22 BD Hajdu-Bihar V.Schellenberger (pdf) - B-Team Initiative

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22 BD Hajdu-Bihar V.Schellenberger (pdf) - B-Team Initiative

FINAL CONFERENCE, SEVILLA 8 TH NOVEMBER 2012

B-TEAM PROJECT

BROWNFIELD DAYS

DEBRECEN

HAJDÚ-BIHAR

BROWNFIELD POLICY IMPROVEMENT TASK FORCE


FINAL CONFERENCE, SEVILLA 8 TH NOVEMBER 2012

GENERAL INFOS ABOUT THE

CITY „DRESSED IN THE SUN”

DEBRECEN

By car: M35 highway connects Debrecen

with the capital city Budapest, enabling to

cover the 220 km distance within 2 hours.

By rail: Debrecen, the largest railway

junction in Eastern Hungary, lies on the

trans-European railroad connecting

Budapest with Moscow.

By air: Debrecen has an international

airport complying with the Schengen

criteria.

Favourable location in Central Europe,

close to East European markets,

Available qualified labour fource at

reasonable costs as compared to

Budapest or other Western

Hungarian cities,

Available industrial parks and industrial

areas with high capacity public

utilities,

Debrecen has the second largest

university in Hungary with more than

32,000 students,

Operational costs lower than in

Budapest or Western Hungary,

Supportive attitude of the local

municipality.


FINAL CONFERENCE, SEVILLA 8 TH NOVEMBER 2012

GENERAL INFOS ABOUT THE

- Debrecen is the 2nd largest city in

Hungary, 200 000 inhabitant

- the city is the one of the regional

centres for higher education

- being a dynamically developing and

one of the best managed provincial

Hungarian cities, it has become an

economic, logistic, educational and

tourist centre of Eastern Hungary

- due to its historic and cultural

heritage, Debrecen is one of the

primary touristic destinations in

Hungary. In addition, the city offers a

great variety in health, wellness and

conference tourism. The thermal

water of the Debrecen Medicinal

Baths attracts visitors even from

abroad.

CITY „DRESSED IN THE SUN”


FINAL CONFERENCE, SEVILLA 8 TH NOVEMBER 2012

IMPRESSIONS

- 24 participants from

partners

- 1 study site

- 3 groups

- 3 facilitators

- external experts

- many questions

regarding

regeneration

- 40 degrees


FINAL CONFERENCE, SEVILLA 8 TH NOVEMBER 2012

GOOD EXAMPLES

REGENERATION OF FORMER

MILITARY SITES

former military headquarter, used as university campus


FINAL CONFERENCE, SEVILLA 8 TH NOVEMBER 2012

GOOD EXAMPLES

REGENERATION OF FORMER

MILITARY SITES

the soviet heritage

the reconstructed and newly built

terminal buildings


FINAL CONFERENCE, SEVILLA 8 TH NOVEMBER 2012

LOCATION

- the study site is situated

in the s

- outh-west part of the city

- former function: military

airport and facilities for

soldiers

- some of them has been

reused as a result of joint

activity of central and

local government,

economic actors and civil

organistaions, but a few

works are still necessary


FINAL CONFERENCE, SEVILLA 8 TH NOVEMBER 2012

HISTORY OF THE AIRPORT

• The first official regular flight carrying

mail took off from Debrecen Airport in

1930.

• From 1930 domestic passenger flights

from Debrecen to Budapest and to

other major cities in Hungary were

operated.

• During World War II it was the base of a

Hungarian bombing squad.

• Between 1945 and 1990 it served as a

Soviet military airport.

• Between 1946 and 1968 Debrecen

Airport functioned also as an

emergency airfield for Budapest

Airport.

• In 1991 the Soviet troops vacated the

airport and handed it over to the

Hungarian State.

• In 1994 Debrecen Municipal

Government purchased the airport,

and started to develop it.


