The Campaigner

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The Campaigner

time, it was not until reserpine and chloropromazine,

both depressants, were developed in 1952 that the first

modern behavior-controlling drugs hit the market. By

1960, psychotropic drugs had become the third most

common class of drugs dispensed by the medical

profession.

Almost immediately it became clear that the potential

of drugs far exceeded their mere usefulness in promoting

mental-hospital austerity. The government, the pharmaceutical

companies, and certain parts of the medical

profession realized the drugs' far-reaching potential: the

power of drugs to control behavior, to change moods

...the usefulness of drugs in blunting the agony of a

crumbling capitalist society...the ability of drugs to

"cool off" angry militants in the prisons...all this

crystallized.

Immediately the machinery got set up. The same

Dr.NathanS. Kline pharmaceutical companies who boldfacedly induced

scurvy or injected live cancer cells into prisoners quickly

Today over 80 per cent of all psychiatrists as well as expanded their operations to include research,

most other medical doctors, liberally prescribe psy- production, and promotion of behavior-and mindchotropic

drugs to at least 40 million individuals in controlling drugs. But this was insufficient.

the U.S. The widespread use of psychopharmaceuticals In 1956, as a result of an Act of Congress, a

has begun to wipe out the corridors of most mental Psychopharmacology Research Branch (PRB) was

hospitals- not as any humanitarian progress, but established under the National Institute of Mental

merely to dump long-institutionalized doped-up mental Health. The Center was designed to develop programs of

patients onto the street. The prescription blank has support for both clinical and preclinical research; and

almost replaced the psychoanalytic interview, or any facilitate an exchange of information in psychopharinterview

for that matter; everyone from school children macology. Immediately the federal government, through

to the Third World masses are its target; and most the PRB, joined with the private pharmaceutical insignificantly,

chemotherapy has become a key aspect of dustry in expediting and expanding the thousands of

counterinsurgency, behavior-controlling drug experiments against prisoners,

The array of drugs available or on the drawing board mental patients, ghetto dwellers, et al.

is staggering. There are drugs to depress and drugs to The scoundrel above all others who stands out in this

energize; drugs that increase sleep and drugs which campaign is a little-known but influential individual,

reduce sleep; drugs which act as intoxicants and hal- Nathan S. Kline. It was Dr. Kline who developed

lucinogens. There are drugs which regulate sexual reserpine, who blueprinted the mental-hospital austerity

response, control affect and aggression, and increase or campaign, who served as one of the leading promotors of

decrease reactivity. Other drugs prolong or shorten the PRB, and who has continued to act as a leading front

memory or induce or prevent learning. Some for the government and drug companies' wide-scale

psychiatrists claim that there are futuristic drugs which counter-insurgency efforts for at least twenty years.

could produce or discontinue transference, provoke or Kline, Director of Research since 1952 at Rockland

relieve guilt, foster or terminate mothering behavior, State Hospital, near New York City, has been a major

shorten or extend experienced time, and create con- mastermind of aborting revolution in the Third World

ditions of novelty or familiarity, with his own calculated mixture of voodoo,

The widespread use of psychopharmaceuticals came chemotherapy, and computers.

about in the early 1950's through a concerted effort by a Working through his front organization, the Incertain

stratum of the bourgeoisie, led by the ternational Committee Against Mental I,tlness (ICAMI),

Rockefellers, to turn around the menacing growth in the of which he is "president," Kline has developed hunnumbers

of patients in public mental hospitals. While dreds of counter-insurgent mental health clinics in no

tranquilizers and narcotics had existed for quite some less than twenty undeveloped countries, including In-

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