conference, the

Queensland and Northern Territory

chapter of the Australian Institute of

Building Surveyors will be hosting their

annual Technical Summit on Sunday

15th, for those interested in attending.

Previous BAF Conferences have sold

out… don’t miss this preeminent

conference event - BOOK NOW!

Registrations are now open and

your attendance can be secured by

registering through the Conference

web site at: www.absolutedge.com.

au/baf2013. Accommodation at

the Conference venue, the ‘Sofitel

Brisbane Central’ can also be secured

via the web site.

10 • Australian Building Regulation Bulletin


THE LATEST ON

AUSTRALIAN

STANDARDS

REGULARTORY DEVELOPMENT

By Adam Stingemore, National Sector Manager

For Building, Construction and Plumbing, Standards Australia

RECENT STANDARDS

DEVELOPMENTS

It has been a busy year for Standards

Australia and our technical committees.

A number of significant amendments

and revisions have been published right

across the board and particularly in the

building and construction sector. Two

major steps forward for the industry are

the new editions of AS/NZS 4505-2012

- Garage and large access doors and AS

1668.2-2012 Ventilation in buildings Part

2 mechanical ventilation.

GARAGE AND LARGE ACCESS

DOORS AS 4505-2012

The joint Australian and New Zealand

Committee BD-014 has completed work

on a new edition of AS/NZS 4505-2012

Garage doors and other large access

doors. The standard will be referenced in

the National Construction Code for wind

regions C and D for doors not exceeding

3 metres in height. “It became clear to us

that garage doors were a point of failure

during significant events like Cyclone

Larry and Cyclone Yasi.” says Adam.

The standard specifies requirements for

the design, construction and installation

of garage doors and other large access

doors not exceeding 3 metres in height.

The requirements of the standard are

aligned to AS/NZS 1170.2 Structural

actions – Part 2 wind actions and AS/

NZS 4505-2012 Wind loads for housing

and is now integral to consideration

of the requirements of the building

envelope.

VENTILATION IN BUILDINGS

PART 2 MECHANICAL

VENTILATION - NEW EDITION OF

AS 1668.2-2012

After 18 months in development, we have

published a new edition of AS 1668.2

which will be referenced in the NCC from

2013. The revision brings the standard

up to date from a technical perspective,

and has been substantially improved and

restructured. Major changes to the AS

1668.2 standard include:

• The concept of the dilution index

(from the 2002 edition) has been

removed;

• Filtration requirements have been

updated;

• Provisions for natural ventilation

relocated to a new standard AS

1668.4 Ventilation in buildings -

natural ventilation;

• Simple and detailed procedures for

calculating ventilation rates in car

parks incorporated; and

• Procedures for demand control

ventilation have been included for

variable occupancies.

“It is great to see this standard published

and industry feedback so far has been

very positive” says Adam.

“This is a major step forward for us and

for the industry. The standard is right up

to date, provides innovative solutions for

saving energy in a range of applications

and the separation of natural and

mechanical ventilation has proved to be

a great success.”

WORK IN PROGRESS

Ongoing vigilance in updating

standards is required to ensure we

meet contemporary community needs.

There are a range of other standards

in development. Details are available

through the Standards Australia

website www.standards.org.au and

the Standards Australia Building and

Construction Linkedin page

Australian Building Regulation Bulletin

• 11


REGULATORY DEVELOPMENT

WINDOW BARRIERS –

A CHILD SAFETY INITIATIVE

By Ron de Veer, Director,

Major Projects & Research, ABCB

CHANGE FOR NCC 2013

The expression “prevention

is better than cure” certainly

applies to the ABCB’s recent

decision to improve the safety of

young children in buildings. The

ABCB has decided to introduce

more stringent window barrier

requirements in NCC 2013.

WHY IS THE CHANGE

NECESSARY?

An increasing number of young children

are being injured each year after falling

out of windows. Without intervention,

the situation is likely to worsen as more

families with children live in houses or

units of two storeys or more.

The Children’s Hospital at Westmead

(CHW) 1 reported that between 1998 and

2008, 75 young children aged five and

under were admitted to the hospital

after falling from a window. The falls

resulted in one death and one in five

serious injuries. Around 75% of the falls

were from a ground floor, first floor, or

second floor.

Overall in NSW, approximately 25

children are admitted to hospital each

year after falling from a window. The

most common injury is to the head,

some of which result in devastating

brain injuries. 2

The Queensland Injury Surveillance

Unit (QISU) reported that between 1998

and 2002, there were 71 presentations

to QISU participating hospitals

(representing around 25% of hospitals

in Queensland). 44% of window falls

resulted in intracranial injuries, while a

further 17% resulted in fractures. 70%

of the children were aged between one

and three years and fall distances were

typically 2-3m.

The problem is not restricted to

Australia. There are reports from the

Photos from CHW report 1

USA of more than 4000 young children

falling from windows each year resulting

in media campaigns and code changes.

However, media campaigns alone were

not considered totally effective. For

example in New York, it is reported that

greater reductions in falls were achieved

when the initial education campaign

was complemented by enforcement

of window safety devices through

legislation. A 96% reduction in hospital

admissions was recorded. 3, 4

WHAT HAS THE ABCB

BEEN DOING?

The ABCB has been investigating the

incidence of slips, trips and falls in

buildings for many years since it became

aware slips, trips and falls constitute

a leading cause of injury and death in

buildings.

In 2007, the ABCB commissioned the

Monash University Accident Research

Centre (MUARC) to research whether

a relationship exists between the

incidence of slips, trips and falls and the

design and construction of buildings.

12 • Australian Building Regulation Bulletin


REGULARTORY DEVELOPMENT

The MUARC report made a number

of recommendations, including the

installation of window barriers for

openable windows in habitable rooms

of residential buildings above 2m.

This led to the development of

proposed code changes, regulation

impact assessment, inclusion of the

proposals in NCC public comment

drafts, consideration at a stakeholder

forum and by a working group, and

finally consideration by the ABCB Board.

In December 2012, the Board decided

the changes would apply to bedrooms

Examples of suitable window devices:

Photos from CHW report1

of residential buildings. The ABCB will

continue to review data and research

on the incidence of falls in and from

buildings to ensure the NCC delivers

an appropriate level of safety for the

occupants of buildings.

WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF

THE CHANGE?

The current NCC requires an 865mm

barrier under an openable window

where the floor beneath the window is

more than 4m above the surface below.

The changes to be introduced in NCC

2013 require window barriers for

openable windows in early childhood

centres and in bedrooms of residential

buildings (ie houses, apartments, hotels

and the like), where the floor below

the window is more than 2m above the

surface beneath. Young children are

most at risk from window falls in these

buildings. For example, in a bedroom,

where young children often play

unsupervised, it is common to find beds

and other furniture placed under or

near windows. While it could be argued

that effective supervision would solve

the problem, it is unrealistic to expect

supervision of young children 24/7.

The NCC changes will require the window

to be fitted with either a device to restrict

the window opening, or a suitable screen,

so a 125mm sphere (the size of a young

child’s head) cannot pass through.

The device or screen can have a child

resistant release mechanism (eg a key

lock) which can enable the device or

screen to be removed, unlocked or

overridden, so for example the window

can be cleaned.

A barrier is not required for windows

1.7m or more above the floor.

1

The Children’s Hospital at Westmead,

Working Party for the Prevention

of Children Falling from Residential

Buildings, Outcomes Report, February

2011

2

Sydney Morning Herald (11,Thu 16 Feb

2012)

3

American Academy of Pediatrics:

Committee on injury and poison

prevention. Falls from heights:

windows, roofs, and balconies.

Pediatrics 2001;107(5):1188-91.

4

Pressley JC, Barlow B. Child and

adolescent injury as a result of falls

from buildings and structures. Injury

Prevention 2005;11:267–273.

Australian Building Regulation Bulletin

• 13


REGULATORY DEVELOPMENT

SLIP RESISTANCE IN THE NCC

By John Kennedy, Director

Major Projects & Research, ABCB

(Photos courtesy of Safe Environments)

As many practitioners would be aware

the NCC contains requirements for

the finishes of surfaces including stair

landings, stair treads and ramps to be

“non-slip”, “non-skid” or “slip-resistant”.

However, the NCC does not detail

what the terms mean and what are the

differences between them, if any.

This ambiguity, and the situation that

none of the terms are quantified, means

that individuals must interpret their

application, in some cases requiring

expensive solutions or restricting

surface finish options while in other

cases possibly under-specifying surface

finishes leading to unsafe solutions.

As a result, practitioners are regularly

seeking clarification on ways to verify

compliance with the NCC.

NCC SCOPE AND APPLICATION

The NCC does not require all walking

surfaces to be “non-slip”, “non-skid” or

“slip-resistant”. For Volume One it is

only required for stairways (landings and

treads), ramps and around swimming

pool slings (lifting device for a person

Ramp slip test

with a disability). For

Volume Two it is only

the stair treads.

The NCC provisions

reflect the minimum

required community

standard and does

not consider specific

commercial or

industrial surfaces that

could be contaminated

by processes.

Occupational health

and safety issues are

addressed under

separate legislation

to building control

legislation and

usually regulate

maintenance of the surfaces and the

type of footwear worn. To comply

with these requirements, Standards

Australia has an advisory handbook and

it contains recommendations for many

applications, however, these are not

considered to fall within the scope of the

NCC.

Likewise, cleaning up after an accidental

spill in public or commercial premises is

a management responsibility and again

not an NCC matter.

TESTING

STANDARD

AS/NZS 4586 (2004)

titled “Slip resistance

classification of new

pedestrian surface

materials” is the current

Australian Standard for

testing and classifying

surfaces. In the past

the ABCB’s peak

technical committee

has not considered this

Wet pendulum slip test

standard to be suitable for regulatory

reference and is therefore not currently

referenced in the NCC.

Interestingly, a large range of products

are available that already meet this

standard. This is partly due to the

standard containing a number of test

methods which are used internationally.

Standards Australia has been revising

AS/NZS 4586 and the new edition is

expected to be released early in 2013.

Dry friction slip test

14 • Australian Building Regulation Bulletin


Previously identified testing issues have

been addressed and it now includes

carpets within the standard’s scope.

Carpets will be particularly important

if the NCC provisions were to require

classification to the standard.

The standard contains both on-site

and laboratory tests, and has improved

the requirements for the conditioning

of test slider rubbers. This makes

preferable a change to the classification

nomenclature for wet pendulum test

results and dry floor friction test results.

In addition, many of the perceived

deficiencies of the testing have been

resolved by the Standards Australia

committee BD-094.

If you reviewed the public comment

draft of NCC 2013 you would be aware

that quantifying the qualitative terms

“non-slip”, “non-skid” or “slip-resistant”

and referencing AS/NZS 4586 in

NCC 2013 were proposed, however

referencing of the Standard and

defining of the terms has been deferred

until the revision is complete.

It is anticipated that the revised standard

AS 4586 (2013) and amended text for

the NCC “non-slip”, “non-skid” or “slipresistant”

provisions will appear in the

public comment draft for NCC 2014.

VERSION 2.2

Lighting

Calculator

REGULARTORY DEVELOPMENT

REVISED NCC PROPOSALS

FOR 2014

It is proposed that the revised

provisions will detail minimum standard

classification for new surfaces and apply

only to ramps, landings and treads. The

classification will be for dry and wet

conditions; the wet condition being for

outdoor surfaces and where the surface

is expected to normally be wet, such as

at a ramp or sling into a pool or steps in

a locker room.

The proposals are intended to address

the different interests of stakeholders

and the need to meet free-trade

obligations as well as providing certainty

for practitioners.

Available on

our website

www.abcb.gov.au

for more information

Australian Building Regulation Bulletin

• 15


REGULATORY DEVELOPMENT

WEATHER OR NOT

CONDENSATION IS A RISK

By Bruce Lightfoot, Director

Major Projects & Research, ABCB

In a season when readers’ interest in condensation

might be limited to watching droplets form on a

glass of something cool, this article boldly ponders

the question of how to identify and compare local

climates at risk of condensation.

The article on condensation in Issue 9 of the ABRB discussed

how to manage condensation risks at home, covering issues

such as:

• building and health risks from condensation and high

indoor humidity

• the need to understand local temperature and humidity

conditions

• daily activities and habits that can drive up indoor humidity

• benefits of ducting indoor moisture sources directly to the

outside

• benefits of ventilating through windows and doors

• historical changes to insulation levels

• tips for identifying and reducing sources of indoor moisture

The same article introduced work towards a second edition

of the 2011 ABCB Condensation Handbook; with the aim

of providing further coverage and illustration of risks and

remedies. Part of that work involves looking at how climate

variations across Australia affect the risk.

point, the greater the potential for condensation. Knowing

where outdoor minimum temperatures ever fall to or beyond

dew points can identify locations at particular risk. Knowing

how far they fall allows comparison of several locations.

As an example of this approach, Figure 1 shows the months

at risk in Mount Gambier (SA) and how far temperatures drop

below dew points in each month. Outdoor condensation

appears possible during nine months, with the most severe risk

occurring in June.

IDENTIFYING LOCAL CLIMATES WITH

CONDENSATION RISKS

Although systems of classifying climates for condensation

potential have been developed overseas, there is no consensus

at present on similar approaches to Australian climates. The

eight climate zones for the NCC energy efficiency provisions

were not intended to predict condensation risk and use only

broadly defined humidity criteria. The Bureau of Meteorology

(BOM) publishes maps of climate classifications based on

three different classification schemes, but their usefulness in

assessing building condensation risk remains to be tested. In

the meantime, BOM climate statistics might offer a starting

point for risk evaluation in specific locations.

The BOM climate record includes data for monthly averages

of dew point and minimum temperatures. When moist air is

cooled to its dew point, water vapour in the air can begin to

condense. The further the air temperature falls below the dew

dew

point

-0.5°C

-1.0°C

-1.5°C

-2.0°C

-2.5°C

Mt Gambier

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Figure 1: Duration and severity of risk in a sample location

16 • Australian Building Regulation Bulletin


COMPARING RISK IN DIFFERENT LOCATIONS

Figure 2 highlights differences between two locations in the

same NCC climate zone (climate zone 6 in this case). Richmond

(NSW) has a similar severity (or worst case result) to Mount

Gambier, but it occurs in May instead of June and only five

months, not nine, are flagged for condensation risk.

Figure 2: Comparison of two locations

A review of nearly 90 locations across Australia using this

approach confirms how strongly risk depends on local climate.

About 50 locations have climatic conditions that favour

condensation formation in one or more months in an average

year. The duration of such risk in individual localities ranges

from just one month to the whole year and accounts for more

than 40% of all months in affected locations.

OTHER APPLICATIONS OF BOM DATA

Although this article describes a test for possible outdoor

condensation, the same BOM data sources can help to predict

risk in other situations, such as:

• indoor and interstitial condensation risk for air conditioned

buildings;

• condensation under roofs affected by night sky cooling;

• condensation in ventilated sub-floor spaces;

• condensation in ventilated wall cavities;

• health effects of elevated humidity levels indoors; and

• low ventilation levels.

Later ABRB articles may discuss these applications and other

topics such as changes to the building envelope made by

energy efficiency measures. Consultation about the method

outlined here has started and its development will continue

with the aim of presenting climatic information of practical use

to designers and readers of the revised Handbook.

REGULARTORY DEVELOPMENT

If the severity of outdoor condensation risk is compared across

more locations, the wide variation of risk within NCC climate

zones becomes clear. Figure 3 shows the largest temperature

drops below dew points for 16 locations in NCC climate zone 6.

Most of the worst cases occur in June, but two occur in May.

The marginal risk indicated for Cape Otway (Vic) arises in

September, November and December. Mount Lofty (SA) and

Nowra (NSW) show no identified risk at all.

Mt Gambier and Richmond

dew

point

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

-0.5°C

-1.0°C

-1.5°C

-2.0°C

-2.5°C

Mt Gambier

Richmond

Figure 3: Comparison of risk severity in a single NCC climate zone

Australian Building Regulation Bulletin

• 17


REGULATORY DEVELOPMENT

PRODUCT COMPLIANCE: EYES

WIDE OPEN OR BLIND FAITH

By Kristin Brookfield, Senior Executive Director,

Building, Development and Environment,Housing Industry Association

With changing building standards

and an ever increasing stream

of products being sourced from

overseas, ensuring customers get

what they paid for is becoming

a key issue for the building

industry. The Housing Industry

Association (HIA) has taken up the

debate on product compliance

and is working on a range of

initiatives aimed at improving the

state of play.

Australian manufacturers will face

a raft of changes in their business

environment as new taxes take effect,

workplace laws continue to evolve,

health and safety laws change, and

environmental targets and programs

continue to be rolled out by all levels of

government.

With more and more building products

being manufactured offshore, and with

increased access to these products

through the internet the need to focus

on compliance with building standards

and ensuring a level playing field for

Australian manufacturers has never

been greater.

With this in mind, HIA has opened up

the debate about how the current

regime for building product compliance

operates in Australia and is identifying

ways to ensure manufacturers

compete on a level playing field. And

just as importantly, that builders and

consumers can trust the products they

buy, to do what they are intended to do.

Ron Dwyer, HIA National President,

John Thwaites, ABCB Chairman,

Shane Goodwin, HIA Managing Director

There is no doubt that the problem of

non-genuine and non-tested building

materials and components making their

way into Australian residential buildings

is growing.

The issue has been on the agenda of our

manufacturing members for some time

and is of equal interest to builders who

have to rely on these products to be fit

for purpose.

There is an important role for imported

building products and components in

Australia, some of which can be cheaper,

and many of which meet local standards.

But it is also clear that many building

products aren’t coming up to scratch.

The cost of failure and subsequent

replacement of substandard materials

– and the damage they can cause –

invariably outstrips any initial savings

on the original purchase. And in the case

of structural materials and fixtures such

as electrical and sanitary components,

the potential cost to health and safety is

far greater.

BUILDING PRODUCTS: A

COMPLIANCE FREE ZONE?

Such is the interest in this issue that

it was the central theme of HIA’s third

annual Building Better Cities Summit

held in Melbourne in March 2012. The

summit, entitled Building Products:

A compliance free zone? brought

together a well-credentialed array of

Australian and international experts

from manufacturing, government

and product certification - including

John Thwaites, Chair of the Australian

Building Codes Board.

John outlined the ABCB’s role in product

certification, including Codemark and

Watermark, and invited the audience

to provide evidence about their

experiences with product certification

and the incidence of products not being

fit for their intended purpose.

A fundamental problem identified

by the summit was that inconsistent

compliance regimes have led to an

uneven playing field between the

manufacturers that comply with

standards and those that do not.

Manufacturers who do the right thing

are being disadvantaged against those

that don’t invest in producing products

that meet Australian Standards nor

ensure they have adequate information

to demonstrate compliance.

INDUSTRY LEADING THE WAY

In response to the concern about

product certification and the

overwhelming support from members

to see HIA respond, a number of

initiatives were put forward at the end of

the summit.

18 • Australian Building Regulation Bulletin


The cornerstone will be the

development of options for an industry

- led product registration scheme.

Builders, manufacturers, certifiers and

consumers should be able to satisfy

themselves that a product is compliant

and fit for the purpose and know the

conditions under which it should be

used. A register could be supported

by a manufacturer-applied compliance

mark to show it conforms to a credible

product standard.

In addition to exploring a product

compliance register, HIA has undertaken

to:

• further scope the extent of noncompliance

by seeking feedback

from manufacturers and builders;

• work with the Australian Building

Codes Board (ABCB) in their review

of the existing Codemark and

Watermark certification schemes;

• work collaboratively with existing

credible industry based compliance

programs to ensure their ongoing

success; and

• develop an industry education and

information program to increase

the understanding among builders,

contractors and suppliers about the

importance of compliance.

We are in the business of supplying

innovative and world-class housing

for all Australians. It is essential to

the sustainability of our industry into

the future that our customers have

confidence in the product they are

buying.

ESTABLISHING A PRODUCT

REGISTER

The hope for the register is not to

create more administration or set new

standards. Rather it is to make proof

of compliance easy to understand

and easy to find for builders, building

certifiers and consumers. The Register

is intended to be a free online portal

where product compliance information

can be obtained.

Consultation is now underway with

manufacturers, suppliers, builders

and relevant government agencies to

determine the viability of an industry

run building product register.

These investigations will take into

account other compliance schemes

already operating through industry

groups, such as windows, engineered

wood products and steel.

The intention of the scheme is to

provide a simple, single point of

reference for users to find relevant

technical information about a building

product to show that it meets the

minimum requirements under the

Building Code of Australia.

The Scheme will require the company

manufacturing or supplying the

product to be ‘endorsed’, allowing that

company to then put forward individual

products for listing. The register will

provide information about the product,

including whether it is required to be

tested or certified. If the product is

not required to be tested, then this

information would not be compulsory.

To be a success, a scheme would need

the buy-in of government as well as

industry, so it will require an extensive

consultation process. But the extent of

the problem means that we can’t afford

to ignore it.

IS IT TIME TO CHANGE THE

SYSTEM?

In 2013, the ABCB will undertake a

review of Codemark, a scheme that is

considered by many in the building

industry and manufacturing sector

to have been less successful than

Shane Goodwin, HIA Managing Director

originally hoped. The reasons for this

are many and varied, but the reality is

that Codemark sits within an Australian

product compliance regime that is not

well administered and is complex due

to the nature of our performance based

BCA.

Manufacturers, builders and building

certifiers all have real concerns about

the current regime:

• what type of evidence of suitability

should a building product be

required to have?

• who should be responsible for:

– setting a standard for product

compliance?

– checking that the product does

what it says?

– taking action when a product

doesn’t do what it claims to do?

– checking products manufactured

locally? and,

– checking products manufacturer

off-shore?

Some would contend there is almost as

much risk to a customer in accepting

product certification as there is in

not asking for it. And this leaves

manufacturers, suppliers, builders,

certifiers and government with a real

problem. How can we have confidence

in the products we buy and the

certification we receive?

The challenge for industry and

regulators is to ensure that the outcome

is not just more bureaucracy and red

tape. Solutions will need to have a

positive cost-benefit and not result in a

burden on those manufacturers already

complying, who may be seen as the easy

targets.

The current situation appears to be

more a case of having blind faith

that if someone sells it or someone

else has used it before, then it must

be complaint. The truth is, having

confidence in product certification has

become difficult, the real facts can be

very hard to find even with your eyes

wide open.

For any further information, please

contact Kristin Brookfield at

k.brookfield@hia.com.au.

REGULARTORY DEVELOPMENT

Australian Building Regulation Bulletin

• 19


A STATE PERSPECTIVE

CREATING A MORE VIBRANT

CITY AND STRENGTHENING

PRIVATE CERTIFICATION IN

SOUTH AUSTRALIA

By Don Freeman, General Manager, Planning Division,

Department of Planning, Transport & Infrastructure

CREATING A MORE

VIBRANT CITY

One of the key priority areas for the

South Australian Government is the

creation of a vibrant city environment

that will encourage people to both visit

and live in the heart of Adelaide. This

is being achieved through a program

aimed at making better use of urban

spaces (such as laneways) and empty

buildings, and encouraging new

residential development.

The program includes a revitalized

Adelaide Oval and Riverbank Precinct;

encouraging the reuse of existing

buildings; a stronger pedestrian and

cycling focus on city streets; and new

planning policies that allow for more

mixed use development and less

restrictive building heights.

This ambitious program relies on

building relationships between state

and local government to achieve

the desired outcomes. It also has

implications for both planning and

building policies, particularly in the

area of finding new uses for existing

buildings. Some of these uses include

small bars, multi-use community spaces

that might be used for art events or

as small performance venues and the

conversion of buildings for residential

accommodation.

Rejuvenating and reusing buildings

often means finding a balance between

a reasonable level of occupant health

and safety for the proposed use while

maintaining the economic viability of

the building (in terms of a return on

investment for the building owner).

In Adelaide the three most common

building issues are earthquake

resistance, fire safety and disability

access. These are often associated with a

change in building classification.

While the city centre is the current focus

of attention, a similar program is being

undertaken for Port Adelaide which also

has a mix of empty buildings in need

of rejuvenation and new uses, many of

which are of historic significance.

There are spin-offs from these programs

for other urban areas where the

Planning Strategy envisages new higher

density development around transport

nodes and along major transport

corridors. In these areas the combination

of mixed land uses and close proximity

to high levels of transport noise mean

that the effective treatment of buildings

for external noise is a critical factor

in attracting people. The Bowden

redevelopment on the edge of the

Parklands, and within 3kms of the CBD,

is the first such area to put the new

policies into effect.

New planning and building policies

have been developed which will be

triggered by an Air and Noise Emissions

Overlay in council development plans.

For building policy, this mapping will

identify the areas where a new Minister’s

Specification will apply. The Minister’s

Specification provides performance

based criteria for acceptable internal

noise levels (arising from external

noise); how to measure the distance

to the noise source for establishing

20 • Australian Building Regulation Bulletin


egistration of engineers; additional

levels of private certification; and

the types of certificates that can be

submitted by engineers, ranging

from self certification through to

fully independent certification of a

design. Consultation on this Paper

will be in early 2013.

A STATE PERSPECTIVE

the necessary construction category, and deemed-to-satisfy

provisions for the construction categories. A comprehensive

design Guideline has been produced to assist the industry

understand how design can be used to minimise noise

impacts.

STRENGTHENING PRIVATE CERTIFICATION

The role of the private certification system in South Australia

is to be strengthened as part of a broader objective for

expanding it to include planning considerations for low risk

development, within set parameters.

In 2009 a Select Committee on Private Certifiers made a number

of recommendations for improving the current system. A high

priority was the introduction of auditing for private certifiers

and the building assessment function in councils. On 1 July 2012,

new regulations came into effect that enabled auditing to be

implemented. An auditor has been appointed and a number of

pilot audits are being undertaken to verify procedures before

commencing a full audit program in 2013.

Concurrently work has been undertaken on a strengthened Code

of Practice. Initial workshops with the industry indicated that as

well as making changes to the Code of Practice, there is a strong

desire for practice notes to more fully explain what is expected.

Accordingly, 22 Practice Notes have been developed to clearly

articulate the level of performance expected when a person

undertakes a statutory function. These Practice Notes cover a

wide variety of topics such as competency; conflict of interest;

relationships with clients; relationships with other authorities;

quality of assessments; assessing risks; alternative solutions;

reliance on certification by others; and making decisions.

The Select Committee also made a number of inter-related

recommendations proposing more fundamental changes

to the private certification system; these are the subject of a

Discussion Paper. The issues covered in the Paper include the

establishment of an independent registration authority; the

Parliament recently passed a Bill, to

amend the Development Act 1993,

which enables the private certification

of some planning matters. The

Development Regulations 2008 will now

be amended and the mandatory Code

of Practice will also be changed to

complete the framework for allowing

private certifiers to undertake the

assessment of planning matters.

It is expected that these changes

will streamline housing approvals

by reducing waiting times and

improving the processing of a large number of low impact, low

risk residential development applications.

For further information, you can contact Don Freeman on

(08) 8303 0669.

Are you managing, selling, leasing or

subleasing commercial ofce space?

The Commercial Building Disclosure Program mandates the disclosure

of energy efciency in large commercial ofce spaces.

The Building Energy Efciency Disclosure Act 2010 requires that

before sale, lease or sublease, most commercial ofce buildings

with a net lettable area of 2000m² or more, need to disclose an

up-to-date energy efciency rating in a Building Energy Efciency

Certicate (BEEC).

BEECs are valid for up to 12 months, must be publicly accessible on

the online Building Energy Efciency Register, and include:

• a NABERS Energy star rating for the building

• an assessment of tenancy lighting in the area of the building that

is being sold or leased and

• general energy efciency guidance.

The NABERS Energy star rating must also be included in any

advertisement for the sale, lease or sublease of the ofce space.

The Commercial Building Disclosure Program creates a well

informed property market and stimulates demand and investment

in energy efcient buildings.

For more information about the Commercial Building Disclosure

Program visit www.cbd.gov.au or email info@cbd.gov.au.

AG65703

Australian Building Regulation Bulletin

• 21


ABCB HANDBOOKS

Condensation in Buildings

Using On-site Renewable and

Reclaimed Energy Sources

2010 Edition

Applying energy efficiency

provisions to new building

work associated with existing

Class 2 to 9 buildings

2011

Landslide Hazards

2011

Handbook

NoN-MaNdatory docuMeNt

Digital Building

Telecommunications Access

Handbook

NoN-MaNdatory docuMeNt

Sound Insulation

2010

Handbook

NoN-MaNdatory docuMeNt

BCA Section J -

Assessment and

Verification of an

Alternative Solution

Energy Efficiency

Provisions

for Electricians

and Plumbers

2006

Handbook

Non-Mandatory Document

2006

Handbook

NON-MANDATORY DOCUMENT

Construction of Buildings

in Flood Hazard Areas

2004

Handbook

NON-MANDATORY DOCUMENT

Digital TV

Antenna Systems for Homes

2010

Handbook

NoN-MaNdatory docuMeNt

Digital TV Antenna Systems

2010

Handbook

NoN-MaNdatory docuMeNt

2008

2012

Handbook

NON-MANDATORY DOCUMENT

NON-MANDATORY DOCUMENT

2 0 0 9

Handbook

NON-MANDATORY DOCUMENT

Handbook

NON-MANDATORY DOCUMENT

The Australian Building Codes Board (ABCB) and the participating Governments

are committed to enhancing the availability and dissemination of information

relating to the built environment. Where appropriate, the ABCB seeks to develop

non-regulatory solutions to building related issues.

These Handbooks are non-mandatory and are designed to assist in making

information on these topics readily available.

The Handbooks are freely available from www.abcb.gov.au

The following title is coming soon...

Lifts Used During Evacuation

2013

Lifts Used

During Evacuation

Handbook

NON-MANDATORY DOCUMENT


GET AHEAD WITH THE ABCB

CADETSHIP PROGRAM

AWARENESS AND EDUCATION

The ABCB Cadetship Program is not

your average graduate position.

Candidates are provided with the

unique opportunity to work with

the team that develops the National

Construction Code (NCC), a series

of documents that is utilised by

architects, building surveyors,

engineers, plumbers and builders,

throughout Australia. Twelve months

with us could boost your career and

open doors for you in both private

and government sectors.

The Program has been underway since

2002, with all 22 cadets successfully

completing their Cadetship. Many have

stayed on to become senior technical

staff, while others have returned to

study or have accepted positions in

industry. Whatever they choose to do,

the Australian building and plumbing

sector benefits; ABCB Cadets are upskilled

future practitioners, with NCC

know-how and an understanding of

building regulatory reform.

ABR caught up with two former cadets,

to find out how the Program has

enhanced their careers…

Stephanie Wake applied for the ABCB

Cadetship while completing her

undergraduate studies in architecture.

During her team rotations she was

introduced to the work of the ABCB and

the BCA (now NCC) in greater detail.

“Learning more certainly didn’t put

me off: in all, I spent more than three

fantastic years working for the ABCB in

different roles before returning to full

time study”.

“Professionally, my experience at

the ABCB has been nothing but

beneficial. Unlike some of my design

peers who limit themselves working

within the DTS provisions of the

code, I am very comfortable working

with the Performance Requirements.

Understanding the intent of a clause

helps me to develop designs that

are both innovative and compliant,

delivering outcomes that are in line with

client expectations and often more cost

effective than the DTS provisions alone”.

In addition to the thorough technical

knowledge that was learned on the job,

Stephanie was able to work with some

extremely experienced and professional

people from diverse professional

backgrounds. “It’s hard to articulate

just how generous and supportive my

managers and colleagues were with

both their time and knowledge”. Having

worked in multidisciplinary teams within

the ABCB, as well as with a diverse range

of industry representatives, Stephanie

was also better able to appreciate the

complex demands the code places on

different professions and products.

“I believe that this knowledge will

continue to be an asset as I gain more

experience in the building industry”.

Stephanie completed her Masters in

Architecture in November 2012. The

knowledge that she gained from her

studies, combined with the practical

experience of the Cadetship, put her

in good stead as she begins working

towards registration as an architect.

Wonsdor Ung undertook the Cadetship

in 2008, and worked at the ABCB for

a further three years, primarily on the

economics of building regulation. “A

cadetship with the ABCB provides

you with unparalleled advantages

in industry. You will develop NCC

knowledge that even experienced

certifiers in the field don’t have. And

you’ll have the unique opportunity

to work with a team of very capable

professionals who have made their

careers in writing and developing the

code”.

“If you are yet to complete your building

related studies, working as a cadet at

the ABCB will assist you to complete

your course work, because you’ll have

a much greater understanding of

building regulation and how to apply it

in industry”.

Wonsdor now works for the NT

Government as a Building Technical

Officer. “I recommend the cadetship to

anyone thinking of a career in the built

environment” he says. “ABCB experience

on your CV is highly regarded and is the

main reason I now have the opportunity

to work in the Top End”.

The ABCB is currently seeking applicants

for the 2014 Cadetship Program. Are

you ready to take your career to the

next level like Stephanie and Wonsdor?