FINAL CONFERENCE, SEVILLA 8 TH NOVEMBER 2012

1. REGENERATION OF THE

RESIDENTIAL AREA OF

FORMER SOVIET MILITARY

AIRPORT

2. REGENERATION OF THE

TERRITORY OF DEBRECEN

INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT AS

AN INDUSTRIAL & SERVICE

AREA

3. ENVIRONMENTAL AND

REHABILITATION PROJECTS IN

THE AREA OF DEBRECEN

AIRPORT

THREE MAIN TOPICS


FINAL CONFERENCE, SEVILLA 8 TH NOVEMBER 2012

RESIDENTIAL AREA

- north of the runway, served as a lodging for the soldiers

operating the airport

- buildings with different functions remained in a very bad

condition after soviet army has left them

- buildings which were in a relatively good condition now

are used as social housings, the former primary school

operates as a primary school, the former cultural centre

serves economic purposes

- some of the empty lodgings were reutilised, number of

people living here is increasing

- accessibility has also developed here, but not enough

- scarce community cultural opportunities

- swot analysis of the signing station and the airport

residential area


FINAL CONFERENCE, SEVILLA 8 TH NOVEMBER 2012

RECOMMENDATIONS

Signing station:

- the possible developments should

complement the existing

landscape

- residential purposes, open spaces,

landscaping could increase the

visual and aesthetic value of the

site

- link to the strategic plan of the

airport

Next to the airport

- multifunctional uses

- capitalise the assets already in

place

- showcase, hub for green

technology and innovations


FINAL CONFERENCE, SEVILLA 8 TH NOVEMBER 2012

INDUSTRIAL AND SERVICE AREA

- total area of the international airport is 385 hectares,

but for the operation of the airport only ca 245

hectares is needed

- the surrounding area has been lacking service and

retail facilities, though the residential area is

developing

- some of the old out-of-use buildings were

demolished, but there are still some hangars on the

site

- cargo basis has already been started to develop

- close to the airport there is an industrial park

- the airport is connected to the main railway station,

but the line is out of use at the moment


FINAL CONFERENCE, SEVILLA 8 TH NOVEMBER 2012

RECOMMENDATIONS

- encourage the

consultation and close

cooperation

- knowledge valley

- improve public transports,

good access while taking

into consideration the

environmental protection

regulations

- intermodal cargo basis

- attract SME’s – role of the

local authorities

- restoration of old hangars

with new functions

- find sources for

infrastructure projects


FINAL CONFERENCE, SEVILLA 8 TH NOVEMBER 2012

ENVIRONMENTAL PERSPECTIVE

- after soviet army left Hungary, significant

environmental damage was discovered (the relative

thickness of crude oil pollution was more than 200

cms)

- different actions has been started to recontaminate

the site

- aim of the project was to investigate the possibility of

agricutural utilisation of the area

- after 3 years of investigation it can be stated that the

utilization of the plants for energy production and

chemical industry is prospective


FINAL CONFERENCE, SEVILLA 8 TH NOVEMBER 2012

RECOMMENDATIONS

- possible temporary uses on the site nr 1: short rotation

forestry (low cost, energy production, extendable to entire

area, high social acceptability)

- possible temporary uses on the site nr 2: experimental

showcase (permanent experimental site and

demonstration site for citizens, EU, schools)

- possibility of green technology site (business incubator for

green technologies, potential link to universities)

- improved intermodal transport link

- further environmental work is needed

- temporary uses in the short term could improve the

environment and the economic potential of the site

- business incubator for green technology

- intermodal transport connections


FINAL CONFERENCE, SEVILLA 8 TH NOVEMBER 2012

SUMMARY

Effects of B-TEAM project in Debrecen, Hajdú-Bihar

- local authorities and public administrative

organisations on county level became familiar with

brownfield regeneration process

- policy makers on different levels, faculties of the

university and entrepreneurs started a co-operation

and stated their intentions through Letter of intents

and Co-operation agreements

- dissemination of project results on county level (wide

range of target groups, such as politicians, architects,

planners, chambers, development agency, etc)


FINAL CONFERENCE, SEVILLA 8 TH NOVEMBER 2012

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!

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