PDF: 12866 KB - Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional ...


PDF: 12866 KB - Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional ...

BITRE • Australian sea freight 2008–09

Three years of historical data is provided on the new scope for comparative purposes.

Coastal statistics provided by port authorities on tonnages loaded and unloaded do not always

balance. The most common reasons for this lack of consistency are:

• Port authorities record cargo as having been unloaded during the month the vessel arrives

in port, and, cargo loaded against the month of the vessel’s departure. Consequently,

variations in the loaded and unloaded cargo totals will occur due to cargo being in transit

during the financial year cut off period.

• A port authority's record of cargo loaded and unloaded is based on information provided

by the ship’s agents. This information could be incorrect because the agent may provide

only summary statistics for different types of cargo. The agent may also not know the true

origin or destination of particular consignments, and may therefore record the last or next

port of call respectively. This particularly applies to liquid and dry bulk commodities, where

cargo may commonly originate from or be destined for multiple ports.

• The commodity recorded by the agent may not be classified in the same way at the ports

of loading and unloading. For example, gypsum loaded in South Australia is classified as

fertiliser at NSW ports, and petroleum products are classified as kerosene in Cairns.

The BITRE has endeavoured to reconcile some of the above data problems as far as possible. It

takes no responsibility for correctness or accuracy. Reconciliation was not attempted for many

of the smaller shipments.

The data on coasting trade permits has a different source to that of the coastal freight data.

Differences in the way commodities are recorded between these two systems may result in

inconsistencies in the comparative figures reported by commodity (Table 4.3).

Figures in tables may not add to totals due to rounding.

Coasting trade permits

Part VI of the Navigation Act, 1912 requires vessels trading interstate on the Australian coast

to be licensed or have a permit. Some trades have an exemption under the Navigation Act,

mostly concerning the external territories, but there is also an exemption for cruise liners to

carry passengers, except between Victoria and Tasmania.

An unlicensed ship may be granted a permit to trade on the Australian coast in the carriage of

either cargo or passengers, where:

• there is no suitable licensed ship available for the shipping task; or

• the service carried out by licensed ships is inadequate; and

• it is considered to be desirable in the public interest that an unlicensed ship be allowed to

undertake that shipping task.

• 44 •

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines