Pottery Decoration and Production: Aztec Ruin

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Pottery Decoration and Production: Aztec Ruin

Pottery Decoration and Production: Aztec Ruin

Donna Glowacki

Department of Anthropology


Aztec

West


Northern San Juan Region


New Types of Community

Centers

Easter Ruin

Hovenweep

Sand Canyon Pueblo

Yellow Jacket Pueblo

Long House


Potential Agricultural Productivity

= period of below average

agricultural productivity

Varien et al. 2007: Figure 8


Architectural Changes Imply Religion-based

Reorganization

Great Kivas

Plazas


Multi-walled Structures

Sun Temple, MVNP

Aztec

Yellow Jacket

Great Tower


Subregional Occupation Histories, A.D. 1140-1300

3500

Total Momentary Room

Count

3000

2500

2000

1500

1000

500

0

Post-Chacoan

Transition

Eastern

Expansion

1140 1160 1180 1200 1220 1240 1260 1280 1300

A.D.

A.D.

Mesa Verde

Florescence

McElmo-Monument West Mesa Verde Mesa Verde Proper

Lower San Juan

Totah

Glowacki 2006


What were the social

circumstances leading to the

regional depopulation?

What is Aztec’s role in all this?

Where does it fit in?


MURR website

Instrumental Neutron

Activation Analysis

Glowacki et al. 1998


Mesa Verde Corrugated

(A.D. 1100-1300)

Mesa Verde Black-on-white Bowls

(A.D. 1150-1300)


Sites Sampled for INAA

Lower

San Juan

Cedar

(LSJ)

Mesa

Moon

House

Hedley

West Mesa

Verde

(WMV)

Lowry

McElmo-

Monument

(MM)

Yellow Jacket

Sand

Canyon

Mesa Verde

Proper

(MVP)

Wetherill

La Plata

Totah

Aztec


Compositional Groups by Subregion

Subregion

No. of

Compositional

Descriptions

Clay Sources

Groups

Totah

2

Mixed Ware (n=74)

BW (n=38)

Kirtland

Menefee, Morrison

Mesa Verde

Proper

2

BW (n=96)

COR (n=91)

Menefee

Menefee

2 BW (n=126, 87)

Dakota

McElmo-

Monument

6

McElmo BW (n=46)

2 COR (n=148, 53)

Mancos, Alluvial

Dakota

Mixed Ware (n=61)

Dakota

Lower San

Juan

2

BW (n=72)

COR (n=24)

Chinle

Chinle, Cutler

Outliers

-

Mixed Ware (n=39)


Local versus Extralocal Pottery

Consumption by Subregion

100%

Percent Local and Extralocal

80%

60%

40%

20%

0%

Totah MVP M-M LSJ

(n=107) (n=170)

Subregion

(n=517) (n=161)

Local (%) Extralocal (%)

Glowacki 2006


Local versus Extralocal Consumption

by Ware and Subregion

Percent Local and Extralocal

100%

80%

60%

40%

20%

0%

Totah MVP M-M LSJ

(n=107) (n=170) (n=517) (n=161)

Subregion

Local Corr (%) Extralocal Corr (%) Local BW (%) Extralocal BW (%)

Glowacki 2006


Imported Mesa Verde Black-on-white Bowls

by Subregion

Imported Black-on-white Bowls

Percent Imported Bowls

100%

80%

60%

40%

20%

0%

Totah MVP M-M LSJ

(n=13) (n=13) (n=33) (n=14)

Subregion

LSJ

M-M

MVP

Totah

Glowacki 2006


Mesa Verde

Black-on-white Bowl Circulation

IMPORTED BLACK-ON-WHITE BOWLS

n=14

(18.4%)

LSJ

WMV

No Data

M-M

n=12

(14.1%)

n=18

(6.2%)

< 2% Imported

MVP

n=9

(14.8%)

2-10% Imported

> 10% Imported

n=4

(6.6%)

n=15

(5.1%)

n=1

(1.2%)

TOTAH

Glowacki 2006


Social Connections: Feasting


Eastern Northern San Juan Bowl

Circulation

Mesa Verde Proper

McElmo-Monument

Totah - Aztec Ruins


INAA and PIXE: What’s Next?

Cedar

Mesa

Moon

House

Hedley

Lowry

Yellow Jacket

Sand

Canyon

Wetherill

La Plata

Aztec

• INAA: Aztec, Comb Ridge locality, and Cedar Mesa/Kayenta connections

1. FYI: I have portions of samples submitted to MURR for INAA if interested for

ND’s NAA…

• PIXE: Aztec West and East

1. Questions regarding slip and paint recipes, can correlate with paste

composition

2. Laura Plis…single shot 26 bowls, K-means (2 and 5 grp for slip, paint = 3, 5,

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