If you are studying towards, or have

qualifications in the following areas,

we’d like to hear from you –

Building Certification / Building

Surveying;

Building / Built Environment;

− Architecture;

− Construction Management; and

− Plumbing / Hydraulic Design or

associated field.

Combine your qualifications with

the practical experience of an ABCB

Cadetship and get ahead with your

career. For more information about the

Program visit the ABCB website at

www.abcb.gov.au and follow the

prompts, or contact Rebecca Hanrahan

at Rebecca.Hanrahan@abcb.gov.au or

on 02 6276 1854.

Australian Building Regulation Bulletin

• 23


A STATE PERSPECTIVE

QUEENSLAND EMBRACES

NEW ‘NOTIFIABLE WORK’

PLUMBING REFORMS

By the Department of Housing and Public Works, Queensland Government

New plumbing reforms to

significantly reduce red tape,

delays and costs for industry, local

governments and consumers in

Queensland were introduced on

1 November 2012.

The reforms established a new category

of plumbing and drainage work called

‘notifiable work’ which has reduced the

amount of routine work undertaken

by licensed plumbers and drainers

that requires government approvals

and inspections. More work is also

now included in the category of ‘minor

work’, which does not require local

government approval or notification to

the state’s Plumbing Industry Council.

More than 2,000 people attended notifiable work training sessions across Queensland

Plumbing Industry Council Chairperson

and Executive Director of Building Codes

Queensland within the Department of

Housing and Public Works, Glen Brumby,

said the new laws marked the biggest

change to the state’s plumbing and

drainage industry in many years.

“It is now cheaper and faster for most

routine plumbing work to be performed in

Queensland,” Mr Brumby said. “Previously,

plumbing work such as a bathroom or

kitchen renovation would have to go

through local government approval and

inspection processes which could cost up

to $1,600 and take up to 20 business days

for permits and inspections.

“Now licensees simply have to notify

the Plumbing Industry Council that

this type of work has been performed

within 10 business days of completing

the work and pay a fee of $25 for

electronic lodgement or $35 for manual

lodgement.

“The new process is a major red tape

reduction initiative, replacing 73

previous local government processes.”

Notifiable work that would have

previously required a local government

approval include:

• kitchen and bathroom renovations

and additions;

• extending any length of existing

water supply piping;

• installing a new electric or gas hot

water heater; and

• replacing plumbing or drainage pipe.

The category of ‘minor work’ was

expanded to allow work such as the

installation of apparatuses like pumps

or cisterns, to be installed without any

approvals, forms or fees.

Notifiable work is defined in schedule 2

and minor work is defined in schedule 3

of the Standard Plumbing and Drainage

Regulation 2003.

THE NEW PROCESS

When a plumber or drainer performs

notifiable work, the licensee must

submit a Form 4−Notifiable Work to

the Plumbing Industry Council either

electronically or manually, and the other

to the owner/occupier of the property

where the work was undertaken.

Mr Brumby said it was important that

the form lodgement system was simple.

“The online Plumbing Application

Service was developed to enable easy,

efficient online lodgement,” he said.

“To lodge a form electronically, a

licensee must first set up an account

with the Plumbing Application Service.

The Service includes a top-up facility,

making it an easy way for licensees to

24

Australian Building Regulation Bulletin


pay lodgement fees and an alternative

to paying by credit card for each

lodgement. With less than 10 clicks

of the mouse, users can lodge a form

with the Plumbing Industry Council – a

process that would have otherwise

required them to complete a form

manually and either post or hand deliver

it to their local government authority.

The fee for electronic lodgement is $25

per form.

“However, licensees can still lodge forms

manually if they prefer. The fee for

manual lodgement is $35 per form.”

Mr Brumby said Form 4 books were sent

to more than 13,500 licensees across

Australia in preparation for the reforms.

“Consultation and communication

have been vital to the success of this

initiative,” Mr Brumby said.

“We asked industry for their feedback on

the schedule of work and incorporated

suggestions into the final documents.

“In addition to regular updates to

licensees via email, online and through

the Master Plumbers’ Association of

Queensland, we also conducted more

than 30 training sessions attended by

almost 2,000 people across Queensland.

“Fact sheets, user guides and guidelines

were published online and a Notifiable

Work Hotline was established, which

received almost 3,000 calls in the first

month. More than 2,300 licensees have

already created accounts with the

Plumbing Application Service to enable

them to lodge forms electronically.

“The response from industry has been

positive and we are continuing to work

with licensees to assist them with the

new process.”

An example of the new Form 4−Notifiable Work

MAINTAINING HIGH STANDARDS

To ensure that plumbing and drainage

work continues to be performed to

a high standard, both the Plumbing

Industry Council and local governments

are responsible for auditing notifiable

work.

“The Plumbing Industry Council is

auditing form lodgement to ensure

that licensees are complying with their

obligations,” Mr Brumby said. “Officers

can request that a licensee provides

documentation such as invoices or

inventory and supply records. Licensees

can face disciplinary action if they refuse

to comply with an audit.”

Local governments may undertake

an audit of notifiable work carried

out in their local government area to

ensure notifiable work is performed

NOTIFIABLE WORK

Type of plumbing and

drainage work

Installing new items in a

bathroom renovation

Extending any length of

existing water supply piping

Installing a new electric or

gas hot water heater

Replacing plumbing or

drainage pipe

Installing an apparatus

such as a pump or domestic

water filter

Replacing a domestic water

filter cartridge

Replacing a water closet

cistern

to an appropriate standard. Local

governments will also be able to target

their audit programs towards types of

work that pose a higher risk of noncompliance.

Mr Brumby said the reforms were

expected to save homeowners millions

of dollars.

“Queenslanders are expected to save

at least $25 million a year on plumbing

application fees for kitchen and

bathroom renovations alone,” he said.

“In the first month of operation, it is

estimated that homeowners saved

around $1.5 million on local government

application and assessment fees. This is

an impressive start to the program given

that licensees weren’t expected to lodge

a form in the first 10 business days.

“These reforms are a ‘win’ for everyone

and a boost to Queensland’s plumbing

industry.”

For more information about notifiable

work, call the Plumbing Industry

Council Notifiable Work Hotline on

1800 264 585, visit www.hpw.qld.gov.au/

notifiablework or email plumbers@qld.

gov.au.

To subscribe to receive the latest news

from Building Codes Queensland,

email buildingcodes@qld.gov.au with

your details.

Before 1 November 2012 After 1 November 2012

• Costs $300 to $1600 in application fees

(depending on type of work).

• Time delays of up to 20 days for approvals

and additional time delays waiting for

inspections at different stages of work.

• Three page application form for compliance

assessment to be completed.

• Costs $300 to $1600 in application fees

(depending on type of work).

• Time delays of up to 20 days for approvals,

and additional time delays waiting for

inspections at different stages of work.

• Three page application form for compliance

assessment to be completed.

• Licensee required to perform work.

• Costs $300 to $1600 in application fees

(depending on type of work).

• Time delays of up to 20 days for approvals,

and additional time delays waiting for

inspections at different stages of work.

• Three page application form for compliance

assessment to be completed.

• Costs $25 (online submission) or $35 (manual

submission).

• Online form can be completed in under five

minutes.

• Printed form (size of a CD case) is smaller

than the previous form.

• No time delays for approvals or inspections.

• No forms or payments required.

• No time delays for approvals or inspections.

• Must still be performed by a licensed person.

• No forms or payments required.

• No time delays for approvals or inspections.

• May be performed by an unlicensed person.

• No forms or payments required.

• No time delays for approvals or inspections.

• Must be performed by a licensed person.

A STATE PERSPECTIVE

Australian Building Regulation Bulletin

• 25


REGULATORY DEVELOPMENT

ABCB RESEARCH PROJECT ON

TENABLE CONDITIONS WITHIN A

SEALED PRIVATE BUSHFIRE SHELTER

By Ray Loveridge, Director, Major Projects & Research, ABCB

BACKGROUND

The 2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal

Commission (VBRC) was established to

investigate the causes and responses

to bushfires that swept through

parts of Victoria in early 2009. During

the course of its deliberations, the

VBRC investigated seven fatalities

attributed to people seeking shelter

within improvised ‘bushfire bunkers’

and identified that the design and

construction of this type of structure

was not regulated within Australia.

In response, the Australian Building

Codes Board (ABCB) determined that it

would develop national requirements

for ‘bushfire bunkers’ and in April 2010

the ABCB Performance Standard for

Private Bushfire Shelters. Part 1 (Standard)

was published.

Volume Two of the National

Construction Code (NCC) was

subsequently amended to include a

new Performance Requirement P2.3.5,

which requires a ‘private bushfire

shelter’ to be designed and constructed

to provide a tenable environment

for occupants during the passage of

untenable conditions arising from

a bushfire event. While there are no

Deemed-to-Satisfy Provisions for this

Performance Requirement, the Standard

offers guidance toward achieving

compliance with the provision. A copy of

the ABCB Standard can be downloaded

at http://www.abcb.gov.au/educationevents-resources/publications/~/

media/Files/Download%20Documents/

Education%20and%20Training/

Handbooks/2010_Performance_

Standard_for_PBS.ashx

The Standard contains a number of

sections -

1. Design Standards;

2. Design Requirements;

3. Design Considerations; and

4. Ancillary Information.

The ‘Design Requirements’ section

of the Standard includes Table 2.4,

which presents ‘Acceptance Criteria’

for nominated components of the

Performance Requirement; one of

which is ‘occupant tenability within a

shelter’. Two basic human functions that

are related to the provision of tenable

conditions within a sealed environment,

such as a private bushfire shelter, are;

(i)

respiration; and

(ii) body core temperature.

Factors that can influence the ability

of an occupant to sustain a tolerable

body core temperature within a

sealed bushfire shelter would be air

temperature and relative humidity.

Consequently, ‘Acceptance Criteria’ for

this critical component of design are

central to the overall performance of a

bushfire shelter. This perception led the

ABCB to seek expert advice from the

Department of Defence (DoD).

In response, the Defence Materiel

Organisation (DMO) and Defence

Science and Technology Organisation

(DSTO) proposed the “Acceptance

Criteria’ currently included within Table

2.4 for the components of design titled

‘Interior maximum temperature’ and

‘Interior mean Modified Discomfort

Index’ (MDI). In doing so, the DoD

acknowledged that their quantified

criteria should be the subject of future

research.

RESEARCH ON OCCUPANT

TENABILITY

Following the release of the Standard,

the ABCB liaised with the DoD and

subsequently with the University

of Wollongong (UoW), to develop a

research program to empirically validate

the Acceptance Criteria as being

appropriate measures for quantifying

tenable conditions within a sealed

bushfire shelter. The ABCB is extremely

thankful for the assistance provided

by these organisations in forming and

conducting the program.

The brief for the research program

posed three questions –

(i)

Can someone tolerate an exposure

to a Modified Discomfort Index of

39 o without experiencing either a

critical core temperature of 42 o C or a

2 o C core temperature elevation?

(ii) In an enclosed air-tight room, what

is the rate of increase in relative

humidity (water vapour pressure)

and ambient (air) temperature

due to human (occupancy)

thermoregulation?

(iii) What is the rise in body core

temperature during a 1-hour

exposure in an enclosed room that

has an increasing temperature and

relative humidity?

