Forum on Eco-Technology Parks - Unido

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Forum on Eco-Technology Parks - Unido

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ong>Forumong> on Eco-Technology Parks

Background

Initially described during the United Nations Conference on

Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro

1992, the concept of Ecopark has been developed as a

strategy to implement the concept of industrial ecology by

taking advantages of inter-firm collaboration. The first

concept has evolved to embrace a close cooperation

between business, technology and research communities.

An Eco-Technology Park can be defined 1 :

A community of manufacturing and service businesses,

technology and research institutions, located together on a

common property. Tenant businesses seek enhanced

environmental, economic, and social performance through

collaboration in managing environmental and resource

issues. By working together, technology, research and

business communities seek a collective benefit that is

greater than the sum of individual benefits each company

would realize by only optimising its individual performance.

Assumptions

An ETP can offer a great variety of economic,

environmental and social benefits. ETP offers less

production costs through increased materials and energy

efficiency as well as greater economic efficiency through

shared services, technology, know-how and information,

thus enhancing competitiveness, property value and

investment attractiveness.

1 Adapted from Lowe et al, 2001

PLATECH – UNIDO Platform on Technology Parks

Moreover, ETP can reduce many sources of pollution and

waste, as well as decrease demand for natural resources,

promoting high environmental and social standards.

Due to its enhanced economic performance, an ETP is a

powerful economic development tool for communities,

which is likely to attract leading-edge corporations and

open niches for new or expanded local ventures. This, in

turn, would generate new jobs, clients for services and

buyers for products in the firms hosted in the park.

Objective

The goal of an ETP is to improve the economic

performance of the participating companies while

minimizing their environmental impacts, with the technical

and management support of university and research

institutions. Components of this approach include green

design of park infrastructure and plants (new or

retrofitted); cleaner production, pollution prevention;

energy efficiency and inter-company partnering. An ETP

also seeks benefits for neighbouring communities to assure

that the net impact of its development is positive 1 .

ong>Forumong> Debate

1. Has an assessment been carried out to analyse

environmental and economic impacts that can be

achieved by an ETP?

2. What are the success factors in the implementation

of an ETP?

3. What are the major indicators for socio-economic

achievements that can be obtained by an ETP?

4. What are key constraints and opportunities in

adapting this model to developing countries and

economies in transition?


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5. What are/should be the role of public and private

sectors in the organization of an ETP?

6. How can an ETP help remove barriers to and

promote EE (energy efficiency) and EC (energy

conservation)?

7. What are the indicators for EE/EC achievements that

can benefit the most from an ETP?

8. Would the implementation of new EE/EC standards

and technologies in an existing industrial/technology

park conduce significant emission reductions?

9. What are the most suitable technologies (i.e.

renewable energy, fossil fuels, other innovative

technologies) and best practices to achieve EE/EC, in

terms of feasibility, cost-effectiveness, sustainability

and overall social and environmental impact in your

region?

10.Would the implementation of EE/EC standards and

technologies in an existing industrial/technology

park induce socio-economic advantages, such as

enhanced market value/competitiveness and

sustainable development?

11.Would an ETP offer a more attractive environment,

in terms of competitiveness and sustainability, for

companies in your region?

12.How can an ETP help reduce long-term costs of low

GHG emitting energy technologies?

13.How can ETP help promote environmentally

sustainable transport?

14.What role could an ETP play in the dissemination of

the industrial ecology (IE) concept and raise of

environmental awareness in your region?

PLATECH – UNIDO Platform on Technology Parks

15.Would it be more cost-efficient to eco-upgrade an

existing industrial/technology park or to set up a

totally new ETP?

16.What is the applied ETP approach for implementing

environment sound technologies (i.e. measures for

EE and EC) and promoting sustainable development

in your region?

• A wide-ranging, awareness oriented (i.e.

information activities, such as workshops,

conferences, information campaigns) and low

investment multi-facility concept, i.e. a virtual

ETP network focused on the development and

demonstration of various environment friendly

technologies (i.e. pilot project plant/facility)

• A local, technologically comprehensive and

investment intensive single-facility concept. This

would consist of establishing an ETP: either by

eco-upgrading an industrial/technology park to

ETP level or by developing a completely new ETP.

• Development of a comprehensive full functional

eco-environment supportive framework including

conducive policy, information campaigns,

technology plant demonstration and the

establishment of an ETP.

For further information please contact:

Fabrizio Condorelli

tel: 0043/1/26026.3105

fax: 0043/1/21346.3105

email: f.condorelli@unido.org

Industrial Promotion and Technology Branch

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

(UNIDO)

For information only, not an officially record

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