The Campaigner

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The Campaigner

and will close with the workers governing all [The revolution for Gennari is a touchy question, since

production, he isn't sure just how the other class organizations feel

about itl]

[Other interventions contribute to the now heated

question of "economic" versus "political."] Gennari: When we have the feeling that the other

categories are willing to support the movement, we

Buozzi [quaking]: We'll lead the struggle on a

can take a risk but not play our last card... If the

union terrain until you, leaders, you, confederation, occasion presents itself tomorrow, we should not

tell us that the two organizations will enter into have any hesitation. Make dangerous, catastrophic

play. decisions today -- that we must not do.

83

[The atmosphere is turbulent. Representatives of larger [D'Aragona, secretary of the CGL, feels called upon to

forces must come into play. The Honorable Quaglino of

speak, though, as he immediately states, with. modesty,

the CGL leadership, seeing the danger of boyish enthusihe

is "not speaking as confederation secretary"l In such

asm erupting into hazardous action, as indicated in the

a serious situation, where D'Aragona finds it impossible

Chignoli-Tasca motion, decides to play on the fear he to distinguish between "economic" and "political," one

knows is convulsing the assembly.] consideration is fundamental, he feels.]

Quaglino: Is this the hour of revolution? Say so, D'Aragona: [/] don't believe that winning wage

then. There is, by the way, a question of competence concessions would satisfy the proletariat; the masses

involved here; will the FIOM be willing to delegate don't think that way. Now the dilemma consists in

the solution of the controversy to superior this: how do we get out of it? [1] am convinced that

organisms? .... We're a bit disoriented here, the if we ordered general takeover of the factories,

Central Labor Councils are invading the powers of everyone would act accordingly. But to make them

others .... [I] think it would be opportune to keep function, we would have to take over the banks too,

the dispute in the economic field, and that's a bit difficult. The government would

certainly intervene to prevent that. And that would

Baldesi [also of the CGL leadership; he seconds be a really serious situation and I ask who will

Quaglino with apt elaboration on the theme of raw assume this responsibility. The revolution in Italy is

materials]: If in Turin they need oxygen, in Terni spiritually prepared, the bourgeoisie is half

they need coal. Would the English miners give it to convinced of it. The soldier will go with the

us? strongest. But the dilemma revolves around raw

materials u within 15 days there" will be no more

[After opportunely passing the buck to his faraway coal and production will therefore cease. Can we

English. comrades, Baldesi goes further, touching on hope that the English proletariat will give us the

terror.] absolute minimum necessary to continue produc-

Baldesi: Whoever has the political responsibility tion?

must say whether the struggle should stay on

economic terrain or go beyond it, whether the [The English miners, the capitalist bankers, the governstruggle

must be extended or contained, taking into ment m anyone is a good scapegoat. The deed is done

consideration that an extension might lead to civil and the "leaders" are scared out of their wits, concerned

war. solely with containing the ferment and saving face at all

costs. Certain as D'Aragona is that the matter cannot be

[Gennari, maximalist secretary of the PSI leadership, solved on an economic basis "save a miracle," he

suggests that the Turin motion be accepted, because it proceeds to humiliate the workers.]

would back the metalworkers, supply raw materials and

perhaps settle the pay question and more.] D'Aragona: Will the metalworkers want to give up

Gennari: Extend demands to win factory a pay raise for the sake of political and sentimental

gains? Do we want to make the revolution when

committees, workers' control Demands that could

we're having difficulty as it is with just the simple

be advanced today without necessarily having the occupation of the factories?

goal of a revolution.

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