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Chapter 3

Coastal freight

In 2008–09, 103.2 million tonnes of coastal cargo passed through Australian ports, decreasing

by 16.1 million tonnes from the 2007–08 figures. Of this, 51.6 million tonnes was loaded cargo

and 51.6 million tonnes due to the unloading of vessels in 2008–09 (Table 3.1).

Based on cargo loaded, the Australian coastal freight task was 107.4 billion tonne-kilometres in

2008–09, down from 124.1 billion tonne-kilometres in 2007–08. The majority of commodities

recorded decreases, particularly mineral fuels, lubricants & related materials and crude materials,

inedible, except fuels. These commodity groups decreased 9 billion tonne-kilometres and 3.9

billion tonne-kilometres respectively in 2008–09 (Table 3.2).

Commodity structure of Australia’s coastal freight

Beverages & tobacco was the only commodity group to experience a rise in tonnage loaded

in 2008–09, increasing slightly from 2007–08. The remaining commodity groups experienced

decreases in tonnage loaded. The most significant decrease was recorded by mineral fuels,

lubricants & related materials which fell by 4.3 million tonnes in 2008–09. The overall decrease

in tonnage loaded was 13.3 per cent, while total freight task measured in tonne-kilometres

decreased 13.7 per cent (Table 3.2).

T3.1 Coastal freight loaded by commodity group, 10 years to 2008–09

Commodity group

Financial year

1999– 2000– 2001– 2002– 2003– 2004– 2005– 2006– 2007– 2008–

00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09

(million tonnes)

0—Food & live animals 1.8 1.6 1.7 2.1 1.6 1.7 1.5 2.3 2.5 2.4

1—Beverages & tobacco 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3

2—Crude materials inedible except fuels 24.8 23.7 25.5 24.7 25.1 27.7 28.6 27.1 29.2 27.8

3—Mineral fuels, lubricants & related materials 16.2 18.0 15.9 15.9 16.2 13.8 14.9 16.4 16.7 12.4

4—Animal & vegetable oils, fats & waxes 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

5—Chemical & related products NES 1.1 1.0 1.6 1.9 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.9 1.8 1.5

6—Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material 5.6 6.0 5.6 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.4 5.9 5.0

7—Machinery & transport equipment 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.4

8—Miscellaneous manufactured articles 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7

9—Commodities & transactions NES 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6 0.9 1.8 1.2

Total 51.3 52.0 52.4 52.8 53.2 53.7 55.2 56.4 59.5 51.6

Note: NES = ‘Not Elsewhere Specified’, see glossary in explanatory notes for further details.

Source: BITRE 2010.

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