The ABCB subsequently contracted the

UoW to conduct a three stage research

program to investigate and respond to

each of the questions presented in the

brief.

26 • Australian Building Regulation Bulletin


STAGE 1

Stage 1 of the program addressed the

question; “Can someone tolerate an

exposure to a Modified Discomfort Index

of 39 o without experiencing either a critical

core temperature of 42 o C or a 2 o C core

temperature elevation?”

REGULARTORY DEVELOPMENT

In Stage 1, 8 men and 8 women

individually participated in 6

experiments conducted under

standardised conditions, i.e. a total

of 96 experiments. All subjects were

aged between 19 and 24, were healthy

and represented a wide range of body

shapes and sizes. All experiments were

conducted within a climate-controlled

chamber that enabled the nominated

thermal conditions to remain stable, and

these ranged from 40 o C air temperature

(70% relative humidity (RH)) to 50 o C

(30% RH).

In alternate experiments, each

participant was pre-heated to each

of two thermal states; i.e. a core

temperature of 37.5 o C and 38.5 o C. These

pre-heated states were designed to

represent slight (37.5 o C) and moderate

(38.5 o C) hyperthermia. In addition, all

participants were slightly dehydrated

before starting (2% body mass

loss), which was achieved through

a combination of pre-experimental

heating (whole-body water bath) and

exercise (treadmill).

Pre-heating and dehydrating

participants prior to conducting

experiments was intended to reflect

the likely physical conditions of

people undertaking activities such

as extinguishing spot fires in a high

temperature environment, prior to

entering a bushfire shelter.

The standard suite of conditions to

which each participant was subjected is

presented in the Table below.

In each experiment, participants

were exposed to the specified MDI

for 60 minutes and during this period

physiological strain, primarily body

core temperature and heart rate, as well

as changes in cognitive function were

monitored.

STAGE 1 RESULTS

Results of the Stage 1 research provided

preliminary support for a maximal

mean Modified Discomfort Index of

39 0 for 60 minutes as an acceptable

criterion for occupant tenability within

a sealed private bushfire shelter. Due

to high levels of cardiovascular strain

measured during the experiments, it was

recommended that the ABCB modify the

existing Standard to reference possible

adverse effects on people who are aged,

frail, in poor health or with cardiovascular

disease, when occupying a sealed private

bushfire shelter. This recommended has

since been implemented.

Regime Pre-heating Hydration Temperature RH % MDI

1 37.5 - 2% 40 70 38

2 37.5 - 2% 45 50 39

3 37.5 - 2% 50 30 39

4 38.5 - 2% 40 70 38

5 38.5 - 2% 45 50 39

6 38.5 - 2% 50 30 39

The Shelter Simulator used in Stage 2 experiments

Details of the results of the Stage 1

experiments are provided in a research

report available on our website at

www.abcb.gov.au.

STAGE 2

Stage 2 of the program addressed the

question; “In an enclosed air-tight room,

what is the rate of increase in relative

humidity (water vapour pressure) and

ambient (air) temperature due to human

(occupancy) thermoregulation?”

In Stage 2, 16 participants aged 19-40

years were individually exposed to an

initial Modified Discomfort Index of

39 o (air temperature 45 o C and relative

humidity 50%), while seated within a

1.2 m 3 custom-made, air-tight and

insulated bushfire shelter simulator,

which was housed within a climatecontrolled

chamber.

Prior to each experiment, individual

participants were again pre-heated to

38 o C, but in a normally hydrated state,

and during these experiments were

required to consume 900 mL of fluid.

Only male participants were used in

Stage 2 in order to ensure that high

levels of sweat were produced during

occupation of the simulator.

After a participant entered the simulator,

the entry door was sealed, which

isolated the environment within the

simulator from the environment within

the climate-controlled chamber.

Australian Building Regulation Bulletin

• 27


REGULATORY DEVELOPMENT

A volunteer sitting in a 41 o C water bath as part of the process of

‘pre-heating’ prior to participation in experiments.

During each experiment physiological

strain was quantified, primarily

occupant heart rate and body core

temperature, and within the simulator;

air temperature, relative humidity and

fractional concentrations of oxygen and

carbon dioxide were monitored.

STAGE 2 RESULTS

Results of the Stage 2 research

demonstrated that occupants in an

appropriately constructed shelter were

not exposed to a dangerous elevation

in air temperature, and that changes in

oxygen and carbon dioxide levels did

not present a significant risk to health of

occupants.

Due to significant sweating of

occupants, the relative humidity within

the simulator rose exponentially to

≈90% by the end of experiments.

However, the rise did not produce a

2 o C rise in body core temperature,

nor a body core temperature of 42 o C

during the 60 minute exposure (See also

research Question 1).

Details of the results of the

Stage 2 experiments are

provided in a research report

available on our website at

www.abcb.gov.au.

STAGE 3

Stage 3 of the program

addressed the question;

“What is the rise in body core

temperature during a 1-hour

exposure in an enclosed

room that has an increasing

temperature and relative

humidity?”

In Stage 3; 8 men and 8

women aged between 19

and 26 and representing a

wide range of body shapes

and sizes, individually

participated in two

experiments within the

climate-controlled chamber.

Prior to exposure, each

participant was again

pre-heated to a core

temperature of

38 o C and partially

dehydrated (2% body

mass loss). Participants were then

separately exposed to each of

two conditions representing a

Modified Discomfort index of 39 o :

40 o C (70% RH) and 45 o C (50% RH).

However, during each experiment

air temperature and relative

humidity were deliberately

modified at 10 minute intervals

to replicate changes observed

during Stage 2 experiments, i.e.

when individuals were placed

within the air-tight shelter

simulator.

Occupant physiological strain was

also measured; primarily heart

rate and body core temperature.

STAGE 3 RESULTS

From the body core temperature

data it was possible to predict

that a 2 o C rise in occupant body

core temperature would not occur

within 68 minutes of exposure to

Stage 2 thermal conditions.

Similarly, it was possible to predict that

a critical body core temperature of

42 o C would be unlikely to occur before

145 minutes under Stage 2 exposure

conditions.

Details of the results of the Stage 3

experiments are provided in a research

report available on our website at

www.abcb.gov.au.

CONCLUSIONS

Results of the Stage 1 experiments

demonstrated that healthy, pre-heated

and mildly dehydrated individuals can

be exposed to a constant Modified

Discomfort Index of 39 o for 60 minutes,

regardless of combinations of air

temperature and relative humidity that

produce this MDI.

Stage 2 experiments demonstrated

that healthy, pre-heated individuals

can safely occupy an air-tight shelter

simulator, with an initial MDI of 39o, for

60 minutes regardless of change in air

temperature, relative humidity, oxygen

and carbon dioxide.

A volunteer in the Shelter Simulator prior to commencing

a Stage 2 experiment

28 • Australian Building Regulation Bulletin


From data gained during Stage 3

experiments it was possible to predict

that a 2 o C rise in body core temperature,

or a critical body core temperature

of 42 o C, would not occur within a 60

minute occupation of an air-tight shelter

simulator with an MDI of 39o.

REGULARTORY DEVELOPMENT

In summary, this ABCB research program

has demonstrated that the ‘Acceptance

Criteria’, for design components ‘Interior

maximum temperature’ and ‘Interior

mean Modified Discomfort Index’,

should facilitate a tenable environment

within a private bushfire shelter

designed and constructed in accordance

with the ABCB Standard.

It must be emphasized however that

private bushfire shelters are not a

stand-alone solution to mitigating

life safety risk. Technical building

standards are only one measure of

a need for a comprehensive set of

measures to counteract the effects of

a bushfire event that include effective

land-use planning, fuel management

and emergency services strategies.

Therefore, it is not possible to guarantee

that the installation of a private bushfire

shelter built in accordance with the

design requirements in the ABCB

Standard will eliminate the risk of

serious injury or death.

REFERENCES

Taylor, N.A.S., Haberley. B.J., and Hoyle.

D.J.R. (2012a). Human trials to evaluate

thermal performance specifications

for private bushfire shelters. Part 1:

The impact of a constant Modified

Discomfort Index of 39 0 . UOW-CHAP-

HPL-Report-050. Human Performance

Laboratories, University of Wollongong,

Australia. Pp.1-34.

Taylor, N.A.S., Haberley. B.J., Hoyle

D.J.R. and Croft. J.C, (2012b). Human

trials to evaluate thermal performance

specifications for private bushfire

shelters. Part 2: The impact of

changes in air temperature, water

vapour pressure and carbon dioxide

concentration within an air-tight shelter

simulator. UOW-CHAP-HPL-Report-051.

Human Performance Laboratories,

University of Wollongong, Australia.

Pp.1-29.

Taylor, N.A.S., Haberley. B.J., Hoyle

D.J.R. and Croft. J.C,. (2012c). Human

trials to evaluate thermal performance

specifications for private bushfire

shelters. Part 3: The impact of changes

in air temperature and water vapour

pressure on hyperthermic men and

Stage 2 – Oxygen within the sealed Shelter Simulator

Stage 2 – Relative Humidity within the sealed Shelter Simulator

women. UOW-CHAP-HPL-Report-052.

Human Performance Laboratories,

University of Wollongong. Australia.

Pp.1-22.

Australian Building Regulation Bulletin

• 29


REGULATORY DEVELOPMENT

THE IRCC - LEARNING AND

BUILDING ON PERFORMANCE-

BASED REGULATORY SYSTEMS

By Mike Balch, Deputy General Manager, ABCB

The Inter-Jurisdictional Regulatory

Collaboration Committee (IRCC) is

an international building regulatory

collaboration committee. The IRCC is

an unaffiliated committee consisting

of the lead building regulatory

agencies and organisations from

thirteen countries. The purpose of the

IRCC is to advance at an international

level, framework, guide and support

documents on construction-related

regulatory environment issues relative

to the development, implementation,

and support of performance-based

regulatory systems.

The focus of the IRCC is to identify

the broad public policy, regulatory

infrastructure, education, and

technology issues related to managing

the successful implementation and

continuation of construction-related

performance-based regulatory systems.

The intent is to advance a common

understanding of the international

regulatory environment, to promote

the exchange of information, and to

facilitate a more open environment

of inter-jurisidictional commerce

in the areas of building design and

construction.

The IRCC is chaired by the USA, the

Secretariat is provided by Australia

and the website is currently hosted by

Canada.

The Committee meet each year and

the last meeting was held in Singapore

in October 2012. The agenda included

a dedicated session on the review

and possible re-development of the

International Fire Engineering Guidelines.

A half day was dedicated to a workshop

on “product non-conformance” and

included guest speakers from Europe,

Japan and Singapore.

The meeting agenda items for

discussion included papers on Smoke

Detection – false alarms (Australia),

Photoluminescent Exit Signs and their

use in regulation (Australia), Roadmap

for Fire Safety (Netherlands) and Fire

Safety in Green Buildings (US). The

meeting also discussed the growing

issue of “technical enquiries” which is

a process that facilitates fast responses

from members to technical issues/

discussion posted by a member. To date

these technical enquiries have included:

• The use of regulatory impact

assessment methods within the

process of developing regulations

(Netherlands);

• Quantifying benefits of performancebased

regimes (Australia);

• Requirements on daylight reflectance

(Singapore);

• Licensing and registration of fire

trade contractors for fire protection

systems (Singapore);

• Aged care facilities – requirements for

fire safety (Australia);

• The significant increasing cost

of standards and the options for

regulation (Sweden);

• The regulation of stair treads and

risers (Canada);

• Requirements to limit the ornamental

design aspect of guards in order to

reduce the probability of children

climbing guards and accidentally

falling over (Canada);

• Carbon monoxide poisoning from

combustion appliances (Scotland) ;

• Fire-retardant safety netting for

buildings under construction

(Singapore);

• Width of doors and corridors in

escape routes (Austria); and

• Investigation of elevator accidents

(Japan).

