ong>Forumong> on Eco-Technology Parks
Initially described during the United Nations Conference on
Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro
1992, the concept of Ecopark has been developed as a
strategy to implement the concept of industrial ecology by
taking advantages of inter-firm collaboration. The first
concept has evolved to embrace a close cooperation
between business, technology and research communities.
An Eco-Technology Park can be defined 1 :
A community of manufacturing and service businesses,
technology and research institutions, located together on a
common property. Tenant businesses seek enhanced
environmental, economic, and social performance through
collaboration in managing environmental and resource
issues. By working together, technology, research and
business communities seek a collective benefit that is
greater than the sum of individual benefits each company
would realize by only optimising its individual performance.
An ETP can offer a great variety of economic,
environmental and social benefits. ETP offers less
production costs through increased materials and energy
efficiency as well as greater economic efficiency through
shared services, technology, know-how and information,
thus enhancing competitiveness, property value and
1 Adapted from Lowe et al, 2001
PLATECH – UNIDO Platform on Technology Parks
Moreover, ETP can reduce many sources of pollution and
waste, as well as decrease demand for natural resources,
promoting high environmental and social standards.
Due to its enhanced economic performance, an ETP is a
powerful economic development tool for communities,
which is likely to attract leading-edge corporations and
open niches for new or expanded local ventures. This, in
turn, would generate new jobs, clients for services and
buyers for products in the firms hosted in the park.
The goal of an ETP is to improve the economic
performance of the participating companies while
minimizing their environmental impacts, with the technical
and management support of university and research
institutions. Components of this approach include green
design of park infrastructure and plants (new or
retrofitted); cleaner production, pollution prevention;
energy efficiency and inter-company partnering. An ETP
also seeks benefits for neighbouring communities to assure
that the net impact of its development is positive 1 .
1. Has an assessment been carried out to analyse
environmental and economic impacts that can be
achieved by an ETP?
2. What are the success factors in the implementation
of an ETP?
3. What are the major indicators for socio-economic
achievements that can be obtained by an ETP?
4. What are key constraints and opportunities in
adapting this model to developing countries and
economies in transition?
5. What are/should be the role of public and private
sectors in the organization of an ETP?
6. How can an ETP help remove barriers to and
promote EE (energy efficiency) and EC (energy
7. What are the indicators for EE/EC achievements that
can benefit the most from an ETP?
8. Would the implementation of new EE/EC standards
and technologies in an existing industrial/technology
park conduce significant emission reductions?
9. What are the most suitable technologies (i.e.
renewable energy, fossil fuels, other innovative
technologies) and best practices to achieve EE/EC, in
terms of feasibility, cost-effectiveness, sustainability
and overall social and environmental impact in your
10.Would the implementation of EE/EC standards and
technologies in an existing industrial/technology
park induce socio-economic advantages, such as
enhanced market value/competitiveness and
11.Would an ETP offer a more attractive environment,
in terms of competitiveness and sustainability, for
companies in your region?
12.How can an ETP help reduce long-term costs of low
GHG emitting energy technologies?
13.How can ETP help promote environmentally
14.What role could an ETP play in the dissemination of
the industrial ecology (IE) concept and raise of
environmental awareness in your region?
PLATECH – UNIDO Platform on Technology Parks
15.Would it be more cost-efficient to eco-upgrade an
existing industrial/technology park or to set up a
totally new ETP?
16.What is the applied ETP approach for implementing
environment sound technologies (i.e. measures for
EE and EC) and promoting sustainable development
in your region?
• A wide-ranging, awareness oriented (i.e.
information activities, such as workshops,
conferences, information campaigns) and low
investment multi-facility concept, i.e. a virtual
ETP network focused on the development and
demonstration of various environment friendly
technologies (i.e. pilot project plant/facility)
• A local, technologically comprehensive and
investment intensive single-facility concept. This
would consist of establishing an ETP: either by
eco-upgrading an industrial/technology park to
ETP level or by developing a completely new ETP.
• Development of a comprehensive full functional
eco-environment supportive framework including
conducive policy, information campaigns,
technology plant demonstration and the
establishment of an ETP.
For further information please contact:
Industrial Promotion and Technology Branch
United Nations Industrial Development Organization
For information only, not an officially record