The IRCC has also produced a number of

detailed reports that are available from

the IRCC website at

http://www.irccbuildingregulations.org.

Amongst these reports are:

• Performanced-based building

regulatory systems, principles and

experiences;

Codes for existing buildings –

different approaches for different

countries;

• The role of standards in a

performance-based regulatory

system; and

• Role of acceptable solutions in

evaluating innovative designs.

The IRCC website also includes the

summaries and outcomes from

workshops that have been hosted by

members. These include:

• Workshop on international

perspectives on the role of building

regulation in responding to the

challenges of climate change;

• Workshop on automated rule

checking of BIM for performancebased

building regulations;

• Workshop on international

perspectives on the role of building

regulation in responding to the

challenges of climate change;

• Workshop on care facilities; and

• Workshop on building products in

building codes and inspection.

30 • Australian Building Regulation Bulletin


National Construction Code

Awareness Resource Kits

Information at your fingertips

The ABCB Awareness Resource Kits have been designed to

increase knowledge of the National Construction Code (NCC) and

its technical provisions. The Resource Kits are freely available to industry associations

and tertiary institutions for incorporation into existing building and construction-related

training courses, or for personal education.

The suite of Resource Kits include:

• Module One: Introduction to the Building Code of Australia (BCA)

• Module Two: Understanding the BCA’s Performance Requirements

• Module Three: Understanding Energy Efficiency Provisions for Class 1 and 10 Buildings

• Module Four: Understanding Energy Efficiency Provisions for Classes 2 to 9 Buildings

• Module Five: Understanding the Disability Access Provisions

• Module Six: Understanding the Plumbing Code of Australia

The Awareness Resource Kits contain comprehensive educational information to assist

with training at both the tertiary and industry levels and have been designed to assist

those who are in a training profession, such as teachers and lecturers. With extensive

PowerPoint presentations and lecture notes, the majority of the Resource Kits also feature

FAQs, Group Exercises and Case Studies, which can all be work-shopped.

The ABCB Awareness Resource Kits are freely available to view on the ABCB website

at: www.abcb.gov.au/education-events-resources. Tertiary institutions and industry

associations can apply to receive CD-ROM versions through the ABCB website.

For more information email: NCCAwareness@abcb.gov.au


REGULAR FEATURES

CONFERENCE AND EVENTS

CALENDAR FOR 2013

FEBRUARY 2013

19 February National Construction Code Seminar Series, Canberra ACT

Visit: www.abcb.gov.au

21 February National Construction Code Seminar Series, Adelaide SA

Visit: www.abcb.gov.au

25 & 26 February National Construction Code Seminar Series, Melbourne VIC

Visit: www.abcb.gov.au

28 February National Construction Code Seminar Series, Hobart TAS

Visit: www.abcb.gov.au

MARCH 2013

11 March World Plumbing Day

11 & 12 March National Construction Code Seminar Series, Brisbane QLD

Visit: www.abcb.gov.au

14 March National Construction Code Seminar Series, Darwin NT

Visit: www.abcb.gov.au

19 & 20 March National Construction Code Seminar Series, Perth WA

Visit: www.abcb.gov.au

26 & 27 March National Construction Code Seminar Series, Sydney NSW

Visit: www.abcb.gov.au

MAY 2013

1 May NCC 2013 Adoption date

5-9 May World Building Congress 2013, Brisbane, QLD

Visit: http://worldbuildingcongress2013.com/

8-10 May Design Build Expo, Sydney NSW

www.designbuildexpo.com.au

16 May National Urban Policy Conference, Sydney NSW

http://www.nupc.com.au/

30 May 2013 National Architecture Conference, Melbourne VIC

www.architecture.com.au

SEPTEMBER 2013

15-18 September Building Australia’s Future Conference 2013,

for the national Building, Construction & Plumbing Industries, Brisbane QLD

Visit: www.abcb.gov.au

NOVEMBER 2013

14-16 November Master Builders National Conference, Canberra ACT

Visit: www.masterbuilders.com.au/Events/national-conference

32 • Australian Building Regulation Bulletin


2013 National Construction Code

Information Seminars

Building Code & Plumbing Code users, mark these dates in your diaries

City Date Venue

Canberra 19 February National Convention Centre

Adelaide 21 February Adelaide Convention Centre

Melbourne 25 or 26 February Melbourne Convention Exhibition Centre

Hobart 28 February Hotel Grand Chancellor

Brisbane 11 or 12 March Brisbane Convention Centre

Darwin 14 March Darwin Convention Centre

Perth 19 or 20 March City West Function Centre

Sydney 26 or 27* March Australian National Maritime Museum

This is your opportunity to hear about changes to the National

Construction Code from the experts

The Australian Building Codes Board is finalising updates to the

2013 National Construction Code (NCC), and as building and

plumbing industry practitioners you need to know what changes

are coming into effect. Presenters from the ABCB will inform

you of these changes at a series of Information Seminars,

commencing in February 2013, in a capital city near you.

The National Seminar series will play an important role in raising

practitioner awareness of both Building Code of Australia (BCA)

and Plumbing Code of Australia (PCA) amendments scheduled

for 2013. An opportunity not to be missed, the Seminars will

also feature a presentation by Standards Australia, on changes

to Australian Standards.

The seminars will be divided into two sessions, which will

provide an opportunity for practitioners to hear about relevant

aspects of the consolidated code and how it will affect their

work. Standards Australia will present at both the morning and

afternoon sessions.

BCA Seminars, 9.30am – 12.30pm

(includes Standards Australia presentation)

Morning seminars in all capital cities focusing on changes to the

BCA and Australian Standards.

PCA Seminars, 2.30pm – 4.30pm

(includes Standards Australia presentation)

Afternoon seminars in all capital cities focusing on changes to the

PCA and Australian Standards.

Note: the PCA Seminars will be held on the first afternoon only in

Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Sydney.

Don’t miss out – the NCC takes effect

on 1 May 2013

Please note that the BCA and PCA sessions are being conducted independently and a

separate registration form must be completed for each seminar.

For registration information please contact:

By Phone: (07) 3423 0694 or

By Email: bafc8mp@bigpond.net.au

*There will be two BCA seminars on the 27th – one from 9.30am to 12.30pm and another from 1.45pm to 4.45pm

Register now at: www.abcb.gov.au


3955_ABR_Spring_2011_v1.indd 1

15/8/11 4:18:11 PM

4116_ABR_Summer_2012_v7.indd 1

10/2/12 12:20:29 PM

The Australian Building Regulation

Bulletin (ABR) now provides you with the

opportunity to advertise your business,

product or services to those vital members of

the industry such as — Architects; Engineers;

and Builders who are at the cutting edge of the

construction industry.

ABRB readership and distribution is continuing

to increase across all industry sectors. The ABRB is

also provided free of charge via the Australian Building

Codes Board’s (ABCB) web site, as well as being distributed

throughout the ABCB’s Principal Publisher and Third Party

Publisher networks.

Advertising space is limited, and our readership is

expanding. If you would like your business to benefit

from the targeted advertising which is only

available through the distribution and readership

of the ABRB, please contact us today.

Rate cards, advertisement specifications

and booking details can all be provided

to you upon request. For all enquiries,

please email at: abrb@abcb.gov.au

Present YOUR business

to 45,000+ people within

the construction

industry!

BULLETIN

AUSTRALIAN BUILDING REGULATION

TECHNICAL SUPPORT FOR BUILDING CODE USERS

TROPICAL CYCLONE YASI

BUILDING AUSTRALIA’S FUTURE 2011

CONFERENCE

TOP 5 FREE TOOLS TO BUILD YOUR BUSINESS

IT’S TIME TO REVIEW THE INTERNATIONAL

FIRE ENGINEERING GUIDELINES

SPRING 2011

BULLETIN

AUSTRALIAN BUILDING REGULATION

TECHNICAL SUPPORT FOR BUILDING CODE USERS

2012

Main Changes For The 2012

naTional ConsTruCTion Code

The new FaCe oF aCT

governMenT & Building

reForMs

early Childhood eduCaTion

& Care


Feedback

helping the ABCB help you

This magazine is the primary information support element of your subscription to the National

Construction Code (NCC). Please take a few minutes to provide us with your feedback on this

edition to assist the ABCB in ensuring that your Bulletin remains relevant.

Have you found the coverage of topics presented to date:

❏ very informative ❏ informative ❏ of some interest ❏ poor

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Which articles most interest you: ....................................................................................................

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• Fax: 02 6213 7287 • Email: abrb@abcb.gov.au

Post to: Australian Buiding Codes Board – ABR, GPO Box 9839, CANBERRA ACT 2601


REGISTRATION FORM

WILL

SELL OUT...

Based on

previous

Conferences

DON’T MISS

OUT!

The Australian Building Codes Board, together with the Master

Plumbers Australia and the Australian Institute of Building

Surveyors, proudly announce the Building Australia’s Future

2013 Conference to be held at the Sofitel Brisbane Central,

Queensland, 15 – 18 September 2013.

The QLD/NT Chapter of the Australian Institute of Building Surveyors will also hold their

Annual Summit at the Sofitel Brisbane Central on 15 September 2013.

See inside for details and to register.


The Building Australia’s Future conference team would like to invite you to join

us in Brisbane for this pre-eminent Construction Industry event and to share in

the professional development and networking opportunities this Conference will

provide you.

Proudly supported by the Australian Building Codes Board, together with

Master Plumbers Australia and the Australian Institute of Building Surveyors,

the Conference will commence with a welcome reception on Sunday 15th

September and conclude on the evening of Wednesday 18th September.

The conference organisers have assembled leading industry practitioners

and professional speakers to present an extensive program featuring both

building and plumbing plenary streams. Throughout the Conference, you

will be engaged in a series of interactive workshops and panel discussions,

focussing on a variety of topics and technical requirements relevant to all

building and plumbing industry professionals.

Leading suppliers of both building and plumbing products and services will also

be in attendance showcasing latest industry developments. Our evening social

program will offer you the chance to network with colleagues in a relaxed and

friendly environment.

In addition to the Conference, the QLD/NT Chapter of the Australian Institute

of Building Surveyors will also hold their annual one day Summit at the Sofitel

Brisbane Central on Sunday 15th September 2013. This initiative also provides

delegates participating in continuing professional development (CPD) programs

with an excellent opportunity to acquire their annual points. By attending

both the AIBS Summit and the Building Australia’s Future 2013 Conference

delegates have an opportunity to receive CPD points for 22 hours of technical

content across the four days.

We all look forward to seeing you at the Sofitel Brisbane central for the

pre-eminent construction industry conference of 2013!

Your Conference Organisers.


REGISTRATION

A number of registration options are available

for the Building Australia’s Future 2013

Conference. Delegates are able to register

for the full Conference or alternatively, may

register for any individual day or days of their

choosing.

Incentives apply to all those who register

early with a special early bird rate applying

to registrations received before 12 July

2013. It is also recommended that you

register and pay early to ensure a place and

avoid disappointment, as previous year’s

Conferences have reached capacity.

To register for the Building Australia’s

Future 2013 Conference:

• Visit the Conference website at

www.absoluteedge.com.au/baf2013 or

• Simply fill out the form at the back of

this brochure and return with payment.

AIBS QLD/NT CHAPTER

SUMMIT PROGRAM

The QLD/NT Chapter of the Australian Institute

of Building Surveyors annual one day Summit

will be held on Sunday 15 September 2013.

The day provides an opportunity for delegates

to update on recent legislative changes and

hear about future industry directions with

presentations by Building Codes Queensland

and Building Services Authority planned.

Industry experts will also conduct sessions

focussing on important technical and

compliance issues and, if good legal advice

is what is needed, the update session on the

latest legal issues confronting professionals is

a must.

To conclude the day members can express

their views at the annual forum following the

QLD/NT Chapter AGM.

For further information on this program please

visit www.aibs.com.au

BUILDING AUSTRALIA’S

FUTURE 2013

CONFERENCE

PROGRAM

The Building Australia’s Future Conference

sessions will run over three days from Monday

16 September until Wednesday 18 September.

Formal Conference registration will commence

on the afternoon of Sunday 15 September.

During the Conference a range of presentation

formats have been developed to maximise

opportunities for delegates to gain both

new knowledge as well as exposure to

techniques for the practical application of code

requirements.

3


PROGRAM

The 2013 Conference program consists of

a series of combined as well as individual

plenaries and workshops sessions that have

been tailored for those working within building

construction or plumbing fields.

DAY ONE: Managing Risk

& Liability

Plenary, Monday Morning,

16 September

Managing risk is an integral part of construction.

This session will help practitioners survey

an ever changing compliance landscape to

successfully navigate the risks. You will hear

from policy makers and industry professionals

on recent changes which affect your industry,

explore where liability lies when things go wrong

and learn from the experience of those who

manage risks from Natural Disasters to those

who engage in risk for fun!

Building Workshop, Monday Afternoon,

16 September

The world is full of risks; some hit us

unexpectedly, some can be managed, while

some provide new opportunities. In this

workshop we will work through the challenges

that as practitioners, we deal with on a regular

basis. Throughout this workshop session you

will develop solutions to challenges, explore

opportunities available to you, and leave well

prepared to tackle the risks you face head on!

Plumbing Workshop, Monday

Afternoon, 16 September

The Monday plumbing workshop will look

at how we each manage risk knowingly and

unknowingly. Throughout the workshop

session we will look at the potential impact it

has on us as we operate in an ever growing

environment of liability and responsibility. How

do the recent changes in the new Work, Health

& Safety Act affect you? Is regulation the

answer? This workshop will deal with a broad

range of issues and how we are all affected.

DAY TWO: Understanding Codes

& Standards

Plenary, Tuesday Morning, 17

September

Understanding and keeping up to date with

codes and standards which are constantly

changing can be challenging. In this session

industry insiders will give you a unique insight

into the development of the latest codes, and

you can be among the first to hear about how

future challenges will be addressed and how

these are meeting our emerging and urgent

societal needs. It will give an opportunity for

delegates at all levels of construction to improve

their understanding of not only what to do and

how things get done, but most importantly why.

Building Workshop, Tuesday Afternoon,

17 September

Recognised as an invaluable session

in previous Conference programs, the

‘Understanding Codes and Standards’

workshop is back for 2013. This popular

interactive workshop addresses the emerging

and challenging issues as viewed by you the

practitioner. Have you ever had a different

BCA interpretation to your colleagues? Are

there some BCA provisions that you struggle to

understand? Then attending this workshop is

definitely for you!

Plumbing Workshop, Tuesday

Afternoon, 17 September

National Licensing, Codes and Standards,

Product Certification… How do we benefit and

who’s making the decisions? With national

licensing set to be introduced, changes in

the national code and product certification

requirements, the issue of introducing and

managing consistency across the States

and Territories is sure to spark debate. This

workshop will uncover a number of challenging

issues and will provide all plumbing delegates

with the opportunity to engage and discuss

these topical issues in a practical environment

with their peers. Join in… this is sure to be a

hot one!

4


DAY THREE:

Trends & the Future

Plenary, Wednesday

Morning,

18 September

There is no doubt that the

construction industry is

changing, and bringing

with it both uncertainty and

opportunities. How long

you can continue to do

things the old way? Today

you will hear from the

experts on the innovations

with industry technology,

emerging trends in

construction and industry skills. Be a part of

the discussion on the future of the industry and

its emerging needs so you are prepared for

new opportunities.

Building Workshop, Wednesday

Afternoon, 18 September

What does the future hold for you? Codes,

regulation, technology, training – what will they

look like in years from now? How will their

evolution impact you and the building industry?

Come along and participate in this informative

interactive workshop and gain a valuable insight

into the industry’s rapidly changing future.

Plumbing Workshop, Wednesday

Afternoon, 18 September

As the future rapidly becomes today, this

workshop looks at the changes confronting

us within the plumbing industry. With change

comes opportunity and this workshop will

address the affects and impact on us as

practitioners, the need for future skills

development, and industry qualifications.

Workshop attendees will enjoy an informative

interactive discussion highlighting how future

trends and technology will change the way in

which we operate. Will we be better off? Come

along and participate in the future!

DELEGATE FUNCTIONS

Delegates registering for the full Conference

are able to attend the following evening

functions as part of their Conference package.

A limited number of additional tickets will

also be available for day delegates and

others who wish to attend these functions.

To avoid disappointment, delegates are

advised to purchase any additional function

tickets during the initial registration process.

Additional function tickets may be available

at the conference, however this can not be

guaranteed.

Welcome Reception at the Sofitel

Brisbane Central, 5:30pm, Sunday

15 September

An excellent opportunity to welcome delegates

to Brisbane! You can relax and network during

the Welcome Reception in the Ann St Lobby at

the Conference venue, Sofitel Brisbane Central.

Come dressed in your relaxed casuals and join

us overlooking the incredible City skyline of

Brisbane on the Sunday evening at 5:30pm for

some relaxed drinks and nibblies whilst enjoying

the smooth sounds of a live jazz ensemble.

5


Black & White Gala Dinner Event,

6:30pm, Wednesday

18 September

Once again the Conference team have gone

all out to bring you a night full of entertainment.

This year’s theme again raises the bar with

the night filled with fabulous music and

entertainment.

To conclude the Conference, don your black

and whites and join us for a memorable

evening of entertainment in the Sofitel Brisbane

Central Ballroom. The evening will commence

with pre-dinner drinks, followed by a superb

three course meal – bon appetite – and some

fabulous entertainment with great prizes to be

won. A function not to be missed…

The evening will conclude before midnight.

“Get Your Motors Running”

Dinner at Garage 88, 5:45pm,

Monday 16 September

Ladies and Gentlemen, start your engines…

What an incredible opportunity to spend the

evening in Brisbane’s most unique venue.

Garage 88 was purpose built in 2000 to house

a working V8 Race Team and accommodates

a large number of rare and famous cars. Take

in the toe-tapping tunes provided by local

musicians whilst appreciating the impeccably

restored and rare collections from V8

supercars to American muscle.

Kick back with a relaxing beverage, savor

in the delicious menu, enjoy the engaging

entertainment on offer, and take home a

souvenir photo of the evening. Delegates will

be collected from the Sofitel Brisbane Central’s

foyer at 5:45pm and will be transported back to

the hotel at the end of the evening.

REGISTRATION

Full Conference Registration Fee

This registration type includes all Conference

sessions and workshops Monday through

Wednesday, all Conference material as

provided by the speakers, exhibitors and

sponsors, the Sofitel Brisbane Central’s famous

buffet luncheon, morning and afternoon tea on

all three days, and all three evening functions:

Welcome Reception, Dinner at Garage 88 and

the Black & White Gala Dinner Event.

Day Registration Fee

This registration type includes all Conference

sessions and workshops on the nominated

day, Conference material as provided by the

speakers, exhibitors and sponsors on that

day and the Sofitel Brisbane Central’s famous

buffet luncheon, morning and afternoon tea.

6


Earlybird Discounted Registration

Register early to take advantage of our

earlybird discount. All registrations received

before 12 July 2013 will attract a special

discounted rate.

Payment

All registration and accommodation payments

must be made upon registration through the

Conference website www.absoluteedge.com.au/

baf2013 using either Electronic Funds Transfer

(EFT), Cheques, Visa or Mastercard. Please

note: credit cards are charged a 1.5% merchant

fee. All payments are to be made in Australian

dollars. Registrations will not be confirmed

without payment. Bookings should be made

as early as possible as

restrictions on numbers may

apply in some situations.

Acceptance of registration

forms and availability is on

a ‘first come, first served

basis’ and will only be

guaranteed after full payment

has been received. Cheques

must be made payable to the Conference

organisers: AbsoluteEdge Pty Ltd. Electronic

Funds Transfer, Visa and Mastercards will also

be accepted.

Cancellation

All Conference registration cancellations must

be received in writing. Cancellations received

after 12 August 2013 will be subject to a $120

administration fee. No refund of registration

fees will be possible if cancellation is received

after 1 September 2013 however full day

substitutions can be made with prior approval

from the Conference Organisers. Substitutions

must be advised in writing via email to

baf2013@absoluteedge.com.au

Final Date for Registration

Registration cannot be guaranteed where

registration forms are not submitted and

payment made in full before 12 August 2013.

ACCOMMODATION

Sofitel Brisbane Central

Sofitel Brisbane Central, where life is

magnifique! Sofitel Brisbane Central is

Brisbane’s premier hotel, conveniently located

for you to enjoy Brisbane. The Sofitel Brisbane

Central is just a short walk from the Queen

Street Mall - Queensland’s premier shopping

and entertainment precinct, Eagle Street Pier,

the Brisbane River, and South Bank Parklands.

The hotel has direct access to Central

Train Station providing convenient transport

to and from the domestic and international

airports.

Originally the first

international hotel in

Brisbane, today you

will discover a hotel

of refined French

elegance and personal

five star service.

Renowned for its

imposing arrival and

breathtaking views,

the hotel’s reputation as the leading luxury

accommodation is absolutely deserved.

Featuring a variety of restaurants, bars

and relaxation facilities, the hotel offers a

comfortable and friendly stay.

Rates

The Conference Organisers have reserved

accommodation and negotiated special

Conference rates only at the official

Conference venue. The special Conference

rates will also apply for a limited time before

and after the Conference. Extended bookings

can be arranged directly by you through the

Conference registration site.

Visit: www.absoluteedge.com.au/baf2013

BOOK EARLY – Schools will be leading

up to their 3rd term holiday break during

this Conference period and restrictions

on room availability may apply in some

circumstances.

7


Additional Accommodation

Payments

Delegates will be responsible for payment of any

other costs including but not limited to minibar,

telephone/internet, room service, additional meals

and breakfasts (unless specified in room rate) not

included as part of the conference registration

package, and other personal expenses. This

balance from the stay can be paid on check out

by a credit card, cash or eftpos facilities.

NOTE: All Conference delegates will be

required to supply the hotel with a credit card

imprint, or cash deposit, upon check-in to

cover charges to individual room accounts.

Room Configuration

Enjoy open outlooks around the city by day

and the full blackout blinds help promote

uninterrupted sleep by night. King and twin

(2 x double beds) rooms available.

Each room can accommodate a maximum of

2 adults and 2 children (12 years and under)

or 3 adults in a configuration of either 1 x King

bed or 2 x

double beds.

An additional

charge of

$80.00 per

night will

apply for the

3rd adult. If a

rollaway bed

is required,

a fee of

$54.00 will

be incurred,

however

please note

that the rollaway bed will only be able to be

place in the room with 1 x King bed, we are

unable to confirm a rollaway bed with 2 x

double beds configuration.

If a cot is requested this will be complimentary.

Check in, Check out,

Luggage Storage

Check-in is at 2:00pm. Rooms may be

assigned prior to 2:00pm depending on

availability. Check-out is at 11:00am. Nonguaranteed

rooms will be released by 6:00pm

on the day of arrival if the Resort has not been

notified of a late arrival. Our Head Concierge

will arrange storage of luggage for delegates

arriving early when rooms are not available, and

for guests attending functions on their day of

departure. All luggage must be clearly labelled

in order to ensure efficient and prompt service.

Room Allocation

While the Conference Organisers will make

every effort to allocate delegates their

requested room type, allocation of any room

type or configuration is strictly subject to

availability. Rooms will be allocated on first

come, fully paid basis.

Availability of Accommodation

Availability of

accommodation at

the Hotel cannot be

guaranteed should

the room block be

exhausted or where

registration forms are

received later than

12 August 2013. In

these circumstances

availability will be

strictly subject to

Hotel approval on a

case by case basis.

Should the room block be exhausted and

additional rooms not available at the Hotel, the

Conference Organisers will not be under any

obligation to find alternative accommodation

notwithstanding that the room block may have

been exhausted prior to the closing date for

registrations. In this situation any deposits

paid for accommodation will be fully refunded.

8


Alteration of Accommodation

Requirements or Cancellation

All reservations are to be made on or before

12th August 2013, should the Hotel receive any

further cancellations of rooms or “no shows”,

i.e. guests not arriving for reservations held,

the Hotel reserves the right to charge the full

amount of the first night’s accommodation

which the delegate agrees to pay for.

When a booking has been made through the

BAF 2013 registration site and confirmation

email has been received, delegates can use

the confirmation number to amend the booking

in writing by:

• Emailing baf2013@absoluteedge.com.au

Alteration to accommodation requirements

subsequent to registration will only be possible

subject to ongoing room availability and Hotel

approval.

Alternative Accommodation

As an alternative to the nominated venue,

delegates may wish to arrange their own

accommodation and transfer requirements

from the many other facilities available in

Brisbane.

FURTHER INFORMATION

Contact Details

If you require further information on the

Conference, please contact the Conference

Organisers –

Conference Registrations

Tel: +61 2 9080 1788

Fax: +61 2 9080 1777

Registration Site:

www.absoluteedge.com.au/baf2013

Email: baf2013@absoluteedge.com.au

Conference Organisers

Building Australia’s Future 2013 Conference

Web: www.abcb.gov.au

Email: baf2013@abcb.gov.au

Fax: +61 2 6213 7287

During the Conference an information desk

will be located on level 2, for processing

of registrations and to provide advice on

programs, functions, accommodation and all

other aspects relating to the Conference.

Trade Exhibition

A trade exhibition will be conducted in

conjunction with the Conference. Trade displays

will provide delegates with valuable and useful

information and feature the latest developments

in building and plumbing technology.

Trade exhibition hours will be:

Mon, Tues

Wed

7:30am – 5:00pm

7:30am – 3:30pm

CPD Points

All delegates should be aware that attendance to

each session of the Conference will be recorded

for the purposes of CPD and conference

attendance. It is essential that delegates arrive

on time for sessions so their attendance is

recorded for attendance certificate distribution.

Dress Code

The dress requirement for the Welcome

Reception and the Garage 88 Dinner on the

Monday evening is smart casual (flat shoes

recommended) and the Black & White Gala

Dinner Event on the Wednesday is formal attire,

with attendees encouraged to come in black &

white to compliment the theme of the evening.

Beyond that ‘Queensland casual’ attire is

recommended for all Conference sessions.

Accompanying Persons

Accompanying persons can take advantage of

Brisbane’s Tourist Services where you can book

online in advance for any of the amazing tours on

offer – Story Bridge Climb, Kookaburra Queen

River Cruise, Sirromet Wine Tour & Tasting,

Brisbane Lights Tour, Gold Coast Theme Parks

or Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary – just to name a

few… Click on the attached pdf which can be

found at www.absoluteedge.com.au/baf2013

to pre-book 24 hours in advance or see the

concierge in the foyer of the hotel for alternative

bookings and departure times.

9


Smoking

The Conference venue is a non-smoking

establishment and laws prohibit smoking

within 4 metres of an entrance to a hotel. All

accommodation rooms are now non-smoking.

A smoking fee of $150.00 per day is charged

should a guest choose to smoke in their hotel

room.

Babysitting

No formal babysitting arrangements have been

established by the Conference Organisers.

This can be arranged on an individual basis

through the Hotel.

Interpreting Services

Interpreting services are the responsibility of

the delegate.

Special Requirements

Delegates who have special needs,

accommodation or dietary requirements should

note specific details in the space provided

on the registration form to ensure the best

assistance from the Conference Organisers.

Breakfast

A discounted breakfast rate in the Thyme2

Restaurant on the Lobby floor will be offered

to all Conference delegates upon presentation

of their nametag. The buffet breakfast rate will

be $30pp (normally $39pp weekday and $49pp

weekend). The restaurant opens for breakfast

from 6:30am until 10:00am everyday.

Climate

Brisbane has a sub-tropical climate that’s

defined by blue skies and warm sunshine. It’s

Spring in the month of September in Brisbane

which sees temperatures between 14° and 25°.

Time Zone

Brisbane operates on Australian Eastern

Standard Time – GMT plus ten hours. Daylight

savings times do not apply in Queensland.

Airport Transfers

The Conference does not provide transfers from

the airport to hotels. All delegates must make

their own arrangements. However, the Conference

is able to offer discounted return travel on

Brisbane’s Airtrain. For further information, visit

www.absoluteedge.com.au/baf2013 to print off

the discount letter.

Shopping

From Louis Vuitton, to Hermes, to Mimco, to

Sass & Bide … The City offers an unrivalled mix

of over 1,000 local, national and international

labels and flagship stores. Most stores in the

city area trade seven days a week with the

following opening hours: Monday to Thursday

9am to 7pm; Friday 9am to 9pm; Saturday 9am

to 5:30pm; and Sunday 10am to 6pm. For more

information visit: www.bnecity.com.au

Privacy Information

When you register for the BAF 2013

Conference, the information collected is

confidential and will not be disclosed to third

parties without your consent, except:

• To meet government, legal or other

regulatory authority requirements;

• Where it may be required to disclose your

personal information to third parties to

provide the service you have requested;

and

• To provide you notices of upcoming events

via email where you have indicated this as

your preference to received them in the

registration form.

Disclaimer

Every effort has been made to present, as

accurately as possible, all the information

contained in this brochure. The Conference

Organisers will not be held responsible for

changes in the structure or content of the

program, social program, registration fees,

accommodation costs and any general

information published in this brochure. The

Conference Organisers reserve the right to

change any part of, or the entire program.

10


REGISTRATION FORM ABN: 42 087 006 509

To register, go to our website and fill out the form at www.absoluteedge.com.au/baf2013 OR

complete this form and post to BAF 2013, Level 10, 9-13 Young Street, SYDNEY NSW 2000

Delegate Details – please submit one form per delegate

First name: .......................... Last name: .............................. Company name: ..................................................................

Job title: ................................................ Work address: .....................................................................................................

Billing address: ............................................................................................Suburb: ..........................................................

State: ....................................... Postcode: .....................................Country: ........................................................................

Work Ph: .....................................................................................Mobile Ph: .......................................................................

Email address: ..................................................... Industry Assoc Member no. ...................................................................

Particular or Special Requirements

Dietary requirements: .........................................................................................................................................................

Special requirements: .........................................................................................................................................................

Source

How did you find out about this Conference? ABCB MPA AIBS Industry Assoc

Other .............................................................................................................................................................................

Via what medium did you hear it through? Facebook Website Bulletin/Magazine Email

Word of Mouth

(A) Conference Fees

Earlybird (until 12 July 13) Standard Rate (from 13 July 13)

BAF 2013 Full Conference Registration

(3 day Conference sessions & evening

functions)

BAF 2013 Monday Day Delegate

(No evening functions included)

BAF 2013 Tuesday Day Delegate

(No evening functions included)

BAF 2013 Wednesday Day Delegate

(No evening functions included)

$1295 $1385

Welcome Reception

Will you be attending the:

Garage88 Dinner

Black & White Gala Dinner Event

$395 $460

$395 $460

$395 $460

AIBS Chapter Summit & BAF 2013 Conf:

AIBS Chapter Summit Only:

$215 Member

$280 Member

$280 Non-member

$350 Non-member

Discounted AIBS Chapter Summit rate

applies when attending the BAF 2013

Conference

Total: $ Total: $

11


(B) Extra Social Function Tickets

Name

Sunday

Welcome

Reception

Monday

Garage 88 Dinner

Wednesday

Black & White

Gala Dinner Event

All Evening

Functions Pass

$70 $120 $150 $330

$70 $120 $150 $330

$70 $120 $150 $330

$70 $120 $150 $330

Total: $ $ $ $

(C) Accommodation

Sofitel Brisbane Central

Please tick nights required

Superior Room, $235 per room per night

Superior Room with breakfast for one guest,

$265 per room per night

Upgrade* to Luxury Room, $295 per night

Upgrade* to Luxury Room with breakfast for one guest, $325

Upgrade* to Club Room, $345 per night for one guest,

$375 per night for two guests

Club level rooms all include breakfast in the Lounge.

* Upgrades/rates/configuration subject to availability

Total Amount Payable: $

Special Requirements:

Fri 13 Sept Sat 14 Sept Sun 15 Sept

Mon 16 Sept Tues 17 Sept Wed 18 Sept

Thurs 19 Sept Fri 20 Sept Sat 21 Sept

Preferred Room Configuration*

1 x King bed 2 x double beds

PAYMENT DETAILS

(A) Conference Fees

(B) Extra Social Functions Tickets

(C) Accommodation Fees

Grand Total: $

Total

Payment by:

Cheque/Money Order (made payable to AbsoluteEdge)

EFT (after receiving your registration form a Tax Invoice will be issued with account details and reference number

for payment)

Credit Card (Visa and Mastercard only)

Cardholders Name:

Card Type:

Card Number: Expiry Date: Signature:

FURTHER INFORMATION

To assist you with registration, accommodation or social events, please email baf2013@absoluteedge.com.au

12

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